black markets the supply and demand of body parts

Download Book Black Markets The Supply And Demand Of Body Parts in PDF format. You can Read Online Black Markets The Supply And Demand Of Body Parts here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Black Markets

Author : Michele Goodwin
ISBN : 9780521852807
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 178
Read : 508

Get This Book


In America, in direct response to indefinite delays on the national transplantation waitlists and an inadequate supply of organs, a growing number of terminally ill Americans are turning to international underground markets and coordinators or brokers for organs. Chinese inmates on death-row and the economically disadvantaged in India and Brazil are the often compromised co-participants in the private negotiation process, which occurs outside the legal process - or in the shadows of law. These individuals supply kidneys and other organs for Americans and other Westerners willing to shop and pay in the private process. This book contends that exclusive reliance on the present altruistic tissue and organ procurement processes in the United States is not only rife with problems, but also improvident. The author explores how the altruistic approach leads to a 'black market' of organs being harvested from Third World individuals as well as compelled donations from children and incompetent persons.

The Body Divided

Author : Dr Sarah Ferber
ISBN : 9781409482840
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 66 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 296
Read : 1097

Get This Book


Bodies and body parts of the dead have long been considered valuable material for use in medical science. Over time and in different places, they have been dissected, autopsied, investigated, harvested for research and therapeutic purposes, collected to turn into museum and other specimens, and then displayed, disposed of, and exchanged. This book examines the history of such activities, from the early nineteenth century through to the present, as they took place in hospitals, universities, workhouses, asylums and museums in England, Australia and elsewhere. Through a series of case studies, the volume reveals the changing scientific, economic and emotional value of corpses and their contested place in medical science.

Patients With Passports

Author : I. Glenn Cohen
ISBN : 9780190218195
Genre : Law
File Size : 90. 74 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 799
Read : 507

Get This Book


Can your employer require you to travel to India for a hip replacement as a condition of insurance coverage? If injury results, can you sue the doctor, hospital or insurer for medical malpractice in the country where you live? Can a country prohibit its citizens from helping a relative travel to Switzerland for assisted suicide? What about travel for abortion? In Patients with Passports, I. Glenn Cohen tackles these important questions, and provides the first comprehensive legal and ethical analysis of medical tourism. Medical tourism is a growing multi-billion dollar industry involving millions of patients who travel abroad each year to get health care. Some seek legitimate services like hip replacements and travel to avoid queues, save money, or because their insurer has given them an incentive to do so. Others seek to circumvent prohibitions on accessing services at home and go abroad to receive abortions, assisted suicide, commercial surrogacy, or experimental stem cell treatments. In this book, author I. Glenn Cohen focuses on patients traveling for cardiac bypass and other legal services to places like India, Thailand, and Mexico, and analyzes issues of quality of care, disease transmission, liability, private and public health insurance, and the effects of this trade on foreign health care systems. He goes on to examine medical tourism for services illegal in the patient's home country, such as organ purchase, abortion, assisted suicide, fertility services, and experimental stem cell treatments. Here, Cohen examines issues such as extraterritorial criminalization, exploitation, immigration, and the protection of children. Through compelling narratives, expert data, and industry explanations Patients with Passports enables the reader to connect with the most prevalent legal and ethical issues facing medical tourism today.

Me Medicine Vs We Medicine

Author : Donna Dickenson
ISBN : 9780231534413
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 87 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 460
Read : 1235

Get This Book


Personalized healthcare—or what the award-winning author Donna Dickenson calls "Me Medicine"—is radically transforming our longstanding "one-size-fits-all" model. Technologies such as direct-to-consumer genetic testing, pharmacogenetically developed therapies in cancer care, private umbilical cord blood banking, and neurocognitive enhancement claim to cater to an individual's specific biological character, and, in some cases, these technologies have shown powerful potential. Yet in others they have produced negligible or even negative results. Whatever is behind the rise of Me Medicine, it isn't just science. So why is Me Medicine rapidly edging out We Medicine, and how has our commitment to our collective health suffered as a result? In her cogent, provocative analysis, Dickenson examines the economic and political factors fueling the Me Medicine phenomenon and explores how, over time, this paradigm shift in how we approach our health might damage our individual and collective well-being. Historically, the measures of "We Medicine," such as vaccination and investment in public-health infrastructure, have radically extended our life spans, and Dickenson argues we've lost sight of that truth in our enthusiasm for "Me Medicine." Dickenson explores how personalized medicine illustrates capitalism's protean capacity for creating new products and markets where none existed before—and how this, rather than scientific plausibility, goes a long way toward explaining private umbilical cord blood banks and retail genetics. Drawing on the latest findings from leading scientists, social scientists, and political analysts, she critically examines four possible hypotheses driving our Me Medicine moment: a growing sense of threat; a wave of patient narcissism; corporate interests driving new niche markets; and the dominance of personal choice as a cultural value. She concludes with insights from political theory that emphasize a conception of the commons and the steps we can take to restore its value to modern biotechnology.

Border Contraband

Author : George T. Díaz
ISBN : 9780292761087
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46. 68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 805
Read : 873

Get This Book


Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.

Ethics And The Acquisition Of Organs

Author : T. M. Wilkinson
ISBN : 9780199607860
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 61 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 868
Read : 916

Get This Book


Transplantation is a medically successful and cost-effective way to treat people whose organs have failed--but not enough organs are available to meet demand. Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs is concerned with the major ethical problems raised by policies for acquiring organs. The main topics are the rights of the dead, the role of the family, opt in and opt out systems, the conscription of organs, living organ donation from adults and children, directed donation and priority for donors, and the sale of organs. In this ground-breaking work, T. M. Wilkinson uses concepts from moral and political theory such as autonomy, rights, posthumous interests, justice, and well-being, in a context informed by the clinical, legal, and policy aspects of transplantation. The result is a rigorous philosophical exploration of real problems and options. He argues that the ethics of acquiring organs for transplantation is not only of great intellectual interest, but also of practical importance. As such, this book will be of profit not only to students and academics who work in applied ethics and bioethics, but also to the lawyers, policy-makers, clinicians, and lobby groups interested in transplantation.

Seed

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123026176
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 431
Read : 667

Get This Book



20 Chance Of Rain

Author : Richard B. Jones
ISBN : 9781118116364
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 15 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 350
Read : 243

Get This Book


There are plenty of books on specialized risk topics but few thatdeal with the broad diversity and daily applicability of thissubject. Risk applications require a robust knowledge of manyattributes of this seemingly simple subject. This book teaches thereader through examples and case studies the fundamental (andsubtle) aspects of risk - regardless of the specific situation. Thetext allows the reader to understand the concept of risk analysiswhile not getting too involved in the mathematics; in this methodthe reader can apply these techniques across a wide range ofsituations. The second edition includes new examples from NASA and severalother industries as well as new case studies from legal databases.The many real-life discussion topics enable the reader to form anunderstanding of the concepts of risk and risk management and applythem to day-to-day issues.

Symposium

Author : DePaul University. College of Law
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063277128
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 702
Read : 585

Get This Book



Beyond Human

Author : Erik Seedhouse
ISBN : 9783662435267
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 525
Read : 245

Get This Book


Beyond Human is an informative and accessible guide for all those interested in the developing sciences of genetic engineering, bio printing and human cloning. Illustrating the ideas with reference to well-known science fiction films and novels, the author provides a unique insight into and understanding of how genetic manipulation, cloning, and other novel bio-technologies will one day allow us to redesign our species. It also addresses the legitimate concerns about “playing God”, while at the same time embracing the positive aspects of the scientific trajectory that will lead to our transhuman future.

Top Download:

Best Books