astrophysics and the evolution of the universe

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Astrophysics And The Evolution Of The Universe

Author : Leonard S Kisslinger
ISBN : 9789813147126
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 8 MB
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The aim of this book is to teach undergraduate college or university students, and adults interested in astronomy and astrophysics, the basic mathematics and physics concepts needed to understand the evolution of the universe, and based on this to teach the astrophysical theories behind evolution from the very early times to the present. The book does not require extensive knowledge of mathematics, like calculus, and includes material that explains concepts such as velocity, acceleration, and force. Based on this, fascinating topics such as Dark Matter, measuring Dark Energy via supernovae velocities, and the creation of mass via the Higgs mechanism are explained. All college students with an interest in science, especially astronomy, without extensive mathematical backgrounds, should be able to use and learn from this book. Adults interested in topics like Dark Energy, the Higgs boson, and detection of Gravitational Waves, which are in the news, can make use of this book as well.

Relativistic Astrophysics 2

Author : I. D. Novikov
ISBN : 0226979571
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 61 MB
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Though the kinematics of the evolving universe became known decades ago, research into the physics of processes occurring in the expanding universe received a reliable observational and theoretical basis only in more recent years. These achievements have led in turn to the emergence of new problems, on which an unusually active assault has begun. This second volume of Relativistic Astrophysics provides a remarkably complete picture of the present state of cosmology. It is a synthesis of the theoretical foundations of contemporary cosmology, which are derived from work in relativity, plasma theory, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, and particle physics. It presents the theoretical work that explains, describes, and predicts the nature of the universe, the physical process that occur in it, the formation of galaxies, the synthesis of the light elements, and the cosmological singularity and the theory of gravitation. This book, long and eagerly awaited, is essential for everyone whose work is related to cosmology and astrophysics.

The Cause And Evolution Of The Universe Fact And Myth In Modern Astrophysics

Author : John Auping
ISBN : 9781910301524
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 74 MB
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This book differentiates observationally verified aspects of cosmology from ideas whose verification is distant or perhaps impossible by careful application of orthodox scientific method. This English edition is a part of his original work devoted to describing the dynamics of stars, and analysing the Big Bang, steady state and multiverse models.

The Big Bang And Other Explosions In Nuclear And Particle Astrophysics

Author : David N. Schramm
ISBN : 9810220243
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 73 MB
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This volume of important papers by one the world's leading astrophysicists provides a sweeping survey of the incisive and exciting applications of nuclear and particle physics to a wide range of problems in astrophysics and cosmology.The prime focus of the book is on Big Bang cosmology and the role of primordial nucleosynthesis in establishing the modern consensus on the Big Bang. This leads into the connection of cosmology to particle physics and the constraints put on various elementary particles by astrophysical arguments. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis has also led to the argument for nonbaryonic dark matter and is thus related to the major problem in physical cosmology today, namely, structure formation. The nuclear-particle interface with astrophysics also extends to the other topics of major interest such as the age of the universe, cosmic rays, supernovae, and solar neutrinos, each of which will be discussed in some detail. Each section contains historical papers, current papers, and frequently a popular article on the subject which provides an overview of the topic.This volume is testimony to the success of the integration of nuclear and particle physics with astrophysics and cosmology, and to the ingenuity of the work in this area which has earned the author numerous prestigious awards. The book, which is accessible to beginning graduate students, should be of particular interest to researchers and students in astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology and gravitation, and also in high energy and nuclear physics.

Theoretical Astrophysics Volume 3 Galaxies And Cosmology

Author : T. Padmanabhan
ISBN : 0521566304
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 27 MB
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This timely volume provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cosmology and extragalactic astronomy at an advanced level. Beginning with an overview of the key observational results and necessary terminology, it covers important topics: the theory of galactic structure and galactic dynamics, structure formation, cosmic microwave background radiation, formation of luminous galaxies in the universe, intergalactic medium and active galactic nuclei. This self-contained text has a modular structure, and contains over one hundred worked exercises. It can be used alone, or in conjunction with the previous two accompanying volumes (Volume I: Astrophysical Processes, and Volume II: Stars and Stellar Systems).

The Universe Evolution

Author : Leonid Blokhintsev
ISBN : 1628085452
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 37 MB
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This book is a natural follow-up and extension of the recent publication "The Big Bang: Theory, Assumptions & Problems", (Eds: OConnell and Hale, 2012, Nova Publications). The authors of the present work deliver an account of current research on the subject of the astrophysical and nuclear physics aspects of the evolution of the universe. They present a general overview of both the theoretical and experimental knowledge of nuclear physics and astrophysics necessary for the understanding of stellar structure and evolution of stars and galaxies. This account is followed by a discussion of different types of reaction mechanism (transfer, capture and photonuclear) that is further illustrated by appropriate examples. Two- and three-body approaches are among the topics that are addressed and discussed here. The book contains a comprehensive overview of neutron star gamma ray bursts and of pulsar-wind nebulae. The final chapter is devoted to an account of the contributions of the scientific polymath George Gamow to physical cosmology and astrophysics, much of which was based on the foundational work of the pioneers of the physics of stellar structure and evolution, Arthur Eddington, Ralph Fowler, and Subramanian Chandrasekhar.

Observational Astrophysics

Author : Robert C. Smith
ISBN : 0521278341
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 75 MB
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Combining a critical account of observational methods (telescopes and instrumentation) with a lucid description of the Universe, including stars, galaxies and cosmology, Smith provides a comprehensive introduction to the whole of modern astrophysics beyond the solar system. The first half describes the techniques used by astronomers to observe the Universe: optical telescopes and instruments are discussed in detail, but observations at all wavelengths are covered, from radio to gamma-rays. After a short interlude describing the appearance of the sky at all wavelengths, the role of positional astronomy is highlighted. In the second half, a clear description is given of the contents of the Universe, including accounts of stellar evolution and cosmological models. Fully illustrated throughout, with exercises given in each chapter, this textbook provides a thorough introduction to astrophysics for all physics undergraduates, and a valuable background for physics graduates turning to research in astronomy.

Das Universum F R Eilige

Author : Neil deGrasse Tyson
ISBN : 9783446259539
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 66 MB
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Der nach Stephen Hawking prominenteste Astrophysiker des Planeten hat das ultimative Kompendium über den Kosmos verfasst. In Neil deGrasse Tysons Bestseller ist alles versammelt, was wir über das Universum wissen: über Exoplaneten und Dunkle Energie, über Zwerggalaxien und den Urknall. Der Autor begeistert wie kein Zweiter mit funkelndem Witz für die Wunder des Weltalls. Zugleich regt er zum Nachdenken über unseren Platz im Universum an und zu Demut angesichts kosmischer Skalen. Sein „Universum für Eilige“ ist das perfekte Buch für alle, die auf nur 200 Seiten die heutige Astrophysik verstehen – und sich dabei auf hohem Niveau unterhalten lassen möchten.

Cosmic Heritage

Author : Peter Shaver
ISBN : 9783642202612
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 79 MB
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This book follows the evolutionary trail all the way from the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago to conscious life today. It is an accessible introductory book written for the interested layperson – anyone interested in the ‘big picture’ coming from modern science. It covers a wide range of topics including the origin and evolution of our universe, the nature and origin of life, the evolution of life including questions of birth and death, the evolution of cognition, the nature of consciousness, the possibility of extraterrestrial life and the future of the universe. The book is written in a narrative style, as these topics are all parts of a single story. It concludes with a discussion on the nature and future of science.

Understanding The Universe

Author : James B. Seaborn
ISBN : 9781461206897
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 94 MB
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Intended for undergraduate non-science majors, satisfying a general education requirement or seeking an elective in natural science, this is a physics text, but with the emphasis on topics and applications in astronomy. The perspective is thus different from most undergraduate astronomy courses: rather than discussing what is known about the heavens, this text develops the principles of physics so as to illuminate what we see in the heavens. The fundamental principles governing the behaviour of matter and energy are thus used to study the solar system, the structure and evolution of stars, and the early universe. The first part of the book develops Newtonian mechanics towards an understanding of celestial mechanics, while chapters on electromagnetism and elementary quantum theory lay the foundation of the modern theory of the structure of matter and the role of radiation in the constitution of stars. Kinetic theory and nuclear physics provide the basis for a discussion of stellar structure and evolution, and an examination of red shifts and other observational data provide a basis for discussions of cosmology and cosmogony.

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