anticancer agents from natural products second edition

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Anticancer Agents From Natural Products Second Edition

Author : Gordon M. Cragg
ISBN : 9781439813829
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 91 MB
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The approach to drug discovery from natural sources has yielded many important new pharmaceuticals inaccessible by other routes. In many cases the isolated natural product may not be an effective drug for any of several reasons, but it nevertheless may become a drug through chemical modification or have a novel pharmacophore for future drug design. In summarizing the status of natural products as cancer chemotherapeutics, Anticancer Agents from Natural Products, Second Edition covers the: History of each covered drug—a discussion of its mechanism on action, medicinal chemistry, synthesis, and clinical applications Potential for novel drug discovery through the use of genome mining as well as future developments in anticancer drug discovery Important biosynthetic approaches to "unnatural" natural products Anticancer Agents from Natural Products, Second Edition discusses how complex target-oriented synthesis—enabled by historic advances in methodology—has enormously expanded the scope of the possible. This book covers the current clinically used anticancer agents that are either natural products or are clearly derived from natural product leads. It also reviews drug candidates currently in clinical development since many of these will be clinically used drugs in the future. Examples include the drugs etoposide and teniposide derived from the lead compound podophyllotoxin; numerous analogs derived from taxol; topotecan, derived from camptothecin; and the synthetic clinical candidates, E7389 and HTI-286, developed from the marine leads, halichondrin B and hemiasterlin.

Bioactive Compounds From Natural Sources Second Edition

Author : Corrado Tringali
ISBN : 9781439822296
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 43 MB
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The first edition of Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources was published in a period of renewed attention to biologically active compounds of natural origin. This trend has continued and intensified—natural products are again under the spotlight, in particular for their possible pharmacological applications. Largely focusing on natural products as lead compounds in drug discovery, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources, Second Edition: Natural Products as Lead Compounds in Drug Discovery is actually a completely new volume containing surveys of selected recent advances in an interdisciplinary area covering chemistry of natural products, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and other related topics. Written by some of the most reputed scientists in the field, this second edition includes new chapters from authors who contributed to the first edition as well as many chapters compiled by new authors. Introducing the reader to strategies and methods in the search for bioactive natural products, this book covers topics including: Natural sources of bioactive compounds such as aquatic cyanobacteria, filamentous fungi, and tropical plants, The tremendous potentiality of metabolic engineering of natural products biosynthesis The contribution of emerging or developing technologies to the study of bioactive natural compounds, namely computational methods and circular dichroism The potential of natural or natural-derived compounds for specific therapeutic applications: treatment of viral diseases, regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor, antimalarials, modulation of angiogenesis, and antitumor and wound-healing activity Selected examples of natural product families and related synthetic analogues, namely polyphenols and campthotecins Compiled for researchers and Ph.D. students working in interdisciplinary fields, this book will also be appreciated by readers without a background in chemistry interested in bioactive natural products, their biological and pharmacological properties, and their possible use as chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agents. Conversely, the biological and pharmacological data and methods are accessible by chemists.

Bioactive Natural Products

Author : Steven M. Colegate
ISBN : 1420006886
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 47 MB
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Bioactive natural products are proving to be a rich source of novel therapeutics to both protect against and combat diseases, as well as serve as lead compounds in crop protection. Following the successful format of the first edition, this volume brings together collective research from many new contributors and emphasizes the rationale behind the successful detection, isolation, and structure determination of specific compounds. The text encompasses a diverse range of techniques that can be applied to terrestrial and aquatic sources. It also allows you to understand how source material can be selected to enhance your opportunity to discover and utilize novel bioactive natural products. New to the Second Edition— · Advances in the application of NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, bioactive chemical detection and extraction, dereplication, and novel bioassay development · New case studies and illustrations that demonstrate the practical applications of specific techniques · A group of new contributors presenting research from their own laboratories that emphasize both the philosophy and rationale behind detection, isolation, and structural determination Following an overview of natural product chemistry techniques and approaches, many new chapters discuss selection of source material, quantitative NMR, high speed counter-current chromatography, dereplication of extracts, and methods to determine the stereochemistry of bioactive natural products. Examinations of new technologies including LC-NMR, biosensors, and biofingerprinting accompany discussions on the search for specific activities in anticancer and antimalarial applications, seed germination stimulation, and mammalian toxicity. With the participation from active researchers, this definitive work supplies a vital extension and an enduring contribution to the science and art of bioactive natural product detection, isolation, and structural determination.

Camptothecins New Anticancer Agents

Author : Milan Potmesil
ISBN : 0849347645
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 33 MB
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This exciting new book presents the first comprehensive overview of clinical trials of camptothecins, a new class of anticancer agents. Camptothecins are synthetic and semisynthetic derivatives of a plant alkaloid that inhibit a cellular enzyme and trigger a cascade of events leading to programmed cell death. Special attention is given to the adverse effects of camptothecin treatment, as well as to prevention and control. The book boasts contributions by some of the most respected authorities in camptothecin research, who have Conducted much of the pre-clinical work which helped to renew interest in camptothecins Discovered and identified the natural product camptothecin and synthesized most of the anlogues Discovered the mechanism of camptothecin cytotoxicity

Drug Discovery And Development E Book

Author : Raymond G Hill
ISBN : 9780702053160
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54. 51 MB
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The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

The Pharmacology Of Chinese Herbs Second Edition

Author : Kee C. Huang
ISBN : 1420048260
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 25 MB
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Records cataloging the healing powers of natural substances - plants, minerals, and animal byproducts - date back more than 4,000 years. There is no denying the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine, yet - until recently - the roots of this knowledge were largely lost in superstition and folklore. However, the use of herbs as an alternative medical treatment for many illnesses has increased steadily over the last decade, particularly since such herbs are categorized as "Natural Food Products" and are not yet subject to strict control by the FDA. Reports published in 1996 indicate that more than 10% of the US population has used herbal remedies. This book does not debate the value of Eastern or Western medicine but brings together Chinese herbal lore and Western scientific methods in a current, comprehensive treatise on the pharmacology of Chinese herbs. This second edition of The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs presents the chemical composition, pharmacological action, toxicity, and therapeutic value of 473 herbs. The book: Classifies herbs according to their therapeutic value Informs how active ingredients in herbs may adversely interact with other herbs or drugs Evaluates which herbs have the potential for more investigation and possible use as drugs Describes the pharmacological action of each herb based on recent scientific study and describes each herb according to Chinese pharmacopoeia and folk medicine Provides a review of Chinese medical history Presents information on how to use modern chemical techniques for enhancing or modifying herbal ingredients into better agents with more strength and activity What's New in the Second Edition Discussions on: Herbs and their specific effects on the immune system Herbs and fertility/infertility Anti-cancer herbs Anti-HIV herbs Anti-malarial herbs Ginseng and ginsenosides Anti-Alzheimer herbs Herbs affecting the nervous system

New Drugs In Cancer Chemotherapy

Author : S.K. Carter
ISBN : 9783642815652
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 85 MB
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The Analog Potential in Cancer Chemotherapy in the United States and Japan S. K. Carter Northern California Cancer Program, 1801 Page Mill Road, Building B, Suite 200, USA - Palo Alto, CA 94304 The bilateral collaborative program in cancer research between Japan and the United States is one of the oldest programs of this type. It is sponsored in the United States by the National Cancer Institute [1], while in Japan the sponsoring organization is the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Annual symposia concerning treatment have been held and in recent years they have been published [2, 3]. Drug development in both Japan and the United States has evolved over the years to an increasing emphasis on second generation compounds. This has come about as a result of the initial successes of chemotherapy development. Many active structures have been uncovered and the armamentarium of the medical and pediatric oncologist has grown dramatically. The uncovering of an active structure provides an opportunity for analog synthesis and attempts at elucidating structure-activity relationships. It is hoped that the therapeutic index of active structures can be improved so as to achieve superior clinical results.

Handbook Of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics And Pharmacodynamics

Author : Michelle A. Rudek
ISBN : 9781461491354
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38. 46 MB
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There are many steps on the road from discovery of an anticancer drug to securing its final approval by the Food and Drug Administration. In this thoroughly updated and expanded second edition of the Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, leading investigators synthesize an invaluable overview of the experimental and clinical processes of anticancer drug development, creating a single indispensable reference that covers all the steps from the identification of cancer-specific molecular targets to screening techniques and the development and validation of bioanalytical methods to clinical trial design and all phases of clinical trials. The authors have included new material on phase 0 trials in oncology, organ dysfunction trials, drug formulations and their impact on anticancer drug PK/PD including strategies to improve drug delivery, pharmacogenomics and cancer therapy, high throughput platforms in drug metabolism and transport pharmacogenetics, imaging in drug development and nanotechnology in cancer. Authoritative and up-to-date, Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, 2nd Edition provides in one comprehensive and highly practical volume a detailed step-by-step guide to the successful design and approval of anticancer drugs. Road map to anticancer drug development from discovery to NDA submission Discussion of molecular targets and preclinical screening Development and validation of bioanalytical methods Chapters on clinical trial design and phase 0, I, II, III clinical trials Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenomics, and pharmacogenetics of anticancer agents Review of the drug development process from both laboratory and clinical perspectives New technological advances in imaging, high throughput platforms, and nanotechnology in anticancer drug development

Goodman And Gilman Manual Of Pharmacology And Therapeutics Second Edition

Author : Randa Hilal-Dandan
ISBN : 9780071810548
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 28 MB
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A full-color manual derived from Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics Goodman & Gilman's The Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics offers concise, authoritative coverage of class-specific and disease-specific drugs, organized primarily by organ/system. Derived from Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Twelfth Edition and further updated, this streamlined text focuses on the principles of medical pharmacology and drug therapy and delivers coverage of all major drug classes. More than a pocket drug guide, this powerful resource covers: General Principles Neuropharmacology Modulation of Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, and Renal Function Inflammation, Immunomodulation, and Hematopoiesis Hormones and Hormone Antagonists Drugs Affecting Gastrointestinal Function Chemotherapy of Microbial Diseases Chemotherapy of Neoplastic Diseases Special Systems Pharmacology, including Environmental Toxicology The text explains the physiology and pathophysiology of major organ systems and pathogens with respect to pharmacotherapy and the mechanisms of drug action. With a new full color design and numerous tables, charts, and illustrations that highlight, explain, and summarize important information, Goodman & Gilman's Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics is essential wherever knowledge of drug actions and interactions is required. Nursing, pharmacy, and medical students will find the Manual to be a concise and authoritative textbook.

Enantioselective Synthesis Of Beta Amino Acids

Author : Eusebio Juaristi
ISBN : 9780471698470
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 78 MB
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Covers all facets of the synthesis of ß-amino acids As evidenced by an exponential increase in the literature published on the subject, interest in ß-amino acids has grown over the past several years. With major pharmaceutical applications, these amino acids are now studied across multiple lines of research, including combinatorial chemistry, medicinal chemistry, molecular design, proteomics, and others. This Second Edition of Enantioselective Synthesis of ß-Amino Acids updates reviews included in the First Edition while also covering new developments since its publication. The book presents detailed discussions of the most important methods for the synthesis of ß-amino acids. In most cases, the lead chemist who originally developed a method provides an authoritative description of it. In addition, Enantioselective Synthesis of ß-Amino Acids, Second Edition: * Features introductory overviews on the structural types of relevant ß-amino acid targets and salient ß-amino acids present in natural products * Dedicates several chapters to advances in the synthesis of oligomers from ß-amino acids * Includes general and practical procedures for the preparation of ß-amino acids in each chapter * Discusses the most important methods that have been recently developed for the asymmetric synthesis of cyclic and open-chain ß-amino acids * Includes a report on the preparation of libraries of enantiopure ß-amino acids using combinatorial approaches The only book of its kind available today, Enantioselective Synthesis of ß-Amino Acids, Second Edition offers upper-level students and professionals an essential resource for pharmaceutical development, medicinal chemistry, and biochemistry.

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