automated continuous process control

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Automated Continuous Process Control

Author : Carlos A. Smith
ISBN : 0471459267
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 1 MB
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Automated Continuous Process Control pulls together–in one compact and practical volume–the essentials for understanding, designing, and operating process control systems. This comprehensive guide covers the major elements of process control in a well-defined and ordered framework. Concepts are clearly presented, with minimal reliance on mathematical equations and strong emphasis on practical, real-life examples. Beginning with the very basics of process control, Automated Continuous Process Control builds upon each chapter to help the reader understand and efficiently practice industrial process control. This complete presentation includes: A discussion of processes from a physical point of view Feedback controllers and the workhorse in the industry–the PID controller The concept and implementation of cascade control Ratio, override (or constraint), and selective control Block diagrams and stability Feedforward control Techniques to control processes with long dead times Multivariable process control Applicable for electrical, industrial, chemical, or mechanical engineers, Automated Continuous Process Control offers proven process control guidance that can actually be used in day-to-day operations. The reader will also benefit from the companion CD-ROM, which contains processes that have been successfully used for many years to practice tuning feedback and cascade controllers, as well as designing feedforward controllers.

Automated Stream Analysis For Process Control

Author : Dan Manka
ISBN : 9780323159883
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 67 MB
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Automated Stream Analysis for Process Control, Volume 2 focuses on the various approaches to choosing the sample preparation, sample point, sample transport, and analyzer that are best suited for the components in a specific process stream. This book discusses the engineering approach to the design of a process-control system as well as the interfacing of the analytical results with computers to apprise the operator of the progress of the stream operation. Comprised of eight chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the calibration methods and explains its advantages and disadvantages. This book then discusses the techniques that may enhance the accuracy of the calibration procedure. Other chapters provide an in-depth discussion of the chemical reactions and scope of analytical procedures utilized in the brewing of a popular beer. This text discusses as well how every process can be made more profitable by implementing continuous analytical procedures to monitor the different reactions occurring in the process. Chemists, chemical engineers, analytical chemists, as well as laboratory and plant managers will find this book extremely useful.

Principles And Practice Of Automatic Process Control Carlos A Smith Armondo B Corripio 2 Nd Ed 1997

Author : John Wiley & Sons, Inc
ISBN : 9780471575887
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 74 MB
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This edition is a major revision and expansion to the first edition. Several new subjects have been added, notably the z-transform analysis and discrete controllers, and several other subjects have been reorganized and expanded. The objective of the book, however, remains the same as in the first edition, “to present the practice of automatic process control along with the fundamental principles of control theory.” A significant number of applications resulting from our practice as part-time consultants have also been added to this edition. Twelve years have passed since the first edition was published, and even though the principles are still very much the same, the “tools” to implement the controls strategies have certainly advanced. The use of computer-based instrumentation and control systems is the norm. Chapters 1 and 2 present the definitions of terms and mathematical tools used in process control. In this edition Chapter 2 stresses the determination of the quantitative characteristics of the dynamic response, settling time, frequency of oscillation, and damping ratio, and de-emphasizes the exact determination of the analytical response. In this way the students can analyze the response of a dynamic system without having to carry out the time-consuming evaluation of the coefficients in the partial fraction expansion. Typical responses of first-, second-, and higher-order systems are now presented in Chapter 2. The derivation of process dynamic models from basic principles is the subject of Chapters 3 and 4. As compared to the first edition, the discussion of process modelling has been expanded. The discussion, meaning, and significance of process nonlinearities has been expanded as well. Several numerical examples are presented to aid in the understanding of this important process characteristic. Chapter 4 concludes with a presentation of integrating, inverse-response, and open-loop unstable processes. Chapter 5 presents the design and characteristics of the basic components of a control system: sensors and transmitters, control valves, and feedback controllers. The presentation of control valves and feedback controllers has been expanded. Chapter 5 should be studied together with Appendix C where practical operating principles of some common sensors, transmitters, and control valves are presented. The design and tuning of feedback controllers are the subjects of Chapters 6 and 7. Chapter 6 presents the analysis of the stability of feedback control loops. In this edition we stress the direct substitution method for determining both the ultimate gain and period of the loop. Routh’s test is deemphasized, but still presented in a separate section. In keeping with the spirit of Chapter 2, the examples and problems deal with the determination of the characteristics of the response of the closed loop, not with the exact analytical response of the loop. Chapter 7 keeps the same tried-and-true tuning methods from the first edition. A new section on tuning controllers for integrating processes, and a discussion of the Internal Model Control (IMC) tuning rules, have been added. Chapter 8 presents the root locus technique, and Chapter 9 presents the frequency response techniques. These techniques are principally used to study the stability of control systems. The additional control techniques that supplement and enhance feedback control have been distributed among Chapters 10 through 13 to facilitate the selection of their coverage in university courses. Cascade control is presented first, in Chapter 10, because it is so commonly a part of the other schemes. Several examples are presented to help understanding of this important and common control technique. Chapter 11 presents different computing algorithms sometimes used to implement control schemes. A method to scale these algorithms, when necessary, is presented. The chapter also presents the techniques of override, or constraint, control, and selective control. Examples are used to explain the meaning and justification of them. Chapter 12 presents and discusses in detail the techniques of ratio and feedforward control. Industrial examples are also presented. A significant number of new problems have been added. Multivariable control and loop interaction are the subjects of Chapter 13. The calculation and interpretation of the relative gain matrix (RGM) and the design of decouplers, are kept from the first edition. Several examples have been added, and the material has been reorganized to keep all the dynamic topics in one section. Finally Chapters 14 and 15 present the tools for the design and analysis of sampleddata (computer) control systems. Chapter 14 presents the z-transform and its use to analyze sampled-data control systems, while Chapter 15 presents the design of basic algorithms for computer control and the tuning of sampled-data feedback controllers. The chapter includes sections on the design and tuning of dead-time compensation algorithms and model-reference control algorithms. Two examples of Dynamic Matrix Control (DMC) are also included. As in the first edition, Appendix A presents some symbols, labels, and other notations commonly used in instrumentation and control diagrams. We have adopted throughout the book the ISA symbols for conceptual diagrams which eliminate the need to differentiate between pneumatic, electronic, or computer implementation of the various control schemes. In keeping with this spirit, we express all instrument signals in percent of range rather than in mA or psig. Appendix B presents several processes to provide the student/reader an opportunity to design control systems from scratch. During this edition we have been very fortunate to have received the help and encouragement of several wonderful individuals. The encouragement of our students, especially Daniel Palomares, Denise Farmer, Carl Thomas, Gene Daniel, Samuel Peebles, Dan Logue, and Steve Hunter, will never be forgotten. Thanks are also due to Dr. Russell Rhinehart of Texas Tech University who read several chapters when they were in the initial stages. His comments were very helpful and resulted in a better book. Professors Ray Wagonner, of Missouri Rolla, and G. David Shilling, of Rhode Island, gave us invaluable suggestions on how to improve the first edition. To both of them we are grateful. We are also grateful to Michael R. Benning of Exxon Chemical Americas who volunteered to review the manuscript and offered many useful suggestions from his industrial background. In the preface to the first edition we said that “To serve as agents in the training and development of young minds is certainly a most rewarding profession.” This is still our conviction and we feel blessed to be able to do so. It is with this desire that we have written this edition. CARLOSA.SMITH Tampa, Florida, 1997 ARMANDOB.CORRIPIO Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1997

Overview Of Industrial Process Automation

Author : K.L.S. Sharma
ISBN : 9780124157903
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 51 MB
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Man-made or industrial processes, localised or geographically distributed, need be automated in order to ensure they produce quality, consistent, and cost-effective goods or services. Automation systems for these processes broadly consist of instrumentation, control, human interface, and communication subsystems. This book introduces the basics of philosophy, technology, terminology, and practices of modern automation systems with simple illustrations and examples. Provides an introduction to automation Explains the concepts through simple illustrations and examples Describes how to understand technical documents

Continuous Biomanufacturing

Author : Ganapathy Subramanian
ISBN : 9783527340637
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 1 MB
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This is the most comprehensive treatise of this topic available, providing invaluable information on the technological and economic benefits to be gained from implementing continuous processes in the biopharmaceutical industry. Top experts from industry and academia cover the latest technical developments in the field, describing the use of single-use technologies alongside perfusion production platforms and downstream operations. Special emphasis is given to process control and monitoring, including such topics as 'quality by design' and automation. The book is supplemented by case studies that highlight the enormous potential of continuous manufacturing for biopharmaceutical production facilities.

Thermal Processing Of Foods

Author : K. P. Sandeep
ISBN : 9780470960271
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 87 MB
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The food industry has utilized automated control systems for over a quarter of a century. However, the past decade has seen an increase in the use of more sophisticated software-driven, on-line control systems, especially in thermal processing unit operations. As these software-driven control systems have become more complex, the need to validate their operation has become more important. In addition to validating new control systems, some food companies have undertaken the more difficult task of validating legacy control systems that have been operating for a number of years on retorts or aseptic systems. Thermal Processing: Control and Automation presents an overview of various facets of thermal processing and packaging from industry, academic, and government representatives. The book contains information that will be valuable not only to a person interested in understanding the fundamental aspects of thermal processing (eg graduate students), but also to those involved in designing the processes (eg process specialists based in food manufacturing) and those who are involved in process filing with USDA or FDA. The book focuses on technical aspects, both from a thermal processing standpoint and from an automation and process control standpoint. Coverage includes established technologies such as retorting as well as emerging technologies such as continuous flow microwave processing. The book addresses both the theoretical and applied aspects of thermal processing, concluding with speculations on future trends and directions.

Control Loop Foundation

Author : Terrence L. Blevins
ISBN : 9781936007547
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 96 MB
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In this in-depth book, the authors address the concepts and terminology that are needed to work in the field of process control. The material is presented in a straightforward manner that is independent of the control system manufacturer. It is assumed that the reader may not have worked in a process plant environment and may be unfamiliar with the field devices and control systems. Much of the material on the practical aspects of control design and process applications is based on the authors personal experience gained in working with process control systems. Thus, the book is written to act as a guide for engineers, managers, technicians, and others that are new to process control or experienced control engineers who are unfamiliar with multi-loop control techniques. After the traditional single-loop and multi-loop techniques that are most often used in industry are covered, a brief introduction to advanced control techniques is provided. Whether the reader of this book is working as a process control engineer, working in a control group or working in an instrument department, the information will set the solid foundation needed to understand and work with existing control systems or to design new control applications. At various points in the chapters on process characterization and control design, the reader has an opportunity to apply what was learned using web-based workshops. The only items required to access these workshops are a high-speed Internet connection and a web browser. Dynamic process simulations are built into the workshops to give the reader a realistic "hands-on" experience. Also, one chapter of the book is dedicated to techniques that may be used to create process simulations using tools that are commonly available within most distributed control systems. At various points in the chapters on process characterization and control design, the reader has an opportunity to apply what was learned using web-based workshops. The only items required to access these workshops are a high-speed Internet connection and a web browser. Dynamic process simulations are built into the workshops to give the reader a realistic "hands-on" experience. Also, one chapter of the book is dedicated to techniques that may be used to create process simulations using tools that are commonly available within most distributed control systems. As control techniques are introduced, simple process examples are used to illustrate how these techniques are applied in industry. The last chapter of the book, on process applications, contains several more complex examples from industry that illustrate how basic control techniques may be combined to meet a variety of application requirements. As control techniques are introduced, simple process examples are used to illustrate how these techniques are applied in industry. The last chapter of the book, on process applications, contains several more complex examples from industry that illustrate how basic control techniques may be combined to meet a variety of application requirements.

Alarm Management For Process Control

Author : Douglas H. Rothenberg
ISBN : 9781606500033
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 80 MB
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No modern industrial enterprise, particularly in such areas as chemical processing, can operate without a secure, and reliable, network of automated monitors and controls. And those operations need alarm systems to alert engineers and managers the moment anything goes wrong or needs attention. This book, by one of the world's leading experts on industrial alarm systems, will provide A to Z coverage of designing, implementing, and maintaining an effective alarm network.

Digital Computer Applications To Process Control

Author : R. Isermann
ISBN : 9781483146492
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 24 MB
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Digital Computer Applications to Process Control presents the developments in the application of digital computers to the control of technical processes. This book discusses the control principles and includes as well direct feedback and feed forward control as monitoring and optimization of technical processes. Organized into five parts encompassing 77 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the two categories of microprocessor systems. This text then discusses the concept of a sensor controlled robot that adapts to any task, assures product quality, and eliminates machine tending labor. Other chapters consider the ergonomic adaptation of the human operator's working conditions to his abilities. This book discusses as well the self-tuning regulator for liquid level in the acetic acid evaporator and its actual performance in production. The final chapter deals with algebraic method for deadbeat control of multivariable linear time-invariant continuous systems. This book is a valuable resource for electrical and control engineers.

Practical Batch Process Management

Author : Mike Barker
ISBN : 0080455433
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 61 MB
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Historically batch control systems were designed individually to match a specific arrangement of plant equipment. They lacked the ability to convert to new products without having to modify the control systems, and did not lend themselves to integration with manufacturing management systems. Practical Batch Management Systems explains how to utilize the building blocks and arrange the structures of modern batch management systems to produce flexible schemes suitable for automated batch management, with the capability to be reconfigured to use the same plant equipment in different combinations. It introduces current best practice in the automation of batch processes, including the drive for integration with MES (Manufacturing Execution System) and ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) products from major IT vendors. References and examples are drawn from DCS / PLC batch control products currently on the market. - Implement modern batch management systems that are flexible and easily reconfigured - Integrate batch management with other manufacturing systems including MES and ERP - Increase productivity through industry best practice

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