a short history of electoral systems in western europe routledge library editions political science volume 22

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A Short History Of Electoral Systems In Western Europe Routledge Library Editions Political Science Volume 22

Author : Andrew McLaren Carstairs
ISBN : 9781135026783
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 84 MB
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This book provides a concise and accessible account of the historical experience of European parliaments – why different electoral systems were adopted, how they have functioned, how they have affected the development of political parties, and in what respects they have been found over time to be either suitable or unsatisfactory. The book begins with a summary of the main electoral systems, analysing and re-assessing each in the light of historical experience. The core of the book, however, is a country-by-country account of the systems which have operated in each of the main West European countries, in the context of their own constitutional, political and social developments.

A Short History Of Electoral Systems In Western Europe

Author : Andrew McLaren Carstairs
ISBN : 0415491118
Genre :
File Size : 24. 39 MB
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A Political Economy Of The Middle East

Author : Melani Cammett
ISBN : 9780813349398
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 16 MB
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A Political Economy of the Middle East is the most comprehensive analysis of the political economy of development in the contemporary Middle East over the past several decades, examining the interaction of economic development processes, state systems, state policies, and social actors in the Middle East. The fourth edition, with new authors Melani Cammett and Ishac Diwan, has been thoroughly revised, with two new introductory chapters that provide an updated framework with which to understand and study the many changes in demography, education, labor markets, urbanization, water and agriculture, and international labor migration in the recent years. The new edition also includes: a new chapter that charts the political economy of the Gulf states and in particular the phenomenal growth of oil economies; a new chapter on the growth of the private sector and its effects in the region; a new chapter on the rise of "crony capitalism;" and increased coverage of the changes in civil society and social movements in the region including an exploration of the causes, dynamics, consequences, and aftermath of the Arab uprisings.


Author : Marek Jan Chodakiewicz
ISBN : 9781351511957
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 80 MB
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History and collective memories influence a nation, its culture, and institutions; hence, its domestic politics and foreign policy. That is the case in the Intermarium, the land between the Baltic and Black Seas in Eastern Europe. The area is the last unabashed rampart of Western Civilization in the East, and a point of convergence of disparate cultures. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz focuses on the Intermarium for several reasons. Most importantly because, as the inheritor of the freedom and rights stemming from the legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian/Ruthenian Commonwealth, it is culturally and ideologically compatible with American national interests. It is also a gateway to both East and West. Since the Intermarium is the most stable part of the post-Soviet area, Chodakiewicz argues that the United States should focus on solidifying its influence there. The ongoing political and economic success of the Intermarium states under American sponsorship undermines the totalitarian enemies of freedom all over the world. As such, the area can act as a springboard to addressing the rest of the successor states, including those in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Russian Federation. Intermarium has operated successfully for several centuries. It is the most inclusive political concept within the framework of the Commonwealth. By reintroducing the concept of the Intermarium into intellectual discourse the author highlights the autonomous and independent nature of the area. This is a brilliant and innovative addition to European Studies and World Culture.

Small Arms Survey 2013

Author : Small Arms Survey, Geneva
ISBN : 9781107041967
Genre : Business & Economics
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Highlights emerging trends and concerns regarding armed violence and small arms proliferation as well as related policies and programming.

Library Journal

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ISBN : IND:30000085253445
Genre : Libraries
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Author : توماس هوبز
ISBN : 9796500033068
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69. 71 MB
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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.

The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : STANFORD:36105117839311
Genre : English literature
File Size : 69. 75 MB
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The Economist

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106017058709
Genre : Economic history
File Size : 50. 97 MB
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Books In Series

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ISBN : 0835221091
Genre : Monographic series
File Size : 36. 59 MB
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