air pollution global change and forests in the new millennium developments in environmental science

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Air Pollution Global Change And Forests In The New Millennium

Author : D.F. Karnosky
ISBN : 0080526918
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 57 MB
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The chapters in this book present a snapshot of the state of knowledge of air pollution effects at the beginning of the 21st century. From their different disciplines, a distinguished collection of authors document their understanding of how leaves, trees, and forests respond to air pollutants and climate change. Scenarios of global change and air pollution are described. The authors describe responses of forests to climate variability, tropospheric ozone, rising atmospheric CO2, the combination of CO2 and ozone, and deposition of acidic compounds and heavy metals. The responses to ozone receive particular attention because of increasing concern about its damaging effects and increasing concentrations in rural areas. Scaling issues are addressed - from leaves to trees, from juvenile trees to mature trees, from short-term responses to long-term responses, and from small-scale experiments and observations to large-scale forest ecosystems. This book is one major product of a conference sponsored by the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, the USDA Forest Service Global Change Northern Stations Program, the Arthur Ross Foundation, NCASI, the Canadian Forest Service, and Michigan Technological University. The conference, held in May 2000 in Houghton, Michigan, USA, was appropriately titled "Air Pollution, Global Change, and Forests in the New Millennium". The Editors, David Karnosky, Kevin Percy, Art Chappelka, Caroline Simpson, and Janet Pikkarainen organized the conference and edited this book.

Air Quality And Ecological Impacts

Author : Allan H. Legge
ISBN : 008095202X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 83 MB
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Air Quality and Ecological Impacts reviews the characterization of air quality as it pertains to specific emission sources and their environmental effect. Since emissions from multiple sources impact the same location, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to relate atmospheric processes to terrestrial vegetation. As global industrial expansions continue, air quality is no longer governed by isolated point sources (e.g., a single coal-fired power plant), but by source clusters or complexes. To address these issues, atmospheric receptor models have been developed and are continually being improved. The benefits of any air quality control measures based on receptor modeling must be verified by assessing changes or bettering in environmental impacts. Until now, such an approach has not been well integrated and practiced. This book provides the needed concepts and methods in conducting the studies to establish cause-and-effect relationships under ambient conditions, which is valuable to policy makers both in industrialized and developing nations. Offers approaches for identifying the emissions components from specific air pollution sources Details methods for using pollutant accumulation in plants for ecological effects assessment Establishes cause (air quality) and effect (plant responses) relationships under ambient conditions

Encyclopedia Of Consumption And Waste

Author : Carl A. Zimring
ISBN : 9781412988193
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 13 MB
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These volumes convey what daily life is like in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Entries will aid readers in understanding the importance of cultural sociology, to appreciate the effects of cultural forces around the world.

Climate Change Air Pollution And Global Challenges

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ISBN : 9780080983424
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 52 MB
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There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services. Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

The Commons In The New Millennium

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 0262541424
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39. 98 MB
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New approaches to managing the commons, based on recent theoretical and empirical research.

Earth Sciences History

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009263583
Genre : Earth sciences
File Size : 63. 35 MB
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China

Author :
ISBN : 0821349376
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 47 MB
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Annotation This report focuses on how to promote both China 's economic growth while protecting its environment.

Alberta Oil Sands

Author : Kevin E. Percy
ISBN : 9780080977607
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 73 MB
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At 170 billion barrels, Canada's Oil Sands are the third largest reserves of developable oil in the world. The Oil Sands now produce about 1.6 million barrels per day, with production expected to double by 2025 to about 3.7 million barrels per day. The Athabasca Oil Sands Region (AOSR) in northeastern Alberta is the largest of the three oil sands deposits. Bitumen in the oil sands is recovered through one of two primary methods - mining and drilling. About 20 per cent of the reserves are close to the surface and can be mined using large shovels and trucks. Of concern are the effects of the industrial development on the environment. Both human-made and natural sources emit oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, trace elements and persistent organic compounds. Of additional concern are ground level ozone and greenhouse gases. Because of the requirement on operators to comply with the air quality regulatory policies, and to address public concerns, the not-for-profit, multi-stakeholder Wood Buffalo Environmental Association (WBEA) has since 1997 been closely monitoring air quality in AOSR. In 2008, WBEA assembled a distinguished group of international scientists who have been conducting measurements and practical research on various aspects of air emissions and their potential effects on terrestrial receptors. This book is a synthesis of the concepts and results of those on-going studies. It contains 19 chapters ranging from a global perspective of energy production, measurement methodologies and behavior of various air pollutants during fossil fuel production in a boreal forest ecosystem, towards designing and deploying a multi-disciplinary, proactive, and long-term environmental monitoring system that will also meet regulatory expectations. Covers measurement of emissions from very large industrial sources in a region with huge international media profile Validation of measurement technologies can be applied globally The new approaches to ecological monitoring described can be applied in other forested regions

Climate Change Air Pollution And Global Challenges

Author : Rainer Matyssek
ISBN : 9780128055533
Genre : Nature
File Size : 59. 87 MB
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This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic risks to forests under global change. The book will conclude on suggestions for decision making and reasons for continued funding of related research.

Cross Border Resource Management

Author : Rongxing Guo
ISBN : 9780080983202
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 93 MB
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In discussing theoretical and analytical issues relating to cross-border resource management, this book explores a group of geographical, political, legal, economic and cultural factors that arise when political units (such as sovereign countries, dependent states and other administrative units) seek to maximize their political and economic interests while minimizing the resultant damage (e.g. resource degradation and preservation of the physical environment). The book is organized into three parts. Part one discusses the theoretical issues relating to cross-border development and the cross-border management of natural and environmental resources. Part two provides a variety of alternatives to advancing cross-border development as well as of options for cross-border management of resource exploitation and for cross-border conflict management. In Part three, using the theoretical and methodological frameworks that have been discussed in Parts one and two, respectively, two in-depth case studies on cross-border development and resource management are provided. Examines various types of cross-border areas at both international and sub-national levels throughout the world as well as their geographical, political, economic and cultural influences on the cross-border resource management Uses the latest international and area data, resulting in new findings for cross-border environmental activities Contains numerous case studies throughout the world including in-depth case studies of cross-border resource management

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