applying statistics in the courtroom a new approach for attorneys and expert witnesses

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Applying Statistics In The Courtroom

Author : Philip Good
ISBN : 1420035401
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 33 MB
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This publication is directed at both attorneys and statisticians to ensure they will work together successfully on the application of statistics in the law. Attorneys will learn how best to utilize the statistician's talents, while gaining an enriched understanding of the law relevant to audits, jury selection, discrimination, environmental hazards, evidence, and torts as it relates to statistical issues. Statisticians will learn that the law is what judges say it is and to frame their arguments accordingly. This book will increase the effectiveness of both parties in presenting and attacking statistical arguments in the courtroom. Topics covered include sample and survey methods, probability, testing hypotheses, and multiple regression.

A Career In Statistics

Author : Gerald J. Hahn
ISBN : 9781118490136
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 22 MB
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A valuable guide to a successful career as a statistician A Career in Statistics: Beyond the Numbers prepares readers for careers in statistics by emphasizing essential concepts and practices beyond the technical tools provided in standard courses and texts. This insider's guide from internationally recognized applied statisticians helps readers decide whether a career in statistics is right for them, provides hands-on guidance on how to prepare for such a career, and shows how to succeed on the job. The book provides non-technical guidance for a successful career. The authors' extensive industrial experience is supplemented by insights from contributing authors from government and academia, Carol Joyce Blumberg, Leonard M. Gaines, Lynne B. Hare, William Q. Meeker, and Josef Schmee. Following an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the field, the authors discuss the various dimensions of a career in applied statistics in three succinct parts: The Work of a Statistician describes the day-to-day activities of applied statisticians in business and industry, official government, and various other application areas, highlighting the work environment and major on-the-job challenges Preparing for a Successful Career in Statistics describes the personal traits that characterize successful statisticians, the education that they need to acquire, and approaches for securing the right job Building a Successful Career as a Statistician offers practical guidance for addressing key challenges that statisticians face on the job, such as project initiation and execution, effective communication, publicizing successes, ethical considerations, and gathering good data; alternative career paths are also described The book concludes with an in-depth examination of careers for statisticians in academia as well as tips to help them stay on top of their field throughout their careers. Each chapter includes thought-provoking discussion questions and a Major Takeaways section that outlines key concepts. Real-world examples illustrate key points, and an FTP site provides additional information on selected topics. A Career in Statistics is an invaluable guide for individuals who are considering or have decided on a career in statistics as well as for statisticians already on the job who want to accelerate their path to success. It also serves as a suitable book for courses on statistical consulting, statistical practice, and statistics in the workplace at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Forensic Analysis On The Cutting Edge

Author : Robert D. Blackledge
ISBN : 0470166908
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 92 MB
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This title brings forensic scientists and chemists up-to-date on the latest instrumental methods for analysing trace evidence, including mass spectrometry, image analysis, DIOS-MS, ELISA characterization, statistical validation, and others. Illustrates comparative analysis of trace evidence by both old and new methods. Explains why some newer methods are superior to older, established methods. Includes chapters on analysis of DNA, ink, dyes, glitter, gun powder traces, condom trace evidence, footwear impressions, toolmark impressions, surveillance videos, glass particles, and dirt. Discusses applications such as mass spectrometry, image analysis, desorption-ionization on silicon mass spectrometry (DIOS-MS), ELISA characterization, and statistical validation.

A Practitioner S Guide To Resampling For Data Analysis Data Mining And Modeling

Author : Phillip Good
ISBN : 1439855501
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81. 94 MB
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Distribution-free resampling methods—permutation tests, decision trees, and the bootstrap—are used today in virtually every research area. A Practitioner’s Guide to Resampling for Data Analysis, Data Mining, and Modeling explains how to use the bootstrap to estimate the precision of sample-based estimates and to determine sample size, data permutations to test hypotheses, and the readily-interpreted decision tree to replace arcane regression methods. Highlights Each chapter contains dozens of thought provoking questions, along with applicable R and Stata code Methods are illustrated with examples from agriculture, audits, bird migration, clinical trials, epidemiology, image processing, immunology, medicine, microarrays and gene selection Lists of commercially available software for the bootstrap, decision trees, and permutation tests are incorporated in the text Access to APL, MATLAB, and SC code for many of the routines is provided on the author’s website The text covers estimation, two-sample and k-sample univariate, and multivariate comparisons of means and variances, sample size determination, categorical data, multiple hypotheses, and model building Statistics practitioners will find the methods described in the text easy to learn and to apply in a broad range of subject areas from A for Accounting, Agriculture, Anthropology, Aquatic science, Archaeology, Astronomy, and Atmospheric science to V for Virology and Vocational Guidance, and Z for Zoology. Practitioners and research workers and in the biomedical, engineering and social sciences, as well as advanced students in biology, business, dentistry, medicine, psychology, public health, sociology, and statistics will find an easily-grasped guide to estimation, testing hypotheses and model building.

Solving Modern Crime In Financial Markets

Author : Marius-Cristian Frunza
ISBN : 9780128045329
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 7 MB
Format : PDF
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This comprehensive source of information about financial fraud delivers a mature approach to fraud detection and prevention. It brings together all important aspect of analytics used in investigating modern crime in financial markets and uses R for its statistical examples. It focuses on crime in financial markets as opposed to the financial industry, and it highlights technical aspects of crime detection and prevention as opposed to their qualitative aspects. For those with strong analytic skills, this book unleashes the usefulness of powerful predictive and prescriptive analytics in predicting and preventing modern crime in financial markets. Interviews and case studies provide context and depth to examples Case studies use R, the powerful statistical freeware tool Useful in classroom and professional contexts

Basic Concepts Of Probability And Statistics In The Law

Author : Michael O. Finkelstein
ISBN : 0387875018
Genre : Law
File Size : 36. 25 MB
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When as a practicing lawyer I published my ?rst article on statistical evidence in 1966, the editors of the Harvard Law Review told me that a mathematical equa- 1 tion had never before appeared in the review. This hardly seems possible - but if they meant a serious mathematical equation, perhaps they were right. Today all that has changed in legal academia. Whole journals are devoted to scienti?c methods in law or empirical studies of legal institutions. Much of this work involves statistics. Columbia Law School, where I teach, has a professor of law and epidemiology and other law schools have similar “law and” professorships. Many offer courses on statistics (I teach one) or, more broadly, on law and social science. The same is true of practice. Where there are data to parse in a litigation, stat- ticians and other experts using statistical tools now frequently testify. And judges must understand them. In 1993, in its landmark Daubert decision, the Supreme Court commanded federal judges to penetrate scienti?c evidence and ?nd it “re- 2 liable” before allowing it in evidence. It is emblematic of the rise of statistics in the law that the evidence at issue in that much-cited case included a series of epidemiological studies. The Supreme Court’s new requirement made the Federal Judicial Center’s Reference Manual on Scienti?c Evidence, which appeared at about the same time, a best seller. It has several important chapters on statistics.

Encyclopedia Of Law Enforcement

Author : Larry E Sullivan
ISBN : 9781452265322
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87. 25 MB
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This three-volume Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement provides a comprehensive, critical, and descriptive examination of all facets of law enforcement on the state and local, federal and national, and international stages. This work is a unique reference source that provides readers with informed discussions on the practice and theory of policing in an historical and contemporary framework. The volumes treat subjects that are particular to the area of state and local, federal and national, and international policing. Many of the themes and issues of policing cut across disciplinary borders, however, and several entries provide comparative information that places the subject in context.

Statistical Science In The Courtroom

Author : Joseph L. Gastwirth
ISBN : 9781461212164
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 66 MB
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Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially that of a probabilistic nature, has also occurred in England, Australia and in several European countries. Statistical Science in the Courtroom is a collection of articles written by statisticians and legal scholars who have been concerned with problems arising in the use of statistical evidence. A number of articles describe DNA evidence and the difficulties of properly calculating the probability that a random individual's profile would "match" that of the evidence as well as the proper way to intrepret the result. In addition to the technical issues, several authors tell about their experiences in court. A few have become disenchanted with their involvement and describe the events that led them to devote less time to this application. Other articles describe the role of statistical evidence in cases concerning discrimination against minorities, product liability, environmental regulation, the appropriateness and fairness of sentences and how being involved in legal statistics has raised interesting statistical problems requiring further research.

Guide To Information Sources In The Forensic Sciences

Author : Cynthia Holt
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114529659
Genre : Reference
File Size : 27. 35 MB
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From the O. J. Simpson case to the CSI franchise, more and more of us are aware of and curious about the world of forensic science. Cynthia Holt takes that interest and directs it toward the literature that supports and defines the study of how evidence is discovered at a crime scene, interpreted in a lab, and used in a court of law. Her bibliography, grouped by type of material, covers topics such as ballistics, DNA analysis, entymology, expert witnessing, and facial imaging/reconstruction, as well as contributions from academic fields such as anthropology, linguistics, and engineering.

Federal Rules Of Evidence

Author : Paul F. Rothstein
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134491401
Genre : Evidence (Law)
File Size : 59. 21 MB
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