23 7 pelican bay prison and the rise of long term solitary confinement

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23 7

Author : Keramet Reiter
ISBN : 9780300224559
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 35 MB
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How America’s prisons turned a “brutal and inhumane” practice into standard procedure Originally meant to be brief and exceptional, solitary confinement in U.S. prisons has become long-term and common. Prisoners spend twenty-three hours a day in featureless cells, with no visitors or human contact for years on end, and they are held entirely at administrators’ discretion. Keramet Reiter tells the history of one “supermax,” California’s Pelican Bay State Prison, whose extreme conditions recently sparked a statewide hunger strike by 30,000 prisoners. This book describes how Pelican Bay was created without legislative oversight, in fearful response to 1970s radicals; how easily prisoners slip into solitary; and the mental havoc and social costs of years and decades in isolation. The product of fifteen years of research in and about prisons, this book provides essential background to a subject now drawing national attention.

23 7

Author : Keramet Reiter
ISBN : 9780300211467
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56. 12 MB
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How America's prisons turned a "brutal and inhumane" practice into standard procedure Originally meant to be brief and exceptional, solitary confinement in U.S. prisons has become long-term and common. Prisoners spend twenty-three hours a day in featureless cells, with no visitors or human contact for years on end, and they are held entirely at administrators' discretion. Keramet Reiter tells the history of one "supermax," California's Pelican Bay State Prison, whose extreme conditions recently sparked a statewide hunger strike by 30,000 prisoners. This book describes how Pelican Bay was created without legislative oversight, in fearful response to 1970s radicals; how easily prisoners slip into solitary; and the mental havoc and social costs of years and decades in isolation. The product of fifteen years of research in and about prisons, this book provides essential background to a subject now drawing national attention.

Supermax

Author : Sharon Shalev
ISBN : 9781134026678
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 21 MB
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This book examines the rise and proliferation of 'Supermaxes', large prisons dedicated to holding prisoners in prolonged and strict solitary confinement, in the United States since the late 1980s.

The Globalization Of Supermax Prisons

Author : Jeffrey Ian Ross
ISBN : 9780813557427
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 16 MB
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“Supermax” prisons, conceived by the United States in the early 1980s, are typically reserved for convicted political criminals such as terrorists and spies and for other inmates who are considered to pose a serious ongoing threat to the wider community, to the security of correctional institutions, or to the safety of other inmates. Prisoners are usually restricted to their cells for up to twenty-three hours a day and typically have minimal contact with other inmates and correctional staff. Not only does the Federal Bureau of Prisons operate one of these facilities, but almost every state has either a supermax wing or stand-alone supermax prison. The Globalization of Supermax Prisons examines why nine advanced industrialized countries have adopted the supermax prototype, paying particular attention to the economic, social, and political processes that have affected each state. Featuring essays that look at the U.S.-run prisons of Abu Ghraib and Guantanemo, this collection seeks to determine if the American model is the basis for the establishment of these facilities and considers such issues as the support or opposition to the building of a supermax and why opposition efforts failed; the allegation of human rights abuses within these prisons; and the extent to which the decision to build a supermax was influenced by developments in the United States. Additionally, contributors address such domestic matters as the role of crime rates, media sensationalism, and terrorism in each country’s decision to build a supermax prison.

Lifers

Author : John Irwin
ISBN : 9781135966300
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 86 MB
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John Irwin writes about prisons from an unusual academic perspective. Before receiving a Ph.D. in sociology, he served five years in a California state penitentiary for armed robbery. This is his sixth book on imprisonment – an ethnography of prisoners who have served more than twenty years in a California correctional institution. The purpose of the book is to take issue with the conventional wisdom on homicide, society’s purposes of imprisonment, and offenders’ reformability. Through the lifers’ stories, he reveals what happens to prisoners serving very long sentences in correctional facilities and what this should tell us about effective sentencing policy.

Hound Pound Narrative

Author : James Burgess Waldram
ISBN : 9780520272552
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 24 MB
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"Waldram excellently weaves his case studies into this rich ethnography. In it, he engages with the cutting-edge anthropological debates on morality, violence and ethics. This work makes significant contributions to the anthropological theory of morality." - Rebecca J. Lester, Ph.D., LCSW, author of "Jesus in Our Wombs: Embodying Modernity in a Mexican Convent"

Governing Prisons

Author : John J. DiIulio
ISBN : 9780029078839
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 49 MB
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An unaltered reprint of the 1987 original.

Hell Is A Very Small Place

Author : Jean Casella
ISBN : 9781620971376
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 83 MB
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The UN Special Report on Torture has denounced the use of solitary confinement beyond 15 days as a form of cruel and degrading treatment that often rises to the level of torture. Yet the United States holds more than 80,000 people in isolation on any given day. Now, for the first time, the founders of Solitary Watch have collected a dozen first-hand accounts of life in solitary confinement. These first-hand accounts are supplemented by the writing of noted experts, exploring the psychological, legal, ethical and political dimensions of solitary confinement.

The Hidden Brain

Author : Shankar Vedantam
ISBN : 9780385525213
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 4 MB
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Draws on recent findings to explain how the unconscious mind evolved as a survival mechanism, how it affects the outcomes of world events, and why it is responsible for many of the actions that people take in spite of their actual beliefs.

Solitary

Author : Terry A. Kupers
ISBN : 9780520292239
Genre : Prisoners
File Size : 71. 86 MB
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"When I testify in court, I am often asked: 'What is the damage of long-term solitary confinement?' . . . Many prisoners emerge from prison after years in solitary with very serious psychiatric symptoms even though outwardly they may appear emotionally stable. The damage from isolation is dreadfully real." --Terry Allen Kupers Imagine spending nearly twenty-four hours a day alone, confined to an eight-by-ten-foot windowless cell. This is the reality of approximately one hundred thousand inmates in solitary confinement in the United States today. Terry Allen Kupers, one of the nation's foremost experts on the mental health effects of solitary confinement, tells the powerful stories of the inmates he has interviewed while investigating prison conditions during the past forty years. Touring supermax security prisons as a forensic psychiatrist, Kupers has met prisoners who have been viciously beaten or raped, subdued with immobilizing gas, or ignored in the face of urgent medical and psychiatric needs. Kupers criticizes the physical and psychological abuse of prisoners and then offers rehabilitative alternatives to supermax isolation. Solitary is a must-read for anyone interested in understanding the true damage that solitary confinement inflicts on individuals living in isolation as well as on our society as a whole.

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