aerosols handbook measurement dosimetry and health effects second edition

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Aerosols Handbook

Author : Lev S. Ruzer
ISBN : 9781439855195
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 64 MB
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With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology. Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments. Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs. New in This Edition Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulations, particularly in industries using nanotechnologies.

Nanoparticles In Humans

Author : Lev S. Ruzer
ISBN : 9781315341309
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 75 MB
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A peek into the literature on the environmental health implications of the rapidly developing nanotechnology industry shows that the potential problem of exposure to airborne nanoparticles has not been adequately addressed. The health and safety of nanotechnology workers are of concern because these groups run the greatest risk of exposure to elevated concentrations of nanomaterials. However, a gap exists between the currently available particle measurement methods and those appropriate for the assessment of nanoaerosol exposure. This book presents new ideas and methods to measure the surface area and local deposition of nanoparticles in the lungs and the true value of respirators. It proposes a nanoparticle dosimetric road map that can be used as a general strategy for the assessment of the dose, which is the most important physical cause of adverse effects on health in the case of nanoparticle exposure. The book suggests the use of 1 nm radioactive particles, called unattached activity of radon progeny, as a safe experimental tool for nanoparticle studies, including human studies. It discusses the problems related to the general strategy of risk assessment in nanoparticle exposure and concrete parameters related to dosage. The ideas presented in this book help close the gaps in our knowledge of aerosols in the nanometer range and improve our understanding of nanoparticle behavior in the air and in the human body.

Handbook Of Modern Hospital Safety Second Edition

Author : William Charney
ISBN : 1420047868
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 68 MB
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It is ironic that those whose job it is to save lives often find themselves injured in the course of performing their duties. In fact, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, healthcare workers have higher injury rates than agriculture workers, miners, and construction workers. The Handbook of Modern Hospital Safety, Second Edition covers exposure paradigms and offers solutions and models of protection for these individuals, presenting the latest science and intervention strategies that have proven successful in the scientific community. Extensively revised, this second edition explores a host of hazardous conditions that are faced by healthcare workers in today’s hospitals, including: infection and infectious diseases back injuries needlesticks workplace violence slip, trip, and fall injuries ergonomic issues electrocautery smoke toxic drugs ethylene oxide aldehydes pentamidine ribavirin In this long-awaited update to William Charney’s seminal work, experts from leading hospitals, universities, and health organizations explore these health risks and suggested preventive measures, discuss recent research and new information on technology to protect workers, cover new legislation and regulations, and provide insight into the philosophy of creating a safe hospital culture.

Fundamentals Of Mold Growth In Indoor Environments And Strategies For Healthy Living

Author : Olaf C. G. Adan
ISBN : 9789086867226
Genre : NATURE
File Size : 81. 67 MB
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Today, indoor mold and moisture, and their associated health effects, are a society-wide problem. The economic consequences of indoor mold and moisture are enormous. Their global dimension has been emphasized in several recent international publications, stressing that the most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.This book aims to describe the fundamentals of indoor mold growth as a prerequisite to tackle mold growth in the existing building stock as well as in future energy efficient buildings. It brings together different disciplinary points of view on indoor mold, ranging from physics and material science to microbiology and health sciences. The contents have been outlined according to three main issues: Fundamentals, particularly addressing the crucial roles of water and materials, Health, including a state-of-the-art description of the health-related effects of indoor molds, and Strategies, integrating remediation, prevention and policies.

Atmospheric Corrosion

Author : Christofer Leygraf
ISBN : 9781118762189
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 8 MB
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Presents a comprehensive look at atmospheric corrosion, combining expertise in corrosion science and atmospheric chemistry Is an invaluable resource for corrosion scientists, corrosion engineers, and anyone interested in the theory and application of Atmospheric Corrosion Updates and expands topics covered to include, international exposure programs and the environmental effects of atmospheric corrosion Covers basic principles and theory of atmospheric corrosion chemistry as well as corrosion mechanisms in controlled and uncontrolled environments Details degradation of materials in architectural and structural applications, electronic devices, and cultural artifacts Includes appendices with data on specific materials, experimental techniques, atmospheric species

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ISBN : UCSC:32106017683878
Genre : Best books
File Size : 22. 3 MB
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Radionuclide And Radiation Protection Data Handbook 2002

Author : D. Delacroix
ISBN : UOM:39015051614694
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 31 MB
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Environmental Toxicants

Author : Morton Lippmann
ISBN : 0471292982
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 72. 37 MB
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A comprehensive guide to assessing the health effects of environmental toxicants in nonoccupational settings Now in a second edition, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects continues to offer a unique perspective on a topic that is usually focused on exposure and effects in industrial settings. Fully revised and expanded, it presents comprehensive, cutting-edge information on the effects of human exposure to selected chemicals and physical agents in nonoccupational environments. Dr. Morton Lippmann assembles expert contributions by leading authorities on each of the twenty-five environmental agents examined, providing a critical review of the accumulated evidence concerning their known or likely impact on human health, especially after long-term exposure. Six new chapters have been added to this edition, discussing ambient particulate matter, chromium, mercury, noise, pesticides, and ultraviolet radiation. Existing chapters have been updated to include the most current information on performing risk assessments for established toxicants-from asbestos and benzene to the sick building syndrome. In the closing chapters, the authors place the discussion in a broader social and scientific context, exploring such issues as individual and community risk, environmental engineering for risk reduction, pulmonary medicine, and lessons learned in the industrial sector. Supplemented with more than 100 illustrations and photographs, and with a view to future research trends, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects is an indispensable guide for public health officials, industrial hygienists, epidemiologists, and primary care physicians involved in risk assessment and management for exposed individuals and populations.

Pharmaceutical Inhalation Aerosol Technology Second Edition

Author : Anthony J. Hickey
ISBN : 0824756649
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 62 MB
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This thoroughly revised and expanded reference provides authoritative discussions on the physiologic, pharmacologic, metabolic, molecular, cellular and physicochemical factors, influencing the efficacy and utilization of pharmaceutical aerosol. It analyzes the latest science and developments in the generation, administration and characterization of these compounds, showcasing current clinical applications, the efficiency and limitations of major aerosol products and emerging aerosol therapies impacting the field.

Atmospheric Aerosols

Author : S Ramachandran
ISBN : 9781351648455
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 95 MB
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This book will include basic knowledge and understanding on the characteristics of aerosols over the continent and oceanic regions, their composition, their residence times, their major sources and sinks and their size distributions, and their effects in the radiative transfer and climate of Earth. It will cover aerosols in the troposphere and stratosphere and their radiative effects. Modeling needs to estimate the radiative impact of aerosols will also be highlighted in the book.

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