alternative pathways in science and industry activism innovation and the environment in an era of globalizaztion urban and industrial environments

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Alternative Pathways In Science And Industry

Author : David J. Hess
ISBN : 9780262263146
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 54 MB
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In Alternative Pathways in Science and Industry, David Hess examines how social movements and other forms of activism affect innovation in science, technology, and industry. Synthesizing and extending work in social studies of science and technology, social movements, and globalization, Hess explores the interaction of grassroots environmental action and mainstream industry and offers a conceptual framework for understanding it.Hess proposes a theory of scientific and technological change that considers the roles that both industry and grassroots consumers play in setting the research agenda in science and technology, and he identifies "alternative pathways" by which social movements can influence scientific and technological innovation. He analyzes four of these pathways: industrial opposition movements, organized against targeted technologies (as in the campaign against nuclear energy); technology- and product-oriented movements, which press for alternatives (as does the organic food movement); localism, which promotes local ownership (as in "buy-local" campaigns); and access pathways, which support a more equitable distribution of resources. Within each pathway, Hess examines reforms in five different areas: agriculture, energy, waste and manufacturing, infrastructure, and finance. The book's theoretical argument and empirical evidence demonstrate the complex pattern of incorporation (of grassroots innovations) and transformation (of alternative ownership structures and the alternative products themselves) that has characterized the relationship of industry and activism. Hess's analysis of alternative pathways to change suggests ways economic organizations could shift to a more just and sustainable course in the twenty-first century.

Chemicals Without Harm

Author : Ken Geiser
ISBN : 9780262512060
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 84 MB
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A proposal for a new chemicals strategy: that we work to develop safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals rather than focusing exclusively on controlling them.

Encyclopedia Of Sustainability 3 Volumes

Author : Robin Morris Collin
ISBN : 9780313352621
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 34 MB
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This three-volume encyclopedia explores the concept of sustainability in the contexts of the environment, economics, and justice. • Includes biological sketches of important leaders including Mohammad Yunnus, Wangari Maathai, and Karl Henrik RobËrt • Offers over 50 illustrations and drawings and a variety of helpful maps • Appendices of original documents not easily located otherwise • A guide to related topics opens each volume, allowing quick reference to entries by theme •A "Definitions and Contexts" section unique to each volume provides readers with a crash course in the often complex language of sustainability

Hybrid Nature

Author : Daniel Schneider
ISBN : 9780262516389
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 88 MB
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A history of of the industrial ecosystem that focuses on the biological sewage treatment plant as an early example. Biological sewage treatment, like electricity, power generation, telephones, and mass transit, has been a key technology and a major part of the urban infrastructure since the late nineteenth century. But sewage treatment plants are not only a ubiquitous component of the modern city, they are also ecosystems--a hybrid variety that incorporates elements of both nature and industry and embodies multiple contradictions. In Hybrid Nature, Daniel Schneider offers an environmental history of the biological sewage treatment plant in the United States and England, viewing it as an early and influential example of an industrial ecosystem. The sewage treatment plant relies on microorganisms and other plants and animals but differs from a natural ecosystem in the extent of human intervention in its creation and management. Schneider explores the relationship between society and nature in the industrial ecosystem and the contradictions that define it: the naturalization of industry versus the industrialization of nature; the public interest versus private (patented) technology; engineers versus bacterial and human labor; and purification versus profits in the marketing of sewage fertilizer. Schneider also describes biotechnology's direct connections to the history of sewage treatment, and how genetic engineering is extending the reaches of the industrial ecosystem to such "natural" ecosystems as oceans, rivers, and forests. In a conclusion that shows how industrial ecosystems continue to evolve, Schneider discusses John Todd's Living Machine, a natural purification method of sewage treatment, as the embodiment of the contradictions of the industrial ecosystem.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066180459
Genre : American literature
File Size : 72. 6 MB
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Uc Santa Cruz

Author : University of California, Santa Cruz
ISBN : UCSC:32106020266083
Genre :
File Size : 82. 45 MB
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America History And Life

Author : American Bibliographical Center
ISBN : UOM:39015065433016
Genre : Dissertations, Academic
File Size : 23. 78 MB
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Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

Sociological Abstracts

Author : Leo P. Chall
ISBN : UOM:39015078348862
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 90. 6 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

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