aleppo a history cities of the ancient world

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Aleppo

Author : Ross Burns
ISBN : 9781134844012
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 32 MB
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Aleppo is one of the longest-surviving cities of the ancient and Islamic Middle East. Until recently it enjoyed a thriving urban life—in particular an active traditional suq, whose origins can be traced across many centuries. Its tangle of streets still follow the Hellenistic grid and above it looms the great Citadel, which contains recently-uncovered remains of a Bronze/Iron Age temple complex, suggesting an even earlier role as a ‘high place’ in the Canaanite tradition. In the Arab Middle Ages, Aleppo was a strongpoint of the Islamic resistance to the Crusader presence. Its medieval Citadel is one of the most dramatic examples of a fortified enclosure in the Islamic tradition. In Mamluk and Ottoman times, the city took on a thriving commercial role and provided a base for the first European commercial factories and consulates in the Levant. Its commercial life funded a remarkable building tradition with some hundreds of the 600 or so officially-declared monuments dating from these eras, and its diverse ethnic mixture, with significant Kurdish, Turkish, Christian and Armenian communities provide a richer layering of influences on the city’s life. In this volume, Ross Burns explores the rich history of this important city, from its earliest history through to the modern era, providing a thorough treatment of this fascinating city history, accessible both to scholarly readers as well as to the general public interested in a factual and comprehensive survey of the city’s past.

Visit The Old City Of Aleppo

Author : Khaldoun Fansa
ISBN : 1614571457
Genre :
File Size : 33. 60 MB
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The guns in Aleppo have fallen silent and the eastern part of the city is now rubble. Former east-end residents are gone and the streets are empty. In the meantime, Aleppo's UN-designated World Heritage Site has been damaged or destroyed. Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. How can Syria, and the world, recover this one-of-a-kind treasure? If the war of bombs and bullets and the parallel social war of one Syrian against another are to be resolved and the country rebuilt, Syrians will need to remember the ancient cultural touchstones that belong to every Syrian. This is the message of Aleppo-native Khaldoun Fansa, the author, and the illustrator Abdalla Asaad who lives in nearby Homs. Visit the Old City of Aleppo is Fansas effort to remind fellow Syrians of their unique culture and to create a rallying point for Syrians and their friends all over the world who want to heal the divisions and to rebuild the country. Royalties from sales will be donated to restoration and relief efforts. If Syria is to be restored, the international community needs to value Aleppo and other one-of-a-kind Syrian treasures. Visit the Old City of Aleppo is a children's book for adults ... as well as children. This book brings alive Aleppos ancient city in a story set just before the troubles began in 2011. It tells of Tamim, a boy who visits Aleppo's historic neighborhoods. Of greater interest to adults, the author also provides historical sketches of the city and color illustrations and photographs, both historical and contemporary. Author Khaldoun Fansa is an Aleppo native and an architect who was active in many preservation projects in the Old City of Aleppo, and who looks forward to the city's restoration. Illustrator Abdalla Asaad is an illustrator and college professor who has lived through the devastation of Homs and has equal hopes for his home city. Visit the Old City of Aleppo is a valuable resource for everyone interested in the world's historic treasure cities ... and for readers with heart who want to help in the restoration of Syrian civil society.

Historic Cities Of The Islamic World

Author : Clifford Edmund Bosworth
ISBN : 9789004153882
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 96 MB
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This book contains articles on historic cities of the Islamic world, ranging from West Africa to Malaysia, which over the centuries have been centres of culture and learning and of economic and commercial life, and which have contributed much to the consolidation of Islam as a faith and as a social and political institution. The articles have been taken from the second edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam, completed in 2004, but in many cases expanded and rewritten. All have been updated to include fresh historical information, with note of contemporary social developments and population statistics. The book thus delineates the urban background of Islam has it has evolved up to the present day, highlighting the role of such great cities as Cairo, Istanbul, Baghdad and Delhi in Islamic history, and also brings them together in a rich panorama illustrating one of mankind's greatest achievements, the living organism of the city.

Aleppo

Author : Philip Mansel
ISBN : 9781784534615
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 26 MB
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The first half is a history of Aleppo, its social classes and their conflicts, its legacy of tolerance, and its mixed population of Muslims, Christians, and Jews; Arabs, Turks, and Westerners, until the recent civil war. The second half is excerpts from the writings of fifteen Western travelers or inhabitants.--

Licht Aus Dem Osten

Author : Peter Frankopan
ISBN : 9783644122819
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 17 MB
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«‹Eine neue Geschichte der Welt› – dieses Buch verdient den Titel voll und ganz.» Peter Frankopan lehrt uns, die Geschichte neu zu sehen – indem er nicht Europa, sondern den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zum Ausgangspunkt macht. Hier entstanden die ersten Hochkulturen und alle drei monotheistischen Weltreligionen; ein Reichtum an Gütern, Kultur und Wissen, der das Alte Europa seit jeher sehnsüchtig nach Osten blicken ließ. Frankopan erzählt von Alexander dem Großen, der Babylon zur Hauptstadt seines neuen Weltreichs machen wollte; von Seide, Porzellan und Techniken wie der Papierherstellung, die über die Handelswege der Region Verbreitung fanden; vom Sklavenhandel mit der islamischen Welt, der Venedig im Mittelalter zum Aufstieg verhalf; von islamischen Gelehrten, die das antike Kulturerbe pflegten, lange bevor Europa die Renaissance erlebte; von der Erschließung der Rohstoffe im 19. Jahrhundert bis hin zum Nahostkonflikt. Schließlich erklärt Frankopan, warum sich die Weltpolitik noch heute in Staaten wie Syrien, Afghanistan und Irak entscheidet. Peter Frankopan schlägt einen weiten Bogen, und das nicht nur zeitlich: Er rückt zwei Welten zusammen, Orient und Okzident, die historisch viel enger miteinander verbunden sind, als wir glauben. Ein so fundiertes wie packend erzähltes Geschichtswerk, das wahrhaft die Augen öffnet.

Cities Of The Middle East And North Africa

Author : Michael Dumper
ISBN : 9781576079195
Genre : Reference
File Size : 36. 77 MB
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The first work to offer 5,000 years of authoritative historical coverage of ancient and modern cities in the Middle East and North Africa—from their founding to the present—highlighting each city's cultural, social, political, and economic significance. * Coverage of 100 ancient and modern cities in the Middle East and North Africa * 19 academic contributors from this region as well as from Europe and the United States * Annotated timeline locating cities within their historical and imperial contexts * 44 illustrations including the Venetian fortifications of Nicosia, the ziggurat in Ur, and the Silk Market in Cairo * 8 maps including an overview map of all the cities listed in the book and sub-regional maps to clarify their location

Damascus

Author : Ross Burns
ISBN : 9781134488506
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 55 MB
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This is the first book in English to relate the history of Damascus, bringing out the crucial role the city has played at many points in the region's past. Damascus traces the history of this colourful, significant and complex city through its physical development, from the city's emergence in around 7000 BC through the changing cavalcade of Aramaean, Persian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Mongol and French rulers right up to the end of Turkish control in 1918. In Damascus, every layer of the history has built precisely on top of its predecessors for at least three millennia, leaving a detailed archaeological record of one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The book looks particularly at the interplay between the western and eastern influences that have provided Damascus with such a rich past, and how this perfectly encapsulates the forces that have played over the Middle East as a whole from the earliest recorded times to the present. Lavishly illustrated, Damascus: A History is a compelling and unique exploration of a fascinating city.

Origins Of The Colonnaded Streets In The Cities Of The Roman East

Author : Ross Burns
ISBN : 9780198784548
Genre : Design
File Size : 38. 27 MB
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The colonnaded axes define the visitor's experience of many of the great cities of the Roman East. How did this extraordinarily bold tool of urban planning evolve? The street, instead of remaining a mundane passage, a convenient means of passing from one place to another, was in the course of little more than a century transformed in the Eastern provinces into a monumental landscape which could in one sweeping vision encompass the entire city. The colonnaded axes became the touchstone by which cities competed for status in the Eastern Empire. Though adopted as a sign of cities' prosperity under the Pax Romana, they were not particularly 'Roman' in their origin. Rather, they reflected the inventiveness, fertility of ideas and the dynamic role of civic patronage in the Eastern provinces in the first two centuries under Rome. This study will concentrate on the convergence of ideas behind these great avenues, examining over fifty sites in an attempt to work out the sequence in which ideas developed across a variety of regions-from North Africa around to Asia Minor. It will look at the phenomenon in the context of the consolidation of Roman rule.

Syria

Author : Diana Darke
ISBN : 9781841623146
Genre : Travel
File Size : 67. 23 MB
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Travel and holiday.

Aromas Of Aleppo

Author : Poopa Dweck
ISBN : 9780062042644
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 50. 77 MB
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When the Aleppian Jewish community migrated from the ancient city of Aleppo in historic Syria and settled in New York and Latin American cities in the early 20th century, it brought its rich cuisine and vibrant culture. Most Syrian recipes and traditions, however, were not written down and existed only in the minds of older generations. Poopa Dweck, a first generation Syrian–Jewish American, has devoted much of her life to preserving and celebrating her community's centuries–old legacy. Dweck relates the history and culture of her community through its extraordinary cuisine, offering more than 180 exciting ethnic recipes with tantalizing photos and describing the unique customs that the Aleppian Jewish community observes during holidays and lifecycle events. Among the irresistible recipes are: •Bazargan–Tangy Tamarind Bulgur Salad •Shurbat Addes–Hearty Red Lentil Soup with Garlic and Coriander •Kibbeh–Stuffed Syrian Meatballs with Ground Rice •Samak b'Batata–Baked Middle Eastern Whole Fish with Potatoes •Sambousak–Buttery Cheese–Filled Sesame Pastries •Eras bi'Ajweh–Date–Filled Crescents •Chai Na'na–Refreshing Mint Tea Like mainstream Middle Eastern cuisines, Aleppian Jewish dishes are alive with flavor and healthful ingredients–featuring whole grains, vegetables, legumes, and olive oil–but with their own distinct cultural influences. In Aromas of Aleppo, cooks will discover the best of Poopa Dweck's recipes, which gracefully combine Mediterranean and Levantine influences, and range from small delights (or maza) to daily meals and regal holiday feasts–such as the twelve–course Passover seder.

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