an introduction to space weather

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An Introduction To Space Weather

Author : Mark Moldwin
ISBN : 9781139467858
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 99 MB
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Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar-terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth's space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication and power distribution systems. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses the practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun-Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Key concepts, supplements, and review questions are given at the end of each chapter to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses.

An Introduction To Space Weather Mark Moldwin 2008

Author : Cambridge University Press
ISBN :
Genre : Nature
File Size : 23. 98 MB
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An Introduction to Space Weather Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar–terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth’s space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication, and power distribution systems, and injure or kill astronauts. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun–Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Each chapter contains key concepts, supplements, and review questions to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses. Mark B. Moldwinis Professor of Space Physics in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. His primary research interests are magnetospheric and heliospheric plasma physics, and precollege space science education and outreach activities. Preface In the last few decades our technological civilization has become dependent on satellites for global communication, navigation, and commerce. We have also begun the long journey to explore the Moon, Mars, and our Solar System. This exploration has led to some amazing discoveries about our dynamic Sun and its interaction with Earth. We now know that the Sun is a variable star that expels high-energy particles and deadly radiation continuously out into space. This radiation can impact and destroy technological systems and is one of the major concerns for human space exploration. In the 1990s, the commercial satellite industry boomed, with direct-satellite-to-homeTVmarkets and satellite communication options expanding. In 2000, the satellite communications industry was doing nearly $100 billion per year of business with nearly a hundred new satellites launched each year.With the increased commercial businesses and the reliance of different markets on space, society began to notice when something went wrong in space. Galaxy IV was an operating and profitable communications satellite until May 19, 1998, when, after experiencing weeks of intense radiation generated by the Sun and the Sun’s interaction with the Earth’s space environment, it failed. Galaxy IVcarried the signals of over90%of North America’s pagers and several major broadcast networks, including the US National Public Radio (NPR) and CBS. Without the $200 million satellite, millions of pager messages, NPR radio, and CBS television programs never made it to their intended audience. Radio and TV producers were left scrambling to fill dead-air time and medical doctors and business people found themselves out of contact with their hospitals and clients. In all likelihood Galaxy IV was a victim of a space weather storm. Space storms can not only damage or destroy orbiting satellites, but can also injure or kill astronauts, degrade or blackout certain radio and navigation communications, and cause regional power failures by destroying critical components of electrical power grids.With the continued growth of the satellite communications industry and our growing dependence on wireless communication and instant access to global information, we are becoming more and more susceptible to problems caused by space weather. This textbook introduces the reader to the emerging field of space weather using an approach that is both descriptive and quantitative. The mathematical sophistication of the reader is assumed to be at the level of high-school algebra. Since science is not just a collection of facts, but a process or way of understanding our natural world, the book attempts to answer the question “How do we know that?” by including discussions on the historical development of different concepts. This book was derived from the notes for three undergraduate courses at UCLA – the first a freshman seminar, the second an Honors Collegium course, and the third a general education course for nonscience majors entitled “The Perils of Space: an Introduction to Space Weather” first taught in Fall 2004. Each chapter is divided into two parts: the main text describing space weather topics and supplements describing important physical concepts behind each topic. End-of-chapter problems allow students to delve deeper into aspects of the chapter.Alist of key concepts is given at the beginning of each chapter, and the concepts are in bold in the main body of the text. Readers wishing to understand space weather should familiarize themselves with them. Definitions of important terms, which are given throughout the text, are indicated by bold page numbering in the index.

An Introduction To Space Weather Mark Maldwin 2008

Author : Cambridge University Press
ISBN :
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 48. 90 MB
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An Introduction to Space Weather Space weather is an emerging field of space science focused on understanding societal and technological impacts of the solar–terrestrial relationship. The Sun, which has tremendous influence on Earth’s space environment, releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellite, navigation, communication, and power distribution systems, and injure or kill astronauts. This textbook introduces the relationship between the Sun and Earth, and shows how it impacts our technological society. One of the first undergraduate textbooks on space weather aimed at non-science majors, it uses practical aspects of space weather to introduce space physics and give students an understanding of the Sun–Earth relationship. Definitions of important terms are given throughout the text. Each chapter contains key concepts, supplements, and review questions to help students understand the materials covered. This textbook is ideal for introductory space physics courses. Mark B. Moldwinis Professor of Space Physics in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. His primary research interests are magnetospheric and heliospheric plasma physics, and precollege space science education and outreach activities. Preface In the last few decades our technological civilization has become dependent on satellites for global communication, navigation, and commerce. We have also begun the long journey to explore the Moon, Mars, and our Solar System. This exploration has led to some amazing discoveries about our dynamic Sun and its interaction with Earth. We now know that the Sun is a variable star that expels high-energy particles and deadly radiation continuously out into space. This radiation can impact and destroy technological systems and is one of the major concerns for human space exploration. In the 1990s, the commercial satellite industry boomed, with direct-satellite-to-homeTVmarkets and satellite communication options expanding. In 2000, the satellite communications industry was doing nearly $100 billion per year of business with nearly a hundred new satellites launched each year.With the increased commercial businesses and the reliance of different markets on space, society began to notice when something went wrong in space. Galaxy IV was an operating and profitable communications satellite until May 19, 1998, when, after experiencing weeks of intense radiation generated by the Sun and the Sun’s interaction with the Earth’s space environment, it failed. Galaxy IVcarried the signals of over90%of North America’s pagers and several major broadcast networks, including the US National Public Radio (NPR) and CBS. Without the $200 million satellite, millions of pager messages, NPR radio, and CBS television programs never made it to their intended audience. Radio and TV producers were left scrambling to fill dead-air time and medical doctors and business people found themselves out of contact with their hospitals and clients. In all likelihood Galaxy IV was a victim of a space weather storm. Space storms can not only damage or destroy orbiting satellites, but can also injure or kill astronauts, degrade or blackout certain radio and navigation communications, and cause regional power failures by destroying critical components of electrical power grids.With the continued growth of the satellite communications industry and our growing dependence on wireless communication and instant access to global information, we are becoming more and more susceptible to problems caused by space weather. This textbook introduces the reader to the emerging field of space weather using an approach that is both descriptive and quantitative. The mathematical sophistication of the reader is assumed to be at the level of high-school algebra. Since science is not just a collection of facts, but a process or way of understanding our natural world, the book attempts to answer the question “How do we know that?” by including discussions on the historical development of different concepts. This book was derived from the notes for three undergraduate courses at UCLA – the first a freshman seminar, the second an Honors Collegium course, and the third a general education course for nonscience majors entitled “The Perils of Space: an Introduction to Space Weather” first taught in Fall 2004. Each chapter is divided into two parts: the main text describing space weather topics and supplements describing important physical concepts behind each topic. End-of-chapter problems allow students to delve deeper into aspects of the chapter.Alist of key concepts is given at the beginning of each chapter, and the concepts are in bold in the main body of the text. Readers wishing to understand space weather should familiarize themselves with them. Definitions of important terms, which are given throughout the text, are indicated by bold page numbering in the index. Acknowledgments Students in UCLA’s Introduction to Space Weather course inspired the writing of this textbook. A number of friends and colleagues, including Hamid Rassoul, Chris Russell, Bob McPherron, Margy Kivelson, and Ray Walker, helped me with the book. I am especially indebted to Jeff Sanny for his very careful and thoughtful comments. The book would never have been written without the editorial assistance of Judy Hohl. Her professionalism and enthusiasm for the project made the publication possible. Also instrumental in the formulation of this textbook have been my graduate students (Matt Fillingim, Paul Martin, David Berube, Megan Cartwright, and David Galvan) and post-docs (James Weygand and Endawoke Yizengaw), who helped me combine my passion for research with my love of teaching. Mentors who supported my efforts to combine research and teaching include Jeff Hughes, James Patterson, and Michelle Thomsen. Finally, I would like to acknowledge the support and love of my wife (Patty) and children (Andi and Kyle) during the long process of putting this textbook together.

The Sun And Space Weather

Author : Arnold Hanslmeier
ISBN : 9781402006845
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 46 MB
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Since the Sun is the main source of space weather effects, the first part of the book is devoted to a general introduction to the physics of the Sun. A better understanding of the phenomena underlying solar activity is also important for prediction of solar outbursts and thus for establishing alert systems for space missions and telecommunication systems. The book contains the following topics: possible influence of the Sun on the Earth's climate; the effects of radiation on humans in space and the expected radiation dose from various solar events; disturbances of the Earth's ionosphere and the implications of radio communication at different wavelength ranges; possible hazardous asteroids and meteoroids and their detection; and space debris and special shielding of spacecraft. In the cited literature more detailed information about the topics may be found. This book provides an introduction and overview of modern solar-terrestrial physics for students as well as for researchers in the field of astrophysics, solar physics, geophysics, and climate research.

Physik Des Erdnahen Weltraums

Author : Gerd Prölss
ISBN : 9783642188077
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 78 MB
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Dieses Buch, das in die Gebiete, Methoden und Ergebnisse der Extraterrestrischen Physik einführen möchte, wendet sich an ein relativ breites Publikum. Vorausgesetzt werden lediglich Grundkenntnisse der Mathematik und Physik, wie sie in den ersten Semestern eines natur- oder ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Studiums erworben werden. Spezielleres Wissen wird im Zusammenhang mit dem jeweils betrachteten Phänomen abgeleitet. Es eignet sich daher sowohl zum Selbststudium für Quereinsteiger als auch vorlesungsbegleitend für alle Studentent der Fachrichtungen Physik, Geophysik, Meteorologie und Astronomie.

Space Weather

Author : Volker Bothmer
ISBN : 9783540345787
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 43 MB
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The editors present a state-of-the-art overview on the Physics of Space Weather and its effects on technological and biological systems on the ground and in space. It opens with a general introduction on the subject, followed by a historical review on the major developments in the field of solar terrestrial relationships leading to its development into the up-to-date field of space weather. Specific emphasis is placed on the technological effects that have impacted society in the past century at times of major solar activity. Chapter 2 summarizes key milestones, starting from the base of solar observations with classic telescopes up to recent space observations and new mission developments with EUV and X-ray telescopes (e.g., STEREO), yielding an unprecedented view of the sun-earth system. Chapter 3 provides a scientific summary of the present understanding of the physics of the sun-earth system based on the latest results from spacecraft designed to observe the Sun, the interplanetary medium and geospace. Chapter 4 describes how the plasma and magnetic field structure of the earth's magnetosphere is impacted by the variation of the solar and interplanetary conditions, providing the necessary science and technology background for missions in low and near earth's orbit. Chapter 5 elaborates the physics of the layer of the earth's upper atmosphere that is the cause of disruptions in radio-wave communications and GPS (Global Positioning System) errors, which is of crucial importance for projects like Galileo. In Chapters 6-10, the impacts of technology used up to now in space, on earth and on life are reviewed.

Storms From The Sun

Author : Michael J. Carlowicz
ISBN : 0309076420
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 42 MB
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Examines the emerging physical science of space weather and the impact the sun and solar storms have on Earth life.

Sentinels Of The Sun

Author : Barbara B. Poppe
ISBN : 1555663796
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 20 MB
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The Halloween Storms of late 2003, one of the largest series of solar storms in history, caused power failures, the rerouting of airline flights, satellite and space-station problems, and the failure of multimillion-dollar instruments on the Mars Odyssey orbiter and the ADEOS-2 spacecraft. The dramatic activity underscored the limitations of our understanding of the Sun. With the tremendous technological advancements over the past hundred years, we are now forced to examine the workings of the Sun and its effect on our daily lives. This book takes a look at space weather and the Space Environment Center, a federal agency devoted to the study of the Sun. It will give readers a scientific understanding of how the Sun will affect each of us who talks on a cell phone, finds our way with a GPS receiver, flies to the top of the world or beyond, or simply sits out under the northern lights pondering such beautiful displays.

Space Storms And Space Weather Hazards

Author : I.A. Daglis
ISBN : 1402000308
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 91 MB
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Proceedings of the Nato Advanced Study Institute, 19-29 June 2000, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece

Coronal Mass Ejections

Author : Timothty Howard
ISBN : 1441987894
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 62 MB
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The book introduces the solar coronal mass ejection phenomena. This includes both those observed in the corona and those further from the Sun, known as interplanetary coronal mass ejections. We discuss the history and physics behind these phenomena, theories describing their launch and evolution, association with other solar eruptive phenomena, and methods employed for their detection and scientific data extraction. Instruments used for their study (past, present and future) are also discussed, along with their resulting space weather effects on Earth and other planets. The latter requires a description of the Earth’s magnetosphere, which is also included. Coronal Mass Ejections brings together solar physics, heliospheric physics, and magnetospheric physics, three traditionally separate fields of study. The content is accessible to beginning graduate students who are trying to master difficult fundamental concepts.

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