aids south africa and the politics of knowledge global health

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Aids South Africa And The Politics Of Knowledge

Author : Jeremy R. Youde
ISBN : 9781317183457
Genre : Law
File Size : 64. 98 MB
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Through an in-depth examination of the interactions between the South African government and the international AIDS control regime, Jeremy Youde examines not only the emergence of an epistemic community but also the development of a counter-epistemic community offering fundamentally different understandings of AIDS and radically different policy prescriptions. In addition, individuals have become influential in the crafting of the South African government's AIDS policies, despite universal condemnation from the international scientific community. This study highlights the relevance and importance of Africa to international affairs. The actions of African states call into question many of our basic assumptions and challenge us to refine our analytical framework. It is ideally suited to scholars interested in African studies, international organizations, global governance and infectious diseases.

South African Aids Activism And Global Health Politics

Author : M. Mbali
ISBN : 9781137258540
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 14 MB
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South Africa has the world's largest number of people living with HIV. This book offers a history of AIDS activism in South Africa from its origins in gay and anti-apartheid activism to the formation and consolidation of the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), including its central role in the global HIV treatment access movement.

Africa And Global Health Governance

Author : Amy S. Patterson
ISBN : 9781421424507
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 27 MB
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Global health campaigns, development aid programs, and disaster relief groups have been criticized for falling into colonialist patterns, running roughshod over the local structure and authority of the countries in which they work. Far from powerless, however, African states play complex roles in health policy design and implementation. In Africa and Global Health Governance, Amy S. Patterson focuses on AIDS, the 2014–2015 Ebola outbreak, and noncommunicable diseases to demonstrate why and how African states accept, challenge, or remain ambivalent toward global health policies, structures, and norms. Employing in-depth analysis of media reports and global health data, Patterson also relies on interviews and focus-group discussions to give voice to the various agents operating within African health care systems, including donor representatives, state officials, NGOs, community-based groups, health activists, and patients. Showing the variety within broader patterns, this clearly written book demonstrates that Africa's role in global health governance is dynamic and not without agency. Patterson shows how, for example, African leaders engage with international groups, attempting to maintain their own leadership while securing the aid their people need. Her findings will benefit health and development practitioners, scholars, and students of global health governance and African politics.

The Politics Of Public Health Emergencies

Author : Manjari Mahajan
ISBN : OCLC:975928100
Genre :
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This dissertation examines the policies related to the AIDS epidemics in India and South Africa, with a special focus on the politics of knowledge. Drawing on research in social studies of science, the study asks how national governments conceptualized AIDS-related policies, and how these policies were shaped by international technical institutions and non-governmental organizations. The study revealed that international technical institutions such as the World Bank and the World Health Organization often provided prior templates for how governments should manage AIDS epidemics. These templates included established technologies for epidemiological modeling, set categories for conceptualizing risk, and generic models for public health interventions. On a different register, non-governmental organizations used a rights-based discourse to establish novel conceptions of expertise and citizenship. The research showed that the South African and Indian governments responded differently to international expertise and activism. India availed of many frameworks and funds brought in by international experts. This embrace of global knowledge sat alongside a silencing of local experiences and history, as the vast lessons from India's own public health past were neglected in designing national AIDS policies. South Africa, in contrast, was skeptical of international expertise; it portrayed the global epidemic management machinery as a vehicle for expressing and legitimating old racial stereotypes. To justify its controversial policies and skepticism of mainstream AIDS-related science, the South African government pointed to a history of racism in medicine. This dissertation's comparative analysis of AIDS-related policymaking in two crucial democratic countries illuminates the broader shifts taking place in the conceptualization of public health in the global south. Public health policy, which used to be primarily in the domain of the national government, is increasingly in the purview of international technical organizations and non-governmental groups. No more is public health solely associated with large-scale prevention and primary health care for the larger collective. Instead, the emerging conceptions of public health focus on individual-oriented, rights-based, access to treatment. These changing conceptions of public health reflect new logics of democratic politics and globalization.

Global Health Governance In International Society

Author : Jeremy Youde
ISBN : 9780198813057
Genre :
File Size : 82. 72 MB
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In the 1980s, health was a marginal issue on the international political agenda, and it barely figured into donor states' foreign aid allocation. Within a generation, health had developed a robust set of governance structures that drive significant global political action, incorporate a widerange of actors, and receive increasing levels of funding. What explains this dramatic change over such a short period of time? Drawing on the English School of international relations theory, this book argues that global health has emerged as a secondary institution within international society. Rather than being a side issue, global health now occupies an important role. Addressing global health issues - financially,organizationally, and politically - is part of how actors demonstrate their willingness and ability to help realize their moral responsibility and obligation to others. In this way, it demonstrates how global health governance has emerged, grown, and persisted-even in the face of global economicchallenges and inadequate responses to particular health crises. The book also shows how English School conceptions of international society would benefit from expanding their analytical gaze to address international economic issues and incorporate non-state actors. The book begins by building acase for using the English School to understand the role of global health governance before looking at global health governance's place in international society through case studies about the growth of development assistance for health, the international response to the Ebola outbreak, and China'srole within the global health governance framework.

Scrambling For Africa

Author : Johanna Tayloe Crane
ISBN : 9780801469053
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40. 61 MB
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Countries in sub-Saharan Africa were once dismissed by Western experts as being too poor and chaotic to benefit from the antiretroviral drugs that transformed the AIDS epidemic in the United States and Europe. Today, however, the region is courted by some of the most prestigious research universities in the world as they search for “resource-poor” hospitals in which to base their international HIV research and global health programs. In Scrambling for Africa, Johanna Tayloe Crane reveals how, in the space of merely a decade, Africa went from being a continent largely excluded from advancements in HIV medicine to an area of central concern and knowledge production within the increasingly popular field of global health science. Drawing on research conducted in the U.S. and Uganda during the mid-2000s, Crane provides a fascinating ethnographic account of the transnational flow of knowledge, politics, and research money—as well as blood samples, viruses, and drugs. She takes readers to underfunded Ugandan HIV clinics as well as to laboratories and conference rooms in wealthy American cities like San Francisco and Seattle where American and Ugandan experts struggle to forge shared knowledge about the AIDS epidemic. The resulting uncomfortable mix of preventable suffering, humanitarian sentiment, and scientific ambition shows how global health research partnerships may paradoxically benefit from the very inequalities they aspire to redress. A work of outstanding interdisciplinary scholarship, Scrambling for Africa will be of interest to audiences in anthropology, science and technology studies, African studies, and the medical humanities.

Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Author : Cheris Kramarae
ISBN : 9781135963156
Genre : Reference
File Size : 51. 9 MB
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Handlung Und Interpretation

Author : Christopher Hookway
ISBN : 3110079100
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 68 MB
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Globalising Citizens

Author : John Gaventa
ISBN : NWU:35556041236803
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 45 MB
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Explores how globalisation has given rise to different meanings of citizenship. This title presents case studies from cities and villages in India, Philippines, Kenya, Brazil and South Africa to explore how various forms of global authority shape and build different meanings and practices of citizenship, across local, national and global arenas

Global Health Governance And The Fight Against Hiv Aids

Author : W. Hein
ISBN : 9780230591349
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 91 MB
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The devastating effects of HIV/AIDS have propelled a multiplicity of activities at global, national and local level. This book is based on in-depth studies of the major global institutions in health, the role of pharmaceutical corporations, the functions of NGOs, and national responses to HIV/AIDS in two key case studies: Brazil and South Africa.

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