a history of modern iran

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A History Of Modern Iran

Author : Ervand Abrahamian
ISBN : 1139471597
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 44 MB
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In a reappraisal of Iran's modern history, Ervand Abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the twentieth century, through the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the birth of the Islamic Republic. In the intervening years, the country has experienced a bitter war with Iraq, the transformation of society under the clergy and, more recently, the expansion of the state and the struggle for power between the old elites, the intelligentsia and the commercial middle class. The author is a compassionate expositor. While he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's regional and international politics, at the heart of his book are the people of Iran. It is to them and their resilience that this book is dedicated, as Iran emerges at the beginning of the twenty-first century as one of the most powerful states in the Middle East.

Iran

Author : Abbas Amanat
ISBN : 9780300112542
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 72 MB
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A masterfully researched and compelling history of Iran from 1501 to 2009 This history of modern Iran is not a survey in the conventional sense but an ambitious exploration of the story of a nation. It offers a revealing look at how events, people, and institutions are shaped by currents that sometimes reach back hundreds of years. The book covers the complex history of the diverse societies and economies of Iran against the background of dynastic changes, revolutions, civil wars, foreign occupation, and the rise of the Islamic Republic. Abbas Amanat combines chronological and thematic approaches, exploring events with lasting implications for modern Iran and the world. Drawing on diverse historical scholarship and emphasizing the twentieth century, he addresses debates about Iran's culture and politics. Political history is the driving narrative force, given impetus by Amanat's decades of research and study. He layers the book with discussions of literature, music, and the arts; ideology and religion; economy and society; and cultural identity and heritage.

Revolutionary Iran

Author : Michael Axworthy
ISBN : 9780199322275
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 48 MB
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In Revolutionary Iran, Michael Axworthy guides us through recent Iranian history from shortly before the 1979 Islamic revolution through the summer of 2009, when Iranians poured into the streets of Tehran by the hundreds of thousands, demanding free, democratic government. Axworthy explains how that outpouring of support for an end to tyranny in Iran paused and then moved on to other areas in the region like Egypt and Libya, leaving Iran's leadership unchanged. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a defining moment of the modern era. Its success unleashed a wave of Islamist fervor across the Middle East and signaled a sharp decline in the appeal of Western ideologies in the Islamic world. Axworthy takes readers through the major periods in Iranian history over the last thirty years: the overthrow of the old regime and the creation of the new one; the Iran-Iraq war; the reconstruction era following the war; the reformist wave led by Mohammed Khatami; and the present day, in which reactionaries have re-established control. Throughout, he emphasizes that the Iranian revolution was centrally important in modern history because it provided the world with a clear model of development that was not rooted in Western ideologies. Whereas the world's major revolutions of the previous two centuries had been fuelled by Western, secular ideologies, the Iranian Revolution drew its inspiration from Islam. Revolutionary Iran is both richly textured and from one of the leading authorities on the region; combining an expansive scope with the most accessible and definitive account of this epoch in all its humanity.

The Politics Of Nationalism In Modern Iran

Author : Ali M. Ansari
ISBN : 9780521687171
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 35 MB
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Distinguished historian Ali M. Ansari explores ideas about nationalism and how they apply to twentieth-century Iran.

Modern Iran

Author :
ISBN : 1558766014
Genre :
File Size : 43. 17 MB
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The Coup

Author : Ervand Abrahamian
ISBN : 9781595588623
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 70 MB
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In August 1953, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency orchestrated the swift overthrow of Iran’s democratically elected leader and installed Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in his place. Over the next twenty-six years, the United States backed the unpopular, authoritarian shah and his secret police; in exchange, it reaped a share of Iran’s oil wealth and became a key player in this volatile region. The blowback was almost inevitable, as this new and revealing history of the coup and its consequences shows. When the 1979 Iranian Revolution deposed the shah and replaced his puppet government with a radical Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the shift reverberated throughout the Middle East and the world, casting a long, dark shadow over U.S.-Iran relations that extends to the present day. In this authoritative new history of the coup and its aftermath, noted Iran scholar Ervand Abrahamian uncovers little-known documents that challenge conventional interpretations and also sheds new light on how the American role in the coup influenced U.S.-Iranian relations, both past and present. Drawing from the hitherto closed archives of British Petroleum, the Foreign Office, and the U.S. State Department, as well as from Iranian memoirs and published interviews, Abrahamian’s riveting account of this key historical event will change America’s understanding of a crucial turning point in modern U.S.-Iranian relations.

Sexual Politics In Modern Iran

Author : Janet Afary
ISBN : 9781107394353
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 52 MB
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Janet Afary is a native of Iran and a leading historian. Her work focuses on gender and sexuality and draws on her experience of growing up in Iran and her involvement with Iranian women of different ages and social strata. These observations, and a wealth of historical documents, form the kernel of this book, which charts the history of the nation's sexual revolution from the nineteenth century to today. What comes across is the extraordinary resilience of the Iranian people, who have drawn on a rich social and cultural heritage to defy the repression and hardship of the Islamist state and its predecessors. It is this resilience, the author concludes, which forms the basis of a sexual revolution taking place in Iran today, one that is promoting reforms in marriage and family laws, and demanding more egalitarian gender and sexual relations.

Modern Iran

Author : Nikki R. Keddie
ISBN : 0300121059
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 19 MB
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In this updated edition of Nikki Keddie’s Modern Iran--itself a substantially revised and expanded version of her classic work Roots of Revolution--the author provides a new preface and a fully annotated and indexed epilogue, reviewing recent developments in Iran since 2003. Keddie provides insightful commentary on Iran’s nuclear and foreign policy, its relations with the United Nations and the United States, increasing conservative and hard-line tendencies in the government, and recent developments in the economy, cultural and intellectual life, and human rights. Reviews of the 2003 edition: "[An] essential book for one’s working library.”--L. Carl Brown, Foreign Affairs "Shifting her historical focus from the roots of the Iranian revolution to its consequences, Nikki Keddie has expanded her original classic to include a sharply probing and perceptive guide to more than two decades of tumultuous developments in the Islamic Republic of Iran.”--Gary Sick

Democracy In Iran

Author : Ali Gheissair
ISBN : 9780195396966
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 78 MB
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Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

Education And The Making Of Modern Iran

Author : David Menashri
ISBN : 080142612X
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 52 MB
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To seek knowledge is an Islamic obligation, and religious schools traditionally disseminated the particulars of Islamic thought and culture in Iran. Early in the nineteenth century, however, the lure of modern military technology prompted Iranian leaders to seek Western scientific knowledge. Drawing on a wealth of original research, David Menashri traces the history of Iran's educational system from the departure of the first two Iranian students to Europe in 1811, through the founding of Tehran University in 1935, to the changes in educational policies enacted under the Ayatollah Khomeini. In so doing, Menashri chronicles the wider political and social history of the struggle for control of education between the ulama, or religious elite, and the state. Paying particular attention to the development of higher education, Menashri assesses the contribution--as well as the limitations--of educational reform in the making of modern Iran. He provides a rich account of the role of Iranians who had been educated abroad and reveals the ambivalence of custodians of power who wanted to import Western skills without Western ideas. Menashri reconstructs the dramatic conflicts and the enduring tensions between groups supporting the values of traditional culture and those promoting Western-oriented "progressive" education. The resulting educational system, he shows, bore fruit in widespread literacy but also contributed to the profound ideological split that led to the overthrow of the Shah in 1979. Historians of education, specialists in Middle Eastern studies, and others interested in contemporary Iran will want to read this penetrating book.

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