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The Uses Of Argument

Author : Stephen E. Toulmin
ISBN : 0521534836
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57. 59 MB
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Traditionally, logic has been claimed to be 'the science of rational argument', but the relevance to our everyday disputes of the formal logician's results has remained unclear. The abstract character of traditional logic cuts the subject off from practical considerations; Mr Toulmin enquires why this is so, and shows how an alternative conception can be of more general value. Starting from an examination of the actual procedures in different fields of argument - the practice, as opposed to the theory, of logic - he discloses a richer variety than is allowed for by any available system. He argues that jurisprudence rather than mathematics should be the logician's model in analysing rational procedures, and that logic should be a comparative and not a purely formal study. These suggestions lead to conclusions which many will consider controversial; though they will also be widely recognized as interesting and illuminating. This book extends into general philosophy lines of enquiry already sketched by Mr Toulmin in his earlier books on ethics and the philosophy of science. The ordinary reader will find in it the same clarity and intelligibility; and the professional philosopher will acknowledge the same power to break new ground (and circumvent old difficulties) by posing fresh and stimulating questions.

Das Argument

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556039812649
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76. 61 MB
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The Skills Of Argument

Author : Deanna Kuhn
ISBN : 052142349X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79. 81 MB
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The Skills of Argument presents a comprehensive empirical study of informal reasoning as argument, involving subjects across the life span. Subjects ranging in age from adolescence to late adulthood were asked to describe their views on social problems that people have occasion to think and talk about in everyday life, such as crime and unemployment. In addition to providing supporting evidence for their theories, subjects were asked to contemplate alternative theories and counterarguments and to evaluate new evidence on the topics. This is the first major study of informal reasoning across the life span. Highlighting the importance of argumentive reasoning in everyday thought, the book offers a theoretical framework for conceptualizing and studying thinking as argument. The findings address issues of major importance to cognitive and developmental psychologists, as well as educators concerned with improving the quality of people's thinking. The work is also relevant to philosophers, political scientists, and linguists interested in informal reasoning and argumentive discourse.

Argument Structure

Author : Eric J. Reuland
ISBN : 9027233721
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20. 90 MB
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Recent developments in the generative tradition have created new interest in matters of argument structure and argument projection, giving prominence to the discussion on the role of lexical entries. Particularly, the more traditional lexicalist view that encodes argument structure information on lexical entries is now challenged by a syntactic view under which all properties of argument structure are taken up by syntactic structure. In the light of these new developments, the contributions in this volume provide detailed empirical investigations of argument structure phenomena in a wide range of languages. The contributions vary in their response to the theoretical questions and address issues that range from the role of specific functional heads and the relation of argument projection with syntactic processes, to the position of argument structure within a broader clausal architecture and the argument structure properties of less studied categories.

Argument And Change In World Politics

Author : Neta Crawford
ISBN : 0521002796
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 78 MB
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This book shows how ethical arguments, not power politics or economics, explain fundamental changes in world politics.

Argument Und Argumentation

Author : Klaus Bayer
ISBN : 3525265476
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 86 MB
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Wer ein Argument vorträgt, versucht, eine Behauptung oder eine Forderung zu stützen, indem er andere Aussagen als Gründe anführt. Klaus Bayer bietet eine InhaltsverzeichnisEinführung in die logische Analyse von Argumenten sowie eine Anleitung zur Untersuchung und Kritik argumentativer Texte. In einem ersten Kapitel werden psychische, erkenntnistheoretische und kulturelle Voraussetzungen des Argumentierens skizziert. Das zweite Kapitel behandelt elementare Grundlagen der Logik und stellt einige wichtige Formen deduktiver und induktiver Argumente vor. Im dritten Kapitel wird die Verwendung von Argumenten in verschiedenen Beispieltexten untersucht; daraus ergeben sich Leitfragen und methodische Anleitungen zur Argumentationsanalyse.

A Practical Study Of Argument

Author : Trudy Govier
ISBN : 9780495603405
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82. 34 MB
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Govier’s THE PRACTICAL STUDY OF ARGUMENT gives students an accessible and yet rigorous introduction to sound argumentation. Presenting an adequate amount of theory to explain why certain kinds of arguments are sound or not, and bringing this theory to life through everyday illustrations and examples, the text provides students with a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking along with a synthesis of formal and informal approaches to logic. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Meaning And Argument

Author : Ernest Lepore
ISBN : 9781405196734
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21. 18 MB
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This book shifts introductory logic from the traditional emphasis on proofs to the symbolization of arguments.

Christianity Not Founded On Argument And The True Principle Of Gospel Evidence Assigned In A Letter To A Young Gentleman At Oxford

Author : Henry Dodwell
ISBN : OXFORD:N11724080
Genre :
File Size : 33. 23 MB
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Evidence Argument And Persuasion In The Policy Process

Author : Giandomenico Majone
ISBN : 0300052596
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 53 MB
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This book challenges the common assumption that policy analysts engage in purely objective technical assessment of policy alternatives. It argues instead that what analysts really do is produce policy arguments that are based on value judgments and are used by policymakers in the course of public debate. Giandomenico Majone shows that the essential need today is not to develop 'objective' measures of outcomes but rather to improve the methods and conditions of public discourse at all levels and stages of policy making.

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