air pollution and health in rapidly developing countries

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Air Pollution And Health In Rapidly Developing Countries

Author : Gordon McGranahan
ISBN : 9781136571831
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83. 77 MB
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In developing countries the price of rapid growth is all too often noxious airborne pollution, which annually contributes to a disturbing number of avoidable deaths. In recent decades, however, there has been considerable progress in the epidemiology of air pollution, significant changes in international air pollution guidelines, and the emergence of more systematic approaches to air pollution control. While many of these advances have originated in affluent countries, there have been major developments in other parts of the world. In this book, a distinguished cast of leading researchers in both the scientific and policy dimensions of air pollution and health have synthesized the recent developments in the field and their relevance for public health in developing countries. The authors review studies from a wide range of Asian, African and Latin American countries and contrast the findings with those from Europe and North America. They also describe various tools and systems for air pollution management and emphasize approaches that can be used when data is scarce. With a clear focus on the scientific and technical aspects of air pollution and health, this book is essential reading for pollution and health policy-makers, researchers and others concerned with air pollution and health in developing countries.

Air Pollution And The Forests Of Developing And Rapidly Industrializing Regions

Author : John L. Innes
ISBN : 0851999328
Genre : Air
File Size : 32. 64 MB
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This book examines the importance of air pollution for the forests of rapidly industrialising countries and regions. Its geographical coverage includes South and Central America, Africa, and Asia, including Siberia, China and Korea. The problems presented by air pollution are placed within the more general context of sustainable development within these regions and the historical legacy that they are attempting to deal with. Attention is drawn to the very serious problems associated with poor air quality in cities such as Mexico City and Chongqing, China. Air pollution in these areas is amongst the worst in the world. Several chapters examine the importance of forest fires as a source of air pollution, with particular reference being made to the Southeast Asian fires in recent years. The available information about the effects of this pollution on the surrounding forests is reviewed, and recommendations are made for a better understanding of the impacts. A final chapter reviews the recent developments in air pollution control policies in the different regions covered by the book.

Disease Control Priorities In Developing Countries

Author : Dean T. Jamison
ISBN : 9780821361801
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40. 83 MB
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Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

Scaling Urban Environmental Challenges

Author : Peter Marcotullio
ISBN : 9781849772471
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 25. 29 MB
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�Think globally, act locally� emphasizes the importance of scale in dealing with environmental challenges, but not how to factor it in. This major new book focuses on the spatial dimensions of urban environmental burdens, showing how important it is to take these into account when pursuing environmental justice and good governance - whether in the context of the sanitary risks of slum living, the pollution of uncontrolled industrialization and motorization, or the enormous ecological footprints of affluent urban lifestyles.Written by leading experts in the fields of urban development and environmental planning, the book reviews the urban environmental shifts that have shaped today�s challenges, and examines conditions and problems in the urban centres of low-, middle- and high-income countries. Case studies address such economically diverse cities as Accra, New Delhi, Mexico City and Manchester, while thematic chapters explore issues including water, sanitation and transportation. The book concludes by exploring and analysing different scales of governance. The editors argue that we should not rely solely on local governance to address local burdens like poor sanitation, nor depend only on global governance for global challenges such as greenhouse gas emissions, but that scale is crucial in both understanding the problems and devising successful responses.Published with UNU-IAS and IIED.

Vehicular Air Pollution

Author : Bekir Onursal
ISBN : 0821340166
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 76 MB
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Much is expected of private financing to help meet the infrastructure requirements of the rapidly growing East Asian economies. Although private financing grew briskly during the 1990s, it represents only a small share of all infrastructure investment in the region (between 12 and 18 percent). This monograph draws on experience in a number of countries in East Asia, as well as Australia, Chile, and India, to analyze the impediments to and prospects for private financing of infrastructure. The chapters discuss the choices available to policymakers and the strategies that governments have followed. An overview chapter describes recent trends in international financing of infrastructure projects in the region, discusses the key policy and institutional impediments to greater private participation, and assesses the role of domestic capital markets and finance. It also outlines a national and regional strategy for stimulating private investment in infrastructure. The case studies from countries outside East Asia illustrate the payoffs of increased integration and concerted moves toward private provision of infrastructure.

Open House International

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015058324701
Genre : Architecture, Domestic
File Size : 79. 58 MB
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Environmental Heavy Metal Pollution And Effects On Child Mental Development

Author : Lubomir I. Simeonov
ISBN : 9789400702523
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 21 MB
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Heavy metals can be emitted into environment by both natural and anthropogenic sources, mainly mining and industrial activity. Human exposure occurs through all environmental media. Infants are more susceptible to the adverse effects of exposure. Increasing attention is now being paid to the mental development of children exposed to heavy metals. The purpose of this book is to evaluate the existing knowledge on intellectual impairment in children exposed to heavy metals in their living environment and to identify the research needs in order to obtain a clearer picture of the situation in countries and regions at risk, in which the economy is closely related to metallurgy and heavy metals emission, and to recommend a strategy for human protection. In greater detail the main objectives could be formulated as follows: to review the principal sources of single, and complex mixtures of, heavy metal pollutants in the environment; to identify suitable methodology for chemical analyses in the environment and in humans; to evaluate the existing methods for measuring mental impairment, including their reliability and validity; to recommend a standard testing protocol to be used in future research; to assess the future role of environmental heavy metal pollution in countries and regions at risk and its effects on children’s neurological development; to recommend a prevention strategy for protecting children’s health and development.

Automotive Air Pollution

Author :
Genre : Air
File Size : 36. 37 MB
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State Of The World 2007

Author : The Worldwatch Institute
ISBN : 9781610916325
Genre : Nature
File Size : 28. 60 MB
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In 2008, half of the Earth’s population will live in urban areas, marking the first time in history that humans are an urban species. State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future examines changes in the ways cities are managed, built, and lived in that could tip the balance towards a healthier and more peaceful urban future.

Air Pollution In India And Its Impact On The Health Of Different Income Groups

Author : Kakali Mukhopadhyay
ISBN : 1604569352
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 96 MB
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This book reviews the current study of air pollution and its impact of health on different income groups in one of the developing countries, India. The study estimates the industrial emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOX in India during 1983-84 to 1998-99. To evaluate the health impacts of the pollution on different income groups the study also carries a micro analysis for a metro city, Calcutta. The micro analysis evaluates the extent of deterioration in air quality, identifies the factors responsible for deterioration, and finally makes an assessment of the impacts of deteriorated air quality like effects on human health of different income groups. One of the biggest tasks at present, the book concludes, is to tackle the generation of emission by the higher income groups along with the improvements of the health scene of the economy. It calls for proper policy for the mitigation of the air pollution generation from the experience of other countries.

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