a white collar profession african american certified public accountants since 1921

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A White Collar Profession

Author : Theresa A. Hammond
ISBN : 0807874949
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28. 16 MB
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Among the major professions, certified public accountancy has the most severe underrepresentation of African Americans: less than 1 percent of CPAs are black. Theresa Hammond explores the history behind this statistic and chronicles the courage and determination of African Americans who sought to enter the field. In the process, she expands our understanding of the links between race, education, and economics. Drawing on interviews with pioneering black CPAs, among other sources, Hammond sets the stories of black CPAs against the backdrop of the rise of accountancy as a profession, the particular challenges that African Americans trying to enter the field faced, and the strategies that enabled some blacks to become CPAs. Prior to the 1960s, few white-owned accounting firms employed African Americans. Only through nationwide networks established by the first black CPAs did more African Americans gain the requisite professional experience. The civil rights era saw some progress in integrating the field, and black colleges responded by expanding their programs in business and accounting. In the 1980s, however, the backlash against affirmative action heralded the decline of African American participation in accountancy and paved the way for the astonishing lack of diversity that characterizes the field today.

A White Collar Profession

Author : Theresa A. Hammond
ISBN : 0807853771
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 56 MB
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Hammond explores the history of African American exclusion from the field of certified public accountancy and tells the stories of the pioneering black CPAs who successfully negotiated the many barriers to entering what is today the least diverse of the major professions.

A White Collar Profession

Author : Theresa A. Hammond
ISBN : 9780807827086
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47. 46 MB
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Hammond explores the history of African American exclusion from the field of certified public accountancy and tells the stories of the pioneering black CPAs who successfully negotiated the many barriers to entering what is today the least diverse of the major professions.

Quiet Guys Can Do Great Things Too

Author : Frank K. Ross
ISBN : 0976205823
Genre : Accountants
File Size : 28. 70 MB
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Untold Tales Unsung Heroes

Author : Elaine Latzman Moon
ISBN : 0814324657
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 8 MB
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Untold Tales, Unsung Heroes is a history of Detroit's African American community told by the men and women who lived it. More than one hundred individuals who lived in Detroit at some time during the period from 1918 to 1967 share stories about ordinary life - families and neighborhoods, community and religious life, school and work. They also describe extraordinary events - the great migration from the South, the depression, World War II, the 1943 race riot, the civil rights movement, the civil disturbance of 1967, and the Vietnam War. Their anecdotal testimonies and reminiscences provide invaluable information about the institutions, lifestyles, relationships, and politics that constitute the social experience of black life in Detroit. The moving, sometimes contradictory views of housekeepers, business owners, factory workers, union organizers, teachers, and corporate executives present a panorama of experiences and perceptions. The tales convey the individual and collective search for equality in education, housing, and employment; struggles against racism; participation in unions and the civil rights movement; and pain and loss that resulted from racial discrimination. By featuring the histories of blacks living in Detroit during the first six decades of the century, this unique oral history contributes immeasurably to our understanding of the development of the city. Arranged chronologically, the book is divided into decades representing significant periods of history in Detroit and in the nation. The period of 1918 to 1927 was marked by mass migration to Detroit, while the country was in the throes of the depression from 1928 to 1937. From 1938 to 1947, World War II and the 1943 race riot profoundly affected the lives of Detroiters. In the decade from 1948 to 1957 the beginnings of civil unrest became apparent. From 1958 to 1967 America was shaken by the upheaval of war and assassination, and Detroit was scarred by the violence of civil disturbance. Previously published histories of Detroit have typically excluded any examination of life in the black community. Untold Tales, Unsung Heroes, however, offers an authentic and personal look at the reality of life among African Americans in the city, bringing to light the perceptions and contributions of true heroes and heroines whose stories have been told here for the first time.

Encyclopedia Of White Collar And Corporate Crime

Author : Lawrence M. Salinger
ISBN : 9781506332772
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 93 MB
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Since the first edition of the Encyclopedia of White Collar and Corporate Crime was produced in 2004, the number and severity of these crimes have risen to the level of calamity, so much so that many experts attribute the near-Depression of 2008 to white-collar malfeasance, namely crimes of greed and excess by bankers and financial institutions. Whether the perpetrators were prosecuted or not, white-collar and corporate crime came near to collapsing the U.S. economy. In the 7 years since the first edition was produced we have also seen the largest Ponzi scheme in history (Maddoff), an ecological disaster caused by British Petroleum and its subcontractors (Gulf Oil Spill), and U.S. Defense Department contractors operating like vigilantes in Iraq (Blackwater). White-collar criminals have been busy, and the Second Edition of this encyclopedia captures what has been going on in the news and behind the scenes with new articles and updates to past articles.

The Civil Rights Act Of 1964

Author : Robert D. Loevy
ISBN : 0791433617
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 21 MB
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A collection of essays discussing the Civil Rights act

The Second Bank Of The United States

Author : Jane Ellen Knodell
ISBN : 9781317662778
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 88 MB
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The year 2016 marks the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Second Bank of the United States (1816-1836). This book is an economic history of an early central bank, the Second Bank of the United States (1816-36). After US President Andrew Jackson vetoed the re-chartering of the Bank in 1832, the US would go without a central bank for the rest of the nineteenth century, unlike Europe and England. This book takes a fresh look at the role and legacy of the Second Bank. The Second Bank of the United States shows how the Bank developed a business model that allowed it to make a competitive profit while providing integrating fiscal services to the national government for free. The model revolved around the strategic use of its unique ability to establish a nationwide system of branches. This book shows how the Bank used its branch network to establish dominance in select money markets: frontier money markets and markets for bills of exchange and specie. These lines of business created synergies with the Bank’s fiscal duties, and profits that helped cover their costs. The Bank’s branch in New Orleans, Louisiana, became its geographic centre of gravity, in contrast with the state-chartered banking system, which was already, by the 1820s, centred around New York. This book is of great interest to those who study banking and American history, as well as economic students who have a great interest in economic history.

The Routledge Companion To Critical Accounting

Author : Robin Roslender
ISBN : 9781317686736
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 51 MB
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The field of critical accounting has expanded rapidly since its inception and has become recognised?as offering a wealth of provocative insights in the wake of the global financial crisis. It is now firmly embedded within accounting literature and in how accounting is taught. Surveying the evolving field of Critical Accounting, including theory, ethics, history, development and sustainability, this Companion presents key debates in the field, providing a comprehensive overview. Incorporating interdisciplinary perspectives on accounting, the volume concludes by considering new directions in which critical accounting research may travel. With an international array of established and respected contributors, this Routledge Companion is a vital resource for students and researchers across the world.

Roaring Metropolis

Author : Daniel Amsterdam
ISBN : 9780812248104
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 62 MB
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Roaring Metropolis reconstructs the ideas and activism of urban capitalists in the early twentieth century as they advocated extensive government spending on an array of social programs. Focusing on Detroit, Philadelphia, and Atlanta, the book traces businessmen's quest to build cities and nurture an urban citizenry friendly to capitalism.

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