advances in neuroregulation and neuroprotection

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Advances In Neuroregulation And Neuroprotection

Author : Catherine Collin
ISBN : 9789047415107
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 71 MB
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Neuroregulation is a challenging and rapidly developing field that holds the key to many currently intractable medical conditions from nervous and mental diseases to stress-related disorders. Advances in Neuroregulation mirrors the broad scope of research in this area with topics ranging from new concepts on the immune system and on the action of antidepressants to the evolution and development of the autonomic nervous system. In addition, the latest research findings are presented for behavioural disorders and medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Another area of emphasis is the body's responses to stress and the effect of neuroactive agents in the treatment of stress-related conditions. Many chapters are devoted to the progress being made at the cellular and molecular level, including areas such as: - the conditions for culture of different types of neural cells - conformational diseases and the protein folding problem - vasoactive intestinal polypeptide release from pancreatic islets - the effect of melatonin and corticosterone on macrophages Here, in a book that expands the frontiers of neuroscience, researchers into neuroregulation at the molecular and cellular levels as well as those working at the clinical and systemic levels will find important results relating to their field.

Cytokines And The Brain

Author :
ISBN : 0080559352
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 19 MB
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This book opens a new page of neuro-immunobiology providing substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. The volume is a collection of complex, new data drawn from multiple areas of investigation in the field. The contents summarize current understanding on the presence and function of CNS cytokines and their receptors in a variety of CNS cells during health and disease. The chapters are a collection of complex, new data demonstrating the presence and synthesis of cytokines in brain cells, as well as their receptors on cell membranes in health and disease. The strength of the volume are the descriptions of the authors own investigations, together with those of others in the field pertaining to a large number of cytokines in brain function, as well as mechanisms involved in the development of CNS disorders, including multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. Also included are novel approaches to the treatment of CNS disorders based on new experimental data. The contributors to this volume are internationally known scientists and clinical researchers in their respective fields of investigation and treatment. *Opens a new page of neuro-immunobiology and provides substantive evidence for the promise of this field in the treatment of disease *Summarizes current understanding on the presence and function of central nervous system (CNS) cytokines and their receptors in a variety of CNS cells during health and disease *Includes novel approaches to the treatment of CNS disorders based on new experimental data *Offers new insight into triggers for the development of autoimmune diseases in the brain and the possibilities for treatment

Resuscitation And Stabilization Of The Critically Ill Child

Author : Derek S. Wheeler
ISBN : 1848009194
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 46 MB
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The care of the critically ill or injured child begins with timely, prompt, and aggressive res- citation and stabilization. Ideally, stabilization should occur before the onset of organ failure in order to achieve the best possible outcomes. In the following pages, an international panel of experts provides an in-depth discussion of the early recognition, resuscitation, and stabilization of the critically ill or injured child. Once again, we would like to dedicate this textbook to our families and to the physicians and nurses who provide steadfast care every day in pediatric intensive care units across the globe. Derek S. Wheeler Hector R. Wong Thomas P. Shanley V Preface to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence The ? eld of critical care medicine is growing at a tremendous pace, and tremendous advances in the understanding of critical illness have been realized in the last decade. My family has directly bene? ted from some of the technological and scienti? c advances made in the care of critically ill children. My son Ryan was born during my third year of medical school. By some peculiar happenstance, I was nearing completion of a 4-week rotation in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU). The head of the pediatrics clerkship was kind enough to let me have a few days off around the time of the delivery—my wife, Cathy, was 2 weeks past her due date and had been scheduled for elective induction.

Principles Of Gender Specific Medicine

Author : Marianne J. Legato
ISBN : 9780128035429
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 61 MB
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The announcement that we had decoded the human genome in 2000 ushered in a new and unique era in biomedical research and clinical medicine. This Third Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses, as in the past two editions, on the essentials of sexual dimorphism in human physiology and pathophysiology, but emphasizes the latest information about molecular biology and genomic science in a variety of disciplines. Thus, this edition is a departure from the previous two; the editor solicited individual manuscripts from innovative scientists in a variety of fields rather than the traditional arrangement of sections devoted to the various subspecialties of medicine edited by section chiefs. Wherever it was available, these authors incorporated the latest information about the impact of the genome and the elements that modify its expression on human physiology and illness. All chapters progress translationally from basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapy and suggest the most important topics for future investigation. This book is essential reading for all biomedical investigators and medical educators involved in gender-specific medicine. It will also be useful for primary care practitioners who need information about the importance of sex and gender in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness. Outlines sex-specific differences in normal human function and explains the impact of age, hormones, and environment on the incidence and outcome of illness Reflects the latest information about the molecular basis of the sexual dimorphism in human physiology and the experience of disease Reviews the implications of our ever-improving ability to describe the genetic basis of vulnerability to disease and our capacity to alter the genome itself Illustrates the importance of new NIH guidelines that urge the inclusion of sex as a variable in research protocols

Critical Reviews Of Oxidative Stress And Aging

Author : Richard G. Cutler
ISBN : 9812389970
Genre : Age factors in disease
File Size : 76. 53 MB
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This two-volume reference examines the translational research field of oxidative stress and ageing. It focuses on understanding the molecular basis of oxidative stress and its associated age-related diseases, with the goal of developing new methods for treating the human ageing processes.

Neuroimmunology Of The Skin

Author : Richard D. Granstein
ISBN : 9783540359890
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 13 MB
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Much anecdotal information has suggested an influence of psychology and the nervous system on immunity within the skin and the expression of inflammatory skin disorders. Recent years have seen an explosion of knowledge providing a scientific basis for important regulatory interactions between the nervous system, the endocrine system and the immune system within the skin. The results of recent investigations have important implications, not only for an understanding of cutaneous immunity, but also for the development of novel treatments for diseases involving abnormal inflammation or immune reactivity within the skin. This book provides a comprehensive and interdisciplinary review of the molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry and clinical aspects of nervous system–immune system interactions within the skin. It includes contributions from leading world experts in these areas. The contents are relevant to both investigators and clinicians interested in the skin, its functions and its disorders.

Psychopharmacogenetics

Author : Philip Gorwood
ISBN : 9780387345772
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 13 MB
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This book addresses the basic and advanced knowledge on psychiatric disorders for non-clinicians. The volume compiles in-depth information on the psychopharmacogenetic, representing an important area of research that is based on various specialties including clinical psychiatry, pharmacology, neurobiology and genetics. The book also addresses questions related to the field of psychiatric disorders that are not usually addressed in one work. The questions considered include: What is schizophrenia? What are the risk factors? What are the core symptoms? How is it treated? What are the efficacy and side effects of the available treatments?

The Female Brain

Author : Louann Brizendine, M.D.
ISBN : 0767928415
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 16 MB
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Since Dr. Brizendine wrote The Female Brain ten years ago, the response has been overwhelming. This New York Times bestseller has been translated into more than thirty languages, has sold nearly a million copies between editions, and has most recently inspired a romantic comedy starring Whitney Cummings and Sofia Vergara. And its profound scientific understanding of the nature and experience of the female brain continues to guide women as they pass through life stages, to help men better understand the girls and women in their lives, and to illuminate the delicate emotional machinery of a love relationship. Every brain begins as a female brain. It only becomes male eight weeks after conception, when excess testosterone shrinks the communications center, reduces the hearing cortex, and makes the part of the brain that processes sex twice as large. Louann Brizendine, M.D. is a pioneering neuropsychiatrist who brings together the latest findings to show how the unique structure of the female brain determines how women think, what they value, how they communicate, and whom they’ll love. Brizendine reveals the neurological explanations behind why • A woman remembers fights that a man insists never happened • A teen girl is so obsessed with her looks and talking on the phone • Thoughts about sex enter a woman’s brain once every couple of days but enter a man’s brain about once every minute • A woman knows what people are feeling, while a man can’t spot an emotion unless somebody cries or threatens bodily harm • A woman over 50 is more likely to initiate divorce than a man Women will come away from this book knowing that they have a lean, mean communicating machine. Men will develop a serious case of brain envy.

Cellular And Molecular Approaches To Regeneration And Repair

Author : Paul A. Lapchak
ISBN : 9783319666792
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 27 MB
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This book discusses recent advances in the field of translational stroke research. The editors have designed the book to provide new insight into the importance of regeneration and repair mechanisms for stroke victims. The editors have brought together a talented group of international stroke researchers and clinicians to contribute to this volume, which is written for students, researchers and physicians in biotechnology, neurosciences, neurology, neuroradiology and neurosurgery. Throughout the world, stroke is still a leading cause of mortality and morbidity; there are 152,000 strokes in the United Kingdom, 62,000 in Canada, and approximately 15 million people worldwide. Large communities of stroke survivors are eagerly awaiting scientific advances in translational stroke research related to regeneration and recovery of function that would offer new therapeutics for rehabilitation and regeneration utilizing novel stem cell and molecular-based approaches. This volume will allow the reader to undersnd the future of stroke treatment from its inception in the laboratory through to clinical trial design. The reader will learn about the recent advances made in these areas related to basic and applied stroke research and their translational potential. Dr. Paul A. Lapchak is Professor of Neurology and Director of Translational Research in the Departments of Neurology & Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles CA, USA. Dr. Lapchak is an internationally recognized expert conducting translational drug development research for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Dr. John H. Zhang is Professor of Anesthesiology, Neurosurgery, Neurology, and Physiology, and Director, Center for Neuroscience Research at Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, USA. Dr. Zhang is an internationally recognized expert working on drug development for hemorrhagic stroke.

The International Handbook Of Computer Networks

Author : Anique A. Qureshi
ISBN : 1858820596
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60. 89 MB
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* Detailed, practical, and thorough, covering all major areas of networking * Clear and understandable style written by a team of U.S. experts This essential reference covers the state-of-the-art issues in network technologies in the business world. It will help business managers to implement and manage the technology and allow them to communicate with professionals. It offers practical and thorough guidance and will help managers improve network operations. The book is comprehensive and detailed, covering all major areas of networking in a clear and understandable manner. Designed for business managers who are directly or indirectly involved with networking problems and solutions.

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