ammonia synthesis catalysts innovation and practice

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Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Author : Huazhang Liu
ISBN : 9789814518802
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27. 41 MB
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation

Ammonia

Author : Anders Nielsen
ISBN : 9783642791970
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 11 MB
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Ammonia is one of the 10 largest commodity chemicals produced. The editor, Anders Nielsen, is research director with one of the largest industrial catalyst producers. He has compiled a complete reference on all aspects of catalytical ammonia production in industry, from thermodynamics and kinetics to reactor and plant design. One chapter deals with safety aspects of ammonia handling and storage.

Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis

Author : J.R. Jennings
ISBN : 0306436280
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 2 MB
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This book covers the history of early developments of ammonia synthesis, and fundamental scientific investigations of the catalyst and its promoters. Contributers also discuss technological aspects of ammonia synthesis, and look at the future of the industry.

Enriching The Earth

Author : Vaclav Smil
ISBN : 0262693135
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 42 MB
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The compelling history of the long-sought discovery of ammonia synthesis and its vital role in the modern industrial world.

Ammonia

Author : Max Appl
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021959882
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 62 MB
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Ammonia is one of the most important inorganic basic chemicals, not only for the manufacture of fertilizers (85%) but also for the production of plastics, fibers, explosives, and intermediates for dyes and pharmaceuticals. It is an essential reaction component for the synthesis of numerous organic chemicals used as solvents and intermediates. The book provides a practical and up-to-date account of the product properties, synthesis and reaction mechanisms, including catalysis and commercial catalysts, modern production technology for different feedstocks, quality specifications and environmental health and safety aspects, uses and economic data of this important commodity chemical. It also discusses perspectives of future developments of commercial ammonia production. Over 1400 references to the relevant literature complete this concise presentation, whose aim is to inform the reader of the present status of the theory and practice of industrial ammonia production. Chemical engineers, engineers and chemists in industry, engineering companies, catalyst manufacturers, equipment makers and chemical engineering university departments will certainly profit from this comprehensive review based on the author's long practical experience in a leading technical management position of one of the largest European ammonia producers.

Petroleum And Gas Field Processing

Author : H.K. Abdel-Aal
ISBN : 9780824756147
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 9 MB
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The immediate product extracted from oil and gas wells consists of mixtures of oil, gas, and water that is difficult to transport, requiring a certain amount of field processing. This reference analyzes principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products. It details strategies in equipment selection and system design, field development and operation, and process simulation and control to increase plant productivity and safety and avoid losses during purification, treatment, storage, and export. Providing guidelines for developing efficient and economical treatment systems, the book features solved design examples that demonstrate the application of developed design equations as well as review problems and exercises of key engineering concepts in petroleum field development and operation.

Fundamental Concepts In Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author : Jens K. N?rskov
ISBN : 9781118892022
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 4 MB
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This book is based on a graduate course and suitable as a primer for any newcomer to the field, this book is a detailed introduction to the experimental and computational methods that are used to study how solid surfaces act as catalysts. Features include: First comprehensive description of modern theory of heterogeneous catalysis Basis for understanding and designing experiments in the field Allows reader to understand catalyst design principles Introduction to important elements of energy transformation technology Test driven at Stanford University over several semesters

Innovations In Industrial And Engineering Chemistry

Author : William H. Flank
ISBN : 0841269637
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 94 MB
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The Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division (I&EC) of the American Chemical Society celebrated the centennial of its establishment in 2008. I&EC was the first technical division established within ACS, and as part of the commemorations planned this book has been produced. The theme of the book is innovation and creativity in the chemical industry, where industrial chemists and chemical engineers have made and will make major contributions. This book provides broad coverage of several significant innovations in chemistry that have led, or will lead, to global industrial developments. The material emphasizes how basic science discoveries have been translated into practice. The book will give readers insight into the nature of developing industries from laboratory discoveries. Innovations in industrial and Engineering Chemistry not only chronicles the creativity of our industry, but also reveals the nature of discovery and innovation. There are chapters that are retrospective in nature as well as chapters that are more prospective (for example, green chemistry). The book is not just a history or commemorative, but a compendium of the nature of innovation in our field. The book covers traditional chemical and petrochemical industries, but also emerging fields ionic liquids. The book is a true resource for professionals.

Surface Chemistry And Catalysis

Author : Albert F. Carley
ISBN : 9781475766370
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 31 MB
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In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.

Principles And Methods For Accelerated Catalyst Design And Testing

Author : E.G. Derouane
ISBN : 9789401005548
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 30 MB
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High throughput experimentation has met great success in drug design but it has, so far, been scarcely used in the field ofcatalysis. We present in this book the outcome of a NATO ASI meeting that was held in Vilamoura, Portugal, between July 15 and 28, 2001, with the objective of delineating and consolidating the principles and methods underpinning accelerated catalyst design, evaluation, and development. There is a need to make the underlying principles of this new methodology more widely understood and to make it available in a coherent and integrated format. The latter objective is particularly important to the young scientists who will constitute the new catalysis researchers generation. Indeed, this field which is at the frontier offundamental science and may be a renaissance for catalysis, is one which is much more complex than classical catalysis itself. It implies a close collaboration between scientists from many disciplines (chemistry, physics, chemical and mechanical engineering, automation, robotics, and scientific computing in general). In addition, this emerging area of science is also of paramount industrial importance, as progress in this area would collapse the time necessary to discover new catalysts or improve existing ones.

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