a history of the arctic nature exploration and exploitation

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A History Of The Arctic

Author : John McCannon
ISBN : 9781780230764
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 71 MB
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Bitter cold and constant snow. Polar bears, seals, and killer whales. Victor Frankenstein chasing his monstrous creation across icy terrain in a dogsled. The arctic calls to mind a myriad different images. Consisting of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, the United States, Russia, Greenland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the arctic possesses a unique ecosystem—temperatures average negative 29 degrees Fahrenheit in winter and rarely rise above freezing in summer—and the indigenous peoples and cultures that live in the region have had to adapt to the harsh weather conditions. As global temperatures rise, the arctic is facing an environmental crisis, with melting glaciers causing grave concern around the world. But for all the renown of this frozen region, the arctic remains far from perfectly understood. In A History of the Arctic, award-winning polar historian John McCannon provides an engaging overview of the region that spans from the Stone Age to the present. McCannon discusses polar exploration and science, nation-building, diplomacy, environmental issues, and climate change, and the role indigenous populations have played in the arctic’s story. Chronicling the history of each arctic nation, he details the many failed searches for a Northwest Passage and the territorial claims that hamper use of these waterways. He also explores the resources found in the arctic—oil, natural gas, minerals, fresh water, and fish—and describes the importance they hold as these resources are depleted elsewhere, as well as the challenges we face in extracting them. A timely assessment of current diplomatic and environmental realities, as well as the dire risks the region now faces, A History of the Arctic is a thoroughly engrossing book on the past—and future—of the top of the world.

The Future History Of The Arctic

Author : Charles Emmerson
ISBN : 9781586486365
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 17 MB
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"[The author] leads readers ... through the landscape, history, literature and politics of the North, from the wrongheaded theories of the ancients to diplomatic intrigues on the Arctic's borderlands, the brutality of the Soviet gulag archipelago, and the region's emergence as a strategically important source of energy."--Jacket p. [2].

Wspc Reference On Natural Resources And Environmental Policy In The Era Of Global Change The In 4 Volumes

Author :
ISBN : 9789814713702
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 82 MB
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The WSPC Reference on Natural Resources and Environmental Policy in the Era of Global Change provides a comprehensive and prominent reference of various highly authoritative volumes of long-term scientific value, for milestone concepts and theories. The books in the reference set are edited by leading experts in the fields of: Game Theory, International Relations and Global Politics, Computable General Equilibrium (CGE): Economy-Wide Modeling, and Experimental Economics. Each book in the reference set includes chapters that are laid out by recognized, broadly respected researchers, in fields associated with issues related to natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change. The reference set focuses on the economic and strategic aspects of interactions among various parts of society, all dependent on the availability and utilization of limited natural resources and their impact on the environment. Policy implications are addressed, including current challenges and future perspectives. The combination of the four books provides a unique perspective on the issues that engage the public discourse of researchers and policy-makers at state, regional, and global levels. Each of the books in the reference set and all four books as a whole provide coverage of disciplines and angles through which the reader can obtain an understanding of the state-of-the-art of dealing with natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change. The books in the reference set complement each other and provide a scientific understanding of our ability to address the issues covered. Contents: Volume 1: Game Theory: Overcoming Principal–Agent Problems to Improve Cooperative Governance of Internationally Shared Fisheries (Megan Bailey, Niels Vestergaard and U Rashid Sumaila)Common Property Resource Exploitation under Imperfect Competition (Hassan Benchekroun)Mitigation and Solar Radiation Management in Climate Change Policies (Vassiliki Manoussi and Anastasios Xepapadeas)On the Strategic Use of Import Tariffs to Control Trans-Boundary Externalities (Charles F Mason, Victoria I Umanskaya and Edward B Barbier)Non-Point Source Pollution in an International Context (Kathleen Segerson)Game Theoretic Modeling of Environmental NGOs in an International Context (Anthony Heyes and Bogdan Urban)On the Interplay between Resource Extraction and Polluting Emissions in Oligopoly (Luca Lambertini)Deforestation and REDD+: Taking Stock of the Latest Institutional Possibilities (Charles Figuières and Estelle Midler)Climate Policies, Technical Change and R&D (André Grimaud and Luc Rouge)Strategic Behavior and the Porter Hypothesis (Francisco J André)Transboundary Pollution, Clean Technologies and International Environmental Agreements (Hassan Benchekroun and Amrita Ray Chaudhuri)International Trade and the Environmental Goods and Services Industry (Solveig Delabroye, Alain-Désiré Nimubona and Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné)Differential Games: Solution Concepts and Applications to Global Resources and Environmental Problems (Ngo Van Long)Volume 2: The Social Ecology of the Anthropocene: Continuity and Change in Global Environmental Politics: Challenges of the Anthropocene: The Science of the Anthropocene (Kristen A Goodrich and Evgenia Nizkorodov)The Discursive Construction of the New Arctic (Elizabeth Mendenhall)Governance through Goal-Setting: A New Governance Challenge for Navigating Sustainability in the 21st Century (Norichika Kanie)Continuity and Innovation in Gl

The Nature Of Soviet Power

Author : Andy Bruno
ISBN : 9781316654293
Genre : Nature
File Size : 31. 97 MB
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During the twentieth century, the Soviet Union turned the Kola Peninsula in the northwest corner of the country into one of the most populated, industrialized, militarized, and polluted parts of the Arctic. This transformation suggests, above all, that environmental relations fundamentally shaped the Soviet experience. Interactions with the natural world both enabled industrial livelihoods and curtailed socialist promises. Nature itself was a participant in the communist project. Taking a long-term comparative perspective, The Nature of Soviet Power sees Soviet environmental history as part of the global pursuit for unending economic growth among modern states. This in-depth exploration of railroad construction, the mining and processing of phosphorus-rich apatite, reindeer herding, nickel and copper smelting, and energy production in the region examines Soviet cultural perceptions of nature, plans for development, lived experiences, and modifications to the physical world. While Soviet power remade nature, nature also remade Soviet power.

Who Owns The Arctic

Author : Michael Byers
ISBN : 192670696X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82. 40 MB
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Who actually controls the Northwest Passage? Who owns the trillions of dollars of oil and gas beneath the Arctic Ocean? Which territorial claims will prevail, and why — those of the United States, Russia, Canada, or the Nordic nations? And, in an age of rapid climate change, how do we protect the fragile Arctic environment while seizing the economic opportunities presented by the rapidly melting sea-ice? Michael Byers, a leading Arctic expert and international lawyer clearly and concisely explains the sometimes contradictory rules governing the division and protection of the Arctic and the disputes over the region that still need to be resolved. What emerges is a vision for the Arctic in which cooperation, not conflict, prevails and where the sovereignty of individual nations is exercised for the benefit of all. This insightful little book is an informed primer for today's most pressing territorial issue.

The Sea In World History Exploration Travel And Trade 2 Volumes

Author : Stephen K. Stein
ISBN : 9781440835513
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 99 MB
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This two-volume set documents the essential role of the sea and maritime activity across history, from travel and food production to commerce and conquest. • Provides a broad survey of the importance of the oceans for all of human culture and civilization, including coverage of diverse cultures such as the Polynesians, Vikings, Minoans, and many others • Describes the voyages of the great explorers and places them in a broad multinational and multicultural perspective • Traces the human use of the sea over time, noting activities and historic events such as piracy, the slave trade, fishing, and whaling, as well as describing commerce in ancient and modern contexts

Arctic Dreams

Author : Barry Lopez
ISBN : 9781480409149
Genre : Nature
File Size : 81. 39 MB
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This New York Times–bestselling exploration of the Arctic, a National Book Award winner, is “one of the finest books ever written about the far North” (Publishers Weekly). “The nation’s premier nature writer” travels to a landscape at once barren and beautiful, perilous and alluring, austere yet teeming with vibrant life, and shot through with human history (San Francisco Chronicle). The Arctic has for centuries been a destination for the most ambitious explorers—a place of dreams, fears, and awe-inspiring spectacle. This “dazzling” account by the author of Of Wolves and Men takes readers on a breathtaking journey into the heart of one of the world’s last frontiers (The New York Times). Based on Barry Lopez’s years spent traveling the Arctic regions in the company of Eskimo hunting parties and scientific expeditions alike, Arctic Dreams investigates the unique terrain of the human mind, thrown into relief against the vastness of the tundra and the frozen ocean. Eye-opening and profoundly moving, it is a magnificent appreciation of how wilderness challenges and inspires us. Renowned environmentalist and author of Desert Solitaire Edward Abbey has called Arctic Dreams “a splendid book . . . by a man who is both a first-rate writer and an uncompromising defender of the wild country and its native inhabitants”—and the New Yorker hails it as a “landmark” work of travel writing. A vivid, thoughtful, and atmospheric read, it has earned multiple prizes, including the National Book Award, the Christopher Medal, the Oregon Book Award, and a nomination for the National Book Critics Circle Award. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Barry Lopez including rare images and never-before-seen documents from the author’s personal collection.

Islands Of The Arctic

Author : Julian Dowdeswell
ISBN : 9780521813334
Genre : Nature
File Size : 75. 33 MB
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A visually stunning exploration of the Arctic islands, which includes Greenland, Svalbard, and the Russian Arctic, traces the various processes that have formed these frozen landscapes; examines the impact of wildlife and human involvement on these environments; and discusses the future of the islands. (Ecology & Environment)

The Polar Regions

Author : Adrian Howkins
ISBN : 9781509502011
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 42 MB
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The environmental histories of the Arctic and Antarctica are characterised by contrast and contradiction. These are places that have witnessed some of the worst environmental degradation in recent history. But they are also the locations of some of the most farsighted measures of environmental protection. They are places where people have sought to conquer nature through exploration and economic development, but in many ways they remain wild and untamed. They are the coldest places on Earth, yet have come to occupy an important role in the science and politics of global warming. Despite being located at opposite ends of the planet and being significantly different in many ways, Adrian Howkins argues that the environmental histories of the Arctic and Antarctica share much in common and have often been closely connected. This book also argues that the Polar Regions are strongly linked to the rest of the world, both through physical processes and through intellectual and political themes. As places of inherent contradiction, the Polar Regions have much to contribute to the way we think about environmental history and the environment more generally.

Red Arctic

Author : John McCannon
ISBN : 9780195114362
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 85 MB
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Red Arctic chronicles the history of Stalinist Russia's massive campaign to explore and develop its Northern territories during the 1930s. Author John McCannon draws upon groundbreaking archival research to recount the dramatic stories of the polar expeditions - oceanic voyages, aerial rescues, and record-breaking flights - that became the pride of Stalin's Soviet Union. McCannon also exposes the reality behind these exploits: chaotic blunders, bureaucratic competition, and the eventual rise of the GULAG as the dominant force in the North. Red Arctic also traces the development of the polar-based popular culture of the decade, making use of memoirs, films, radio broadcasts, children's books, and cultural ephemera ranging from placards to postage stamps to show how Russia's "Arctic myth" became an integral part of the overall socialist-realist aesthetic that animated Stalinist culture throughout the 1930s.

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