a history of the arctic nature exploration and exploitation

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A History Of The Arctic

Author : John McCannon
ISBN : 9781780230764
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 12 MB
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Bitter cold and constant snow. Polar bears, seals, and killer whales. Victor Frankenstein chasing his monstrous creation across icy terrain in a dogsled. The arctic calls to mind a myriad different images. Consisting of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, the United States, Russia, Greenland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the arctic possesses a unique ecosystem—temperatures average negative 29 degrees Fahrenheit in winter and rarely rise above freezing in summer—and the indigenous peoples and cultures that live in the region have had to adapt to the harsh weather conditions. As global temperatures rise, the arctic is facing an environmental crisis, with melting glaciers causing grave concern around the world. But for all the renown of this frozen region, the arctic remains far from perfectly understood. In A History of the Arctic, award-winning polar historian John McCannon provides an engaging overview of the region that spans from the Stone Age to the present. McCannon discusses polar exploration and science, nation-building, diplomacy, environmental issues, and climate change, and the role indigenous populations have played in the arctic’s story. Chronicling the history of each arctic nation, he details the many failed searches for a Northwest Passage and the territorial claims that hamper use of these waterways. He also explores the resources found in the arctic—oil, natural gas, minerals, fresh water, and fish—and describes the importance they hold as these resources are depleted elsewhere, as well as the challenges we face in extracting them. A timely assessment of current diplomatic and environmental realities, as well as the dire risks the region now faces, A History of the Arctic is a thoroughly engrossing book on the past—and future—of the top of the world.

The Sea In World History Exploration Travel And Trade 2 Volumes

Author : Stephen K. Stein
ISBN : 9781440835513
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 61 MB
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This two-volume set documents the essential role of the sea and maritime activity across history, from travel and food production to commerce and conquest. • Provides a broad survey of the importance of the oceans for all of human culture and civilization, including coverage of diverse cultures such as the Polynesians, Vikings, Minoans, and many others • Describes the voyages of the great explorers and places them in a broad multinational and multicultural perspective • Traces the human use of the sea over time, noting activities and historic events such as piracy, the slave trade, fishing, and whaling, as well as describing commerce in ancient and modern contexts

The Nature Of Soviet Power

Author : Andy Bruno
ISBN : 9781316654293
Genre : Nature
File Size : 73. 62 MB
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During the twentieth century, the Soviet Union turned the Kola Peninsula in the northwest corner of the country into one of the most populated, industrialized, militarized, and polluted parts of the Arctic. This transformation suggests, above all, that environmental relations fundamentally shaped the Soviet experience. Interactions with the natural world both enabled industrial livelihoods and curtailed socialist promises. Nature itself was a participant in the communist project. Taking a long-term comparative perspective, The Nature of Soviet Power sees Soviet environmental history as part of the global pursuit for unending economic growth among modern states. This in-depth exploration of railroad construction, the mining and processing of phosphorus-rich apatite, reindeer herding, nickel and copper smelting, and energy production in the region examines Soviet cultural perceptions of nature, plans for development, lived experiences, and modifications to the physical world. While Soviet power remade nature, nature also remade Soviet power.

Wspc Reference On Natural Resources And Environmental Policy In The Era Of Global Change The In 4 Volumes

Author :
ISBN : 9789814713702
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 79 MB
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The WSPC Reference on Natural Resources and Environmental Policy in the Era of Global Change provides a comprehensive and prominent reference of various highly authoritative volumes of long-term scientific value, for milestone concepts and theories. The books in the reference set are edited by leading experts in the fields of: Game Theory, International Relations and Global Politics, Computable General Equilibrium (CGE): Economy-Wide Modeling, and Experimental Economics. Each book in the reference set includes chapters that are laid out by recognized, broadly respected researchers, in fields associated with issues related to natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change. The reference set focuses on the economic and strategic aspects of interactions among various parts of society, all dependent on the availability and utilization of limited natural resources and their impact on the environment. Policy implications are addressed, including current challenges and future perspectives. The combination of the four books provides a unique perspective on the issues that engage the public discourse of researchers and policy-makers at state, regional, and global levels. Each of the books in the reference set and all four books as a whole provide coverage of disciplines and angles through which the reader can obtain an understanding of the state-of-the-art of dealing with natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change. The books in the reference set complement each other and provide a scientific understanding of our ability to address the issues covered. Contents: Volume 1: Game Theory: Overcoming Principal–Agent Problems to Improve Cooperative Governance of Internationally Shared Fisheries (Megan Bailey, Niels Vestergaard and U Rashid Sumaila)Common Property Resource Exploitation under Imperfect Competition (Hassan Benchekroun)Mitigation and Solar Radiation Management in Climate Change Policies (Vassiliki Manoussi and Anastasios Xepapadeas)On the Strategic Use of Import Tariffs to Control Trans-Boundary Externalities (Charles F Mason, Victoria I Umanskaya and Edward B Barbier)Non-Point Source Pollution in an International Context (Kathleen Segerson)Game Theoretic Modeling of Environmental NGOs in an International Context (Anthony Heyes and Bogdan Urban)On the Interplay between Resource Extraction and Polluting Emissions in Oligopoly (Luca Lambertini)Deforestation and REDD+: Taking Stock of the Latest Institutional Possibilities (Charles Figuières and Estelle Midler)Climate Policies, Technical Change and R&D (André Grimaud and Luc Rouge)Strategic Behavior and the Porter Hypothesis (Francisco J André)Transboundary Pollution, Clean Technologies and International Environmental Agreements (Hassan Benchekroun and Amrita Ray Chaudhuri)International Trade and the Environmental Goods and Services Industry (Solveig Delabroye, Alain-Désiré Nimubona and Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné)Differential Games: Solution Concepts and Applications to Global Resources and Environmental Problems (Ngo Van Long)Volume 2: The Social Ecology of the Anthropocene: Continuity and Change in Global Environmental Politics: Challenges of the Anthropocene: The Science of the Anthropocene (Kristen A Goodrich and Evgenia Nizkorodov)The Discursive Construction of the New Arctic (Elizabeth Mendenhall)Governance through Goal-Setting: A New Governance Challenge for Navigating Sustainability in the 21st Century (Norichika Kanie)Continuity and Innovation in Gl

At The Ends Of The Earth

Author : Kieran Mulvaney
ISBN : 1559639083
Genre : Nature
File Size : 88. 86 MB
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Explores the history of the Arctic and Antarctic, examining their landscapes, resources, native peoples, and the legacy of human exploration and exploitation of these lands.

Islands Of The Arctic

Author : Julian Dowdeswell
ISBN : 9780521813334
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35. 75 MB
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A visually stunning exploration of the Arctic islands, which includes Greenland, Svalbard, and the Russian Arctic, traces the various processes that have formed these frozen landscapes; examines the impact of wildlife and human involvement on these environments; and discusses the future of the islands. (Ecology & Environment)

Arctic

Author : Mark Nuttall
ISBN : 9058230872
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 20 MB
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By demonstrating the importance of communication among social scientists, scientists in the natural sciences and stakeholders living in the Arctic, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the region's rapidly changing physical and human dimensions. In response to the tremendous challenges and opportunities facing the Arctic it is an essential resource for all Arctic researchers and those developing multidisciplinary projects. Representing a state-of-the-art overview of key areas of Arctic research by renowned specialists in the field, each chapter forms a detailed, varied and accessible account of current knowledge. Each author introduces the subject to a non-specialist readership, while retaining intellectual integrity and relevance for specialists. Overall, the richness of the material presented in this volume reflects the ecological and cultural diversity of this vast and environmentally critical part of the globe.

Barron S Ap World History 7th Edition

Author : John McCannon
ISBN : 1438007825
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 31 MB
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This helpful guide includes two full-length practice tests with all questions answered and explained, test-taking strategies, detailed reviews, and more. The manual can be purchased alone or with a CD-ROM that presents two additional full-length practice tests, plus access to a bonus online test.

The Arctic Seas

Author : Yvonne Herman
ISBN : 9781461306771
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 52 MB
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The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.

The Nature Of Diamonds

Author : George E. Harlow
ISBN : 0521629357
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 82 MB
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This richly illustrated tribute to the diamond covers all facets of nature's most coveted gem.

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