a new biology for the 21st century

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A New Biology For The 21st Century

Author : Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
ISBN : 9780309144889
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 63 MB
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Now more than ever, biology has the potential to contribute practical solutions to many of the major challenges confronting the United States and the world. A New Biology for the 21st Century recommends that a "New Biology" approach--one that depends on greater integration within biology, and closer collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to find solutions to four key societal needs: sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improvement in human health. The approach calls for a coordinated effort to leverage resources across the federal, private, and academic sectors to help meet challenges and improve the return on life science research in general.

21 Lektionen F R Das 21 Jahrhundert

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783406727795
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 46 MB
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Yuval Noah Harari ist der Weltstar unter den Historikern. In «Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit» erzählte er vom Aufstieg des Homo Sapiens zum Herrn der Welt. In «Homo Deus» ging es um die Zukunft unserer Spezies. Sein neues Buch schaut auf das Hier und Jetzt und konfrontiert uns mit den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit. Wie unterscheiden wir Wahrheit und Fiktion im Zeitalter der Fake News? Was sollen wir unseren Kindern beibringen? Wie können wir in unserer unübersichtlichen Welt moralisch handeln? Wie bewahren wir Freiheit und Gleichheit im 21. Jahrhundert? Seit Jahrtausenden hat die Menschheit über den Fragen gebrütet, wer wir sind und was wir mit unserem Leben anfangen sollen. Doch jetzt setzen uns die heraufziehende ökologische Krise, die wachsende Bedrohung durch Massenvernichtungswaffen und der Aufstieg neuer disruptiver Technologien unter Zeitdruck. Bald schon wird irgendjemand darüber entscheiden müssen, wie wir die Macht nutzen, die künstliche Intelligenz und Biotechnologie bereit halten. Dieses Buch will möglichst viele Menschen dazu anregen, sich an den großen Debatten unserer Zeit zu beteiligen, damit die Antworten nicht von den blinden Kräften des Marktes gegeben werden.

Implementing The New Biology

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309186544
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 63 MB
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As the second decade of the 21st century begins, the challenge of how to feed a growing world population and provide sustainable, affordable energy to fulfill daily needs, while also improving human health and protecting the environment, is clear and urgent. Increasing demand for food and energy is projected at the same time as the supply of land and other resources decrease. Increasing levels of greenhouse gasses alter climate, which, in turn, has life-changing implications for a broad range of plant and animal species. But promising developments are on the horizon--scientific discoveries and technologies that have the potential to contribute practical solutions to these seemingly intractable problems. As described in the 2009 National Research Council book, A New Biology for the 21st Century, biological research has experienced extraordinary scientific and technological advances in recent years that have allowed biologists to collect and make sense of ever more detailed observations at ever smaller time intervals. With these advances have come increasingly fruitful collaborations of biologists with scientists and engineers from other disciplines. A New Biology for the 21st Century called for a series of workshops to provide concrete examples of what New Biology research programs could look like. The present volume summarizes the first of those workshops, Implementing the New Biology: Decadal Challenges Linking Food, Energy, and the Environment.

Implementing The New Biology

Author : Planning Committee on Achieving Research Synergies for Food/Energy/Environment Challenges: A Workshop to Explore the Potential of the "New Biology"
ISBN : 9780309161947
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 44 MB
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As the second decade of the 21st century begins, the challenge of how to feed a growing world population and provide sustainable, affordable energy to fulfill daily needs, while also improving human health and protecting the environment, is clear and urgent. Increasing demand for food and energy is projected at the same time as the supply of land and other resources decrease. Increasing levels of greenhouse gasses alter climate, which, in turn, has life-changing implications for a broad range of plant and animal species. But promising developments are on the horizon--scientific discoveries and technologies that have the potential to contribute practical solutions to these seemingly intractable problems. As described in the 2009 National Research Council book, A New Biology for the 21st Century, biological research has experienced extraordinary scientific and technological advances in recent years that have allowed biologists to collect and make sense of ever more detailed observations at ever smaller time intervals. With these advances have come increasingly fruitful collaborations of biologists with scientists and engineers from other disciplines. A New Biology for the 21st Century called for a series of workshops to provide concrete examples of what New Biology research programs could look like. The present volume summarizes the first of those workshops, Implementing the New Biology: Decadal Challenges Linking Food, Energy, and the Environment.

Kybernetik

Author : Norbert Wiener
ISBN : 3499552949
Genre :
File Size : 23. 31 MB
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Positioning Synthetic Biology To Meet The Challenges Of The 21st Century

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309225861
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 65 MB
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Synthetic biology -- unlike any research discipline that precedes it -- has the potential to bypass the less predictable process of evolution to usher in a new and dynamic way of working with living systems. Ultimately, synthetic biologists hope to design and build engineered biological systems with capabilities that do not exist in natural systems -- capabilities that may ultimately be used for applications in manufacturing, food production, and global health. Importantly, synthetic biology represents an area of science and engineering that raises technical, ethical, regulatory, security, biosafety, intellectual property, and other issues that will be resolved differently in different parts of the world. As a better understanding of the global synthetic biology landscape could lead to tremendous benefits, six academies -- the United Kingdom's Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering, the United States' National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, and the Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering -- organized a series of international symposia on the scientific, technical, and policy issues associated with synthetic biology. Positioning Synthetic Biology to Meet the Challenges of the 21st Century summarizes the symposia proceedings.

The Role Of Theory In Advancing 21st Century Biology

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 030913417X
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 69 MB
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Although its importance is not always recognized, theory is an integral part of all biological research. Biologists' theoretical and conceptual frameworks inform every step of their research, affecting what experiments they do, what techniques and technologies they develop and use, and how they interpret their data. By examining how theory can help biologists answer questions like "What are the engineering principles of life?" or "How do cells really work?" the report shows how theory synthesizes biological knowledge from the molecular level to the level of whole ecosystems. The book concludes that theory is already an inextricable thread running throughout the practice of biology; but that explicitly giving theory equal status with other components of biological research could help catalyze transformative research that will lead to creative, dynamic, and innovative advances in our understanding of life.

Mathematical Concepts And Methods In Modern Biology

Author : Raina Robeva
ISBN : 9780124157934
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 83 MB
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Mathematical Concepts and Methods in Modern Biology offers a quantitative framework for analyzing, predicting, and modulating the behavior of complex biological systems. The book presents important mathematical concepts, methods and tools in the context of essential questions raised in modern biology. Designed around the principles of project-based learning and problem-solving, the book considers biological topics such as neuronal networks, plant population growth, metabolic pathways, and phylogenetic tree reconstruction. The mathematical modeling tools brought to bear on these topics include Boolean and ordinary differential equations, projection matrices, agent-based modeling and several algebraic approaches. Heavy computation in some of the examples is eased by the use of freely available open-source software. Features self-contained chapters with real biological research examples using freely available computational tools Spans several mathematical techniques at basic to advanced levels Offers broad perspective on the uses of algebraic geometry/polynomial algebra in molecular systems biology

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 59 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Schlangen

Author : Harry W. Greene
ISBN : 9783034850735
Genre : Nature
File Size : 86. 85 MB
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Dieses Buch handelt von den faszinierenden und gleichzeitig gefürchtetsten Geschöpfen, die die Natur hervorgebracht hat. Seit jeher haben Menschen Schlangen mit Neugier und Angst, aber auch mit Ehrfurcht und Abscheu betrachtet. Schlangen bedeuten extreme Gefahr, Ungewissheit, jedoch auch wertvolle Nahrung. In vielen Kulturen symbolisieren sie besonders Positives: Fruchtbarkeit, Verjüngung, auch Frieden oder Heilung. Das Buch ist in drei Teile gegliedert. Im ersten geht es um die Klassifikation und die allgemeine Biologie von Schlangen. Teil II gibt einen Überblick über alle wichtigen systematischen Gruppen der Serpentes. Im dritten und abschliessenden Teil sind Evolution und Biogeographie von Schlangen das Thema. Harry W. Greene und die Photographen Michael und Patricia Fogden führen Wissenschaft und Kunst zusammen, um dem Leser die Schönheit und Faszination dieser Tiere zu vermitteln. Herausgekommen ist so eine einzigartige Lektüre für interessierte Laien sowie für Biologen, Herpetologen und Terrarianer.

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