a taste for language literacy class and english studies studies in writing and rhetoric

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A Taste For Language

Author : James Ray Watkins
ISBN : 9780809329311
Genre : Education
File Size : 81. 49 MB
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“This is a book about the American Dream as it has become embodied in the university in general and in the English department in particular,” writes James Ray Watkins at the start of A Taste for Language: Literacy, Class, and English Studies. In it, Watkins argues that contemporary economic and political challenges require a clear understanding of the identity of English studies, making elementary questions about literacy, language, literature, education, and class once again imperative. A personal history of university-level English studies in the twentieth century, A Taste for Language combines biography, autobiography, and critical analysis to explore the central role of freshman English and literary studies in the creation and maintenance of the middle class. It tells a multi-generational story of the author and his father, intertwined with close reading of texts and historical analysis. The story moves from depression-era Mississippi, where the author's father was born, to a contemporary English department, where the author now teaches. Watkins looks at not only textbooks, scholars, and the academy but also at families and other social institutions. A rich combination of biography, autobiography, and critical analysis, A Taste for Language questions what purpose an education in English language and literature serves in the lives of the educated in a class-based society and whether English studies has become wholly irrelevant in the twenty-first century.

The Managerial Unconscious In The History Of Composition Studies

Author : Donna Strickland
ISBN : 9780809330263
Genre : Education
File Size : 83. 44 MB
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In this pointed appraisal of composition studies, Donna Strickland contends the rise of writing program administration is crucial to understanding the history of the field. Noting existing histories of composition studies that offer little to no exploration of administration, Strickland argues the field suffers from a “managerial unconscious” that ignores or denies the dependence of the teaching of writing on administrative structures. The Managerial Unconscious in the History of Composition Studies is the first book to address the history of composition studies as a profession rather than focusing on its pedagogical theories and systems. Strickland questions why writing and the teaching of writing have been the major areas of scholarly inquiry in the field when specialists often work primarily as writing program administrators, not teachers. Strickland traces the emergence of writing programs in the early twentieth century, the founding of two professional organizations by and for writing program administrators, and the managerial overtones of the “social turn” of the field during the 1990s. She illustrates how these managerial imperatives not only have provided much of the impetus for the growth of composition studies over the past three decades but also have contributed to the stratified workplaces and managed writing practices the field’s pedagogical research often decries. The Managerial Unconscious in the History of Composition Studies makes the case that administrative work should not be separated from intellectual work, calling attention to the interplay between these two kinds of work in academia at large and to the pronounced hierarchies of contingent faculty and tenure-track administrators endemic to college writing programs. The result is a reasoned plea for an alternative understanding of the very mission of the field itself.

The Formation Of College English

Author : Thomas P. Miller
ISBN : 0822956233
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 37. 68 MB
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In the middle of the eighteenth century, English literature, composition, and rhetoric were introduced almost simultaneously into colleges throughout the British cultural provinces. Professorships of rhetoric and belles lettres were established just as print was reaching a growing reading public and efforts were being made to standardize educated taste and usage. The provinces saw English studies as a means to upward social mobility through cultural assimilation. In the educational centers of England, however, the introduction of English represented a literacy crisis brought on by provincial institutions that had failed to maintain classical texts and learned languages. Today, as rhetoric and composition have become reestablished in the humanities in American colleges, English studies are being broadly transformed by cultural studies, community literacies, and political controversies. Once again, English departments that are primarily departments of literature see these basic writing courses as a sign of a literacy crisis that is undermining the classics of literature. The Formation of College English reexamines the civic concerns of rhetoric and the politics that have shaped and continue to shape college English.

Rhetoric And Reality

Author : James A. Berlin
ISBN : 0809386852
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90. 70 MB
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Berlin here continues his unique history of American college composition begun in his Writing Instruction in Nineteenth-Century Colleges (1984), turning now to the twentieth century. In discussing the variety of rhetorics that have been used in writing classrooms Berlin introduces a taxonomy made up of three categories: objective rhetorics, subjective rhetorics, and transactional rhetorics, which are distinguished by the epistemology on which each is based. He makes clear that these categories are not tied to a chronology but instead are to be found in the English department in one form or another during each decade of the century. His historical treatment includes an examination of the formation of the English department, the founding of the NCTE and its role in writing instruction, the training of teachers of writing, the effects of progressive education on writing instruction, the General Education Movement, the appearance of the CCCC, the impact of Sputnik, and today’s “literacy crisis.”

Composition Studies 39 2

Author : Jennifer Clary-Lemon
ISBN : 1602352720
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31. 63 MB
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CONTENTS: ARTICLES: "Noetic Writing: Plato Comes to Missouri" by Jeff Rice "Fraudulent Practices: Academic Misrepresentations of Plagiarism In the Name of Good Pedagogy" by Chris M. Anson "Aloneness and the Complicated Selves of Donald M. Murray" by Thomas J. Stewart ."Augmenting Literacy: The Role of Expertise in Digital Writing" by Derek Van Ittersum "The Elephants Evaluate: Some Notes on the Problem of Grades in Graduate Creative Writing Programs" by Rachel Peckham "Apprenticeship in the Instructor-Led Peer Conference" by Kory Lawson Ching COURSE DESIGN: "Taking It on the Road: Transferring Knowledge about Rhetoric and Writing across Curricula and Campuses" by Jenn Fishman and Mary Jo Reiff BOOK REVIEWS: Genre: An Introduction to History, Theory, Research, and Pedagogy, by Anis S. Bawarshi and Mary Jo Reiff, reviewed by Kelly Kinney Before Shaughnessy: Basic Writing at Yale and Harvard, 1920-1960, by Kelly Ritter, reviewed by Megan M. McKnight Dangerous Writing: Understanding the Political Economy of Composition, by Tony Scott, reviewed by Timothy Barnett Metaphor and Writing: Figurative Thought in the Discourse of Written Communication, by Philip Eubanks, reviewed by Bradley Smith Women and Gaming: The Sims and 21st Century Learning, by James Paul Gee and Elisabeth R. Hayes, reviewed by Kristina A. Gutierrez Generaciones' Narratives: The Pursuit and Practice of Traditional and Electronic Literacies on the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, by John Scenters-Zapico, reviewed by Sally Chandler RAW (Reading and Writing) New Media, edited by Cheryl E. Ball and James Kalmbach, reviewed by Stephanie Vie The Writing Program Interrupted: Making Space for Critical Discourse, edited by Donna Strickland and Jeanne Gunner, reviewed by Cruz Medina Diverse by Design: Literacy Education within Multicultural Institutions, by Christopher Schroeder, reviewed by Mathew Gomes Reinventing Identities in Second Language Writing, edited by Michelle Cox, Jay Jordan, Christina Ortmeier-Hooper, and Gwen Gray Schwartz, reviewed by Todd Ruecker The Methodical Memory: Invention in Current-Traditional Rhetoric, by Sharon Crowley, reviewed by John W. Pell A Taste for Language: Literacy, Class, and English Studies, by James Ray Watkins, Jr., reviewed by Tara Lockhart Undergraduate Research in English Studies, edited by Laurie Grobman and Joyce Kinkead, reviewed by Kathleen Mollick CONTRIBUTORS

Electronic Writing Centers

Author : David Coogan
ISBN : 1567504299
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 43 MB
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Describes the emerging practice of e-mail tutoring and suggests a new methodology for tutoring as well as a new mandate for the writing center.

The Desire For Literacy

Author : Lauren Rosenberg
ISBN : 0814110819
Genre :
File Size : 22. 37 MB
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Composition In The University

Author : Sharon Crowley
ISBN : 0822971909
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 86. 50 MB
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Composition in the University examines the required introductory course in composition within American colleges and universities. Crowley argues that due to its association with literary studies in English departments, composition instruction has been inappropriately influenced by humanist pedagogy and that modern humanism is not a satisfactory rationale for the study of writing. Crowley envisions possible nonhumanist rationales that could be developed for vertical curricula in writing instruction, were the universal requirement not in place. Composition in the University examines the required introductory course in composition within American colleges and universities. According to Sharon Crowley, the required composition course has never been conceived in the way that other introductory courses have been--as an introduction to the principles and practices of a field of study. Rather it has been constructed throughout much of its history as a site from which larger educational and ideological agendas could be advanced, and such agendas have not always served the interests of students or teachers, even though they are usually touted as programs of study that students "need." If there is a master narrative of the history of composition, it is told in the institutional attitude that has governed administration, design, and staffing of the course from its beginnings--the attitude that the universal requirement is in place in order to construct docile academic subjects. Crowley argues that due to its association with literary studies in English departments, composition instruction has been inappropriately influenced by humanist pedagogy and that modern humanism is not a satisfactory rationale for the study of writing. She examines historical attempts to reconfigure the required course in nonhumanist terms, such as the advent of communications studies during the 1940s. Crowley devotes two essays to this phenomenon, concentrating on the furor caused by the adoption of a communications program at the University of Iowa. Composition in the University concludes with a pair of essays that argue against maintenance of the universal requirement. In the last of these, Crowley envisions possible nonhumanist rationales that could be developed for vertical curricula in writing instruction, were the universal requirement not in place. Crowley presents her findings in a series of essays because she feels the history of the required composition course cannot easily be understood as a coherent narrative since understandings of the purpose of the required course have altered rapidly from decade to decade, sometimes in shockingly sudden and erratic fashion. The essays in this book are informed by Crowley's long career of teaching composition, administering a composition program, and training teachers of the required introductory course. The book also draw on experience she gained while working with committees formed by the Conference on College Composition and Communication toward implementation of the Wyoming Resolution, an attempt to better the working conditions of post-secondary teachers of writing.

The Methodical Memory

Author : Sharon Crowley
ISBN : 9780809385935
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87. 73 MB
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In this first sustained critique of current-traditional rhetorical theory, Sharon Crowley uses a postmodern, deconstructive reading to reexamine the historical development of current-traditional rhetoric. She identifies it (as well as the British new rhetoric from which it developed) as a philosophy of language use that posits universal principles of mind and discourse. Crowley argues that these philosophies are not appropriate bases for the construction of rhetorical theories, much less guides for the teaching of composition. She explains that current-traditional rhetoric is not a rhetorical theory, and she argues that its use as such has led to a misrepresentation of invention. Crowley contends that current-traditional rhetoric continues to prosper because a considerable number of college composition teachers—graduate students, part-time instructors, and teachers of literature—are not involved in the development of the curricula they are asked to teach. As a result, their voices, necessary to create any true representation of the composition teaching experience, are denied access to the scholarly conversations evaluating the soundness of the institutionalized teaching methods derived from the current-traditional approach.

Available Means

Author : Joy Ritchie
ISBN : 9780822979753
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79. 52 MB
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“I say that even later someone will remember us.”—Sappho, Fragment 147, sixth century, BC Sappho’s prediction came true; fragments of work by the earliest woman writer in Western literate history have in fact survived into the twenty-first century. But not without peril. Sappho’s writing remains only in fragments, partly due to the passage of time, but mostly as a result of systematic efforts to silence women’s voices. Sappho’s hopeful boast captures the mission of this anthology: to gather together women engaged in the art of persuasion—across differences of race, class, sexual orientation, historical and physical locations—in order to remember that the rhetorical tradition indeed includes them. Available Means offers seventy women rhetoricians—from ancient Greece to the twenty-first century—a room of their own for the first time. Editors Joy Ritchie and Kate Ronald do so in the feminist tradition of recovering a previously unarticulated canon of women’s rhetoric. Women whose voices are central to such scholarship are included here, such as Aspasia (a contemporary of Plato’s), Margery Kempe, Margaret Fuller, and Ida B. Wells. Added are influential works on what it means to write as a woman—by Virginia Woolf, Adrienne Rich, Nancy Mairs, Alice Walker, and Hélène Cixous. Public “manifestos” on the rights of women by Hortensia, Mary Astell, Maria Stewart, Sarah and Angelina Grimké, Anna Julia Cooper, Margaret Sanger, and Audre Lorde also join the discourse. But Available Means searches for rhetorical tradition in less obvious places, too. Letters, journals, speeches, newspaper columns, diaries, meditations, and a fable (Rachel Carson’s introduction to Silent Spring) also find places in this room. Such unconventional documents challenge traditional notions of invention, arrangement, style, and delivery, and blur the boundaries between public and private discourse. Included, too, are writers whose voices have not been heard in any tradition. Ritchie and Ronald seek to “unsettle” as they expand the women’s rhetorical canon. Arranged chronologically, Available Means is designed as a classroom text that will allow students to hear women speaking to each other across centuries, and to see how women have added new places from which arguments can be made. Each selection is accompanied by an extensive headnote, which sets the reading in context. The breadth of material will allow students to ask such questions as “How might we define women’s rhetoric? How have women used and subverted traditional rhetoric?” A topical index at the end of the book provides teachers a guide through the rhetorical riches. Available Means will be an invaluable text for rhetoric courses of all levels, as well as for women’s studies courses.

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