astrology in ancient mesopotamia the science of omens and the knowledge of the heavens

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Astrology In Ancient Mesopotamia

Author : Michael Baigent
ISBN : 9781591432227
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 33. 3 MB
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A detailed study of the earliest forms of astrology in Mesopotamia and their far-reaching hermetic influences from the Renaissance to the present day • Reveals the roots of modern astrology in the Babylonian science of omens, which was concerned not with individuals but with the state and king • Explores Mesopotamian mythology as it relates to the planets and to astrology • Traces the hermetic transmission of this knowledge over the centuries from Mesopotamia to Egypt to Renaissance Italy Among the many significant discoveries excavated from Assyrian king Ashurbanipal’s royal library in Nineveh were tablets documenting the development of Mesopotamian astrology, now recognized as the earliest astrological science. Drawing upon translations of the Nineveh library tablets as well as many other ancient sources, Michael Baigent reveals the roots of modern astrology in the Babylonian science of omens. He explains how astrology in the Babylonian and Assyrian empires was concerned not with individuals but with the king and the state. He shows that by the first dynasty of Babylon, around 1900 to 1600 BC, astrology had become a systematic discipline, the preserve of highly trained specialists intent upon interpreting omens from the movements of planets and stars. He explores Mesopotamian mythology as it relates to the planets and to astrology as well as to Mesopotamian religion, magic, and politics--for the mythology of Babylon and Assyria served the state and thus changed as the state changed. He shows how this ancient form of astrology uniquely represents both Sun and Moon as masculine entities and Saturn (Ninurta) as the principle of order imposed on chaos. He examines the connections between ancient astrology and the symbolism of Western religions, such as how the “Greek” or “Templar” cross may symbolize the Babylonian god Nabu, now known as Mercury. Tracing the hermetic transmission of this knowledge over the centuries from Mesopotamia to Egypt to Florence, Baigent reveals how the religious and magical aspects of early Babylonian cosmological speculation played a significant role in the Renaissance, influencing prominent figures such as Cosimo de Medici, Marsilio Ficino, and Botticelli.

The Heavenly Writing

Author : Francesca Rochberg
ISBN : 1139455850
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 78 MB
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In antiquity, the expertise of the Babylonians in matters of the heavens was legendary and the roots of both western astronomy and astrology are traceable in cuneiform tablets going back to the second and first millennia BC. The Heavenly Writing, first publsiehd in 2004, discusses the place of Babylonian celestial divination, horoscopy, and astronomy in Mesopotamian intellectual culture. Focusing chiefly on celestial divination and horoscopes, it traces the emergence of personal astrology from the tradition of celestial divination and the use of astronomical methods in horoscopes. It further takes up the historiographical and philosophical issue of the nature of these Mesopotamian 'celestial sciences' by examining elements traditionally of concern to the philosophy of science, without sacrificing the ancient methods, goals, and interests to a modern image of science. This book will be of particular interest to those concerned with the early history of science.

From The Omens Of Babylon

Author : Michael Baigent
ISBN : 0140194800
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 52. 10 MB
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From the Omens of Babylon examines the fusion of religion, astrology, and magic of ancient Babylonia and shows how many of the Mesopotamians' teachings and beliefs are present in contemporary astrology.

The Babylonian Theory Of The Planets

Author : N. M. Swerdlow
ISBN : 9781400864867
Genre : Science
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In the second millennium b.c., Babylonian scribes assembled a vast collection of astrological omens, believed to be signs from the gods concerning the kingdom's political, military, and agricultural fortunes. The importance of these omens was such that from the eighth or seventh until the first century, the scribes observed the heavens nightly and recorded the dates and locations of ominous phenomena of the moon and planets in relation to stars and constellations. The observations were arranged in monthly reports along with notable events and prices of agricultural commodities, the object being to find correlations between phenomena in the heavens and conditions on earth. These collections of omens and observations form the first empirical science of antiquity and were the basis of the first mathematical science, astronomy. For it was discovered that planetary phenomena, although irregular and sometimes concealed by bad weather, recur in limited periods within cycles in which they are repeated on nearly the same dates and in nearly the same locations. N. M. Swerdlow's book is a study of the collection and observation of ominous celestial phenomena and of how intervals of time, locations by zodiacal sign, and cycles in which the phenomena recur were used to reduce them to purely arithmetical computation, thereby surmounting the greatest obstacle to observation, bad weather. The work marks a striking advance in our understanding of both the origin of scientific astronomy and the astrological divination through which the kingdoms of ancient Mesopotamia were governed. Originally published in 1998. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Ancient Traces

Author : Michael Baigent
ISBN : 9780140264487
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 68 MB
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In a series of different chapters Michael Baigent examines a number of enigmas surrounding such ancient mysteries as Atlantis and the Pyramids. He investigates such questions as whether there were ancient contacts between Europe and America,and whether a great catastrophe hit the planet around 10000 BC. And in the process he calls into question much of today's orthodoxy on such subjects.

A Brief History Of Ancient Astrology

Author : Roger Beck
ISBN : 9780470775370
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 6 MB
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A Brief History of Ancient Astrology explores the theory and practice of astrology from Babylon to Ancient Greece and Rome and its cultural and political impact on ancient societies. Discusses the union between early astrology and astronomy, in contrast to the modern dichotomy between science and superstition. Explains the ancient understanding of the zodiac and its twelve signs, the seven planets, and the fixed circle of 'places' against which the signs and planets revolve. Demonstrates how to construct and interpret a horoscope in the ancient manner, using original ancient horoscopes and handbooks. Considers the relevance of ancient astrology today.

In The Path Of The Moon

Author : Francesca Rochberg
ISBN : 9789004183896
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 40. 3 MB
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"In the Path of the Moon" offers a collection of essays concerning Babylonian celestial divination. It investigates various aspects of cuneiform celestial omens, horoscopes, and astronomy and their wide-ranging influences on later Hellenistic science and philosophy.

Before Nature

Author : Francesca Rochberg
ISBN : 9780226406138
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 57 MB
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There is nothing self-evident about nature. We tend to assume that what we call the natural world confronts us all and always has. This book is about the almost unimaginable state of relation to the world in which there was no sense of nature, no reference or word for it. Before the concept took shapeand changed shape, across the long history of European philosophy and sciencefor an equally long period beginning roughly in the early second millennium B.C.E., the author shows, the cuneiform world engaged in activities manifestly kindred with science in its engagement with and understanding of phenomena. The first book to make sense of this, Before Nature sets out how to understand cuneiform knowledge, prediction, and explanation in relation to sciencewithout recourse to the idea of nature. Its central claim is that there was an Assyro-Babylonian tradition of knowledge about phenomena that bears relation to the history of science, regardless of the absence of a conscious category of nature around which to focus that epistemic tradition."

Babylonian Star Lore An Illustrated Guide To The Star Lore And Constellations Of Ancient Babylonia

Author : Gavin White
ISBN : 0955903742
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 73. 25 MB
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The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Author : Geoffrey W. Bromiley
ISBN : 0802837816
Genre : Religion
File Size : 32. 89 MB
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This is Volume I of an encyclopedia representing the scholarship of hundreds of evangelical contributors who have prepared articles on virtually every person, place, and term mentioned in the Bible. The encyclopedia is based on the Revised Standard Version, but is cross-referenced so that readers of other versions can easily utilize it.

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