amino acids biochemistry and nutrition

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Amino Acids

Author : Guoyao Wu
ISBN : 9781439861899
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 24 MB
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Amino acid biochemistry and nutrition spans a broad range of fields including biochemistry, metabolism, physiology, immunology, reproduction, pathology, and cell biology. In the last half-century, there have been many conceptual and technical advancements, from analysis of amino acids by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to molecular cloning of transporters for amino acids and small peptides. Amino Acids: Biochemistry and Nutrition presents comprehensive coverage of these scientific developments, providing a useful reference for students and researchers in both biomedicine and agriculture. The text begins with the discoveries and basic concepts of amino acids, peptides, and proteins, and then moves to protein digestion and absorption of peptides and amino acids. Additional chapters cover cell-, tissue-, and species-specific synthesis and catabolism of amino acids and related nitrogenous substances, as well as the use of isotopes to study amino acid metabolism in cells and the body. The book also details protein synthesis and degradation, regulation of amino acid metabolism, physiological functions of amino acids, and inborn errors of amino acid metabolism. The final chapter discusses dietary requirements of amino acids by humans and other animals. While emphasizing basic principles and classical concepts of amino acid biochemistry and nutrition, the author includes recent progress in the field. This book also provides concise coverage of major historical developments of the scientific discipline, so that readers will appreciate the past, understand the current state of the knowledge, and explore the future of the field. Each chapter contains select references to provide comprehensive reviews and original experimental data on the topics discussed.

Amino Acids Biochemistry And Nutrition

Author : CTI Reviews
ISBN : 9781490260938
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 10 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Amino Acids, Biochemistry and Nutrition. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Amino Acids In Human Nutrition And Health

Author : J. P. Felix D'Mello
ISBN : 9781845937980
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43. 66 MB
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Human health issues relating to amino acids are extremely broad and include metabolic disorders of amino acid metabolism as well as their presence in food and use as supplements. This book covers the biochemistry of amino acid metabolism in the context of health and disease. It discusses their use as food supplements, in clinical therapy and nutritional support and focuses on major recent developments, highlighting new areas of research that will be needed to sustain further interest in the field.

Amino Acid Metabolism

Author : David A. Bender
ISBN : 9781118358184
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 49 MB
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Amino Acid Metabolism, 3rd Edition covers allaspects of the biochemistry and nutritional biochemistry of theamino acids. Starting with an overview of nitrogen fixation and theincorporation of inorganic nitrogen into amino acids, the book thendetails other major nitrogenous compounds in micro-organisms,plants and animals. Contents include a discussion of the catabolismof amino acids and other nitrogenous compounds in animals, and themicrobiological reactions involved in release of nitrogen gas backinto the atmosphere. Mammalian (mainly human) protein and aminoacid requirements are considered in detail, and the methods thatare used to determine them. Chapters consider individual amino acids, grouped according totheir metabolic origin, and discussing their biosynthesis (inplants and micro-organisms for those that are dietary essentialsfor human beings), major metabolic roles (mainly in humanmetabolism) and catabolism (again mainly in human metabolism).There is also discussion of regulatory mechanisms for all thesemetabolic pathways, and of metabolic and genetic diseases affectingthe (human) metabolism of amino acids. Throughout the book the emphasis is on the nutritionalimportance of amino acids, integration and control of metabolismand metabolic and other disturbances of relevance to humanbiochemistry and health. Completely revised edition of this comprehensive text coveringall the latest findings in amino acid metabolism research Written by an authority in the field Covers new advances in structural biology Clear illustrations of all structures and metabolicpathways Full list of recommended further reading for each chapter andbibliography of papers cited in the text

Plant Amino Acids

Author : Bijay K. Singh
ISBN : 0824702042
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 72 MB
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Covers the basic knowledge of the regulation of biosynthesis of various amino acids in plants and the application of this knowledge to the discovery of novel inhibitors of amino acid biosynthesis and for enhancing the nutritional value of plant products. Provides an exhaustive list of pathway inhibitors.

The Molecular Nutrition Of Amino Acids And Proteins

Author : Dominique Dardevet
ISBN : 9780128023754
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 42. 85 MB
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The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins provides an in-depth look at the involvement and role of amino acids and proteins in molecular nutrition. Editor Dominique Dardevet has assembled a collection of chapters written by leading researchers and top professors that provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of amino acids and proteins. The book provides an introduction to the fundamentals of amino acids and proteins as well as the composition of food. It then delves into the molecular biology of the cell and genetic machinery and its function. The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins also features reference guides for terms and bullet-point summaries, making it readily accessible to novices while still providing the most up-to-date and detailed information that experienced researchers need. Provides a gentle introduction to the subject by first addressing nutritional information and then building in molecular aspects, clearly establishing fundamental information for the reader Facilitates reader comprehension by including succinct summary points in each chapter Contains a glossary of definitions that allows readers to easily reference terms Provides both a deep and broad understanding of the subject by containing overviews as well as detail-focused chapters

Nutritional Biochemistry

Author : Tom Brody
ISBN : 0121348369
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 85 MB
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Nutritional Biochemistry takes a scientific approach to nutrition. It covers not just "whats"--nutritional requirements--but why they are required for human health, by describing their function at the cellular and molecular level. Each case study either leads to a subsequent discovery or enables an understanding of the physiological mechanisms of action of various nutrition-related processes. The text is "picture-oriented" and the commentary is directed towards explaining graphs, figures, and tables. Nutritional Biochemistry includes a discussion of relevant aspects of physiology, food chemistry, toxicology, pediatrics, and public health. Experimental techniques for nutritional science are emphasized, and primary data is included to help give students a feel for the nutrition literature. This "real-world" approach provides students with a realistic view of the basis for much of our understanding of nutritional biochemistry. * Integrates biochemistry and nutrition in a case-oriented method * Emphasizes a hands-on approach to learning - case histories and clinical and research data illustrate all major points * Places emphasis on metabolism - metabolic pathways, enzymology, nutrient requirements (including RDA values) * Reveals the benefits of the Mediterranean diet, the biochemistry of exercise, the cell signaling pathways, how nutrition can influence the development of cancer, and the anthropometry and genetics of obesity.

Nutritional Biochemistry

Author : S. Ramakrishnan
ISBN : 8185427356
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 97 MB
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In this book, caloric value of food BMR, SDA, protein quality, protein requirement, nutritional value of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, essential amino acids, essential fatty acids, protein calorie malnutrition (kwashiorkor and marasmus), importance of fibre in the diet, vitamins, minerals milk, egg, safety aspects of food, nutritional disorders in India, nutritional value of Indian foods, nutrition situation in India and topics on nutrition of special interest have been described.

Proteins Peptides And Amino Acids In Enteral Nutrition

Author : P. Fürst
ISBN : 9783805571081
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 4 MB
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Having examined the new, exciting information about the role of the intestine in the utilization of proteins and their products of digestion, the focus turns to the consequences that catabolic stress and immunologic stimulation have on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the protein/amino acid metabolism. These aspects are considered with relation to the support of body protein and amino acid homeostasis and requirements in patients with injury, severe infection, gastrointestinal malfunction, cancers and renal disease. Finally, as there is clearly a knowledge gap in this area of clinical/enteral nutrition, the opportunities for future research are highlighted. Written by leading nutritional scientists and clinical investigators, this publication will help practitioners as well as clinical and basic scientists to understand the opportunities enteral nutrition offers in the clinical management of patients.

Protein Nutrition And Mineral Absorption

Author : Raul A. Wapnir
ISBN : 0849352274
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 75 MB
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This volume presents information regarding the mechanisms of protein absorption under normal and pathologic conditions, in addition to reviewing changes that occur at various stages of life. General modifiers of intestinal absorption, such as the processing of foods, the nutritional status of the individual, and disease, are explored with reference to both proteins and minerals. Inorganic macronutrients, namely calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, are discussed in relation to protein ingestion. The book also explores the concept of essential trace elements (e.g., iron, zinc, copper, and iodine) and their link to protein sufficiency. The relationship of ultratrace elements with the content of proteins in food is examined, and the book offers a fresh view of the role of certain elements, particularly zinc, on the conformation of proteins linked to DNA, hormone receptors, and gene products. Protein Nutrition and Mineral Absorption is packed with 2,300 references, 100 figures and graphs, plus 25 tables. Nutritionists and physicians will find this book to be an invaluable reference source for rationalizing nutritional interventions and diet modifications for their patients.

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