acoustic electromagnetic neutron emissions from fracture and earthquakes

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Acoustic Electromagnetic Neutron Emissions From Fracture And Earthquakes

Author : Alberto Carpinteri
ISBN : 9783319169552
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 74 MB
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This book presents the relevant consequences of recently discovered and interdisciplinary phenomena, triggered by local mechanical instabilities. In particular, it looks at emissions from nano-scale mechanical instabilities such as fracture, turbulence, buckling and cavitation, focussing on vibrations at the TeraHertz frequency and Piezonuclear reactions. Future applications for this work could include earthquake precursors, climate change, energy production and cellular biology. A series of fracture experiments on natural rocks demonstrates that the TeraHertz vibrations are able to induce fission reactions on medium weight elements accompanied by neutron emissions. The same phenomenon appears to have occurred in several different situations, particularly in the chemical evolution of the Earth and Solar System, through seismicity (rocky planets) and storms (gaseous planets). As the authors explore, these phenomena can also explain puzzles related to the history of our planet, like the ocean formation or the primordial carbon pollution, as well as scientific mysteries, like the so-called “cold nuclear fusion” or the correct radio-carbon dating of organic materials, such as the Turin Shroud. In biology, Piezonuclear reactions could explain the mechanism that governs the so-called "sodium-potassium pump" and more in general, the metabolic processes. Scientists engaged in seismology, geophysics, geochemistry, climatology, planetology, condensed matter physics and b iology, as well as those involved in theoretical and applied mechanics, will all appreciate the innovative work presented here in a holistic way.

Fracture Fatigue Failure And Damage Evolution Volume 5

Author : Jay Carroll
ISBN : 9783319069777
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44. 5 MB
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Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fifth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Mixed Mode Fracture I: Emphasis on Modeling Mixed Mode Fracture II: Emphasis on Experimental Measurements Full-Field Measurements of Fracture Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior I: Nanoscale Effects Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior II: MEMS Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior III: Microstructure Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior IV: Shape Memory Alloys Fracture & Fatigue of Composites Fracture & Fatigue for Engineering Applications Wave-Based Techniques in Fracture & Fatigue I Wave-Based Techniques in Fracture & Fatigue II: Acoustic Emissions

Nonlinear Processes In Geophysics

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822031459944
Genre : Geophysics
File Size : 43. 60 MB
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Managing The Continuum Certainty Uncertainty Unpredictability In Large Engineering Projects

Author : Franco Caron
ISBN : 9788847052444
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 95 MB
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The brief will describe how to develop a risk analysis applied to a project , through a sequence of steps: risk management planning, risk identification, risk classification, risk assessment, risk quantification, risk response planning, risk monitoring and control, process close out and lessons learning. The project risk analysis and management process will be applied to large engineering projects, in particular related to the oil and gas industry. The brief will address the overall range of possible events affecting the project moving from certainty (project issues) through uncertainty (project risks) to unpredictability (unforeseeable events), considering both negative and positive events. Some quantitative techniques (simulation, event tree, Bayesian inference, etc.) will be used to develop risk quantification. The brief addresses a typical subject in the area of project management, with reference to large engineering projects concerning the realization of large plants and infrastructures. These projects are characterized by a high level of change, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity. The brief represents an extension of the material developed for the course Project Risk Analysis and Management of the Master in Strategic Project Management (Erasmus Mundus) developed jointly by Politecnico di Milano, Heriot Watt University (Edimburgh) and Umea (Sweden). The brief may be used both in courses addressing project management subjects and by practitioners as a guide for developing an effective project risk management plan.

Lattice Boltzmann Method

Author : A. A. Mohamad
ISBN : 0857294555
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 16 MB
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Lattice Boltzmann Method introduces the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) for solving transport phenomena – flow, heat and mass transfer – in a systematic way. Providing explanatory computer codes throughout the book, the author guides readers through many practical examples, such as: flow in isothermal and non-isothermal lid driven cavities; flow over obstacles; forced flow through a heated channel; conjugate forced convection; and natural convection. Diffusion and advection-diffusion equations are discussed with applications and examples, and complete computer codes accompany the coverage of single and multi-relaxation-time methods. Although the codes are written in FORTRAN, they can be easily translated to other languages, such as C++. The codes can also be extended with little effort to multi-phase and multi-physics, if the reader knows the physics of the problem. Readers with some experience of advanced mathematics and physics will find Lattice Boltzmann Method a useful and easy-to-follow text. It has been written for those who are interested in learning and applying the LBM to engineering and industrial problems and it can also serve as a textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate students who are studying computational transport phenomena.

Ionospheric Precursors Of Earthquakes

Author : Sergey Pulinets
ISBN : 3540208399
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 1 MB
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The book aims to explain the variations of near-Earth plasma observed over seismically active areas several days/hours before strong seismic shocks. It demonstrates how seismo-ionospheric coupling is part of the global electric circuit and shows that the anomalous electric field appearing in active seismic areas is the main carrier of information from the earth into the ionosphere. The discussion of physical mechanisms is based on experimental data. The results can be regarded as the basis for future applications such as short-term earthquake prediction. It proceeds to describe existing complex systems of space-born and ground-based monitoring for electromagnetic and ionospheric precursors of earthquakes, as well as those still under construction. It is an excellent text for courses and contains a wealth of information for those scientists working in the field of natural disaster reduction.

Fracture Fatigue Failure And Damage Evolution Volume 8

Author : Allison M. Beese
ISBN : 9783319216119
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44. 52 MB
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Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8 represents the eighth of nine volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM) 15th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 8-11, 2015. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on: Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 16th International Symposium on MEMS and Nanotechnology, International Symposium on the Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials, 5th International Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, International Symposium on the Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials; and Residual Stress, Thermomechanics & Infrared Imaging, Hybrid Techniques and Inverse Problems.

Dynamic Behavior Of Materials Volume 1

Author : Vijay Chalivendra
ISBN : 9781461442370
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 72 MB
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Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Challenges in Mechanics of Time -Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2nd International Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials 13th International Symposium on MEMS and Nanotechnology and, Composite Materials and the 1st International Symposium on Joining Technologies for Composites.

Poroelasticity

Author : Alexander H.-D. Cheng
ISBN : 9783319252025
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 56 MB
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This book treats the mechanics of porous materials infiltrated with a fluid (poromechanics), focussing on its linear theory (poroelasticity). Porous materials from inanimate bodies such as sand, soil and rock, living bodies such as plant tissue, animal flesh, or man-made materials can look very different due to their different origins, but as readers will see, the underlying physical principles governing their mechanical behaviors can be the same, making this work relevant not only to engineers but also to scientists across other scientific disciplines. Readers will find discussions of physical phenomena including soil consolidation, land subsidence, slope stability, borehole failure, hydraulic fracturing, water wave and seabed interaction, earthquake aftershock, fluid injection induced seismicity and heat induced pore pressure spalling as well as discussions of seismoelectric and seismoelectromagnetic effects. The work also explores the biomechanics of cartilage, bone and blood vessels. Chapters present theory using an intuitive, phenomenological approach at the bulk continuum level, and a thermodynamics-based variational energy approach at the micromechanical level. The physical mechanisms covered extend from the quasi-static theory of poroelasticity to poroelastodynamics, poroviscoelasticity, porothermoelasticity, and porochemoelasticity. Closed form analytical solutions are derived in details. This book provides an excellent introduction to linear poroelasticity and is especially relevant to those involved in civil engineering, petroleum and reservoir engineering, rock mechanics, hydrology, geophysics, and biomechanics.

Nbs Special Publication

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105130366128
Genre : Weights and measures
File Size : 31. 13 MB
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