agricultural systems agroecology and rural innovation for development

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Agricultural Systems Agroecology And Rural Innovation For Development

Author : Sieglinde Snapp
ISBN : 9780128020951
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 90 MB
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Agricultural Systems, Second Edition, is a comprehensive text for developing sustainable farming systems. It presents a synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation, with particular emphasis on how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture. The inclusion of research theory and examples using the principles of cropping system design allows students to gain a unique understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural livelihoods. This book explores topics such as: re-inventing farming systems; principles and practice of agroecology; agricultural change and low-input technology; ecologically-based nutrient management; participatory breeding for developing improved and relevant crops; participatory livestock research for development; gender and agrarian inequality at the local scale; the nature of agricultural innovation; and outreach to support rural innovation. The extensive coverage of subjects is complemented with integrated references and a companion website, making this book essential reading for courses in international agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural management, and cropping systems. This book will be a valuable resource for students of agricultural science, environmental engineering, and rural planning; researchers and scientists in agricultural development agencies; and practitioners of agricultural development in government extension programs, development agencies, and NGOs. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture Incorporates social, biological, chemical, and geographical aspects important to agroecology Addresses social and development issues related to farming systems

Agricultural Systems Agroecology And Rural Innovation For Development

Author : CTI Reviews
ISBN : 9781478459439
Genre : Education
File Size : 67. 97 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Agricultural Systems, Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. In this book, you will learn topics such as Agroecology: Principles and Practice, Designing for the Long Term: Sustainable Agriculture, Agricultural Change and Low-Input Technology, and Ecologically Based Nutrient Management plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Ecology Of Agricultural Landscapes

Author : Stephen K. Hamilton
ISBN : 9780190266769
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 43 MB
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Evidence has been mounting for some time that intensive row-crop agriculture as practiced in developed countries may not be environmentally sustainable, with concerns increasingly being raised about climate change, implications for water quantity and quality, and soil degradation. This volume synthesizes two decades of research on the sustainability of temperate, row-crop ecosystems of the Midwestern United States. The overarching hypothesis guiding this work has been that more biologically based management practices could greatly reduce negative impacts while maintaining sufficient productivity to meet demands for food, fiber and fuel, but that roadblocks to their adoption persist because we lack a comprehensive understanding of their benefits and drawbacks. The research behind this book, based at the Kellogg Biological Station (Michigan State University) and conducted under the aegis of the Long-term Ecological Research network, is structured on a foundation of large-scale field experiments that explore alternatives to conventional, chemical-intensive agriculture. Studies have explored the biophysical underpinnings of crop productivity, the interactions of crop ecosystems with the hydrology and biodiversity of the broader landscapes in which they lie, farmers' views about alternative practices, economic valuation of ecosystem services, and global impacts such as greenhouse gas exchanges with the atmosphere. In contrast to most research projects, the long-term design of this research enables identification of slow or delayed processes of change in response to management regimes, and allows examination of responses across a broader range of climatic variability. This volume synthesizes this comprehensive inquiry into the ecology of alternative cropping systems, identifying future steps needed on the path to sustainability.

Renewing Innovation Systems In Agriculture And Food

Author : E. Coudel
ISBN : 9789086862146
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 22 MB
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Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc.This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.

Official Meeting Program

Author : Ecological Society of America. Meeting
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132965562
Genre : Ecology
File Size : 42. 71 MB
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Farming Systems Research Into The 21st Century The New Dynamic

Author : Ika Darnhofer
ISBN : 9789400745032
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 51 MB
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Farming Systems Research has three core characteristics: it builds on systems thinking, it depends on the close collaboration between social and biophysical sciences, and it relies on participation to build co-learning processes. Farming Systems Research posits that to contribute towards sustainable rural development, both interdisciplinary collaborations and local actor engagement are needed. Together, they allow for changes in understanding and changes in practices. This book gives an overview of the insights generated in 20 years of Farming Systems Research. It retraces the emergence and development of Farming Systems Research in Europe, summarises the state-of-the-art for key areas, and provides an outlook on new explorations, especially those tackling the dynamic nature of farming systems and their interaction with the natural environment and the context of action.

Agroforestry In Sustainable Agricultural Systems

Author : Louise E. Buck
ISBN : 142004947X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 88 MB
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Agroforestry in Sustainable Agricultural Systems examines the environmental and social conditions that affect the roles and performance of trees in field- and forest-based agricultural production systems. Various types of ecological settings for agroforestry are analyzed within temperate and tropical regions. The roles of soil, water, light, nutrient and pest management in mixed, annual, woody perennial and livestock systems are discussed. Important new case studies from around the world offer innovative strategies that have been used successfully in raising forests and tree products on a sustainable basis for commercial harvesting and for providing other environmental services in land conservation and watershed management.

Die Verfassung Der Allmende

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 316146916X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73. 78 MB
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English summary: The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatization of resources have been advocated, but neither the state nor the market has been uniformly successful in solving common-pool resource problems. After critiquing the foundations of policy analysis as applied to natural resources, Elinor Ostrom here provides a unique body of empirical data to explore the conditions under which common-pool resource problems have been satisfactorily solved. Elinor Ostrom first describes three models most frequently used as the foundation for recommending state or market solutions. She then outlines theoretical and empirical alternatives to these models in order to illustrate the diversity of possible solutions. German description: In ihrem [...] Buch packt Elinor Ostrom eines der zahesten und umstrittensten Probleme der empirischen politischen Okonomie an: Lasst sich, und wenn ja wie, die Erschliessung von Allmenderessourcen so organisieren, dass sie weder ubernutzt werden noch allzu hohe Verwaltungskosten entstehen? Nach einer haufig unter Okonomen vertretenen Ansicht sind Ressourcen, die von vielen Individuen gemeinsam bewirtschaftet werden [...] erst ausbeutbar, wenn das Problem der Ubernutzung entweder durch Privatisierung oder durch eine externe Sanktionsinstanz gelost ist. Ostrom dagegen weist uberzeugend nach, dass andere Losungen existieren und sich stabile selbstverwaltete Institutionen schaffen lassen, sobald gewisse Probleme der Institutionenbereitstellung, glaubwurdigen Selbstverpflichtung und Regeluberwachung gelost sind. Ihre detaillierte Studie eines einzigartig breiten Spektrums von Fallbeispielen befasst sich unter anderem mit Hochgebirgsweiden in Japan und der Schweiz, Wasserprojekten auf den Philippinen und in Kalifornien [...] Gestutzt auf eine vergleichende Analyse der Ursachen erfolgreicher und gescheiterter Selbstverwaltung, beschreibt Ostrom etliche grundlegende Merkmale erfolgreicher Projekte der Bewirtschaftung von Allmenderessourcen und schliesst mit einer Aufforderung an andere Sozialwissenschaftler, ihr auf dem eingeschlagenen theoretischen Weg zu folgen. Douglass C. North im Geleitwort

Searching For Sustainable Land Use Practices In Honduras

Author :
ISBN : 0850034868
Genre : Agricultural extension work
File Size : 53. 78 MB
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Handbook Of Rural Studies

Author : Paul Cloke
ISBN : 9781446206942
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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`This book raises the theoretical level of rural studies to new heights...the Handbook of Rural Studies will likely become a key resource on the bookshelves of the next generation of graduate students...' - Gary Paul Green, University of Wisconsin-Madison `This Handbook powerfully demonstrates that rural spaces, rural societies and rural natures are at the very forefront of critical social science endeavour. Read this book, become a rural social scientist' - Henry Buller, University of Exeter `An outstandingly comprehensive review of theory, research and the study of rural questions...an essential reference for students, scholars, politicians, developers and rural activists' - Imre Kovach, Institute for Political Sciences, Budapest `This collection is an essential addition to any rural scholar's library and will be a critical resource for both established rural scholars and rising graduate students interested in rural research topics' - Peter B Nelson, Middlebury College `The Handbook of Rural Studies is a tour de force on changing rural people and places in a rapidly urbanizing global economy -- the most comprehensive interdisciplinary treatment of "rural" available anywhere. This is absolutely must reading for social scientists concerned about finding a prominent place for "rural" in scholarly discourse, institutional analysis, and public policy debates on the political economy of space' - Daniel T Lichter, Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University The Handbook represents the vitality and theoretical innovation at work in rural studies. It shows how political economy and the 'cultural turn' have led to very significant new thinking in the cultural representations of: rurality; nature; sustainability; new economies; power and rurality; new consumerism; and exclusion and rurality. It is organized in three sections: approaches to rural studies; rural research: key theoretical co-ordinates and new rural relations. In a rich and textured discussion, the Handbook of Rural Studies explains the key moments in which the theorization of culture, nature, politics, agency, and space in rural contexts have transmitted ideas back into wider social science.

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