acoustic electromagnetic neutron emissions from fracture and earthquakes

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Acoustic Electromagnetic Neutron Emissions From Fracture And Earthquakes

Author : Alberto Carpinteri
ISBN : 9783319169552
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 56 MB
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This book presents the relevant consequences of recently discovered and interdisciplinary phenomena, triggered by local mechanical instabilities. In particular, it looks at emissions from nano-scale mechanical instabilities such as fracture, turbulence, buckling and cavitation, focussing on vibrations at the TeraHertz frequency and Piezonuclear reactions. Future applications for this work could include earthquake precursors, climate change, energy production and cellular biology. A series of fracture experiments on natural rocks demonstrates that the TeraHertz vibrations are able to induce fission reactions on medium weight elements accompanied by neutron emissions. The same phenomenon appears to have occurred in several different situations, particularly in the chemical evolution of the Earth and Solar System, through seismicity (rocky planets) and storms (gaseous planets). As the authors explore, these phenomena can also explain puzzles related to the history of our planet, like the ocean formation or the primordial carbon pollution, as well as scientific mysteries, like the so-called “cold nuclear fusion” or the correct radio-carbon dating of organic materials, such as the Turin Shroud. In biology, Piezonuclear reactions could explain the mechanism that governs the so-called "sodium-potassium pump" and more in general, the metabolic processes. Scientists engaged in seismology, geophysics, geochemistry, climatology, planetology, condensed matter physics and b iology, as well as those involved in theoretical and applied mechanics, will all appreciate the innovative work presented here in a holistic way.

Fracture Fatigue Failure And Damage Evolution Volume 8

Author : Allison M. Beese
ISBN : 9783319216119
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 92 MB
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Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8 represents the eighth of nine volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM) 15th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 8-11, 2015. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on: Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 16th International Symposium on MEMS and Nanotechnology, International Symposium on the Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials, 5th International Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, International Symposium on the Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials; and Residual Stress, Thermomechanics & Infrared Imaging, Hybrid Techniques and Inverse Problems.

Micro And Nanomechanics Volume 5

Author : LaVern Starman
ISBN : 9783319634050
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 70 MB
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Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 5 of the Proceedings of the 2017 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fifth volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: MEMS & Energy Harvesting1D & 2D Materials/FabricationMicro/Nano Microscopy TechniquesNanomechanicsFlexible & Stretchable ElectronicsInterfaces & Adhesion

Residual Stress Thermomechanics Infrared Imaging Hybrid Techniques And Inverse Problems Volume 9

Author : Sven Bossuyt
ISBN : 9783319217659
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 41 MB
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Residual Stress, Thermomechanics& Infrared Imaging, Hybrid Techniques and Inverse Problems, Volume 9 of the Proceedings of the 2015SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the ninth volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Inverse Methods Inverse Methods in Plasticity Varying Length Scales Harsh Environments Opto-Acoustical Methods Hybrid Experimental Residual Stress Modelling and Advances in Measurements Thermomechanics General Material Response Infrared Imaging

Dynamic Behavior Of Materials Volume 1

Author : Vijay Chalivendra
ISBN : 9781461442370
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 13 MB
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Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Challenges in Mechanics of Time -Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2nd International Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials 13th International Symposium on MEMS and Nanotechnology and, Composite Materials and the 1st International Symposium on Joining Technologies for Composites.

Fracture Fatigue Failure And Damage Evolution Volume 5

Author : Jay Carroll
ISBN : 9783319069777
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 31 MB
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Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fifth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Mixed Mode Fracture I: Emphasis on Modeling Mixed Mode Fracture II: Emphasis on Experimental Measurements Full-Field Measurements of Fracture Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior I: Nanoscale Effects Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior II: MEMS Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior III: Microstructure Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior IV: Shape Memory Alloys Fracture & Fatigue of Composites Fracture & Fatigue for Engineering Applications Wave-Based Techniques in Fracture & Fatigue I Wave-Based Techniques in Fracture & Fatigue II: Acoustic Emissions

Ionospheric Precursors Of Earthquakes

Author : Sergey Pulinets
ISBN : 3540208399
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 60 MB
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The book aims to explain the variations of near-Earth plasma observed over seismically active areas several days/hours before strong seismic shocks. It demonstrates how seismo-ionospheric coupling is part of the global electric circuit and shows that the anomalous electric field appearing in active seismic areas is the main carrier of information from the earth into the ionosphere. The discussion of physical mechanisms is based on experimental data. The results can be regarded as the basis for future applications such as short-term earthquake prediction. It proceeds to describe existing complex systems of space-born and ground-based monitoring for electromagnetic and ionospheric precursors of earthquakes, as well as those still under construction. It is an excellent text for courses and contains a wealth of information for those scientists working in the field of natural disaster reduction.

Neutron Methods For Archaeology And Cultural Heritage

Author : Nikolay Kardjilov
ISBN : 9783319331638
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 57 MB
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This book provides an extensive overview of the application of neutron characterization techniques in cultural heritage to a broad audience and will be of interest to both scientists and non-scientists in the field. Archaeologists, paleontologists, restaurateurs and conservators, historians and collectors will be fascinated by the wealth of information that can be obtained using neutron techniques, while material scientists and engineers will find details of the experimental techniques and materials properties that can be determined. Neutrons, due to their weak interactions with materials, provide a penetrating, but non-invasive probe of bulk properties. They allow the characterization of the composition and mechanical properties of materials, helping to answer questions related to the dating, the manufacturing process or the state of degradation of artefacts. They allow detailed interrogation of the internal structures of objects that may be otherwise hidden from view. The first section of the book is dedicated to stories describing spectacular discoveries brought about by the use of neutron techniques in a range of applications. The second section covers the experimental techniques in appropriate detail: basic principles, limitations and fields of application.

Rock Fractures And Fluid Flow

Author : Committee on Fracture Characterization and Fluid Flow
ISBN : 9780309049962
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 1 MB
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Scientific understanding of fluid flow in rock fractures--a process underlying contemporary earth science problems from the search for petroleum to the controversy over nuclear waste storage--has grown significantly in the past 20 years. This volume presents a comprehensive report on the state of the field, with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, case studies of fracture sites, illustrations, conclusions, and research recommendations. The book addresses these questions: How can fractures that are significant hydraulic conductors be identified, located, and characterized? How do flow and transport occur in fracture systems? How can changes in fracture systems be predicted and controlled? Among other topics, the committee provides a geomechanical understanding of fracture formation, reviews methods for detecting subsurface fractures, and looks at the use of hydraulic and tracer tests to investigate fluid flow. The volume examines the state of conceptual and mathematical modeling, and it provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of fracture changes that occur during fluid pumping and other engineering practices. With a practical and multidisciplinary outlook, this volume will be welcomed by geologists, petroleum geologists, geoengineers, geophysicists, hydrologists, researchers, educators and students in these fields, and public officials involved in geological projects.

Nonlinear Processes In Geophysics

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822031459944
Genre : Geophysics
File Size : 36. 62 MB
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