amartya sen contemporary philosophy in focus

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Amartya Sen

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File Size : 28. 28 MB
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Amartya Sen

Author : Christopher W. Morris
ISBN : 9780521852913
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32. 29 MB
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A volume of essays on aspects of Amartya Sen's hugely influential and multi-disciplinary work.

Die Idee Der Gerechtigkeit

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 3406606539
Genre : Civil rights
File Size : 28. 96 MB
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Drei Kinder streiten darüber, wem von ihnen eine Flöte gehören sollte. Das erste Kind hat Musikunterricht gehabt und kann als einziges Flöte spielen. Das zweite ist arm und besitzt keinerlei anderes Spielzeug. Das dritte Kind hat die Flöte mit viel Ausdauer selbst angefertigt. Mit diesem Gleichnis eröffnet Amartya Sen, einer der wichtigsten Denker unserer Zeit, sein Buch über die Idee der Gerechtigkeit. Es ist John Rawls gewidmet und grenzt sich doch von der wirkungsmächtigsten Gerechtigkeitstheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts ab. Wer eine weitere abstrakte Diskussion der institutionellen Grundlagen einer gerechten Gesellschaft erwartet, der wird enttäuscht sein. Wer sich hingegen darüber wundert, was diese Theorien eigentlich zur Bekämpfung real existierender Ungerechtigkeiten beitragen, der wird großen Gewinn daraus ziehen. Sen nämlich stellt die Plausibilität solcher Anstrengungen der reinen Vernunft in Frage. Seine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit ist weniger an der Ausformulierung einer ethisch perfekten Gesellschaft interessiert als an Argumenten, deren Maßstab die konkrete Überwindung von Ungerechtigkeit ist. Sen eröffnet Perspektiven, die dem westlichen Denken meist fehlen. Seine Kenntnis der hinduistischen, buddhistischen und islamischen Kultur ist wundervoll eingewoben in das Buch und prägt den ganzen Charakter seines Philosophierens. Die Vernunft sucht die Wahrheit, wo immer sie sich finden lässt - und wie der Autor dieses außergewöhnlichen Werkes entdeckt sie auf ihrer weiten Reise viele gangbare Wege zu einer gerechteren Welt.

University Access And Success

Author : Merridy Wilson-Strydom
ISBN : 9781317701835
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 48 MB
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The challenge of widening access and participation in higher education in a manner that ensures students are successful in their studies is a major issue globally and a significant research-focus within higher education studies and higher education policy. Similarly, the challenge of under-preparedness of students entering higher education has become increasingly pertinent as universities in both developed and developing countries struggle to improve their throughput rates in a context in which schooling no longer seems to provide sufficient preparation for entering university. In this book Merridy Wilson-Strydom applies the capabilities approach to better understand university access and participation and draws on a rich case study from South Africa to critically and innovatively explore the complex and contradictory terrain of access with success. The book integrates quantitative and qualitative research with theory and practical application to provide a new framework for considering and improving the transition from school to university. University Access and Success will appeal to academics and researchers in the field of higher education internationally. The book also contributes to the growing body of international and comparative scholarship on the capabilities approach in higher education and will therefore be of value to higher education practitioners, such as those working in the promotion of teaching and learning, higher education quality assurance, institutional research and student affairs.

On Ethics And Economics

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 0631164014
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33. 34 MB
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In this elegant critique, Amartya Sen argues that welfare economics can be enriched by paying more explicit attention to ethics, and that modern ethical studies can also benefit from a closer contact with economies. He argues further that even predictive and descriptive economics can be helped by making more room for welfare-economic considerations in the explanation of behaviour.

Ethics Of Global Development

Author : David A. Crocker
ISBN : 1139472763
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 16 MB
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Poverty, inequality, violence, environmental degradation, and tyranny continue to afflict the world. Ethics of Global Development offers a moral reflection on the ends and means of local, national, and global efforts to overcome these five scourges. After emphasizing the role of ethics in development studies, policy-making, and practice, David A. Crocker analyzes and evaluates Amartya Sen's philosophy of development in relation to alternative ethical outlooks. He argues that Sen's turn to robust ideals of human agency and democracy improves on both Sen's earlier emphasis on 'capabilities and functionings' and Martha Nussbaum's version of the capability orientation. This agency-focused capability approach is then extended and strengthened by applying it to the challenges of consumerism and hunger, the development responsibilities of affluent individuals and nations, and the dilemmas of globalization. Throughout the book the author argues for the importance of more inclusive and deliberative democratic institutions.

Negotiating Capability And Diaspora

Author : Ashmita Khasnabish
ISBN : 9780739171035
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 77 MB
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Negotiating Capability and Diaspora: A Philosophical Politics scrutinizes Indian economist cum philosopher Amartya Sen’s theory of capability, which rose as a critique of the modern American philosopher John Rawls’s theory of primary goods. Ashmita Khasnabish develops Sen’s theory of capability as a leitmotif throughout the book. She focuses on the following themes: 1) how Amartya Sen’s theory of capability offers strength to immigrants and underdogs; 2) the significance of John Rawls’s theory for Sen’s theory of capability; 3) two aspects of Sen’s theory: on the one hand it exposes the asymmetry between people of power and the powerless due to the discrepancy of resources, and on the other hand it shows how the powerless or the underdogs or the minorities could exert their will-power through the paradigm of choices to overcome; 4) finally, Sri Aurobindo’s theory of democracy, which intersects with John Rawls’s theory of comprehensive doctrines and political justice. Khasnabish also discusses authors Amitav Ghosh, Jhumpa Lahiri, and Toni Morrison, whose novels illustrate different facets of the theory of capability. Negotiating Capability and Diaspora develops themes that will be of great interest to students and scholars of political philosophy, feminist philosophy, postcolonial studies, literary studies, Diaspora studies, and world literature.

Capabilities And Social Justice

Author : John M. Alexander
ISBN : 0754661873
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 91 MB
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The capability approach to social justice construes a person's well-being in terms of the substantive freedoms people value. John Alexander engages with the rapidly growing body of literature on the capability approach in economics, inequality, poverty measurement and development studies. Critically assessing Sen and Nussbaum's work in normative economics, social ethics and political philosophy, Alexander develops a unified vision of the capability approach embodying the ideal of creating the greatest possible condition for the realization of basic capabilities for all. He then assesses this vision as a political theory arguing that capabilities are necessary but not sufficient for overcoming conditions of domination. The book calls for a more intimate relationship between individual liberty and the freedom of the political community as a whole

Arguments For A Better World Essays In Honor Of Amartya Sen

Author : Kaushik Basu
ISBN : 9780199239115
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 3 MB
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Sanjay G. Reddy, Kevin Roberts, Ingrid Robeyns, Maurice Salles, Emma Samman, Cristina Santos, Thomas. M. Scanlon, Arjun Sengupta, Tae Kun Seo, Anthony Shorrocks, Ronald Smith, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Joseph E. Stiglitz, S.Subramanian, Kotaro Suzumura, Alain Trannoy, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, Guanghua Wan, Jorgen W. Weibull, John A. Weymark, and Yongsheng Xu.

Essays And Reviews

Author : Bernard Williams
ISBN : 9781400848393
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68. 30 MB
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Bernard Williams was one of the most important philosophers of the past fifty years, but he was also a distinguished critic and essayist with an elegant style and a rare ability to communicate complex ideas to a wide public. This is the first collection of Williams's popular essays and reviews. Williams writes about a broad range of subjects, from philosophy to science, the humanities, economics, feminism, and pornography. Included are reviews of major books such as John Rawls’s Theory of Justice, Richard Rorty’s Consequences of Pragmatism, and Martha Nussbaum’s Therapy of Desire. But many of these essays extend beyond philosophy, providing an intellectual tour through the past half century, from C. S. Lewis to Noam Chomsky. No matter the subject, readers see a first-class mind grappling with landmark books in "real time," before critical consensus had formed and ossified.

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