accelerated expertise training for high proficiency in a complex world expertise research and applications series

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Accelerated Expertise

Author : Robert R. Hoffman
ISBN : 9781135083304
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 5 MB
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Speed in acquiring the knowledge and skills to perform tasks is crucial. Yet, it still ordinarily takes many years to achieve high proficiency in countless jobs and professions, in government, business, industry, and throughout the private sector. There would be great advantages if regimens of training could be established that could accelerate the achievement of high levels of proficiency. This book discusses the construct of ‘accelerated learning.’ It includes a review of the research literature on learning acquisition and retention, focus on establishing what works, and why. This includes several demonstrations of accelerated learning, with specific ideas, plans and roadmaps for doing so. The impetus for the book was a tasking from the Defense Science and Technology Advisory Group, which is the top level Science and Technology policy-making panel in the Department of Defense. However, the book uses both military and non-military exemplar case studies. It is likely that methods for acceleration will leverage technologies and capabilities including virtual training, cross-training, training across strategic and tactical levels, and training for resilience and adaptivity. This volume provides a wealth of information and guidance for those interested in the concept or phenomenon of "accelerating learning"— in education, training, psychology, academia in general, government, military, or industry.

The Psychology Of Abilities Competencies And Expertise

Author : Robert Jeffrey Sternberg
ISBN : 0521007763
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 70. 79 MB
Format : PDF
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The goal of this book is to characterize the nature of abilities, competencies, and expertise, and to understand the relations among them. While some psychologists see these sets of skills as rather distinct, others view them on a continuum with abilities developing into competencies and competencies developing into expertise. This book seeks to integrate into a coherent discipline what formerly have been, to a large extent, three separate disciplines by articulating the interrelationships between abilities, competencies, and expertise. The various chapters present theories, data, and concrete ways people can develop their own abilities into competencies and competencies into expertise.

5 Problem Centered Design Methods And 6 Design Strategies For Real World Complex Problem Solving Skills Training

Author : Raman K Attri
ISBN : 9789811188916
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 34 MB
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This e-book explains how to use 5 problem-centered to design training for real-world complex problem-solving skills. These methods are – Problem-based learning (PBL), Project-based learning, Scenario-based learning (SBL), Case-based method (CBM), and Simulation-based learning. Further, through 6 research-based guidelines, this article explains why it is important to acquire complex problem solving in today’s job environment and how training experts can design a training curriculum that ensures acquiring complex problem solving skills in any complex domain.

Learn Better

Author : Ulrich Boser
ISBN : 9781623365264
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 41. 7 MB
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For centuries, learning emphasized memorizing information: You were supposed to study facts, dates, and details, and burn them into your consciousness. But this approach to learning is outdated and contrary to how our brains really work. In Learn Better, writer and education researcher Ulrich Boser maps out the new science of learning, demonstrating how we can gain expertise in dramatically better ways. In this entertaining and engrossing book, Boser argues that learning is a skill, showing how techniques like self-questioning and thinking about thinking can create much deeper levels of understanding. Among the important findings and practical tips, Boser tells fascinating stories, like how Jackson Pollock came to his revolutionary drip painting method--and why an ancient counting device helps people gain superhuman math skills. This powerful book will revolutionize the way that you acquire mastery, with far-reaching implications for both you and society. But perhaps most importantly, you will be able to fully capitalize on your mind's remarkable ability to develop new skills.

Scientists Making A Difference

Author : Robert J. Sternberg
ISBN : 9781107127135
Genre : Education
File Size : 59. 41 MB
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This book presents the most important contributions to modern psychological science and explains how the contributions came to be.

Informed By Knowledge

Author : Kathleen L. Mosier
ISBN : 9781136945106
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 63 MB
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The focus of this book is on how experts adapt to complexity, synthesize and interpret information in context, and transform or "fuse" disparate items of information into coherent knowledge. The chapters examine these processes across experts (e.g. global leaders, individuals in extreme environments, managers, police officers, pilots, commanders, doctors, inventors), across contexts (e.g. space and space analogs, corporate organizations, command and control, crisis and crowd management, air traffic control, the operating room, product development), and for both individual and team performance. Successful information integration is a key factor in the success of diverse endeavors, including team attempts to climb Mt. Everest, crowd control in the Middle East, and remote drilling operations. This volume is divided into four sections, each with a specific focus on an area of expert performance, resulting in a text that covers a wide range of useful information. These sections present well-researched discussions, such as: the management of complex situations in various fields and decision contexts; technological and training approaches to facilitate knowledge management by individual experts and expert teams; new or neglected perspectives in expert decision making; and the importance of ‘modeling’ expert performance through techniques and frameworks such as Cognitive Task Analysis, computational architectures based on the notion of causal belief mapping such as ‘Convince Me,’ or the data/frame model of sensemaking. The volume provides essential reading for researchers and practitioners of Naturalistic Decision Making and those who study Expertise; Organizational and Cognitive Psychologists; and researchers and students in Business and Engineering.

Psychological Courage

Author : Daniel Putman
ISBN : 0761828206
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80. 93 MB
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While the virtues of physical courage and moral courage have a long history in ethics, the courage to face personal psychological problems has never been fully integrated into the discipline. Psychological Courage explores the ethical dimension and multiple facets of the virtue of "psychological courage," as dubbed by author Daniel Putman. In this book, Putman outlines three forms of courage: physical, moral, and psychological. He defines psychological courage as the courage to face addictions, phobias, and obsessions, and to avoid self deception and admit mistakes. This book analyzes what psychological courage is and upholds it as a central virtue for human happiness.

Ten Steps To Complex Learning

Author : Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
ISBN : 9781351624350
Genre : Education
File Size : 38. 5 MB
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Ten Steps to Complex Learning presents a path from an educational problem to a solution in a way that students, practitioners, and researchers can understand and easily use. Students in the field of instructional design can use this book to broaden their knowledge of the design of training programs for complex learning. Practitioners can use this book as a reference guide to support their design of courses, curricula, or environments for complex learning. Now fully revised to incorporate the most current research in the field, this third edition of Ten Steps to Complex Learning includes many references to recent research as well as two new chapters. One new chapter deals with the training of 21st-century skills in educational programs based on the Ten Steps. The other deals with the design of assessment programs that are fully aligned with the Ten Steps. In the closing chapter, new directions for the further development of the Ten Steps are discussed.

How People Learn

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309131971
Genre : Education
File Size : 21. 48 MB
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

The Psychology Of Courage

Author : Cynthia L. S. Pury
ISBN : 1433808072
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69. 82 MB
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Based on the 2007 Courage Summit--Preface.

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