an introduction to aquatic toxicology

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An Introduction To Aquatic Toxicology

Author : Mikko Nikinmaa
ISBN : 9780124115811
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 6 MB
Format : PDF
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An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology is an introductory reference for all aspects of toxicology pertaining to aquatic environments. As water sources diminish, the need to understand the effects that contaminants may have on aquatic organisms and ecosystems increases in importance. This book will provide you with a solid understanding of aquatic toxicology, its past, its cutting-edge present and its likely future. An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology will introduce you to the global issue of aquatic contamination, detailing the major sources of contamination, from where they originate, and their effects on aquatic organisms and their environment. State-of-the-art toxicological topics covered include nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, bioinformatics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, as well as water management and the toxicological effects of major environmental issues such as algal blooms, climate change and ocean acidification. This book is intended for anyone who wants to know more about the impact of toxicants on aquatic organisms and ecosystems, or to keep up to date with recent and future developments in the field. Provides with the latest perspectives on the impacts of toxicants on aquatic environments, such as nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, ocean acidification and eutrophication Offers a complete overview, beginning with the origins of aquatic toxicology and concluding with potential future challenges Includes guidance on testing methods and a glossary of aquatic toxicology terms.

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

Author : Gary M. Rand
ISBN : 1560320915
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 4 MB
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This text is divided into three parts. The first part describes basic toxicological concepts and methodologies used in aquatic toxicity testing, including the philosophies underlying testing strategies now required to meet and support regulatory standards. The second part of the book discusses various factors that affect transport, transformation, ultimate distribution, and accumulation of chemicals in the aquatic environment, along with the use of modelling to predict fate.; The final section of the book reviews types of effects or endpoints evaluated in field studies and the use of structure-activity relationships in aquatic toxicology to predict biological activity and physio-chemical properties of a chemical. This section also contains an extensive background of environmental legislation in the USA and within the European Community, and an introduction to hazard/risk assessment with case studies.

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet
ISBN : 9780128011768
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 31 MB
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Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks presents a thorough look at recent advances in aquatic ecotoxicology and their application in assessing the risk of well-known and emerging environmental contaminants. This essential reference, brought together by leading experts in the field, guides users through existing and novel approaches to environmental risk assessment, then presenting recent advances in the field of ecotoxicology, including omics-based technologies, biomarkers, and reference species. The book then demonstrates how these advances can be used to design and perform assays to discover the toxicological endpoints of emerging risks within the aquatic environment, such as nanomaterials, personal care products, PFOS and chemical mixtures. The text is an invaluable reference for any scientist who studies the effects of contaminants on organisms that live within aquatic environments. Provides the latest perspectives on emerging toxic risks to aquatic environments, such as nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, chemical mixtures, and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) Offers practical guidance on recent advances to help in choosing the most appropriate toxicological assay Presents case studies and information on a variety of reference species to help put the ecotoxicological theory into practical risk assess

Microscale Testing In Aquatic Toxicology

Author : Peter G. Wells
ISBN : 0849326265
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 29 MB
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Bioassays are among the ecotoxicologist's most effective weapons in the evaluation of water quality and the assessment of ecological impacts of effluents, chemicals, discharges, and emissions on the aquatic environment. Information on these assessment aids is needed throughout the international scientific and environmental management community. This comprehensive reference provides an excellent overview of the small-scale aquatic bioassay techniques and applications currently in use around the world. This special volume is the result of several years of collaboration between Environment Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Internationally recognized research scientists at many institutions have contributed to this state-of-the-art examination of the exciting, environmentally important field of microscale testing in aquatic toxicology. Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology contains over forty chapters covering relevant principles, new techniques and recent advancements, and applications in scientific research, environmental management, academia, and the private sector.

Marine Ecotoxicology

Author : Julián Blasco
ISBN : 9780128033722
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 25 MB
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Marine Ecotoxicology: Current Knowledge and Future Issues is the first unified resource to cover issues related to contamination, responses, and testing techniques of saltwater from a toxicological perspective. With its unprecedented focus on marine environments and logical chapter progression, this book is useful to graduate students, ecotoxicologists, risk assessors, and regulators involved or interested in marine waters. As human interaction with these environments increases, understanding of the pollutants and toxins introduced into the oceans becomes ever more critical, and this book builds a foundation of knowledge to assist scientists in studying, monitoring, and making decisions that affect both marine environments and human health. A team of world renowned experts provide detailed analyses of the most common contaminants in marine environments and explain the design and purpose of toxicity testing methods, while exploring the future of ecotoxicology studies in relation to the world’s oceans. As the threat of increasing pollution in marine environments becomes an ever more tangible reality, Marine Ecotoxicology offers insights and guidance to mitigate that threat. Provides practical tools and methods for assessing and monitoring the accumulation and effects of contaminants in marine environments Unites world renowned experts in marine ecotoxicology to deliver thorough and diverse perspectives Builds the foundation required for risk assessors and regulators to adequately assess and monitor the impact of pollution in marine environments Offers helpful insights and guidance to graduate students, ecotoxicologists, risk assessors, and regulators interested in mitigating threats to marine waters

The Toxicology Of Fishes

Author : Richard T. Di Giulio
ISBN : 0203647297
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 21 MB
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When looking for a book on fish toxicology, you might find one that discusses the biochemical and molecular aspects, or one that focuses aquatic toxicology in general. You can find resources that cover human and animal toxicology or ecotoxicology in general, but no up-to-date, comprehensive monograph devoted to the effects of chemical pollution on these organisms has been widely available, until now. Filling this void, The Toxicology of Fishes, written by recognized experts, covers toxic responses ranging from reduced reproduction and/or abnormal development, growth, and differentiation. General Principles — Discusses fundamental topics such as the bioavailability of chemicals present in the aquatic environment to fishes, processes governing chemical distribution within these organisms, how fish metabolize organic chemicals, and fundamental mechanisms of chemical toxicity Key Target Systems and Organismal Effects — Describes key target organ systems for chemical impacts in fish, how chemicals produce cancer in these animals, and how fishes can develop resistance to chemical toxicity Methodologies and Applications — Dovers methods for the assessment of chemical effects on fish such as toxicity tests, biomarkers, simulated ecosystems, and modeling approaches and the use of data from such studies in ecological risk assessments Case Studies — Provides examples of how the principles and approaches presented in earlier units are actually deployed in studies Illustrated by case studies of actual, large-scale field investigations, the book reviews the tools used to assess unwanted effects in laboratory model- and wild fish in detail. With 238 illustrations, 70 tables, and 50 equations, this comprehensive monograph presents detailed information on the boiavailability of chemical pollutants, their distribution, metabolism, and excretion in the host fish and mechanisms and sites of toxic responses.

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

Author : Gary M. Rand
ISBN : UOM:39015021641108
Genre : Aquatic organisms
File Size : 36. 24 MB
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The Handbook Of Histopathological Practices In Aquatic Environments

Author : Pedro M. Costa
ISBN : 9780128120316
Genre : Nature
File Size : 48. 20 MB
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The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments: Guide to Histology for Environmental Toxicology offers readers in aquatic biology and other water-based environmental sciences a comprehensive resource on histopathology, which is a key tool in the growing field of ecotoxicology. This work brings together the necessary knowledge, from sample preparation, to trait identification, and scoring and data treatment. Furthermore, with examples from several groups of organisms (from worms to fish), these practices can be applied across a wide array of aquatic ecosystems. This book provides a step-by-step approach to solving the questions researchers encounter in aquatic biology and related fields. Offers examples from a broad range of aquatic organisms, replacing sparse, dispersed and often aged literature Covers a variety of organisms, including hard to find, non-commercial and non-model species Provides an in-depth understanding of how and why techniques are used, as opposed to just a list of procedures Combines, in a single work, everything from sample handling to scoring

Handbook Of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Author : David J. Hoffman
ISBN : 9781420032505
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Ecotoxicology Of Explosives

Author : Geoffrey I. Sunahara
ISBN : 1420004344
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 61 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Managing sites contaminated with munitions constituents is an international challenge. Although the choice of approach and the use of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) tools may vary from country to country, the assurance of quality and the direction of ecotoxicological research are universally recognized as shared concerns. Drawing on a multidisciplinary team of contributors, Ecotoxicology of Explosives provides comprehenisve and critical reviews available to date on fate, transport, and effects of explosives. The book delineates the state of the science of the ecotoxicology of explosives, past, present, and recently developed. It reviews the accessible fate and ecotoxicological data for energetic materials (EMs) and the methods for their development. The chapters characterize the fate of explosives in the environment, then provide information on their ecological effects in key environmental media, including aquatic, sedimentary, and terrestrial habitats. The book also discusses approaches for assembling these lines of evidence for risk assessment purposes. The chapter authors have critically examined the peer-reviewed literature to identify and prioritize the knowledge gaps and to recommend future areas of research. The editors include a review of the genotoxic effects of the EMs and the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of these chemicals. They also discuss the transport, transformation, and degradation pathways of these chemicals in the environment that underlie the potential hazardous impact and bioaccumulation of EMs in different terrestrial and aquatic ecologiocal receptors. This information translates into practical applications for the environmental risk assessment of EM-contaminated sites and into recommendations for the sustainable use of defense installations.

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