bicontinuous liquid crystals 127 surfactant science

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Bicontinuous Liquid Crystals

Author : Mathew L. Lynch
ISBN : 9781420027709
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 23 MB
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With the development of diverse analytical chemistry techniques, the discovery of rich and numerous properties pertaining to bicontinuous liquid crystal structures has yielded beneficial applications in medicine, consumer products, materials science, and biotechnology. Presenting contributions from 24 experts worldwide, Bicontinuous Liquid Crystals presents a comprehensive overview of these structures with a practical approach to applying them in manufacturing and laboratory processes. This book considers the cubic, mesh, ribbon, and sponge equilibrium phases of bicontinuous structures. It begins with a historical perspective and a theoretical platform for study, followed by a detailed discussion of physical chemistry, properties, and structural characteristics of the different phases. The text interrelates the most useful analytical methods for the characterization of the behavior and stability of liquid crystalline phases based on structure, geometry, composition-dependent changes, temperature, dispersion, and other factors. These techniques include differential geometry, thermodynamics, local and global packing, and the study of conformational entropy. The book also highlights tools for mathematically visualizing bicontinuous systems. This provides an excellent foundation for the authors' examination of the latest studies and applications, such as controlled release, materials development, fabrication, processing, polymerization, protein crystallization, membrane fusion, and treatment of human skin. Bicontinuous Liquid Crystals represents current trends and innovative ideas in the study of bicontinuous liquid crystals. Divided into three sections, it provides a complete overview of theoretical and modeling aspects, physical chemistry and characterization, and applications in this active field of research.

Liquid Crystalline Functional Assemblies And Their Supramolecular Structures

Author : Takashi Kato
ISBN : 9783540778677
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 61 MB
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This book presents critical reviews of the present position and future trends in modern chemical research concerned with chemical structure and bonding. It contains short and concise reports, each written by the world's renowned experts. Still valid and useful after 5 or 10 years, more information as well as the electronic version of the whole content is available at: springerlink.com.

Advances In Planar Lipid Bilayers And Liposomes

Author : Ales Iglic
ISBN : 9780123877208
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 13 MB
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Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes volumes cover a broad range of topics, including main arrangements of the reconstituted system, namely planar lipid bilayers as well as spherical liposomes. The invited authors present the latest results of their own research groups in this exciting multidisciplinary field. Incorporates contributions from newcomers and established and experienced researchers Explores the planar lipid bilayer systems and spherical liposomes from both theoretical and experimental perspectives Serves as an indispensable source of information for new scientists

Self Assembled Supramolecular Architectures

Author : Nissim Garti
ISBN : 9781118336571
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 32 MB
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This book will describe fundamentals and recent developments in the area of Self-Assembled Supramolecular Architecture and their relevance to the understanding of the functionality of membranes as delivery systems for active ingredients. As the heirarchial architectures determine their performance capabilities, attention will be paid to theoretical and design aspects related to the construction of lyotropic liquid crystals: mesophases such as lamellar, hexagonal, cubic, sponge phase micellosomes. The book will bring to the reader mechanistic aspects, compositional considerations, transition within phases, solubilization capacities, drug entrapment and release mechanisms and transmembrane, transdermal, and other transport phenomena. It will stress the importance of these mesostructures to crystallization and polymorphism of drugs, fats, and nutraceuticals and will discuss regioselectivity of organic and enzymatic reactions that take place at interfaces and within the channels of the mesophase. The book will bring studies on the use of these mesophase as crystallization or particulation media for the formation of nanoparticles and nanocrystals. Chapters will discuss applications in the areas of pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics, plastics, paper, agro-chemistry and industrial applications.

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0099078453
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 87. 96 MB
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Journal Of The Indian Institute Of Science

Author : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
ISBN : UCSD:31822009605239
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 97 MB
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Indian Journal Of Experimental Biology

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015060924746
Genre : Biology
File Size : 51. 96 MB
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The Aqueous Phase Behavior Of Surfactants

Author : Robert G. Laughlin
ISBN : UOM:39015032715933
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 37 MB
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Surfactants play an important role in many human endeavors, ranging from consumer products (cosmetics, foods, and powdered soaps) to many aspects of biology and pharmaceuticals. This book presents researchers with the basic principles governing phase behavior of surfactants, the relationship between phase behavior and molecular structure, and the various ways in which this information can be applied. Coverage includes qualitative concepts and relationships between phase science and thermodynamics, as well as how this information can be used to describe surfactant systems. Key Features* Presents researchers with the basic principles governing phase behavior of surfactants, the relationship between phase behavior and molecular structure, and the various ways in which this information can be applied* Includes more than 90 phase diagrams* Uses reaction equations to describe phase transformations* The hardcover version, published in 1994, has sold 859 copies to date

Dynamics Of Surfactant Self Assemblies

Author : Raoul Zana
ISBN : 9781420028225
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 81 MB
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Dynamics of Surfactant Self-Assemblies explains the dynamics of micellar equilibria, tracking surfactant exchange, and micelle formation/breakdown processes. Highlighting the structural similarities of amphiphilic block copolymers to surfactants, this volume elucidates the dynamics of more complex self-assemblies that surfactants and amphiphilic block copolymers form in solutions. The book first discusses self-assembling processes taking place in aqueous surfactant solutions and the dynamic character of surfactant self-assemblies. The next chapter reviews methods that permit the study of the dynamics of self-assemblies. The dynamics of micelles of surfactants and block copolymers, solubilized systems, microemulsions, vesicles, and lyotropic liquid crystals/mesophases are reviewed successively. The authors point out the similarities and differences in the behavior of these different self-assemblies. Much emphasis is put on the processes of surfactant exchange and of micelle formation/breakdown that determine the surfactant residence time in micelles, and the micelle lifetime. The last three chapters cover topics for which the dynamics of surfactant self-assemblies can be important for a better understanding of observed behaviors: dynamics of surfactant adsorption on surfaces, rheology of viscoelastic surfactant solutions, and kinetics of chemical reactions performed in surfactant self-assemblies used as microreactors. Dynamics of Surfactant Self-Assemblies offers a unique and comprehensive review of the literature that exists on the dynamics of the various surfactant self-assemblies and a unified perspective on this topic. It provides researchers with a useful guide for the dynamics of the surfactant systems that they wish to investigate.

Giant Micelles

Author : Raoul Zana
ISBN : 0849373085
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 24 MB
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The co-evolution of a strong theoretical framework alongside application of a range of sophisticated experimental tools engendered rapid advancement in the study of “giant micelles.” Beginning with Anacker and Debye’s 1951 experimental study of elongated micelles by light scattering and their subsequent theoretical inference that the thermodynamics of these structures would have to reflect an opposing force model, theory and experiment have progressed hand in hand. This progress, along with growing interest in the practical and industrial applications of these structures in cleansers, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and energy production, demands a comprehensive, single-source reference to the current state-of-the-science. Drawing on the expertise of internationally known scientists, Giant Micelles: Properties and Applications summarizes the range of behaviors encountered in solutions of micelles and their applications in industrial processes. The book introduces theoretical aspects of the rheological behavior and formation of giant micelles from different viewpoints including molecular-level thermodynamic theory and computer simulations. It continues by focusing on the results of a variety of experimental studies using methods such as cryo-transmission electron microscopy, scattering techniques, phase diagrams, linear and non-linear rheology, and chemical relaxation. Illustrating the properties of giant micelles on solid surfaces, the book also considers systems of smart micelles that respond to external stimuli by a change of shape. The authors describe giant micelles formed from amphiphilic block copolymers as well as non-covalent polymers that exhibit similar rheological behavior to giant micelles. Finally, the chapters address current and emerging applications of giant micelles in oil and gas production, drag reduction, drug-delivery formulations, and personal care products such as shampoo. By gathering a range of information into one volume, Giant Micelles: Properties and Applications provides scientists with an essential reference on these fascinating materials and their emerging role in industrial application.

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