biosensors for direct monitoring of environmental pollutants in field nato science partnership subseries 2

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Biosensors For Direct Monitoring Of Environmental Pollutants In Field

Author : Dimitrios P. Nikolelis
ISBN : 9789401589734
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 76 MB
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Biosensors offer clear and distinct advantages over standard analytical methods for the direct monitoring of environmental pollutants in the field, such as real-time detection with minimum sample preparation and handling. The present book highlights recent advantages that will be of great value to a range of scientists, researchers and students dealing with analytical and environmental chemistry and biosensor technology. It presents recent trends in analytical methodology for the determination of indoor and outdoor pollutants, advances in DNA, biological and recognition-based sensors, examples of biosensors for use in field and water analysis, biosensors based on non-aqueous systems, and recent advances in the miniaturisation and micromachining of biosensors.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079622752
Genre : American literature
File Size : 88. 62 MB
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Advanced Sensors For Safety And Security

Author : Ashok Vaseashta
ISBN : 9789400770034
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 90 MB
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This book results from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop titled “Technological Innovations in CBRNE Sensing and Detection for Safety, Security, and Sustainability” held in Yerevan, Armenia in 2012. The objective was to discuss and exchange views as to how fusion of advanced technologies can lead to improved sensors/detectors in support of defense, security, and situational awareness. The chapters range from policy and implementation, advanced sensor platforms using stand-off (THz and optical) and point-contact methods for detection of chemical, nuclear, biological, nuclear and explosive agents and contaminants in water, to synthesis methods for several materials used for sensors. In view of asymmetric, kinetic, and distributed nature of threat vectors, an emphasis is placed to examine new generation of sensors/detectors that utilize an ecosystems of innovation and advanced sciences convergence in support of effective counter-measures against CBRNE threats. The book will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials, and sensing/detection of CBRNE agents and water-borne contaminants. For policy implementation and compliance standpoint, the book serves as a resource of several informative contributions. In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing and detection using nexus of advanced technologies for scientists, technologists, policy makers, and soldiers and commanders.

Water Treatment Technologies For The Removal Of High Toxity Pollutants

Author : Miroslava Václavíková
ISBN : 9789048134977
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 14 MB
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Water is essential for life, a strategic resource for every country and population. Its availability and sanitary safety is highly connected with the health and economy status of population. Burden of disease due to polluted water is a major public health problem throughout the world. Many pollutants in water streams have been identified as toxic and harmful to the environment and human health, and among them arsenic, mercury and cadmium are considered as high priority ones. Providing population with safe drinking water became the priority and at the same time a big challenge for the modern society. Many funding agencies in various countries have assigned a high priority to the envir- mental security and pollution prevention. UN, being one of them, launched the “International Decade for Action: Water for life 2005–2015. ” Therefore, today’s political and social climate presents an important opportunity to implement principles of sustainable development and to preserve resources essential for future life. This process requires interdisciplinary approach; it is critically important to stimulate interactions between medical doctors, chemists, physicist, materials scientists, engineers and policy makers, which are already experienced in their specific areas. It is also our ethical obligation to preserve existing water resources and existing eco systems enhancing their biodiversity. The NATO Advanced Research Workshop “Water Treatment Te- nologies for the Removal of High-Toxicity Pollutants” took place on September 13–17, 2008 in Košice, Slovak Republic.

Computer And Information Science Applications In Bioprocess Engineering

Author : Antonio R. Moreira
ISBN : 0792338650
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 54 MB
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Biotechnology has been labelled as one of the key technologies of the last two decades of the 20th century, offering solutions to problems ranging from food and agricultural production to pharmaceutical and medical applications, as well as environmental and bioremediation problems. Biological processes, however, are complex and the prevailing mechanisms are either unknown or poorly understood. This means that adequate techniques for data acquisition and analysis, leading to appropriate modelling and simulation packages that can be superimposed on the engineering principles, need to be routine tools for future biotechnologists. This volume presents a summary of the most recent work in the field, covering: instrumentation systems; enzyme technology; environmental biotechnology; food applications; and metabolic engineering.

Combined And Hybrid Adsorbents

Author : José M. Loureiro
ISBN : 9781402051722
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 20 MB
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This book follows up an Advanced Research Workshop dedicated to the subject of adsorption. It presents an up-to-date review of the latest achievements in the synthesis, characterization and applications of hybrid organic-inorganic materials and of carbon and combined adsorbents. The modeling of the adsorption process, including the simulation of carbon masks used for both civil and military protection purposes is also addressed. Includes applications in environmental, military and post-disaster situations.

Rapid Methods For Analysis Of Biological Materials In The Environment

Author : Peter J. Stopa
ISBN : 9789401595346
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 75 MB
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Contrary to common belief, infectious diseases are not as well under control as we would like. We are now at a crossroads regarding the impact of the environment on infectious diseases. Renewed interest in biological weapons and the emergence of new pathogens, coupled with a better understanding of the impact of infectious agents on other conventional diseases, has led us to realise that we can no longer remain complacent about the impact of infectious agents on human, animal and crop health. The present book first discusses current and emerging military and civilian policies on the environment. In addition, the impact of environmental biology on the future of space exploration is discussed, especially in reference to the Mars mission. There follows a discussion of the state of bacteria in the environment, with a presentation of current and emerging techniques of microbial investigation. Finally, two case studies are presented on the impact of these techniques on both political and environmental problems.

The Utilization Of Bioremediation To Reduce Soil Contamination Problems And Solutions

Author : Václav Sasek
ISBN : 9789401001311
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 87 MB
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Traditional reliance on chemical analysis to understand the direction and extent of treatment in a bioremediation process has been found to be inadequate. Whereas the goal of bioremediation is toxicity reduction, few direct, reliable measures of this process are as yet available. Another area of intense discussion is the assessment of market forces contributing to the acceptability of bioremediation. Finally, another important component is a series of lectures and lively exchanges devoted to practical applications of different bioremediation technologies. The range of subjects covers a wide spectrum, encompassing emerging technologies as well as actual, full-scale operations. Examples discussed include landfarming, biopiling, composting, phytoremediation and mycoremediation. Each technology is explored for its utility and capability to provide desired treatment goals. Advantages and limitations of each technology are discussed. The concept of natural attenuation is also critically evaluated since in some cases where time to remediation is not a significant factor, it may be an alternative to active bioremediation operations.

Viable Methods Of Soil And Water Pollution Monitoring Protection And Remediation

Author : Irena Twardowska
ISBN : 9781402047282
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 40 MB
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This book details the state-of-the art in early warning monitoring of anthropogenic pollution of soil and water. It is unique with regard to its complex, multidisciplinary, mechanistic approach. Top scientists establish links and strengthen weak connections between specific fields in biology, microbiology, chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, sensoristics, soil science and hydrogeology.

Soil Chemical Pollution Risk Assessment Remediation And Security

Author : Vardan Sargsyan
ISBN : 9781402082573
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 77 MB
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The objective of this hugely important text is to contribute to the existing knowledge on soil pollution and remediation. Stress is given to the critical assessment of the used analyses and methods for study effects in combined chemical pollution (organic pollutants and pesticides, metals) on soil biota and fertility. Also featured is, among other things, an evaluation of specific aspects of risk assessment, and an assessment of advanced technologies for soil remediation.

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