a brief history of cryptology and cryptographic algorithms springerbriefs in computer science

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A Brief History Of Cryptology And Cryptographic Algorithms

Author : John F. Dooley
ISBN : 9783319016283
Genre : Computers
File Size : 25. 52 MB
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The science of cryptology is made up of two halves. Cryptography is the study of how to create secure systems for communications. Cryptanalysis is the study of how to break those systems. The conflict between these two halves of cryptology is the story of secret writing. For over 2,000 years, the desire to communicate securely and secretly has resulted in the creation of numerous and increasingly complicated systems to protect one's messages. Yet for every system there is a cryptanalyst creating a new technique to break that system. With the advent of computers the cryptographer seems to finally have the upper hand. New mathematically based cryptographic algorithms that use computers for encryption and decryption are so secure that brute-force techniques seem to be the only way to break them – so far. This work traces the history of the conflict between cryptographer and cryptanalyst, explores in some depth the algorithms created to protect messages, and suggests where the field is going in the future.

Homomorphic Encryption And Applications

Author : Xun Yi
ISBN : 9783319122298
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 80 MB
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This book introduces the fundamental concepts of homomorphic encryption. From these foundations, applications are developed in the fields of private information retrieval, private searching on streaming data, privacy-preserving data mining, electronic voting and cloud computing. The content is presented in an instructional and practical style, with concrete examples to enhance the reader's understanding. This volume achieves a balance between the theoretical and the practical components of modern information security. Readers will learn key principles of homomorphic encryption as well as their application in solving real world problems.

Encrypted Email

Author : Hilarie Orman
ISBN : 9783319213446
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 2 MB
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This SpringerBrief examines the technology of email privacy encryption from its origins to its theoretical and practical details. It explains the challenges in standardization, usability, and trust that interfere with the user experience for software protection. Chapters address the origins of email encryption and why email encryption is rarely used despite the myriad of its benefits -- benefits that cannot be obtained in any other way. The construction of a secure message and its entwining with public key technology are covered. Other chapters address both independent standards for secure email and how they work. The final chapters include a discussion of getting started with encrypted email and how to live with it. Written by an expert in software security and computer tools, Encrypted Email: The History and Technology of Message Privacy is designed for researchers and professionals working in email security and encryption. Advanced-level students interested in security and networks will also find the content valuable.

Security Assessment In Vehicular Networks

Author : Suguo Du
ISBN : 9781461493570
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52. 79 MB
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This book presents several novel approaches to model the interaction between the attacker and the defender and assess the security of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs). The first security assessment approach is based on the attack tree security assessment model, which leverages tree based methods to analyze the risk of the system and identify the possible attacking strategies the adversaries may launch. To further capture the interaction between the attacker and the defender, the authors propose to utilize the attack-defense tree model to express the potential countermeasures which could mitigate the system. By considering rational participants that aim to maximize their payoff function, the brief describes a game-theoretic analysis approach to investigate the possible strategies that the security administrator and the attacker could adopt. A phased attack-defense game allows the reader to model the interactions between the attacker and defender for VANET security assessment. The brief offers a variety of methods for assessing the security of wireless networks. Professionals and researchers working on the defense of VANETs will find this material valuable.

Mobile Authentication

Author : Markus Jakobsson
ISBN : 9781461448785
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 94 MB
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Mobile Authentication: Problems and Solutions looks at human-to-machine authentication, with a keen focus on the mobile scenario. Human-to-machine authentication is a startlingly complex issue. In the old days of computer security-before 2000, the human component was all but disregarded. It was either assumed that people should and would be able to follow instructions, or that end users were hopeless and would always make mistakes. The truth, of course, is somewhere in between, which is exactly what makes this topic so enticing. We cannot make progress with human-to-machine authentication without understanding both humans and machines. Mobile security is not simply security ported to a handset. Handsets have different constraints than traditional computers, and are used in a different way. Text entry is more frustrating, and therefore, it is tempting to use shorter and less complex passwords. It is also harder to detect spoofing. We need to design with this in mind. We also need to determine how exactly to integrate biometric readers to reap the maximum benefits from them. This book addresses all of these issues, and more.

Qc Ldpc Code Based Cryptography

Author : Marco Baldi
ISBN : 9783319025568
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 77 MB
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This book describes the fundamentals of cryptographic primitives based on quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check (QC-LDPC) codes, with a special focus on the use of these codes in public-key cryptosystems derived from the McEliece and Niederreiter schemes. In the first part of the book, the main characteristics of QC-LDPC codes are reviewed, and several techniques for their design are presented, while tools for assessing the error correction performance of these codes are also described. Some families of QC-LDPC codes that are best suited for use in cryptography are also presented. The second part of the book focuses on the McEliece and Niederreiter cryptosystems, both in their original forms and in some subsequent variants. The applicability of QC-LDPC codes in these frameworks is investigated by means of theoretical analyses and numerical tools, in order to assess their benefits and drawbacks in terms of system efficiency and security. Several examples of QC-LDPC code-based public key cryptosystems are presented, and their advantages over classical solutions are highlighted. The possibility of also using QC-LDPC codes in symmetric encryption schemes and digital signature algorithms is also briefly examined.

Applications Of Algebra To Communications Control And Signal Processing

Author : Nigel Boston
ISBN : 9781461438632
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 63 MB
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Over the last 50 years there have been an increasing number of applications of algebraic tools to solve problems in communications, in particular in the fields of error-control codes and cryptography. More recently, broader applications have emerged, requiring quite sophisticated algebra - for example, the Alamouti scheme in MIMO communications is just Hamilton's quaternions in disguise and has spawned the use of PhD-level algebra to produce generalizations. Likewise, in the absence of credible alternatives, the industry has in many cases been forced to adopt elliptic curve cryptography. In addition, algebra has been successfully applied to problems in signal processing such as face recognition, biometrics, control design, and signal design for radar. This book introduces the reader to the algebra they need to appreciate these developments and to various problems solved by these techniques.

Security For Cloud Storage Systems

Author : Kan Yang
ISBN : 9781461478737
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37. 17 MB
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Cloud storage is an important service of cloud computing, which offers service for data owners to host their data in the cloud. This new paradigm of data hosting and data access services introduces two major security concerns. The first is the protection of data integrity. Data owners may not fully trust the cloud server and worry that data stored in the cloud could be corrupted or even removed. The second is data access control. Data owners may worry that some dishonest servers provide data access to users that are not permitted for profit gain and thus they can no longer rely on the servers for access control. To protect the data integrity in the cloud, an efficient and secure dynamic auditing protocol is introduced, which can support dynamic auditing and batch auditing. To ensure the data security in the cloud, two efficient and secure data access control schemes are introduced in this brief: ABAC for Single-authority Systems and DAC-MACS for Multi-authority Systems. While Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-based Encryption (CP-ABE) is a promising technique for access control of encrypted data, the existing schemes cannot be directly applied to data access control for cloud storage systems because of the attribute revocation problem. To solve the attribute revocation problem, new Revocable CP-ABE methods are proposed in both ABAC and DAC-MACS.

Privately And Publicly Verifiable Computing Techniques

Author : Denise Demirel
ISBN : 9783319537986
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37. 28 MB
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This book presents the first comprehensive overview of various verifiable computing techniques, which allow the computation of a function on outsourced data to be delegated to a server. It provides a brief description of all the approaches and highlights the properties each solution achieves. Further, it analyzes the level of security provided, how efficient the verification process is, who can act as a verifier and check the correctness of the result, which function class the verifiable computing scheme supports, and whether privacy with respect to t he input and/or output data is provided. On the basis of this analysis the authors then compare the different approaches and outline possible directions for future work. The book is of interest to anyone wanting to understand the state of the art of this research field.

Cyber Security

Author : Maurizio Martellini
ISBN : 9783319022796
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 6 MB
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The experts of the International Working Group-Landau Network Centro Volta (IWG-LNCV) discuss aspects of cyber security and present possible methods of deterrence, defense and resilience against cyber attacks. This SpringerBrief covers state-of-the-art documentation on the deterrence power of cyber attacks and argues that nations are entering a new cyber arms race. The brief also provides a technical analysis of possible cyber attacks towards critical infrastructures in the chemical industry and chemical safety industry. The authors also propose modern analyses and a holistic approach to resilience and security of Industrial Control Systems. The combination of contextual overview and future directions in the field makes this brief a useful resource for researchers and professionals studying systems security, data security and data structures. Advanced-level students interested in data security will also find this brief a helpful guide to recent research.

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