a solution to the ecological inference problem reconstructing individual behavior from aggregate data

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A Solution To The Ecological Inference Problem

Author : Gary King
ISBN : 9781400849208
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30. 38 MB
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This book provides a solution to the ecological inference problem, which has plagued users of statistical methods for over seventy-five years: How can researchers reliably infer individual-level behavior from aggregate (ecological) data? In political science, this question arises when individual-level surveys are unavailable (for instance, local or comparative electoral politics), unreliable (racial politics), insufficient (political geography), or infeasible (political history). This ecological inference problem also confronts researchers in numerous areas of major significance in public policy, and other academic disciplines, ranging from epidemiology and marketing to sociology and quantitative history. Although many have attempted to make such cross-level inferences, scholars agree that all existing methods yield very inaccurate conclusions about the world. In this volume, Gary King lays out a unique--and reliable--solution to this venerable problem. King begins with a qualitative overview, readable even by those without a statistical background. He then unifies the apparently diverse findings in the methodological literature, so that only one aggregation problem remains to be solved. He then presents his solution, as well as empirical evaluations of the solution that include over 16,000 comparisons of his estimates from real aggregate data to the known individual-level answer. The method works in practice. King's solution to the ecological inference problem will enable empirical researchers to investigate substantive questions that have heretofore proved unanswerable, and move forward fields of inquiry in which progress has been stifled by this problem.

Polling America A O

Author : Samuel J. Best
ISBN : 0313327122
Genre : Election forecasting
File Size : 24. 66 MB
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The term "public opinion" means the feeling or sentiment shared by most people, the voice of the people. This definition may be simple, but it is often difficult to determine what the public's opinion is on any given issue and how to interpret its meaning. This two-volume encyclopedia defines and discusses the history and development of public opinion as a concept in democracy, major public opinion controversies in American politics, and the science and methods of opinion polling. Over 170 signed entries explain the major concepts, people, historical events, organizations, practice and theory, and measurement methods of public opinion and political opinion polling in the United States.

Wahlergebnisse Im Freistaat Bayern

Author : Ralph Rotte
ISBN : 9783643118264
Genre : Bavaria (Germany)
File Size : 49. 31 MB
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Multiple Panels In Der Empirischen Sozialforschung

Author : Tobias Gummer
ISBN : 9783658093433
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 80 MB
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Tobias Gummer untersucht das analytische Potential von drei Designs in der empirischen Sozialforschung anhand dynamischer Mikrosimulationen unter variierenden Randbedingungen. Die Annahmen und Implikationen der Simulation werden mit Beispielen aus dem Anwendungsfeld der Wahlsoziologie flankiert und validiert. Multiple Panels sind eine gleichgewichtige Kombination aus Charakteristiken wiederholter Querschnitte und klassischer Panels. Dieses hybride Forschungsdesign kann dazu dienen, sowohl sozialen als auch individuellen Wandel mittels einer einzigen longitudinalen Erhebung adäquat zu erfassen. Dabei erreichen multiple Panels ein analytisches Potential, welches jeweils nahe oder im Fall des Panels über dem des eigentlich favorisierten idealtypischen Forschungsdesigns liegt.

Unifying Political Methodology

Author : Gary King
ISBN : 0472085549
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45. 94 MB
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Argues that likelihood theory is a unifying approach to statistical modeling in political science

Wirtschaft Und Statistik

Author :
ISBN : NYPL:33433032121471
Genre : Germany
File Size : 24. 1 MB
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Historical Social Research

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000100386832
Genre : Social history
File Size : 59. 8 MB
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International journal for the application of formal methods to history.

Hitlers W Hler

Author : Jürgen W. Falter
ISBN : 3406352324
Genre : Elections
File Size : 49. 42 MB
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Encyclopedia Of Social Measurement

Author : Kimberly Kempf-Leonard
ISBN : UCSC:32106017605830
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85. 13 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Social Measurement captures the data, techniques, theories, designs, applications, histories, and implications of assigning numerical values to social phenomena. Responding to growing demands for transdisciplinary descriptions of quantitative and qualitative techniques, measurement, sampling, and statistical methods, it will increase the proficiency of everyone who gathers and analyzes data. Covering all core social science disciplines, the 300+ articles of the Encyclopedia of Social Measurement not only present a comprehensive summary of observational frameworks and mathematical models, but also offer tools, background information, qualitative methods, and guidelines for structuring the research process. Articles include examples and applications of research strategies and techniques, highlighting multidisciplinary options for observing social phenomena. The alphabetical arrangement of the articles, their glossaries and cross-references, and the volumes' detailed index will encourage exploration across the social sciences. Descriptions of important data sets and case studies will help readers understand resources they can often instantly access. * Introduces readers to the advantages and potential of specific techniques and suggests additional sources that readers can then consult to learn more * Conveys a range of basic to complex research issues in sufficient detail to explain even the most complicated statistical technique. Readers are provided with references for further information * Eleven substantive sections delineate social sciences and the research processes they follow to measure and provide new knowledge on a wide range of topics * Authors are prominent scholars and methodologists from all social science fields * Within each of the sections important components of quantitative and qualitative research methods are dissected and illustrated with examples from diverse fields of study * Actual research experiences provide useful examples

Environment Planning

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ISBN : NWU:35556037453396
Genre : City Planning
File Size : 52. 44 MB
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