air pollution and health in rapidly developing countries

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Air Pollution And Health In Rapidly Developing Countries

Author : Gordon McGranahan
ISBN : 9781136571831
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83. 44 MB
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In developing countries the price of rapid growth is all too often noxious airborne pollution, which annually contributes to a disturbing number of avoidable deaths. In recent decades, however, there has been considerable progress in the epidemiology of air pollution, significant changes in international air pollution guidelines, and the emergence of more systematic approaches to air pollution control. While many of these advances have originated in affluent countries, there have been major developments in other parts of the world. In this book, a distinguished cast of leading researchers in both the scientific and policy dimensions of air pollution and health have synthesized the recent developments in the field and their relevance for public health in developing countries. The authors review studies from a wide range of Asian, African and Latin American countries and contrast the findings with those from Europe and North America. They also describe various tools and systems for air pollution management and emphasize approaches that can be used when data is scarce. With a clear focus on the scientific and technical aspects of air pollution and health, this book is essential reading for pollution and health policy-makers, researchers and others concerned with air pollution and health in developing countries.

The Economic Consequences Of Outdoor Air Pollution

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264257474
Genre :
File Size : 31. 26 MB
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This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants.

China S Dilemma

Author : Ligang Song
ISBN : 0815701926
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 61 MB
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The economic growth of China is clearly one of the defining trends of our time. The world's most populous nation is undergoing a vast transformation that will redefine the global economy. Chinese industrial production has increased tremendously in recent years, and its consumption of resources has necessarily gone way up as well. These developments will have important impacts on economics, business, politics, and environmental conditions throughout the world. In C hina's Dilemma: Economic Growth, the Environment, and Climate Change, an international group of authorities examines the present status and likely future of China's economic rise and its impact on the environment, with particular focus on the all-important topic of global climate change. The first section addresses directly China's recent growth. Specific topics addressed here include the effects on China of the global credit crunch, determinants of growth, and their prospects for the future. Part II addresses China's environmental and climate concerns, including the impact on human health, their role in domestic politics, the health effects of environmental damage, and China's post- Kyoto climate strategy. Part III looks at the impact, and likely trajectory, of energy consumption in China. Contents Part I. Economic Growth: Determinants and Prospects Includes introduction Part II. Impact of Environment Degradation and Climate Change Part III. Energy Use, the Environment, and Future Trends

Air Pollution And The Forests Of Developing And Rapidly Industrializing Regions

Author : John L. Innes
ISBN : 0851999328
Genre : Air
File Size : 86. 25 MB
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This book examines the importance of air pollution for the forests of rapidly industrialising countries and regions. Its geographical coverage includes South and Central America, Africa, and Asia, including Siberia, China and Korea. The problems presented by air pollution are placed within the more general context of sustainable development within these regions and the historical legacy that they are attempting to deal with. Attention is drawn to the very serious problems associated with poor air quality in cities such as Mexico City and Chongqing, China. Air pollution in these areas is amongst the worst in the world. Several chapters examine the importance of forest fires as a source of air pollution, with particular reference being made to the Southeast Asian fires in recent years. The available information about the effects of this pollution on the surrounding forests is reviewed, and recommendations are made for a better understanding of the impacts. A final chapter reviews the recent developments in air pollution control policies in the different regions covered by the book.

Disease Control Priorities In Developing Countries

Author : Dean T. Jamison
ISBN : 9780821361801
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 96 MB
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Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

The Leapfrog Factor

Author : Anumita Roychowdhury
ISBN : UOM:39015070113686
Genre : Air
File Size : 77. 12 MB
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Includes transcript of papers presented during a CSE conference held in New Delhi from March 30-April 1, 2004.

Health Effects Of Transport Related Air Pollution

Author : Michał Krzyżanowski
ISBN : 9789289013734
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67. 39 MB
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Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

Air Pollution In India And Its Impact On The Health Of Different Income Groups

Author : Kakali Mukhopadhyay
ISBN : 1604569352
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 97 MB
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This book reviews the current study of air pollution and its impact of health on different income groups in one of the developing countries, India. The study estimates the industrial emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOX in India during 1983-84 to 1998-99. To evaluate the health impacts of the pollution on different income groups the study also carries a micro analysis for a metro city, Calcutta. The micro analysis evaluates the extent of deterioration in air quality, identifies the factors responsible for deterioration, and finally makes an assessment of the impacts of deteriorated air quality like effects on human health of different income groups. One of the biggest tasks at present, the book concludes, is to tackle the generation of emission by the higher income groups along with the improvements of the health scene of the economy. It calls for proper policy for the mitigation of the air pollution generation from the experience of other countries.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Health

Author : Jerome O. Nriagu
ISBN : 0444522662
Genre : Environmental health
File Size : 67. 22 MB
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Vehicular Air Pollution

Author : Bekir Onursal
ISBN : 0821340166
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 57 MB
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Much is expected of private financing to help meet the infrastructure requirements of the rapidly growing East Asian economies. Although private financing grew briskly during the 1990s, it represents only a small share of all infrastructure investment in the region (between 12 and 18 percent). This monograph draws on experience in a number of countries in East Asia, as well as Australia, Chile, and India, to analyze the impediments to and prospects for private financing of infrastructure. The chapters discuss the choices available to policymakers and the strategies that governments have followed. An overview chapter describes recent trends in international financing of infrastructure projects in the region, discusses the key policy and institutional impediments to greater private participation, and assesses the role of domestic capital markets and finance. It also outlines a national and regional strategy for stimulating private investment in infrastructure. The case studies from countries outside East Asia illustrate the payoffs of increased integration and concerted moves toward private provision of infrastructure.

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