at risk natural hazards people s vulnerability and disasters

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At Risk

Author : Piers Blaikie
ISBN : 9781134528615
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 48 MB
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The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

At Risk

Author : Piers M. Blaikie
ISBN : 0415084776
Genre : Catastrophes naturelles
File Size : 89. 78 MB
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At Risk reasserts the significance of the human factor in disasters. Establishing that the social, political and economic environment is as much a cause of disasters as the natural environment, the book argues that disaster mitigation is rooted in the potential humans have to understand their vulnerability and to take common action. Famines and drought, biological hazards, floods, coastal storms, earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides: At Risk draws practical and policy conclusions with a view to disaster reduction and the promotion of a safer environment.

Genossenschaften Im Fokus Einer Neuen Wirtschaftspolitik

Author : Johann Brazda
ISBN : 9783643505156
Genre : Cooperative societies
File Size : 27. 32 MB
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Disaster Risk And Vulnerability

Author : C. Emdad Haque
ISBN : 9780773587069
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 29 MB
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From the Asian tsunami of 2004 to hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Tohoku earthquake of 2011, our century has been fraught with catastrophic natural disasters. Disaster Risk and Vulnerability assesses the human toll and economic losses of natural disasters and reasserts the importance of human collaboration and organization in disaster management. In most cases, policy makers, planners, managers, and regulators who implement disaster risk reduction response planning and management strategies remain detached from local conditions, failing to address them effectively. Presenting case studies from Asia and North America, as well as a broad range of approaches to community mobilization and partnership development, contributors show that local communities, all levels of government, and non-governmental organizations must work collectively in order to reduce the harm caused by disasters. Despite unprecedented progress in science and technology and governments' continued efforts in disaster risk reduction, socioeconomic losses due to environmental disasters continue to rise. Disaster Risk and Vulnerability provides knowledge and information that will benefit anyone working in the fields of environment, disasters, and community mobilization in an effort to reverse this trend.

Mitigation Of Natural Hazards And Disasters

Author : C. Emdad Haque
ISBN : 1402031122
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25. 93 MB
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Practitioners in natural hazards reduction and policy makers in climatic change and natural hazards management

Social Vulnerability To Disasters Second Edition

Author : Deborah S.K. Thomas
ISBN : 9781466516373
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 29 MB
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The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption

Assessment Of Vulnerability To Natural Hazards

Author : Jörn Birkmann
ISBN : 9780124105485
Genre : Nature
File Size : 81. 19 MB
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Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards covers the vulnerability of human and environmental systems to climate change and eight natural hazards: earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. This book is an important contribution to the field, clarifying terms and investigating the nature of vulnerability to hazards in general and in various specific European contexts. In addition, this book helps improve understanding of vulnerability and gives thorough methodologies for investigating situations in which people and their environments are vulnerable to hazards. With case studies taken from across Europe, the underlying theoretical frame is transferrable to other geographical contexts, making the content relevant worldwide. Provides a framework of theory and methodology designed to help researchers and practitioners understand the phenomenon of vulnerability to natural hazards and disasters and to climate change Contains case studies that illustrate how to apply the methodology in different ways to diverse hazards in varied settings (rural, urban, coastal, mountain, and more) Describes how to validate the results of methodology application in different situations and how to respond to the needs of diverse groups of stakeholders represented by the public and private sectors, civil society, researchers, and academics

Southeastern Geographer

Author : David M. Cochran Jr.
ISBN : 9781469616018
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 59 MB
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Southeastern Geographer VOLUME 54, NUMBER 1 : SPRING 2014 Table of Contents Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 54, Number 1 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers The Great Lakes-to-Florida Highway: A Politics of Road Space in 1920s West Virginia and Virginia Jessey Gilley Do Incentives Work? An Analysis of Residential Solar Energy Adoption in Miami-Dade County, Florida Jeffery Onsted and Aileen Varela-Margolles Disaster Vulnerability of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: A Comparison of Texas and North Carolina Christine E. Gares and Burrell E. Montz Louisiana: Apprehending a Complex Web of Vernacular Regional Geography John McEwen Spatial Trends and Factors Associated with Hardwood Mortality in the Southeastern United States Michael Crosby, Zhaofei Fan, Theodor D. Leninger, Martin A. Spetich and A. Brady Self Part II: Reviews The Geography of Wine: How Landscapes, Cultures, Terror, and the Weather Make a Good Drop Brian J. Sommers Reviewed by David M. Cochran, Jr. Dear Appalachia: Readers, Identity, and Popular Fiction since 1878 Emily Satterwhite Reviewed by Taulby H. Edmondson Trash Animals: How We Live with Nature's Filthy, Feral, Invasive, and Unwanted Species Kelsi Nagy and David Johnson II Reviewed by Matthew L. Fahrenbruch Southeastern Geographer is published by UNC Press for the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers (www.sedaag.org). The quarterly journal publishes the academic work of geographers and other social and physical scientists, and features peer-reviewed articles and essays that reflect sound scholarship and contain significant contributions to geographical understanding, with a special interest in work that focuses on the southeastern United States.

Hydrometeorological Hazards

Author : Philippe Quevauviller
ISBN : 9781118629543
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 36 MB
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Recent hydrometeorological extreme events have highlighted the increased exposure and vulnerability of societies and the need to strengthen the knowledge-base of related policies. Current research is focused on improving forecasting, prediction and early warning capabilities in order to improve the assessment of vulnerability and risks linked to extreme climatic events. Hydrometeorological Hazards: Interfacing science and policy is the first volume of a series which will gather scientific and policy-related knowledge related to climate-related extreme events. Invited authors are internationally recognized experts in their respective fields. This volume reflects the most recent advances in science and policy within this field and takes a multidisciplinary approach. The book provides the reader with a state-of-the art account on flash floods, droughts, storms, and a comprehensive discussion focused on the cost of natural hazards, resilience and adaptation. This book will be an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates taking courses with a focus on natural hazards including climate-related extreme events. The book will also be of interest to postgraduates, researchers and policy makers in this field looking for an overview of the subject.

21st Century Geography

Author : Joseph P. Stoltman
ISBN : 9781412974646
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 77 MB
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

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