ammonia synthesis catalysts innovation and practice

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Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Author : Huazhang Liu
ISBN : 9789814518802
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 35 MB
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation

Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis

Author : J.R. Jennings
ISBN : 0306436280
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 74 MB
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This book covers the history of early developments of ammonia synthesis, and fundamental scientific investigations of the catalyst and its promoters. Contributers also discuss technological aspects of ammonia synthesis, and look at the future of the industry.

Ammonia

Author : Max Appl
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021959882
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 72 MB
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Ammonia is one of the most important inorganic basic chemicals, not only for the manufacture of fertilizers (85%) but also for the production of plastics, fibers, explosives, and intermediates for dyes and pharmaceuticals. It is an essential reaction component for the synthesis of numerous organic chemicals used as solvents and intermediates. The book provides a practical and up-to-date account of the product properties, synthesis and reaction mechanisms, including catalysis and commercial catalysts, modern production technology for different feedstocks, quality specifications and environmental health and safety aspects, uses and economic data of this important commodity chemical. It also discusses perspectives of future developments of commercial ammonia production. Over 1400 references to the relevant literature complete this concise presentation, whose aim is to inform the reader of the present status of the theory and practice of industrial ammonia production. Chemical engineers, engineers and chemists in industry, engineering companies, catalyst manufacturers, equipment makers and chemical engineering university departments will certainly profit from this comprehensive review based on the author's long practical experience in a leading technical management position of one of the largest European ammonia producers.

Enriching The Earth

Author : Vaclav Smil
ISBN : 0262693135
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 28 MB
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The compelling history of the long-sought discovery of ammonia synthesis and its vital role in the modern industrial world.

Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes The Challenges For Biofuels Production

Author : Seddon Duncan
ISBN : 9781786344854
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 56 MB
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The demand for hydroprocessing catalysts has shown an increasing trend, because of their applications in refining of petroleum and biofuels, in order to comply with strict environmental regulations controlling emissions from transportation vehicles. Transport fuel is dominated by fossil fuels with carbon emission intensive production methods. If we are to move away from these sources, the alternative is to produce liquid fuels from agricultural stocks -- crops, crop waste, forestry waste or algae. Converting these feedstocks into high quality fuels is a considerable challenge. By describing the current status in processing agricultural feedstock into high quality liquid transport fuels, the authors set out the means to develop better chemistry and catalysis for the necessary conversion processes. This book offers an intriguing insight into the mechanisms and protocols involved in new hydroprocessing catalysts and processes, and covers the methods for upgrading these liquids to modern transport vehicles suitable for operation in modern gasoline and diesel engines. It provides an introduction to the mechanism of hydroprocessing reactions, application of different metals in hydroprocessing, the effect of catalyst supports, applications in refining new feedstock, renewable fuels standards, the management of spent hydroprocessing catalysts, and hydrogen production. Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes will prove useful for both researchers in academe and industry concerned with future fuels development and treatment to produce current and future liquid transport fuels. Contents: Preface Hydroprocessing and the Chemistry Stabilization of Bio-Oil to Enable Its Hydrotreating to Produce Bio-Fuels Hydroprocessing Catalysts: Inexpensive Ni Based Non-Sulfided Catalysts Catalytic Upgrading of Pinewood Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Over Carbon-Encapsulated Bimetallic Co-Mo Carbides and Sulfides Catalysts Hydroprocessing Catalysts for Algal Biofuels Effects of Catalyst Support on Hydroprocessing Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-Feedstock Renewable Fuels and Fuel Regulations and Standards Spent Hydroprocessing Catalysts Management Hydrogen Production Readership: Graduate students in catalysis, refinery feedstock operations and planners, fuel technologists. Keywords: Hydrodesulfurization;Hydrodenitrogenation;Hydrodeoxygenation;Hydrogenation;Hydrocracking;Hydrodemetallization;Hydroprocessing Catalyst Model;Bio-Oil Stabilization;Ni Based Catalysts;Cobalt-Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts;Algal Biofuels;Support Effect;Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-feedstock;Neste MY;BP;Ecofining;ENI;Honeywell-UOP;Bio-Synfining;Vegan;HydroFlex;Renewable Fuels Standards;Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst;Hydrogen ProductionReview: Key Features: Most recent books related to hydroprocessing catalysts were published over 8 years ago New challenges in biorefining and petroleum refining have required development of entirely new catalyst formulations and improvements of currently used catalysts It is anticipated that the consumption of hydroprocessing catalysts will show a significant increase in the near future

Carbon And Oxide Nanostructures

Author : Noorhana Yahya
ISBN : 3642146732
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 59 MB
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This volume covers all aspects of carbon and oxide based nanostructured materials. The topics include synthesis, characterization and application of carbon-based namely carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes, carbon filled composites etc. In addition, metal oxides namely, ZnO, TiO2, Fe2O3, ferrites, garnets etc., for various applications like sensors, solar cells, transformers, antennas, catalysts, batteries, lubricants, are presented. The book also includes the modeling of oxide and carbon based nanomaterials. The book covers the topics: Synthesis, characterization and application of carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes Synthesis, characterization and application of oxide based nanomaterials. Nanostructured magnetic and electric materials and their applications. Nanostructured materials for petro-chemical industry. Oxide and carbon based thin films for electronics and sustainable energy. Theory, calculations and modeling of nanostructured materials.

Innovations In Industrial And Engineering Chemistry

Author : William H. Flank
ISBN : 0841269637
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 88 MB
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The Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division (I&EC) of the American Chemical Society celebrated the centennial of its establishment in 2008. I&EC was the first technical division established within ACS, and as part of the commemorations planned this book has been produced. The theme of the book is innovation and creativity in the chemical industry, where industrial chemists and chemical engineers have made and will make major contributions. This book provides broad coverage of several significant innovations in chemistry that have led, or will lead, to global industrial developments. The material emphasizes how basic science discoveries have been translated into practice. The book will give readers insight into the nature of developing industries from laboratory discoveries. Innovations in industrial and Engineering Chemistry not only chronicles the creativity of our industry, but also reveals the nature of discovery and innovation. There are chapters that are retrospective in nature as well as chapters that are more prospective (for example, green chemistry). The book is not just a history or commemorative, but a compendium of the nature of innovation in our field. The book covers traditional chemical and petrochemical industries, but also emerging fields ionic liquids. The book is a true resource for professionals.

Industrial Catalysis And Separations

Author : K. V. Raghavan
ISBN : 9781482234268
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 73 MB
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With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. In addition, a thorough and updated coverage of the traditional aspects of heterogeneous catalysis such as preparation, characterization and use in well-established technologies such as nitration, ammoxidation and hydrofluorination is included. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.

Carbon Dioxide Utilization For Global Sustainability

Author : Sang-Eon Park
ISBN : 0080472176
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 45 MB
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Addressing global environmental problems, such as global warming is essential to global sustainability. Continued research leads to advancement in standard methods and produces new data. Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability: Proceedings of the 7th ICCDU (International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization) reflects the most recent research results, as well as stimulating scientific discussions with new challenges in advancing the development of carbon dioxide utilization. Drawing on a wealth of information, this well structured book will benefit students, researchers and consultants looking to catch up on current developments in environmental and chemical engineering. * Provides comprehensive data on CO2 utilisation * Contains up-to-date information, including recent research trends * Is written for students, researchers and consultants in environmental and chemical engineering

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Author :
ISBN : 9780128149256
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 20 MB
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Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

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