abduction reason and science

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Abduction Reason And Science

Author : L. Magnani
ISBN : 9781441985620
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 34 MB
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This book ties together the concerns of philosophers of science and AI researchers, showing for example the connections between scientific thinking and medical expert systems. It lays out a useful general framework for discussion of a variety of kinds of abduction. It develops important ideas about aspects of abductive reasoning that have been relatively neglected in cognitive science, including the use of visual and temporal representations and the role of abduction in the withdrawal of hypotheses.

Model Based Reasoning In Science And Technology

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
ISBN : 9783642374289
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 2 MB
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This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international

Abductive Cognition

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
ISBN : 9783642036316
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83. 41 MB
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This volume explores abductive cognition, an important but, at least until the third quarter of the last century, neglected topic in cognition. It aims at increasing knowledge about creative and expert inferences.

A Profecia De Thiaoouba

Author : Michel Desmarquet
ISBN : 9789729996313
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 80. 78 MB
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Este Best-Seller Internacional, agora disponível pela primeira vez em língua Portuguesa, traz nova luz a mitos e doutrinas antigos, mistérios do Universo e da própria vida. Descubra a lógica precisa, a beleza e a majestade infinita do Universo, onde todos temos um papel fundamental a desempenhar. Qual o propósito do universo e da nossa vida na Terra? Quais são os maiores perigos para a humanidade? O que acontece depois da morte e antes de sermos concebidos? Porquê? Quem é Deus? Qual o papel do Eu Superior? O que aconteceu a civilizações avançadas incluindo Atlântida e MU? Que segredo encerra o Triângulo das Bermudas, a grande pirâmide, a Ilha de Páscoa, etc? Este livro traz coerência à espiritualidade. Testemunho: “Este é o único livro que você precisa de ler antes de deixar esta vida”, Penny, Australia

The Demon Haunted World

Author : Carl Sagan
ISBN : 9780307801043
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 91 MB
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A prescient warning of a future we now inhabit, where fake news stories and Internet conspiracy theories play to a disaffected American populace “A glorious book . . . A spirited defense of science . . . From the first page to the last, this book is a manifesto for clear thought.”—Los Angeles Times How can we make intelligent decisions about our increasingly technology-driven lives if we don’t understand the difference between the myths of pseudoscience and the testable hypotheses of science? Pulitzer Prize-winning author and distinguished astronomer Carl Sagan argues that scientific thinking is critical not only to the pursuit of truth but to the very well-being of our democratic institutions. Casting a wide net through history and culture, Sagan examines and authoritatively debunks such celebrated fallacies of the past as witchcraft, faith healing, demons, and UFOs. And yet, disturbingly, in today's so-called information age, pseudoscience is burgeoning with stories of alien abduction, channeling past lives, and communal hallucinations commanding growing attention and respect. As Sagan demonstrates with lucid eloquence, the siren song of unreason is not just a cultural wrong turn but a dangerous plunge into darkness that threatens our most basic freedoms. Praise for The Demon-Haunted World “Powerful . . . A stirring defense of informed rationality. . . Rich in surprising information and beautiful writing.”—The Washington Post Book World “Compelling.”—USA Today “A clear vision of what good science means and why it makes a difference. . . . A testimonial to the power of science and a warning of the dangers of unrestrained credulity.”—The Sciences “Passionate.”—San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle

The Kidnapping Of Edgardo Mortara

Author : David I. Kertzer
ISBN : 9780307486714
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 5 MB
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Soon to be a major motion picture from Steven Spielberg. A National Book Award Finalist The extraordinary story of how the vatican's imprisonment of a six-year-old Jewish boy in 1858 helped to bring about the collapse of the popes' worldly power in Italy. Bologna: nightfall, June 1858. A knock sounds at the door of the Jewish merchant Momolo Mortara. Two officers of the Inquisition bust inside and seize Mortara's six-year-old son, Edgardo. As the boy is wrenched from his father's arms, his mother collapses. The reason for his abduction: the boy had been secretly "baptized" by a family servant. According to papal law, the child is therefore a Catholic who can be taken from his family and delivered to a special monastery where his conversion will be completed. With this terrifying scene, prize-winning historian David I. Kertzer begins the true story of how one boy's kidnapping became a pivotal event in the collapse of the Vatican as a secular power. The book evokes the anguish of a modest merchant's family, the rhythms of daily life in a Jewish ghetto, and also explores, through the revolutionary campaigns of Mazzini and Garibaldi and such personages as Napoleon III, the emergence of Italy as a modern national state. Moving and informative, the Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara reads as both a historical thriller and an authoritative analysis of how a single human tragedy changed the course of history. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Psychology Of Science

Author : Robert W. Proctor
ISBN : 9780199753628
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 98 MB
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Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.

Philosophy And Cognitive Science

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
ISBN : 9783642299285
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 71 MB
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The book addresses a number of recent topics at the crossroad of philosophy and cognitive science, taking advantage of both the western and the eastern perspectives and conceptions that emerged and were discussed at the PCS2011 Conference recently held in Guangzhou. The ever growing cultural exchange between academics and intellectual belonging to different cultures is reverberated by the juxtaposition of papers, which aim at investigating new facets of crucial problems in philosophy: the role of models in science and the fictional approach; chance seeking dynamics and how affordances work; abductive cognition; visualization in science; the cognitive structure of scientific theories; scientific representation; mathematical representation in science; model-based reasoning; analogical reasoning; moral cognition; cognitive niches and evolution.

Abduction Human Encounters With Aliens

Author : Mack
ISBN : 9781439190029
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 3 MB
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A Harvard psychiatrist, the author of A Prince of Our Disorder, presents accounts of alien abduction taken from the more than sixty cases he has investigated and examines the implications for our identity as a species.

Discovery Science

Author : Steffen Lange
ISBN : 9783540001881
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32. 32 MB
Format : PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Discovery Science, DS 2002, held in Lübeck, Germany, in November 2002. The 17 revised full papers and 27 revised short papers presented together with 5 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on applications of discovery science to natural science, knowledge discovery from unstructured and semi-structured data, metalearning and analysis of machine learning algorithms, combining machine learning algorithms, neural networks and statistical learning, new approaches to knowledge discovery, and knowledge discovery from text.

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