advances in les of complex flows v 65 fluid mechanics and its applications

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Desider A European Effort On Hybrid Rans Les Modelling

Author : Werner Haase
ISBN : 9783540927730
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 27 MB
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Preface “In aircraft design, efficiency is determined by the ability to accurately and rel- bly predict the occurrence of, and to model the development of, turbulent flows. Hence, the main objective in industrial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is to increase the capabilities for an improved predictive accuracy for both complex flows and complex geometries”. This text part taken from Haase et al (2006), - scribing the results of the DESider predecessor project “FLOMANIA” is still - and will be in future valid. With an ever-increasing demand for faster, more reliable and cleaner aircraft, flight envelopes are necessarily shifted into areas of the flow regimes exhibiting highly unsteady and, for military aircraft, unstable flow behaviour. This undou- edly poses major new challenges in CFD; generally stated as an increased pred- tive accuracy whist retaining “affordable” computation times. Together with highly resolved meshes employing millions of nodes, numerical methods must have the inherent capability to predict unsteady flows. Although at present, (U)RANS methods are likely to remain as the workhorses in industry, the DESider project focussed on the development and combination of these approaches with LES methods in order to “bridge” the gap between the much more expensive (due to high Reynolds numbers in flight), but more accurate (full) LES.

Advances In Les Of Complex Flows

Author : Rainer Friedrich
ISBN : 9780306483837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 33 MB
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The articles focus on new developments in the field of large-eddy simulation of complex flows and are related to the topics: modelling and analysis of subgrid scales, numerical issues in LES cartesian grids for complex geometries, curvilinear and non-structured grids for complex geometries. DES and RANS-LES coupling, aircraft wake vortices, combustion and magnetohydrodynamics. Progress has been made not only in understanding and modelling the dynamics of unresolved scales, but also in designing means that prevent the contamination of LES predictions by discretization errors. Progress is reported as well on the use of cartesian and curvilinear coordinates to compute flow in and around complex geometries and in the field of LES with unstructured grids. A chapter is dedicated to the detached-eddy simulation technique and its recent achievements and to the promising technique of coupling RANS and LES solutions in order to push the resolution-based Reynolds number limit of wall-resolving LES to higher values. Complexity due to physical mechanisms links the last two chapters. It is shown that LES constitutes the tool to analyse the physics of aircraft wake vortices during landing and takeoff. Its thorough understanding is a prerequisite for reliable predictions of the distance between consecutive landing airplanes. Subgrid combustion modelling for LES of single and two-phase reacting flows is demonstrated to have the potential to deal with finite-rate kinetics in high Reynolds number flows of full-scale gas turbine engines. Fluctuating magnetic fields are more reliably predicted by LES when tensor-diffusivity rather than gradient-diffusion models are used. An encouraging result in the context of turbulence control by magnetic fields.

Advances In Les Of Complex Flows

Author : Rainer Friedrich
ISBN : 9780306483837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 652
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The articles focus on new developments in the field of large-eddy simulation of complex flows and are related to the topics: modelling and analysis of subgrid scales, numerical issues in LES cartesian grids for complex geometries, curvilinear and non-structured grids for complex geometries. DES and RANS-LES coupling, aircraft wake vortices, combustion and magnetohydrodynamics. Progress has been made not only in understanding and modelling the dynamics of unresolved scales, but also in designing means that prevent the contamination of LES predictions by discretization errors. Progress is reported as well on the use of cartesian and curvilinear coordinates to compute flow in and around complex geometries and in the field of LES with unstructured grids. A chapter is dedicated to the detached-eddy simulation technique and its recent achievements and to the promising technique of coupling RANS and LES solutions in order to push the resolution-based Reynolds number limit of wall-resolving LES to higher values. Complexity due to physical mechanisms links the last two chapters. It is shown that LES constitutes the tool to analyse the physics of aircraft wake vortices during landing and takeoff. Its thorough understanding is a prerequisite for reliable predictions of the distance between consecutive landing airplanes. Subgrid combustion modelling for LES of single and two-phase reacting flows is demonstrated to have the potential to deal with finite-rate kinetics in high Reynolds number flows of full-scale gas turbine engines. Fluctuating magnetic fields are more reliably predicted by LES when tensor-diffusivity rather than gradient-diffusion models are used. An encouraging result in the context of turbulence control by magnetic fields.

New Results In Numerical And Experimental Fluid Mechanics V

Author : Hans Josef Rath
ISBN : 3540332871
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 7 MB
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This volume collects contributions to the 14th Symposium of the STAB (German Aerospace Aerodynamics Association). The association involves German scientists and engineers from universities, research establishments and industry who are doing research and project work in numerical and experimental fluid mechanics and aerodynamics, mainly for aerospace but for other applications, too. The volume gives a broad overview of ongoing work in Germany in this field.

Progress In Hybrid Rans Les Modelling

Author : Shia-Hui Peng
ISBN : 3642141684
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 27 MB
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Hybrid modelling of turbulent flows, combining RANS and LES techniques, has received increasing attention over the past decade to fill the gap between (U)RANS and LES computations in aerodynamic applications at industrially relevant Reynolds numbers. With the advantage of hybrid RANS-LES modelling approaches, being considerably more computationally efficient than full LES and more accurate than (U)RANS, particularly for unsteady aerodynamic flows, has motivated numerous research and development activities. These activities have been increasingly stimulated by the provision of modern computing facilities. The present book contains the contributions presented at the Third Symposium on Hybrid RANS-LES Methods, held in Gdansk, Poland, 10-12 June 2009. To a certain extent, this conference was a continuation of the first symposium taking place in Stockholm (Sweden, 2005) and the second in Corfu (Greece, 2007). Motivated by the extensive interest in the research community, the papers presented at the Corfu symposium were published by Springer in the book entitled “Advances in Hybrid RANS-LES Modelling” (in Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design, Vol. 97). At the Gdansk symposium, along with four invited keynotes, given respectively by S. Fu, U. Michel, M. Sillen and P. Spalart, another 28 papers were presented on the following topics: Unsteady RANS, LES, Improved DES Methods, Hybrid RANS-LES Methods, DES versus URANS and other Hybrid Methods, Modelli- related Numerical Issues and Industrial Applications. After the symposium all full papers have been further reviewed and revised for publication in the present book.

Large Eddy Simulation In Hydraulics

Author : Wolfgang Rodi
ISBN : 9780203797570
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 23 MB
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Large-Eddy Simulation (LES), which is an advanced eddy-resolving method for calculating turbulent flows, is used increasingly in Computational Fluid Dynamics, also for solving hydraulics and environmental flow problems. The method has generally great potential and is particularly suited for problems dominated by large-scale turbulent structures. This book gives an introduction to the LES method specially geared for hydraulic and environmental engineers. Compared with existing books on LES it is less theoretically and mathematically demanding and hence easier to follow, and it covers special features of flows in water bodies and summarizes the experience gained with LES for calculating such flows. The book was written primarily as an introduction to LES for hydraulic and environmental engineers, but it will also be very useful as an entry to the subject of LES for researchers and students in all fields of fluids engineering. The applications part will further be useful to researchers interested in the physics of flows governed by the dynamics of coherent structures.

Advances In Fluid Mechanics Ix

Author : Matiur Rahman
ISBN : 9781845646004
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 75 MB
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This book discusses the basic formulations of fluid mechanics and their computer modelling, as well as the relationship between experimental and analytical results. Containing papers from the Ninth International Conference on Advances in Fluid Mechanics, this book discusses the basic formulations of fluid mechanics and their computer modelling, as well as the relationship between experimental and analytical results. Scientists, engineers, and other professionals interested in the latest developments in theoretical and computational fluid mechanics will find the book a useful addition to the literature. The book covers a wide range of topics, with emphasis on new applications and research currently in progress, including: Computational Methods in Fluid Mechanics, Environmental Fluid Mechanics; Experimental Versus Simulation Methods; Multiphase Flow; Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics; Heat and Mass Transfer; Industrial Applications; Wave Studies; Biofluids; Fluid Structure Interaction.

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015078588582
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 69 MB
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Advances In Computational Methods In Fluid Dynamics

Author : Kirti N. Ghia
ISBN : UOM:39015032192612
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 72 MB
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Introduction To Fluid Mechanics

Author : Yasuki Nakayama
ISBN : 9780081024386
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 31 MB
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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Second Edition, uses clear images and animations of flow patterns to help readers grasp the fundamental rules of fluid behavior. Everyday examples are provided for practical context, before tackling the more involved mathematic techniques that form the basis for computational fluid mechanics. This fully updated and expanded edition builds on the author’s flair for flow visualization with new content. With basic introductions to all essential fluids theory, and exercises to test your progress, this is the ideal introduction to fluids for anyone involved in mechanical, civil, chemical, or biomedical engineering. Provides illustrations and animations to demonstrate fluid behavior Includes examples and exercises drawn from a range of engineering fields Explains a range of computerized and traditional methods for flow visualization, and how to choose the correct one Features a fully reworked section on computational fluid dynamics based on discretization methods

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