aerosols handbook measurement dosimetry and health effects

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Aerosols Handbook

Author : Lev S. Ruzer
ISBN : 9781439855195
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 39 MB
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With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology. Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments. Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs. New in This Edition Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulations, particularly in industries using nanotechnologies.

Handbook Of Nanosafety

Author : Ulla Vogel
ISBN : 9780124166622
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 25 MB
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Handbook of Nanosafety: Measurement, Exposure and Toxicology, written by leading international experts in nanosafety, provides a comprehensive understanding of engineered nanomaterials (ENM), current international nanosafety regulation, and how ENM can be safely handled in the workplace. Increasingly, the importance of safety needs to be considered when promoting the use of novel technologies like ENM. With its use of case studies and exposure scenarios, Handbook of Nanosafety demonstrates techniques to assess exposure and risks and how these assessments can be applied to improve workers' safety. Topics covered include the effects of ENM on human health, characterization of ENM, aerosol dynamics and measurement, exposure and risk assessment, and safe handling of ENM. Based on outcomes from the NANODEVICE initiative, this is an essential resource for those who need to apply current nanotoxicological thinking in the workplace and anyone who advises on nanosafety, such as professionals in toxicology, occupational safety and risk assessment. Multi-authored book, written by leading researchers in the field of nanotoxicology and nanosafety Features state-of-the-art physical and chemical characterization of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) Develops strategies for exposure assessment, risk assessment and risk management Includes practical case studies and exposure scenarios to demonstrate how you can safely use ENM in the workplace

Nanoparticles In Humans

Author : Lev S. Ruzer
ISBN : 9781315341309
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 3 MB
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A peek into the literature on the environmental health implications of the rapidly developing nanotechnology industry shows that the potential problem of exposure to airborne nanoparticles has not been adequately addressed. The health and safety of nanotechnology workers are of concern because these groups run the greatest risk of exposure to elevated concentrations of nanomaterials. However, a gap exists between the currently available particle measurement methods and those appropriate for the assessment of nanoaerosol exposure. This book presents new ideas and methods to measure the surface area and local deposition of nanoparticles in the lungs and the true value of respirators. It proposes a nanoparticle dosimetric road map that can be used as a general strategy for the assessment of the dose, which is the most important physical cause of adverse effects on health in the case of nanoparticle exposure. The book suggests the use of 1 nm radioactive particles, called unattached activity of radon progeny, as a safe experimental tool for nanoparticle studies, including human studies. It discusses the problems related to the general strategy of risk assessment in nanoparticle exposure and concrete parameters related to dosage. The ideas presented in this book help close the gaps in our knowledge of aerosols in the nanometer range and improve our understanding of nanoparticle behavior in the air and in the human body.

Fundamentals Of Mold Growth In Indoor Environments And Strategies For Healthy Living

Author : Olaf C. G. Adan
ISBN : 9789086867226
Genre : NATURE
File Size : 32. 72 MB
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Today, indoor mold and moisture, and their associated health effects, are a society-wide problem. The economic consequences of indoor mold and moisture are enormous. Their global dimension has been emphasized in several recent international publications, stressing that the most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.This book aims to describe the fundamentals of indoor mold growth as a prerequisite to tackle mold growth in the existing building stock as well as in future energy efficient buildings. It brings together different disciplinary points of view on indoor mold, ranging from physics and material science to microbiology and health sciences. The contents have been outlined according to three main issues: Fundamentals, particularly addressing the crucial roles of water and materials, Health, including a state-of-the-art description of the health-related effects of indoor molds, and Strategies, integrating remediation, prevention and policies.

Inhalation Aerosols

Author : Anthony J. Hickey
ISBN : UOM:39015069161225
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 70 MB
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Extensively updated to reflect the outpouring of research in the field, this Second Edition documents the theory and practical utilization of aerosols in inhalation therapy and tracks advances in aerosol formulation, development, and application. Supplying readers with studies on physiology, metabolism, and pharmacokinetics for a clear understanding of the therapeutic impact of lung aerosols, this guide analyzes inhalation technologies for a vast array of diseases including asthma, cystic fibrosis, COPD, pulmonary infectious diseases, and diabetes.

Determination Of The Spatial And Temporal Variability Of Size Resolved Pm2 5 Composition And Mixing State In Multiple Regions In California

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822036558385
Genre : Air
File Size : 44. 6 MB
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In Vitro Exposure To Combustion Exhaust

Author : Amara Lee Holder
ISBN : UCAL:C3482759
Genre :
File Size : 83. 19 MB
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Carbon Black Titanium Dioxide And Talc

Author : IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans
ISBN : MINN:31951D03158956Z
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 56 MB
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This volume of the IARC Monographs provides a reassessment of the carcinogenicity of carbon black, titanium dioxide, and talc. All of these agents are poorly soluble particles that are weakly toxic, and were chosen for assessment because evidence suggests that they cause cancer in the respiratory tract of rats through mechanisms similar to those that are operative in people who work in dusty environments (eg. coal mines). An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological evidence, animal bioassays, and mechanistic and other relevant data to reach conclusions as to the carcinogenic hazard of these particles upon inhalation by humans.

Wmd Terrorism

Author : Stephen M. Maurer
ISBN : 0262012987
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 91 MB
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This first comprehensive overview of what scientists and scholars know about WMD terrorism clears away many of the misconceptions that surround this topic.

Choice

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ISBN : UCSC:32106017683878
Genre : Best books
File Size : 36. 42 MB
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