algorithmically specialized parallel computers

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Algorithmically Specialized Parallel Computers

Author : Lawrence Snyder
ISBN : 9781483260815
Genre : Reference
File Size : 28. 25 MB
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Algorithmically Specialized Parallel Computers focuses on the concept and characteristics of an algorithmically specialized computer. This book discusses the algorithmically specialized computers, algorithmic specialization using VLSI, and innovative architectures. The architectures and algorithms for digital signal, speech, and image processing and specialized architectures for numerical computations are also elaborated. Other topics include the model for analyzing generalized inter-processor, pipelined architecture for search tree maintenance, and specialized computer organization for raster graphics display. The data base applications of the FETCH-AND-ADD instruction, distributed parallel architecture for speech understanding, and two parallel formulations of particle-in-cell models are likewise covered in this text. This publication is suitable for students, researchers and professionals concerned with algorithmically specialized computers.

The Book Of Squares

Author : Leonardo Fibonacci
ISBN : UCAL:B4281944
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66. 33 MB
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The Book of Squares by Fibonacci is a gem in the mathematical literature and one of the most important mathematical treatises written in the Middle Ages. It is a collection of theorems on indeterminate analysis and equations of second degree which yield, among other results, a solution to a problem proposed by Master John of Palermo to Leonardo at the Court of Frederick II. The book was dedicated and presented to the Emperor at Pisa in 1225. Dating back to the 13th century the book exhibits the early and continued fascination of men with our number system and the relationship among numbers with special properties such as prime numbers, squares, and odd numbers. The faithful translation into modern English and the commentary by the translator make this book accessible to professional mathematicians and amateurs who have always been intrigued by the lure of our number system.

Parallel Processing From Applications To Systems

Author : Dan I. Moldovan
ISBN : 9781483297514
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48. 25 MB
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This text provides one of the broadest presentations of parallel processing available, including the structure of parallel processors and parallel algorithms. The emphasis is on mapping algorithms to highly parallel computers, with extensive coverage of array and multiprocessor architectures. Early chapters provide insightful coverage on the analysis of parallel algorithms and program transformations, effectively integrating a variety of material previously scattered throughout the literature. Theory and practice are well balanced across diverse topics in this concise presentation. For exceptional clarity and comprehension, the author presents complex material in geometric graphs as well as algebraic notation. Each chapter includes well-chosen examples, tables summarizing related key concepts and definitions, and a broad range of worked exercises. Overview of common hardware and theoretical models, including algorithm characteristics and impediments to fast performance Analysis of data dependencies and inherent parallelism through program examples, building from simple to complex Graphic and explanatory coverage of program transformations Easy-to-follow presentation of parallel processor structures and interconnection networks, including parallelizing and restructuring compilers Parallel synchronization methods and types of parallel operating systems Detailed descriptions of hypercube systems Specialized chapters on dataflow and on AI architectures

Encyclopedia Of Parallel Computing

Author : David Padua
ISBN : 9780387097657
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47. 5 MB
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This Encyclopedia covers machine organization, programming, algorithms, and applications. Within each topic area, the Encyclopedia covers concepts, designs, and specific implementations. The primary sections include Algorithms; Architecture; Software and more.

Multicomputer Vision

Author : S. Levialdi
ISBN : 9780323141154
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 6 MB
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Multicomputer Vision is a collection of papers and discussions presented at the 8th Workshop on Multicomputers, held in Rome, Italy on June 2-5, 1987. Contributors present multicomputer algorithms for image processing, evaluation and suggestions on multicomputer systems, and new designs in advanced architectures for computer vision. Separating 12 papers into chapters, this book first describes a pyramidal algorithm for image segmentation based on the definition of the “bimean of a population. It then examines the use of Polymorphic Torus architecture to yield positive results in the computation of Hough Transform through executing mesh and tree algorithms. The succeeding papers present the five-level quad-tree pyramid algorithm based on chips from the MPP machine and the algorithm databases required for scheduling and reconfiguration decisions based on the user’s task definition. Other chapters oriented towards the evaluation of multicomputer systems are also provided. These chapters include discussions on multi-processor architectures based on perceptual tasks, the advantages of fine grain associative string structure for general purpose computer vision system, and the use of identical single processor elements for comparison between processor arrays and pipeline computers. The book also contains papers oriented on the design features of new multiprocessor architectures. These papers discuss the memory limitations of parallel machines and the physical realization of a one-dimensional array of 128 to 1024 identical processors. This book provides an informal frame of reference to researchers who are interested in the design and development of algorithms, and architectures or languages of multiprocessor systems.

Parallel Algorithms For Matrix Computations

Author : K. A. Gallivan
ISBN : 9780898712605
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 43 MB
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Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.

Parallel Computation Systems For Robotics

Author : A. Fijany
ISBN : 9810206631
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 63 MB
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This book presents an extensive survey of the state-of-the-art research in parallel computational algorithms and architectures for robot manipulator control and simulation. It deals not only with specifics but also includes general and broader issues which serve as a useful foundation to the topic. The educational flavor of the book makes it a necessary resource for researchers, engineers and students wanting to be familiarized with the potential offered by the application of parallel processing to robotic problems, and its current issues and trends.

Parallel Computation

Author : Jens Volkert
ISBN : 3540573143
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 93 MB
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The Austrian Center for Parallel Computation (ACPC) is a cooperative research organization founded in 1989 to promote research and education in the field of software for parallel computer systems. The areas in which the ACPC is active include algorithms, languages, compilers, programming environments, and applications for parallel and high-performance computing systems. This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Conference of the ACPC, held in Gmunden, Austria, October 1993. Authors from 17 countries submitted 44 papers, of which 15 were selected for inclusion in this volume, which also includes 4 invited papers by distinguished researchers. The volume is organized into parts on architectures (2 papers), algorithms (7 papers), languages (6 papers), and programming environments (4 papers).

Parallel Computing

Author : Roman Trobec
ISBN : 9781848824096
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84. 26 MB
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The use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating and solving problems in modern computational practice. There has been rapid progress in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology and software devel- ment, which are in?uencing directly the rapid growth of parallel and distributed computing. However, in order to make these bene?ts usable in practice, this dev- opment must be accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and application aspects of parallel algorithms. In particular, new approaches from parallel num- ics are important for solving complex computational problems on parallel and/or distributed systems. The contributions to this book are focused on topics most concerned in the trends of today’s parallel computing. These range from parallel algorithmics, progr- ming, tools, network computing to future parallel computing. Particular attention is paid to parallel numerics: linear algebra, differential equations, numerical integ- tion, number theory and their applications in computer simulations, which together form the kernel of the monograph. We expect that the book will be of interest to scientists working on parallel computing, doctoral students, teachers, engineers and mathematicians dealing with numerical applications and computer simulations of natural phenomena.

Non Photorealistic Computer Graphics

Author : Thomas Strothotte
ISBN : 9780080512846
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75. 56 MB
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Even as developments in photorealistic computer graphics continue to affect our work and leisure activities, practitioners and researchers are devoting more and more attention to non-photorealistic (NPR) techniques for generating images that appear to have been created by hand. These efforts benefit every field in which illustrations—thanks to their ability to clarify, emphasize, and convey very precise meanings—offer advantages over photographs. These fields include medicine, architecture, entertainment, education, geography, publishing, and visualization. Non-Photorealistic Computer Graphics is the first and only resource to examine non-photorealistic efforts in depth, providing detailed accounts of the major algorithms, as well as the background information and implementation advice readers need to make headway with these increasingly important techniques. Already, an estimated 10% of computer graphics users require some form of non-photorealism. Strothotte and Schlechtweg's important new book is designed and destined to be the standard NPR reference for this large, diverse, and growing group of professionals. Hard-to-find information needed by a wide range and growing number of computer graphics programmers and applications users. Traces NPR principles and techniques back to their origins in human vision and perception. Focuses on areas that stand to benefit most from advances in NPR, including medical and architectural illustration, cartography, and data visualization. Presents algorithms for two and three-dimensional effects, using pseudo-code where needed to clarify complex steps. Helps readers attain pen-and-ink, pencil-sketch, and painterly effects, in addition to other styles. Explores specific challenges for NPR—including "wrong" marks, deformation, natural media, artistic technique, lighting, and dimensionality. Includes a series of programming projects in which readers can apply the book's concepts and algorithms.

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