barriers to inclusion special education in the united states and germany

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Barriers To Inclusion

Author : Justin J. W. Powell
ISBN : 9781317263371
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 83 MB
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Barriers to Inclusion offers a comparative and historical account of the rise of special education over the twentieth century in the United States and Germany. This institutional analysis demonstrates how categorical boundaries, professional groups, social movements, and education and social policies shaped the schooling of children and youth with disabilities. It traces the evolution of special education classification, explores growing special education organizations, and examines students' learning opportunities and educational attainments. Highlighting cross-national differences over time, the author also investigates demographic and geographic variability within the federal democracies, especially in segregation and inclusion rates of disabled and disadvantaged children. Germany's elaborate system of segregated special school types contrasts with diverse American special education classrooms mainly within regular schools. Joining historical case studies with empirical indicators, this book reveals persistent barriers to school integration as well as factors that facilitate inclusive education reform in both societies.

Comparing Special Education

Author : John G. Richardson
ISBN : 9780804779135
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 49 MB
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In today's schools the number of students who receive additional resources to access the curriculum is growing rapidly, and the ongoing expansion of special education is among the most significant worldwide educational developments of the past century. Yet even among developed democracies the range of access varies hugely, from one student in twenty to one student in three. In contemporary conflicts about educational standards and accountability, special education plays a key role as it draws the boundaries between exclusion and inclusion. Comparing Special Education unites in-depth comparative and historical studies with analyses of global trends, with a particular focus on special and inclusive education in the United States, England, France, and Germany. The authors examine the causes and consequences of various institutional and organizational developments, illustrate differences in forms of educational governance and social policy priorities, and highlight the evolution of social logics from segregation of students with special educational needs to their inclusion in local schools.

Research Report

Author : Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123998812
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 53 MB
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Disability The Politics Of Education

Author : Susan Lynn Gabel
ISBN : UOM:39015077665076
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 54 MB
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Disability and the Politics of Education: An International Reader is a rich resource that deals comprehensively with the many aspects of the complex topic of disability studies in education. For nearly two decades, global attention has been given to education as a human right through global initiatives such as Education for All (EFA) and the Salamanca Statement. Yet according to UNESCO, reaching the goals of EFA remains one of the most daunting challenges facing the global community. Today, millions of the world's disabled children cannot obtain a basic childhood education, particularly in countries with limited resources. Even in the wealthiest countries, many disabled children and youth are educationally segregated from the nondisabled, particularly if they are labeled with significant cognitive impairment. International agencies such as the United Nations and the World Bank have generated funds for educational development but, unfortunately, these funds are administered with the assumption that «west is best, thereby urging developing countries to mimic educational policies in the United States and the United Kingdom in order to prove their aid-worthiness. This «McDonaldization of education reproduces the labeling, resource allocation, and social dynamics long criticized in disability studies. The authors in this volume explore these subjects and other complexities of disability and the politics of education. In doing so, they demonstrate the importance and usefulness of international perspectives and comparative approaches.

Poverty And Exclusion Among Urban Children

Author : UNICEF. International Child Development Centre
ISBN : UOM:39076002620362
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47. 27 MB
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This report addresses the reality of millions of poor children living in urban cities worldwide. It highlights the chronic poverty and marginalisation they face, many of them living in conditions of no secure housing, no access to health services and no opportunities for education. However, the report also offers examples of cities where municipal authorities helped indigent children by promoting their social inclusion, ensuring respect for their human rights, and involving them as partners in urban decision-making. These examples show that problems in urban areas are not insurmountable and that with good governance cities can become child friendly and ensure the universal realization of children's rights.

Special Educational Needs In Schools

Author : Sally Beveridge
ISBN : 0415202949
Genre : Education
File Size : 35. 88 MB
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This new edition of Special Educational Needs in Schools provides a concise but comprehensive overview of key issues in provision for children with special needs in schools, emphasising the role of the mainstream classroom teacher. This second edition looks at the numerous changes in special educational policy and practice that have taken place in the past five years. Topics covered include: * concepts of SEN * the legislative framework * the range of special educational need and provision * teaching approaches and organisational strategies * frameworks of support.

World Report On Disability

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9241564180
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 50 MB
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The World Report on Disability suggests more than a billion people totally experience disability. They generally have poorer health, lower education and fewer economic opportunities and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This report provides the best available evidence about what works to overcome barriers to better care and services.

Multilingualism Literacy And Dyslexia

Author : Lindsay Peer
ISBN : 9781317482963
Genre : Education
File Size : 26. 74 MB
Format : PDF
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This fully revised new edition provides advice on the identification, assessment and support of bilingual learners and assists practitioners in identifying the difference between literacy difficulties due to bilingualism or multilingualism and dyslexia. An essential text for staff development, it includes innovative approaches in technology and teaching programmes beneficial to multilingual learners and advice on learning additional languages. With contributions from experts from across the globe, this book will provide guidance on key themes, including: the assessment of multilingual learners the impact of dyslexia on bilingualism the literacy challenges facing learners from Indigenous cultures the role of the SENCO in identifying children with English as an additional language and Dyslexia the emotional needs of learners with bi/multilingualism and Dyslexia This book will provide guidance to anyone involved in literacy development and language learning. With the increase in international schools around the globe and the ever growing desire for parents to ensure that their children become proficient in English, this book will appeal to teachers, teaching assistants, specialists, and all other practitioners who work with bi/multilingual children.

What Works In Inclusion

Author : Boyle, Chris
ISBN : 9780335244683
Genre : Education
File Size : 65. 91 MB
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School inclusion is a perennially popular yet polemic topic in most countries. This timely book explores what is known about inclusion, highlighting outstanding examples of inclusion to provide a complete overview of successful inclusion. The book concentrates on how to make inclusion work - from the view of internationally established practitioners in the field of teacher education - with a focus on what variables are likely to make a difference in practice. What Works in Inclusion? covers three key aspects: Theories of inclusive education Examples of how inclusion can be encouraged and facilitated What prevents inclusion from being successful Drawing on case studies from a wide range of countries, including USA, Australia, UK, Canada and Italy, there is focus on the positive aspects of inclusion: 'how' it can work and 'what actually works', helping you understand successful aspects of inclusion as well as developing an understanding of how inclusive education can best be implemented. In addition to the research-based accounts of how to make inclusion work, the book considers the difficulties that can arise in attempting to achieve successful inclusion and how such barriers can be overcome, to ensure a successful inclusive experience for both teachers and students. This is a key text for all serving and aspiring teachers and SENCOs, as well as those interested in inclusion and SEN in schools, and will inform and challenge in equal measure. Contributors: Adrian F Ashman, Robert Conway, Joanne Deppeler, Roberta Fadda, Laurel M. Garrick Duhaney, Fraser Lauchlan, Margo Mastropieri, Kim M. Michaud, Brahm Norwich, Petra Ponte, Diane Richler, Richard Rose, Spencer J. Salend, Tom Scruggs, Roger Slee, Jacqueline Thousand, Richard Villa, Catharine Whittaker "Focusing on both theory and practice, this timely volume provides a refreshing set of challenges to all of us who are committed to the development of more inclusive education systems. The presentation of ideas and experiences from different countries is particularly powerful in this respect." Professor Mel Ainscow, University of Manchester, UK "Boyle and Topping provide a collection of salient chapters on critical issues pertaining to inclusive education from a collection of world leaders in the field. This book is scholarly, current, and research-based, yet at the same time readable and informative for a wide audience of university teachers and their students, along with practicing educators in the field. Recognizing that inclusive education is an ongoing project this book nevertheless provides a rigorous gestalt of inclusive education theory, practical advice for implementation, and potential barriers to success. This is one of the finest books on this topic currently available." Professor Tim Loreman, Faculty of Education, Concordia University College of Alberta, Canada

Index For Inclusion

Author : Tony Booth
ISBN : 1872001688
Genre : Educational equalization
File Size : 85. 6 MB
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