biology of the nmda receptor frontiers in neuroscience

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Biology Of The Nmda Receptor

Author : Antonius M. VanDongen
ISBN : 142004415X
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 25 MB
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The NMDA receptor plays a critical role in the development of the central nervous system and in adult neuroplasticity, learning, and memory. Therefore, it is not surprising that this receptor has been widely studied. However, despite the importance of rhythms for the sustenance of life, this aspect of NMDAR function remains poorly studied. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities on NMDA receptors, Biology of the NMDA Receptor brings together virtually all the players in this important field.

Frontiers In Clinical Neuroscience

Author : Laszlo Vecsei
ISBN : 9781441989697
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 25 MB
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Dopamine Glutamate Interactions In The Basal Ganglia

Author : Susan Jones
ISBN : 9781420088809
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 24 MB
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The basal ganglia are involved in complex brain functions, from voluntary movement control to learning and reward processing, and they are implicated in numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders. Information from the cerebral cortex and thalamus is conveyed to basal ganglia nuclei via glutamate release, while dopamine from the midbrain is released in close proximity to glutamate. At the heart of both function and dysfunction of basal ganglia circuits is the interaction of these two neurotransmitters, dopamine and glutamate. Elucidating the relationship between their molecular and cellular effects and behavioural significance has been challenging, but in the past 5–10 years, improved labeling, imaging, recording, and genetic manipulation approaches have yielded new information on how dopamine and glutamate interact to generate the circuit activity underpinning basal ganglia function. Dopamine–Glutamate Interactions in the Basal Ganglia synthesizes this recent research from the level of receptor molecules all the way to complex behaviours and disease. Current insights from research on individual neurons and synapses, detailed circuit analysis, and learning and action functions of the basal ganglia are presented against a historical perspective. The book also discusses compromised dopamine–glutamate interaction in disorders of basal ganglia function, including Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and drug addiction.

Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity

Author : Henry Markram
ISBN : 9782889190430
Genre :
File Size : 28. 29 MB
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Hebb's postulate provided a crucial framework to understand synaptic alterations underlying learning and memory. Hebb's theory proposed that neurons that fire together, also wire together, which provided the logical framework for the strengthening of synapses. Weakening of synapses was however addressed by "not being strengthened", and it was only later that the active decrease of synaptic strength was introduced through the discovery of long-term depression caused by low frequency stimulation of the presynaptic neuron. In 1994, it was found that the precise relative timing of pre and postynaptic spikes determined not only the magnitude, but also the direction of synaptic alterations when two neurons are active together. Neurons that fire together may therefore not necessarily wire together if the precise timing of the spikes involved are not tighly correlated. In the subsequent 15 years, Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP) has been found in multiple brain brain regions and in many different species. The size and shape of the time windows in which positive and negative changes can be made vary for different brain regions, but the core principle of spike timing dependent changes remain. A large number of theoretical studies have also been conducted during this period that explore the computational function of this driving principle and STDP algorithms have become the main learning algorithm when modeling neural networks. This Research Topic will bring together all the key experimental and theoretical research on STDP.

Frontiers In Pediatric Neurology

Author : TM Ananda Kesavan
ISBN : 9789386261755
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 48 MB
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This book is a complete guide to paediatric neurology for clinicians. Beginning with an overview of potential pitfalls in neurological examination of children, the following chapters discuss the diagnosis and management of numerous neurological disorders that may be encountered in daily paediatric practice. Topics covered include cerebral palsy, Guillan-Barré Syndrome, febrile seizures, muscle disorders, cerebral edema, epilepsy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction and much more. Each section is presented with an emphasis on the importance of accurate clinical examination, and covers all the latest developments and management strategies. The comprehensive text is highly illustrated with clinical images and diagrams to enhance learning. Key Points Comprehensive guide to paediatric neurology Covers diagnosis and management of numerous disorders with emphasis on importance of accurate clinical examination Includes discussion on potential pitfalls in neurological examination of children Highly illustrated with clinical photographs and diagrams

The Role Of The Plasminogen Activating System In Neurobiology

Author : Robert L. Medcalf
ISBN : 9782889450633
Genre :
File Size : 78. 82 MB
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This ebook contains a series of original publications, reviews and mini-reviews by leaders in the field that address the growing importance of the plasminogen activating system in neurobiology. The articles included cover the role of the plasminogen activating system as a key modulator of blood brain barrier permeability, and the implications of this in traumatic brain injury and in ischemic stroke. State-of-the-Art manuscripts are also included that address the regulatory mechanisms that control this important process.

Encyclopedia Of Cell Biology

Author :
ISBN : 9780123947963
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 8 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Cell Biology offers a broad overview of cell biology, offering reputable, foundational content for researchers and students across the biological and medical sciences. This important work includes 285 articles from domain experts covering every aspect of cell biology, with fully annotated figures, abundant illustrations, videos, and references for further reading. Each entry is built with a layered approach to the content, providing basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for the more experienced researcher. With authored contributions by experts in the field, the Encyclopedia of Cell Biology provides a fully cross-referenced, one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences. Fully annotated color images and videos for full comprehension of concepts, with layered content for readers from different levels of experience Includes information on cytokinesis, cell biology, cell mechanics, cytoskeleton dynamics, stem cells, prokaryotic cell biology, RNA biology, aging, cell growth, cell Injury, and more In-depth linking to Academic Press/Elsevier content and additional links to outside websites and resources for further reading A one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences

Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity

Author : Henry Markram
ISBN : 9782889190430
Genre :
File Size : 29. 13 MB
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Download : 313
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Hebb's postulate provided a crucial framework to understand synaptic alterations underlying learning and memory. Hebb's theory proposed that neurons that fire together, also wire together, which provided the logical framework for the strengthening of synapses. Weakening of synapses was however addressed by "not being strengthened", and it was only later that the active decrease of synaptic strength was introduced through the discovery of long-term depression caused by low frequency stimulation of the presynaptic neuron. In 1994, it was found that the precise relative timing of pre and postynaptic spikes determined not only the magnitude, but also the direction of synaptic alterations when two neurons are active together. Neurons that fire together may therefore not necessarily wire together if the precise timing of the spikes involved are not tighly correlated. In the subsequent 15 years, Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP) has been found in multiple brain brain regions and in many different species. The size and shape of the time windows in which positive and negative changes can be made vary for different brain regions, but the core principle of spike timing dependent changes remain. A large number of theoretical studies have also been conducted during this period that explore the computational function of this driving principle and STDP algorithms have become the main learning algorithm when modeling neural networks. This Research Topic will bring together all the key experimental and theoretical research on STDP.

Frontiers In Pain Research

Author : Alexendre Lucas
ISBN : 1594548285
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 10 MB
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Pain is an emotion experienced in the brain, it is not like touch, taste, sight, smell or hearing. It is categorised into Acute Pain less than twelve weeks duration and Chronic Pain if over twelve weeks. Pain can be perceived as a warning of potential damage, but can also be present when no actual harm is being done to the body. This book examines new research into the causes, symptoms and treatments of pain.

Frontiers In Cns Drug Discovery

Author : Atta-ur Rahman
ISBN : 9781608051595
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 42 MB
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"Frontiers in CNS Drug Discovery" is an Ebook series devoted to publishing the latest and the most important advances in Central Nervous System (CNS) drug design and discovery. Eminent scientists write contributions on all areas of rational drug design and drug discovery including medicinal chemistry, in-silico drug design, combinatorial chemistry, high-throughput screening, drug targets, recent important patents, and structure-activity relationships. the Ebook series should prove to be of interest to all pharmaceutical scientists involved in research in CNS drug design and discovery. Each volume is devoted to the major advances in CNS drug design and discovery. the Ebook series is essential reading to all scientists involved in drug design and discovery who wish to keep abreast of rapid and important developments in the field.

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