a history of science in world cultures voices of knowledge

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A History Of Science In World Cultures

Author : Scott L. Montgomery
ISBN : 9781317439059
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 62 MB
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To understand modern science, it is essential to recognize that many of the most fundamental scientific principles are drawn from the knowledge of ancient civilizations. Taking a global yet comprehensive approach to this complex topic, A History of Science in World Cultures uses a broad range of case studies and examples to demonstrate that the scientific thought and method of the present day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural past. Covering ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the New World, this volume discusses the scope of scientific and technological achievements in each civilization and how the knowledge it developed came to impact the European Renaissance. Themes covered include the influence these scientific cultures had upon one another, the power of writing and its technologies, visions of mathematical order in the universe and how it can be represented, and what elements of the distant scientific past we continue to depend upon today. Topics often left unexamined in histories of science are treated in fascinating detail, such as the chemistry of mummification and the Great Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewellery and urban planning of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgery of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam. This book shows that scientific thought has never been confined to any one era, culture, or geographic region. Clearly presented and highly illustrated, A History of Science in World Cultures is the perfect text for all students and others interested in the development of science throughout history.

Promoting Interdisciplinarity In Knowledge Generation And Problem Solving

Author : Al-Suqri, Mohammed Nasser
ISBN : 9781522538790
Genre : Reference
File Size : 67. 87 MB
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Interdisciplinary research is a method that has become efficient in accelerating scientific discovery. The integration of such processes in problem solving and knowledge generation is a vital part of learning and instruction. Promoting Interdisciplinarity in Knowledge Generation and Problem Solving is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on interdisciplinary projects from around the world, highlighting the broad range of circumstances in which this approach can be effectively used to solve problems and generate new knowledge. Featuring coverage on a number of topics and perspectives such as industrial design, ethnographic methods, and methodological pluralism, this publication is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on the promotion of interdisciplinarity for knowledge production.

Sciences Of The Ancient Hindus

Author : Alok Kumar
ISBN : 1497374332
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 31 MB
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 399-447) and index.

Markets And Cultural Voices

Author : Tyler Cowen
ISBN : 0472024124
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 30. 95 MB
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This intriguing work explores the world of three amate artists. A native tradition, all of their painting is done in Mexico, yet, the finished product is sold almost exclusively to wealthy American art buyers. Cowen examines this cultural interaction between Mexico and the United States to see how globalization shapes the lives and the work of the artists and their families. The story of these three artists reveals that this exchange simultaneously creates economic opportunities for the artists, but has detrimental effects on the village. A view of the daily village life of three artists connected to the larger art world, this book should be of particular interest to those in the fields of cultural economics, Latino studies, economic anthropology and globalization.

The Circulation Of Knowledge Between Britain India And China

Author :
ISBN : 9789004251410
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 30 MB
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In The Circulation of Knowledge Between Britain, India and China, twelve scholars examine how knowledge, things and people moved within, and between, the East and the West from the early modern period to the twentieth century.

Science In The Public Sphere

Author : Agusti Nieto-Galan
ISBN : 9781317277934
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 64 MB
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Science in the Public Sphere presents a broad yet detailed picture of the history of science popularization from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century. Global in focus, it provides an original theoretical framework for analysing the political load of science as an instrument of cultural hegemony and giving a voice to expert and lay protagonists throughout history. Organised into a series of thematic chapters spanning diverse periods and places, this book covers subjects such as the representations of science in print, the media, classrooms and museums, orthodox and heterodox practices, the intersection of the history of science with the history of technology, and the ways in which public opinion and scientific expertise have influenced and shaped one another across the centuries. It concludes by introducing the "participatory turn" of the twenty-first century, a new paradigm of science popularization and a new way of understanding the construction of knowledge. Highly illustrated throughout and covering the recent historiographical scholarship on the subject, this book is valuable reading for students, historians, science communicators, and all those interested in the history of science and its relationship with the public sphere.

Cultures Of Knowledge

Author : Dagmar Schäfer
ISBN : 9789004218444
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 60 MB
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Identifying four spheres of knowledge culture in the history of technology in China, this book offers an introduction to the transmission of knowledge and detailed contextual descriptions of individual technologies in China such as porcelain, silk, and agriculture.

Columbia Companion To Twentieth Century Philosophies

Author : Constantin V. Boundas
ISBN : 9780231142038
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 47. 68 MB
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Columbia Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophies is the first guide to cover both the Anglo-American analytic and European Continental traditions. The first section features Nicholas Rescher writing on neoidealism, Josephine Donovan commenting on feminist philosophy, Tyler Burge discussing the philosophy of language and mind, and Robert Hanna reflecting on Kant's legacy. The second section presents Jean Grondin on hermeneutics, Leonard Lawlor on phenomenology, Charles Scott on postmodernism, and Babette Babich on the philosophy of science. The volume also covers logical positivism, naturalism, pragmatism, aesthetics, existentialism, Marxism, the Frankfurt School, structuralism, psychoanalysis, political philosophy, ethics, and the philosophy of religion. The final section addresses concurrent trends in Indian, Chinese, Japanese, and African philosophy, and a comprehensive introduction by Constantin V. Boundas not only provides a thorough outline of the problems and issues of the analytic and Continental traditions but also boldly challenges the conviction that the two approaches must be rivals. Offering an unusually panoramic perspective, the Columbia Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophies enables readers to encounter foundational materials on their own terms.

Gay Studies From The French Cultures

Author : Rommel Mendès-Leite
ISBN : 1560244364
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88. 27 MB
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Now English-speaking readers can gain new access to valuable information on homosexuality and homosociality written by French-speaking scholars and researchers. Gay Studies From the French Cultures contains work taken from symposia held by the Research and Study Group on Homosociality and Homosexualities (GREH) in France over the past several years. GREH, founded by Mendès-Leite in 1986, is a forum and university network designed to open and enrich debate and interdisciplinary research on homosociality, homosexuality, and lesbianism. The chapters, all translated from their original French, represent a mosaic of scholars from Brazil, The Netherlands, Belgium, and Canada, as well as France, giving readers a broad perspective on the subject. Although authors share cultural roots and connections through GREH, the book contains a deliberate disparity of topics and points of view from French-speaking persons in the western hemisphere, seeking to heighten understanding through diversity. The book is divided into three parts: Theoretical Background, Lesbian History and Commentary, and Gay Male History and Commentary. Some of the various topics discussed include: theoretical background on sexualities and gender studies gay and lesbian history homosexuality and AIDS nineteenth century's French gay and lesbian history sociology of Brazilian homosexualities French-spoken Canadian history on sexualities historiographies An enlightening volume, Gay Studies From the French Cultures provides a bridge between English-language and Francophone research on homosexuality, increasing the knowledge, awareness, and understanding of a whole new group of readers.

A Scientist S Voice In American Culture

Author : Albert E. Moyer
ISBN : 0520912136
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 74 MB
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In late nineteenth-century America, Simon Newcomb was the nation's most celebrated scientist and—irascibly, doggedly, tirelessly—he made the most of it. Officially a mathematical astronomer heading a government agency, Newcomb spent as much of his life out of the observatory as in it, acting as a spokesman for the nascent but restive scientific community of his time. Newcomb saw the "scientific method" as a potential guide for all disciplines and a basis for all practical action, and argued passionately that it was of as much use in the halls of Congress as in the laboratory. In so doing, he not only sparked popular support for American science but also confronted a wide spectrum of social, cultural, and intellectual issues. This first full-length study of Newcomb traces the development of his faith in science and ranges over topics of great public debate in the Gilded Age, from the reform of economic theory to the recasting of the debate between science and religion. Moyer's portrait of a restless, eager mind also illuminates the bustle of late nineteenth-century America.

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