aristotle and natural law continuum studies in ancient philosophy

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Aristotle And Natural Law

Author : Tony Burns
ISBN : 9781441107169
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29. 73 MB
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Aristotle and Natural Law lays out a new theoretical approach which distinguishes between the notions of 'interpretation,' 'appropriation,' 'negotiation' and 'reconstruction' of the meaning of texts and their component concepts. These categories are then deployed in an examination of the role which the concept of natural law is used by Aristotle in a number of key texts. The book argues that Aristotle appropriated the concept of natural law, first formulated by the defenders of naturalism in the 'nature versus convention debate' in classical Athens. Thereby he contributed to the emergence and historical evolution of the meaning of one of the most important concept in the lexicon of Western political thought. Aristotle and Natural Law argues that Aristotle's ethics is best seen as a certain type of natural law theory which does not allow for the possibility that individuals might appeal to natural law in order to criticize existing laws and institutions. Rather its function is to provide them with a philosophical justification from the standpoint of Aristotle's metaphysics.

Josef Fuchs On Natural Law

Author : Mark Graham
ISBN : 1589013530
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66. 58 MB
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Appointed by Pope John XXIII to the Pontifical Commission on Population, Family, and Birth, Fuchs ultimately found himself disappointed in his three years of service and spent the next thirty years exploring a broad array of issues pivotal to a reconstruction of Roman Catholic natural law theory. This is the first full-length analysis of Fuchs's efforts. Beginning historically by looking at Fuchs's writings and beliefs before the Pontifical Commission appointment, including his defense of natural law during the "situation ethics" debates of the 50s and 60s, the concept of personal salvation, and the status of "nature" and "human nature," Graham moves to the intellectual conversion that inspired Fuchs to reconsider his concepts following the commission appointment. From there, Graham engages in a sustained critique of Fuchs's natural theory, addressing both the strengths and weaknesses to be found there and suggest possible avenues of development that would make a positive contribution to the ongoing quest to rehabilitate the Roman Catholic natural law theory that continues to dominate the landscape of moral theology today.

Aristotle S Ethics

Author : Hope May
ISBN : 9780826491107
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38. 49 MB
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Examines Aristotle's views on ethics and human nature, an issue central to the thought of this hugely important and influential philosopher.

Pleasure In Aristotle S Ethics

Author : Michael Weinman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123368362
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82. 78 MB
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"Pleasure in Aristotle's Ethics provides an account of the role of pleasure and desire in Aristotle's philosophy. Michael Weinman seeks to overcome common impasses in the mainstream interpretation of Aristotle's ethical philosophy through the careful study of Aristotle's account of pleasure in the human, but not merely human, good, thus presenting a new way in which we can improve our understanding of Aristotle."--BOOK JACKET.

Aristotle And Rational Discovery

Author : Russell Winslow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123383288
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82. 94 MB
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In this lively and original book, Russell Winslow pursues a new interpretation of logos in Aristotle. Rather than a reading of rationality that cleaves human beings from nature, this new interpretation suggests that, for Aristotle, consistent and dependable rational arguments reveal a deep dependency upon nature. To this end, the author shows that a rational account of a being is in fact subject to the very same principle that governs the physical motion and generation of a being under inquiry. Among the many consequences of this argument is a rejection of both of the prevailing oppositional claims that Aristotle's methodological procedure of discovery is one resting on either empirical or conceptual grounds: discovery reveals a more complex structure than can be grasped by either of these modern modes. Further, Winslow argues that this interpretation of rational discovery also contributes to the ethical debates surrounding Aristotle's work, insofar as an ethical claim is achieved through reason, but is not thereby conceived as objective. Again, the demand for agreement in ethical/political decision will be disclosed as superseding in its complexity both those accounts of ethical decision as subjective (for example, "emotivist" accounts) and those as objective ("realist" accounts).

Aristotle S Theory Of Knowledge

Author : Thomas Kiefer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123365046
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 93 MB
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One of the only books to provide a systematic account and reconstruction of Aristotle's theory of knowledge.

Plato S Cosmology And Its Ethical Dimensions

Author : Gabriela Roxana Carone
ISBN : 9780521845601
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 31 MB
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A systematic presentation of Plato's late cosmology shows connections to his ethics.

Techne In Aristotle S Ethics

Author : Tom Angier
ISBN : 9780826462718
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 19 MB
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Argues for the importance of the concept of 'techne' in constructing a new understanding of Aristotle's moral philosophy.

Stoic Ethics

Author : William O. Stephens
ISBN : 9781441170453
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57. 63 MB
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Soon after Aristotle's death, several schools of ancient philosophy arose, each addressing the practical question of how to live a good, happy life. The two biggest rivals, Stoicism and Epicureanism, came to dominate the philosophical landscape for the next 500 years. Epicureans advised pursuing pleasure to be happy, and Stoics held that true happiness could only be achieved by living according to nature, which required accepting what happens and fulfilling one's roles. Stoicism, more than Epicureanism, attracted followers from many different walks of life: slaves, laborers, statesmen, intellectuals, and an emperor. The lasting impact of these philosophies is seen from the fact that even today 'Stoic' and 'Epicurean' are household words. Although very little of the writings of the early Stoics survive, our knowledge of Stoicism comes largely from a few later Stoics. In this unique book, William O. Stephens explores the moral philosophy of Epictetus, a former Roman slave and dynamic Stoic teacher whose teachings are the most compelling defense of ancient Stoicism that exists. Epictetus' philosophy dramatically captures the spirit of Stoicism by examining and remedying our greatest human disappointments, such as the death of a loved one. Stephens shows how, for Epictetus, happiness results from focusing our concern on what is up to us while not worrying about what is beyond our control. He concludes that the strength of Epictetus' thought lies in his conception of happiness as freedom from fear, worry, grief, and dependence upon luck.

The Continuum Encyclopedia Of British Philosophy

Author : A. C. Grayling
ISBN : 1843711419
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 30 MB
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