a time for choosing the rise of modern american conservatism

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A Time For Choosing

Author : Jonathan Schoenwald
ISBN : 0198030789
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 68 MB
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How did American conservatism, little more than a collection of loosely related beliefs in the late 1940s and early 1950s, become a coherent political and social force in the 1960s? What political strategies originating during the decade enabled the modern conservative movement to flourish? And how did mainstream and extremist conservatives, frequently at odds over tactics and ideology, each play a role in reshaping the Republican Party? In the 1960s conservatives did nothing less than engineer their own revolution. A Time for Choosing tells the remarkable story behind this transformation. In the first decade after World War II, two broad branches of organized conservatism emerged: mainstream or electoral conservatism and extremist conservatism. By the end of the 1950s, both groups had grown dissatisfied with the Republican party, yet they disagreed about how to create political change. Looking to private organizations as a means of exerting influence, extremists tapped the reserves of conservative discontent and formed maverick factions such as the John Birch Society. Mainstream conservatives, on the other hand, attempted to capture the GOP, seeking reform through the electoral and party systems. They "drafted" Barry Goldwater as their presidential candidate in 1964, and though he suffered a devastating defeat, the campaign electrified millions of Americans. Four years later, American conservatism, a perennial underdog in national politics, was firmly in the ascent. A Time for Choosing, making unprecedented use of archival material to document the strategies and influence of grassroots citizens' groups, provides the fullest picture yet of the way conservatism's two cultures combined to build a triumphant political movement from the ground up. Where previous accounts of conservatism's rise tend to speed from 1964 through the start of the Reagan era in 1980, A Time for Choosing explores in dramatic detail how conservatives took immediate action following the Goldwater debacle. William F. Buckley, Jr.'s 1965 bid for Mayor of New York City and Reagan's 1966 California governor's campaign helped turn the tide for electoral conservatism. By decade's end, independent "splinter groups" vied for the right to bear the conservative standard into the next decade, demonstrating the movement's strength and vitality. Although conservative ideology was not created during the 1960s, its political components were. Here, then, is the story of the rise of the modern conservative movement. Provocative and beautifully written, A Time for Choosing is a book for anyone interested in politics and history in the postwar era.

The Rise And Fall Of Modern American Conservatism

Author : David Farber
ISBN : 9781400834297
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 69 MB
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The Rise and Fall of Modern American Conservatism tells the gripping story of perhaps the most significant political force of our time through the lives and careers of six leading figures at the heart of the movement. David Farber traces the history of modern conservatism from its revolt against New Deal liberalism, to its breathtaking resurgence under Ronald Reagan, to its spectacular defeat with the election of Barack Obama. Farber paints vivid portraits of Robert Taft, William F. Buckley Jr., Barry Goldwater, Phyllis Schlafly, Ronald Reagan, and George W. Bush. He shows how these outspoken, charismatic, and frequently controversial conservative leaders were united by a shared insistence on the primacy of social order, national security, and economic liberty. Farber demonstrates how they built a versatile movement capable of gaining and holding power, from Taft's opposition to the New Deal to Buckley's founding of the National Review as the intellectual standard-bearer of modern conservatism; from Goldwater's crusade against leftist politics and his failed 1964 bid for the presidency to Schlafly's rejection of feminism in favor of traditional gender roles and family values; and from Reagan's city upon a hill to conservatism's downfall with Bush's ambitious presidency. The Rise and Fall of Modern American Conservatism provides rare insight into how conservatives captured the American political imagination by claiming moral superiority, downplaying economic inequality, relishing bellicosity, and embracing nationalism. This concise and accessible history reveals how these conservative leaders discovered a winning formula that enabled them to forge a powerful and formidable political majority. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

The Other Side Of The Sixties

Author : John A. Andrew
ISBN : 0813524016
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 25 MB
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"It's a curious fact of contemporary politics that conservatives have emerged as keepers of the 1960s flame. Although the '60s-that great blob of a decade most expansively defined as beginning with Kennedy's inauguration and ending Nixon hopping a helicopter to San Clemente-were arguably the high-watermark of liberalism, contemporary liberals seem content to skip over the period.In this context, John A. Andrew III's The Other Side of the Sixties is a particularly interesting act of historical recovery. Not only does Andrew, a liberal historian at Franklin & Marshall College, document just what young conservatives were up to in the '60's (activity largely ignored by previous historians), his identification of YAF as one of the era's three major student groups (along with Students for a Democratic Society and the Student Non-Violence Coordinating Committee) suggests a reading of the decade that provocatively complicates conservative castigations of student 'radicals.' In recovering an ignored part of an important decade, The Other Side of the Sixties documents the tensions that existed at an early stage in the once-strong alliance; the institutional history of YAF suggests that the conflict will only become more heated." -Reason "There are good histories of post-WW II conservative thought such as George H. Nash's The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America, since 1945 (CH, Oct '76), but there has long been a need for more serious scholarship on postwar American conservative movements. Andrew (history, Franklin & Marshall College) expertly fills this need for one movement-Young Americans for Freedom-which, as he points out, was the most controversial youth movement in US politics in the first half of the 1960's. Andrew is especially sharp in providing a rewarding look inside YAF in these years, explaining its organizational dynamics, its leadership and their interpersonal conflicts, and the factional struggles over distinguishing YAF from both liberal Republicans and John Birchers." -Choice "Andrew makes a significant contribution to sixties' historiography by refocusing scholarly and public attention on the activities of conservative youth during that tumultuous decade."-Mary C. Brennan, author of Turning Right in the Sixties "Professor Andrew's book fills a gaping hole in the social/political history of the sixties. He tells us now of the spirited movement of young people that peaked in the election of Ronald Reagan."-William F. Buckley, Jr. "A fascinating account of a too long overlooked aspect of the 1960s: the counterattack of America's young conservatives who battled the left courageously and ultimately won the war."-William A. Rusher, Distinguished Fellow of the Claremont Institute What were young conservatives doing in the 1960s while SDS and SNCC were working to move the political center to the left? The Other Side of the Sixties offers a gripping account of Young Americans for Freedom (YAF), an organization that became a leading force in promoting conservative ideas and that helped lay the groundwork for today's conservatism. John Andrew has mined unique archival material to document YAF's efforts to form a viable organization, define a new conservatism, attack the liberal establishment, and seize control of the Republican party, all while battling voter hostility and internal factionalism. The author also uncovers the Kennedy administration's use of the IRS to subvert YAF and other right-wing organizations through tax audits and investigations. By painting a more balanced portrait of political thinking in the sixties, Andrew offers a new and much needed look at the ideological atmosphere of a vibrant decade.

The Education Of Ronald Reagan

Author : Thomas W. Evans
ISBN : 9780231511070
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 10 MB
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In October 1964, Ronald Reagan gave a televised speech in support of Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater. "The Speech," as it has come to be known, helped launch Ronald Reagan as a leading force in the American conservative movement. However, less than twenty years earlier, Reagan was a prominent Hollywood liberal, the president of the Screen Actors Guild, and a fervent supporter of FDR and Harry Truman. While many agree that Reagan's anticommunism grew out of his experiences with the Hollywood communists of the late 1940s, the origins of his conservative ideology have remained obscure. Based on a newly discovered collection of private papers as well as interviews and corporate documents, The Education of Ronald Reagan offers new insights into Reagan's ideological development and his political ascendancy. Thomas W. Evans links the eight years (1954-1962) in which Reagan worked for General Electric—acting as host of its television program, GE Theater, and traveling the country as the company's public-relations envoy-to his conversion to conservatism. In particular, Evans reveals the profound influence of GE executive Lemuel Boulware, who would become Reagan's political and ideological mentor. Boulware, known for his tough stance against union officials and his innovative corporate strategies to win over workers, championed the core tenets of modern American conservatism-free-market fundamentalism, anticommunism, lower taxes, and limited government. Building on the ideas and influence of Boulware, Reagan would soon begin his rise as a national political figure and an icon of the American conservative movement.

Landmark Speeches Of The American Conservative Movement

Author : Peter Schweizer
ISBN : 1585445983
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 38 MB
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Offers a collection of speeches representing the conservative movement. This book assembles an all-star line-up of conservative thought, from Whittaker Chambers' 1948 testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee through the speeches of such icons as Barry Goldwater, Bill Buckley, Phyllis Schlafly, Ronald Reagan, and Barbara Bush.

Righteous Warrior

Author : William A. Link
ISBN : 0312356005
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 73. 16 MB
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Chronicles the senator's career, examining his role at the center of the American conservative movement from his 1973 election to the Senate and detailing his battle against issues ranging from civil rights to academic liberalism.

The Conservative Intellectual Movement In America Since 1945

Author : George H. Nash
ISBN : 9781497636408
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 40 MB
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First published in 1976, and revised in 1996, George H. Nash’s celebrated history of the postwar conservative intellectual movement has become the unquestioned standard in the field. This new edition, published in commemoration of the volume’s thirtieth anniversary, includes a new preface by Nash and will continue to instruct anyone interested in how today’s conservative movement was born.

A Glorious Disaster

Author : J. William Middendorf II
ISBN : 9780465003884
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 9 MB
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Barry Goldwater's 1964 run for the presidency was one of the major political turning points of the twentieth century: The policy positions and electoral strategies of that campaign have become standard tenets of Republican politics. A member of the “Draft Goldwater” movement as early as 1962, Bill Middendorf had better than a ringside seat for this pivotal event and knows its inside story better than anyone else. A Glorious Disaster tells that story in all its rollicking, agonizing, and never-before-published detail.

The Death Of Conservatism

Author : Sam Tanenhaus
ISBN : 9781588369482
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44. 51 MB
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Sam Tanenhaus’s essay “Conservatism Is Dead” prompted intense discussion and debate when it was published in The New Republic in the first days of Barack Obama’s presidency. Now Tanenhaus, a leading authority on modern politics, has expanded his argument into a sweeping history of the American conservative movement. For seventy-five years, he argues, the Right has been split between two factions: consensus-driven “realists” who believe in the virtue of government and its power to adjust to changing conditions, and movement “revanchists” who distrust government and society–and often find themselves at war with America itself. Eventually, Tanenhaus writes, the revanchists prevailed, and the result is the decadent “movement conservatism” of today, a defunct ideology that is “profoundly and defiantly unconservative–in its arguments and ideas, its tactics and strategies, above all in its vision.” But there is hope for conservatism. It resides in the examples of pragmatic leaders like Dwight Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan and thinkers like Whittaker Chambers and William F. Buckley, Jr. Each came to understand that the true role of conservatism is not to advance a narrow ideological agenda but to engage in a serious dialogue with liberalism and join with it in upholding “the politics of stability.” Conservatives today need to rediscover the roots of this honorable tradition. It is their only route back to the center of American politics. At once succinct and detailed, penetrating and nuanced, The Death of Conservatism is a must-read for Americans of any political persuasion. From the Hardcover edition.

The Conscience Of A Conservative

Author : Barry Morris Goldwater
ISBN : 0691131171
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 72 MB
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In 1960, Barry Goldwater set forth his brief manifesto in The Conscience of a Conservative. Written at the height of the Cold War and in the wake of America's greatest experiment with big government, the New Deal, Goldwater's message was not only remarkable, but radical. He argued for the value and importance of conservative principles--freedom, foremost among them--in contemporary political life. Using the principles he espoused in this concise but powerful book, Goldwater fundamentally altered the political landscape of his day--and ours.

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