all we have to fear psychiatry s transformation of natural anxieties into mental disorders

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All We Have To Fear

Author : Allan V. Horwitz, PhD
ISBN : 9780199978861
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 40. 78 MB
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Thirty years ago, it was estimated that less than five percent of the population had an anxiety disorder. Today, some estimates are over fifty percent, a tenfold increase. Is this dramatic rise evidence of a real medical epidemic? In All We Have to Fear, Allan Horwitz and Jerome Wakefield argue that psychiatry itself has largely generated this "epidemic" by inflating many natural fears into psychiatric disorders, leading to the over-diagnosis of anxiety disorders and the over-prescription of anxiety-reducing drugs. American psychiatry currently identifies disordered anxiety as irrational anxiety disproportionate to a real threat. Horwitz and Wakefield argue, to the contrary, that it can be a perfectly normal part of our nature to fear things that are not at all dangerous--from heights to negative judgments by others to scenes that remind us of past threats (as in some forms of PTSD). Indeed, this book argues strongly against the tendency to call any distressing condition a "mental disorder." To counter this trend, the authors provide an innovative and nuanced way to distinguish between anxiety conditions that are psychiatric disorders and likely require medical treatment and those that are not--the latter including anxieties that seem irrational but are the natural products of evolution. The authors show that many commonly diagnosed "irrational" fears--such as a fear of snakes, strangers, or social evaluation--have evolved over time in response to situations that posed serious risks to humans in the past, but are no longer dangerous today. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines including psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, sociology, anthropology, and history, the book illuminates the nature of anxiety in America, making a major contribution to our understanding of mental health.

Overdiagnosis In Psychiatry

Author : Joel Paris
ISBN : 9780199350650
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 66 MB
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Dr. Joel Paris's Overdiagnosis in Psychiatry takes a much-needed look at the dangerous epidemic of unnecessary or incorrect treatments. The last 30 years of psychiatry have seen the development of a system of classification aimed at establishing greater scientific credibility. Unfortunately, the current categories are based entirely on signs and symptoms rather than on causes, which remain unknown. This has inevitably made diagnosis imprecise and uncertain. The result is that well-meaning professionals can have problems separating psychopathology from normality, can be unduly influenced by diagnostic fads, and can ultimately wind up prescribing treatments that do more harm than good. Paris examines prominent examples of overused diagnoses including major depressive disorder, ADHD, bipolar-II disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and PTSD.

Die Pathologie Und Therapie Der Psychischen Krankheiten

Author : Wilhelm Griesinger
ISBN : HARVARD:32044010728483
Genre : Mental illness
File Size : 29. 89 MB
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Normal

Author : Allen Frances
ISBN : 9783832187118
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38. 56 MB
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1980 hielt man einen Menschen für normal, wenn er ein Jahr lang um einen nahen Angehörigen trauerte. 1994 empfahl man Psychiatern mindestens zwei Monate Trauerzeit abzuwarten, bevor man Traurigkeit, Schlaflosigkeit, Konzentrationsstörungen und Apathie als behandlungsbedürftige Depression einstufte. Mit dem neuen Katalog psychischer Störungen ›DSM 5‹ wird ab Mai 2013 empfohlen, schon nach wenigen Wochen die Alarmglocken zu läuten. Vor einer Inflation der Diagnosen in der Psychiatrie warnt deshalb der international renommierte Psychiater Allen Frances. Er zeigt auf, welche brisanten Konsequenzen die Veröffentlichung haben wird: Alltäg-liche und zum Leben gehörende Sorgen und Seelenzustände werden als behandlungsbedürftige, geistige Krankheiten kategorisiert. Verständlich und kenntnisreich schildert Allen Frances, was diese Änderungen bedeuten, wie es zu der überhandnehmenden Pathologisierung allgemein-menschlicher Verhaltensweisen kommen konnte, welche Interessen dahinterstecken und welche Gegenmaßnahmen es gibt. Ein fundamentales Buch über Geschichte, Gegenwart und Zukunft psychiatrischer Diagnosen sowie über die Grenzen der Psychiatrie – und ein eindrückliches Plädoyer für das Recht, normal zu sein.

Psychiatry

Author : Robert Michels
ISBN : UOM:39015037810374
Genre : Psychiatry
File Size : 77. 7 MB
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Ethics Law And Aging Review Volume 11

Author : Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM
ISBN : 0826116531
Genre : Law
File Size : 78. 51 MB
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We are now engaged in a movement that de-emphasizes the reliance on institutional forms of long-term care for disabled persons needing ongoing daily living assistance and converges on the use of non-institutional service providers abnd residential settings. In this latest edition of Ethics, Law and Aging Review , Kapp and ten expert contributors help us examine the forces and potential for changeing the long-term care industry (both positively and negatively) and address this paradigm shift from the inpersonal, public psychiatric institutions of the 1960s and 1970s to the present-day assisted living environments that have been fueled by economic, social, polictical, and legal forces. Most important ly, this volume identifies obstaclesto change and enlighten service providers, advocates, and key policy makers to the pitfalls that can largely interfere with positive outcomes as a result of long-term care deinstitutionalization. Topics explored include: Community-based alternatives for older adults with serious mental illness Failing consumer-directed alternatives to nursing homes Ethics of Medicare privatization

Comprehensive Clinical Psychology Adults

Author : Michel Hersen
ISBN : 0080431453
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 41 MB
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Issues In Clinical Psychology Psychiatry And Counseling 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464963667
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54. 47 MB
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Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling. The editors have built Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Evolution Re Psychologie

Author : David M. Buss
ISBN : 3827370949
Genre : Evolution
File Size : 60. 19 MB
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In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.

Core Concepts In Health

Author : Paul M. Insel
ISBN : 0072559136
Genre : Health
File Size : 52. 89 MB
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