black markets the supply and demand of body parts

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Black Markets

Author : Michele Goodwin
ISBN : 9780521852807
Genre : Law
File Size : 62. 96 MB
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In America, in direct response to indefinite delays on the national transplantation waitlists and an inadequate supply of organs, a growing number of terminally ill Americans are turning to international underground markets and coordinators or brokers for organs. Chinese inmates on death-row and the economically disadvantaged in India and Brazil are the often compromised co-participants in the private negotiation process, which occurs outside the legal process - or in the shadows of law. These individuals supply kidneys and other organs for Americans and other Westerners willing to shop and pay in the private process. This book contends that exclusive reliance on the present altruistic tissue and organ procurement processes in the United States is not only rife with problems, but also improvident. The author explores how the altruistic approach leads to a 'black market' of organs being harvested from Third World individuals as well as compelled donations from children and incompetent persons.

Angebot Und Nachfrage

Author : Hubert Douglas Henderson
ISBN : 9783662346808
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 22 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Koma

Author : Robin Cook
ISBN : 3548254675
Genre :
File Size : 83. 47 MB
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Staats Organe

Author : David Matas
ISBN : 3862391116
Genre :
File Size : 40. 65 MB
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Das Selbst Und Die Anderen

Author : Ronald D. Laing
ISBN : 3462009397
Genre : Психология
File Size : 29. 44 MB
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The Body Divided

Author : Dr Sarah Ferber
ISBN : 9781409482840
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 44 MB
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Bodies and body parts of the dead have long been considered valuable material for use in medical science. Over time and in different places, they have been dissected, autopsied, investigated, harvested for research and therapeutic purposes, collected to turn into museum and other specimens, and then displayed, disposed of, and exchanged. This book examines the history of such activities, from the early nineteenth century through to the present, as they took place in hospitals, universities, workhouses, asylums and museums in England, Australia and elsewhere. Through a series of case studies, the volume reveals the changing scientific, economic and emotional value of corpses and their contested place in medical science.

Was Man F R Geld Nicht Kaufen Kann

Author : Michael J. Sandel
ISBN : 9783843705097
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 83 MB
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Darf ein Staat Söldner verpflichten, um Kriege zu führen? Ist es moralisch vertretbar, Leute dafür zu bezahlen, dass sie Organe spenden? Dürfen Unternehmen gegen Geld das Recht erwerben, die Luft zu verpesten? Fast alles scheint heute käuflich zu sein. Wollten wir das so? Und was können wir dagegen tun? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele widmet sich Michael J. Sandel dieser wichtigen ethischen Frage. Die Regeln des Marktes haben fast alle Lebensbereiche infiltriert, auch jene, die eigentlich jenseits von Konsum und Mehrwert liegen sollten: Medizin, Erziehung, Politik, Recht und Gesetz, Kunst, Sport, sogar Familie und Partnerschaft. Ohne es zu merken, haben wir uns von einer Marktwirtschaft in eine Marktgesellschaft gewandelt. Ist da nicht etwas grundlegend schief gelaufen? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele wirft Michael Sandel eine der wichtigsten ethischen Fragen unserer Zeit auf: Wie können wir den Markt daran hindern, Felder zu beherrschen, in denen er nichts zu suchen hat? Wo liegen seine moralischen Grenzen? Und wie können wir zivilisatorische Errungenschaften bewahren, für die sich der Markt nicht interessiert und die man für kein Geld der Welt kaufen kann?

Patients With Passports

Author : I. Glenn Cohen
ISBN : 9780190218195
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 64 MB
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Can your employer require you to travel to India for a hip replacement as a condition of insurance coverage? If injury results, can you sue the doctor, hospital or insurer for medical malpractice in the country where you live? Can a country prohibit its citizens from helping a relative travel to Switzerland for assisted suicide? What about travel for abortion? In Patients with Passports, I. Glenn Cohen tackles these important questions, and provides the first comprehensive legal and ethical analysis of medical tourism. Medical tourism is a growing multi-billion dollar industry involving millions of patients who travel abroad each year to get health care. Some seek legitimate services like hip replacements and travel to avoid queues, save money, or because their insurer has given them an incentive to do so. Others seek to circumvent prohibitions on accessing services at home and go abroad to receive abortions, assisted suicide, commercial surrogacy, or experimental stem cell treatments. In this book, author I. Glenn Cohen focuses on patients traveling for cardiac bypass and other legal services to places like India, Thailand, and Mexico, and analyzes issues of quality of care, disease transmission, liability, private and public health insurance, and the effects of this trade on foreign health care systems. He goes on to examine medical tourism for services illegal in the patient's home country, such as organ purchase, abortion, assisted suicide, fertility services, and experimental stem cell treatments. Here, Cohen examines issues such as extraterritorial criminalization, exploitation, immigration, and the protection of children. Through compelling narratives, expert data, and industry explanations Patients with Passports enables the reader to connect with the most prevalent legal and ethical issues facing medical tourism today.

Me Medicine Vs We Medicine

Author : Donna Dickenson
ISBN : 9780231534413
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 87 MB
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Personalized healthcare—or what the award-winning author Donna Dickenson calls "Me Medicine"—is radically transforming our longstanding "one-size-fits-all" model. Technologies such as direct-to-consumer genetic testing, pharmacogenetically developed therapies in cancer care, private umbilical cord blood banking, and neurocognitive enhancement claim to cater to an individual's specific biological character, and, in some cases, these technologies have shown powerful potential. Yet in others they have produced negligible or even negative results. Whatever is behind the rise of Me Medicine, it isn't just science. So why is Me Medicine rapidly edging out We Medicine, and how has our commitment to our collective health suffered as a result? In her cogent, provocative analysis, Dickenson examines the economic and political factors fueling the Me Medicine phenomenon and explores how, over time, this paradigm shift in how we approach our health might damage our individual and collective well-being. Historically, the measures of "We Medicine," such as vaccination and investment in public-health infrastructure, have radically extended our life spans, and Dickenson argues we've lost sight of that truth in our enthusiasm for "Me Medicine." Dickenson explores how personalized medicine illustrates capitalism's protean capacity for creating new products and markets where none existed before—and how this, rather than scientific plausibility, goes a long way toward explaining private umbilical cord blood banks and retail genetics. Drawing on the latest findings from leading scientists, social scientists, and political analysts, she critically examines four possible hypotheses driving our Me Medicine moment: a growing sense of threat; a wave of patient narcissism; corporate interests driving new niche markets; and the dominance of personal choice as a cultural value. She concludes with insights from political theory that emphasize a conception of the commons and the steps we can take to restore its value to modern biotechnology.

Border Contraband

Author : George T. Díaz
ISBN : 9780292761087
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 82 MB
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Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.

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