boundaries of contagion how ethnic politics have shaped government responses to aids

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Boundaries Of Contagion

Author : Evan S. Lieberman
ISBN : 9781400830459
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 39 MB
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Why have governments responded to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such different ways? During the past quarter century, international agencies and donors have disseminated vast resources and a set of best practice recommendations to policymakers around the globe. Yet the governments of developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean continue to implement widely varying policies. Boundaries of Contagion is the first systematic, comparative analysis of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The book explores the political challenges of responding to a stigmatized condition, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and informal institutions that divide societies--as a central influence on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways in which risk and social competition get mapped onto well-institutionalized patterns of ethnic politics. Where strong ethnic boundaries fragment societies into groups, the politics of AIDS are more likely to involve blame and shame-avoidance tactics against segments of the population. In turn, government leaders of such countries respond far less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case studies of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three developing countries that face significant AIDS epidemics--are complemented by statistical analyses of the policy responses of Indian states and over seventy developing countries. The studies conclude that varied patterns of ethnic competition shape how governments respond to this devastating problem. The author considers the implications for governments and donors, and the increasing tendency to identify social problems in ethnic terms.

Doomed Interventions

Author : Kim Yi Dionne
ISBN : 9781107195592
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89. 98 MB
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This book is for students and scholars studying political economy, public policy, and global health, and all those who are interested in knowing how ordinary Africans think about the response to the AIDS epidemic. It studies the divergent priorities of donors and citizens in response to AIDS intervention in Africa.

Hiv Scale Up And The Politics Of Global Health

Author : Nora J Kenworthy
ISBN : 9781317550884
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 47. 37 MB
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The global expansion of HIV programming (HIV "scale-up") and the growth of global health in the past decade reshaped politics, power, civic relations, and citizen subjectivities in countries across the globe. This book draws on interdisciplinary research from numerous sites in the Global South to examine the political dimensions of HIV and global health programming. The chapters reflect extensive methodological diversity and geographic range, yet exhibit striking resonance with the book’s core themes. Collectively, the authors paint a complex global portrait of a unique period in the social history of HIV, as the pandemic enters its fourth decade, and the global response reaches its peak. The book contemplates "scale-up" (and, subsequently, "scale-down") as an object of analysis and an historical shift in the politics of response to global crisis. Ultimately, HIV/AIDS campaigns provide a template for the broader expansion of global health projects and institutions. These transnational shifts and expansions necessitate further critical evaluations across social science and public health disciplines. By collecting diverse perspectives on the political legacies of HIV and global health, this book provides a unique history of the present, cataloguing emerging practices and policies that will have long-term social impacts. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Public Health.

The Aids Conspiracy

Author : Nicoli Nattrass
ISBN : 9780231520256
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28. 22 MB
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Since the early days of the AIDS epidemic, many bizarre and dangerous hypotheses have been advanced to explain the origins of the disease. In this compelling book, Nicoli Nattrass explores the social and political factors prolonging the erroneous belief that the American government manufactured the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to be used as a biological weapon, as well as the myth's consequences for behavior, especially within African American and black South African communities. Contemporary AIDS denialism, the belief that HIV is harmless and that antiretroviral drugs are the true cause of AIDS, is a more insidious AIDS conspiracy theory. Advocates of this position make a "conspiratorial move" against HIV science by implying its methods cannot be trusted and that untested, alternative therapies are safer than antiretrovirals. These claims are genuinely life-threatening, as tragically demonstrated in South Africa when the delay of antiretroviral treatment resulted in nearly 333,000 AIDS deaths and 180,000 HIV infections—a tragedy of stunning proportions. Nattrass identifies four symbolically powerful figures ensuring the lifespan of AIDS denialism: the hero scientist (dissident scientists who lend credibility to the movement); the cultropreneur (alternative therapists who exploit the conspiratorial move as a marketing mechanism); the living icon (individuals who claim to be living proof of AIDS denialism's legitimacy); and the praise-singer (journalists who broadcast movement messages to the public). Nattrass also describes how pro-science activists have fought back by deploying empirical evidence and political credibility to resist AIDS conspiracy theories, which is part of the crucial project to defend evidence-based medicine.

Thinking Politically About Hiv

Author : Kent Buse
ISBN : 9781134919826
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 19 MB
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AIDS has a unique political history. As fears grew of a global pandemic on the scale of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS was briefly treated as an issue of high politics in the international arena and generated significant resources for country programmes. That initial commitment is now declining, and if AIDS is to maintain its visibility and contribution to global solidarity, human rights and dignity, its politics will have to evolve to reflect the profound geo-political, economic and social transformations underway today. This volume brings together leading scholars from a variety of disciplines who work at the intersection of politics and HIV. They reflect on the lessons learned from the past thirty years of the politics of AIDS and how political science, writ large, can further contribute to the understanding and practice of political mobilization around AIDS. Through case studies and analysis, new insights into identity politics and social movements in countries as diverse as Brazil, Switzerland, Vietnam and Zambia are offered alongside new approaches to understanding the determinants and incentives which generate political will and commitment. This book was published as a special issue of Contemporary Politics.

The Politics Of Anti Retroviral Drugs In Africa

Author : Eric Ryan Little
ISBN : MSU:31293030635852
Genre : AIDS (Disease)
File Size : 75. 64 MB
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Choice

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ISBN : UCSC:32106021251472
Genre : Academic libraries
File Size : 70. 6 MB
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Extraordinary Popular Delusions And The Madness Of Crowds Harriman Definitive Edition

Author : Charles Mackay
ISBN : 9780857197436
Genre :
File Size : 28. 8 MB
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"Men, it has been well said, think in herds; it will be seen that they go mad in herds, while they only recover their senses slowly, and one by one..." Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds is the original guide to behavioural psychology - and how manias, follies and superstitions begin, spread and (eventually) pass. A hugely entertaining tour through financial scams and stock market bubbles, alchemical quests and prophecy wars, duelling bouts and relic hunts, the book is as insightful and memorable today as when it was first published almost 180 years ago. This edition comes with an exclusive foreword by Russell Napier, author of Anatomy of the Bear. Harriman Definitive Editions offer the best quality editions of the best financial books of all time. Beautifully typeset in new designs, accompanied by forewords by the best modern financial writers, printed and bound in high-quality hardcovers on acid-free paper - they are essential long-term additions to the portfolio of every investor and trader.

Author :
ISBN : 9953825610
Genre : Arab Spring, 2010-
File Size : 34. 95 MB
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Author : شيريل بينارد
ISBN : 9789775015082
Genre :
File Size : 84. 53 MB
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تُعتبر مؤسسة راند أهم مراكز الدراسات الاستراتيجيّة الأميريكيّة على الإطلاق، ويعدُّها البعض "العقل الاستراتيجي الأميريكي"، وهي الذراع البحثي شبه الرسمي للإدارة الأميريكيّة والبنتاغون بوجه خاص. وفي إطار الجهود الاميريكيّة لإعادة رسم الخريطة السياسيّة والاقتصاديّة للعالم الإسلامي بعد 11 سبتمبر 2001؛ صدر هذا التقرير/الكتاب. والدراسة تحاول تحديد ملامح الاستراتيجية التي يتعين على الإدارة الأميريكيّة تبنّيها من أجل "إعادة بناء الدين الإسلامي"؛ وذلك لدمجه في المنظومة الديمقراطيّة الغربيّة. وهي استراتيجيّة تُبنى أساسًا على قطع موارد الأصوليين، ودعم وتمويل الحداثيين والعلمانيين. وهذه الدراسة موجّهة باﻷصل لصانع القرار الأميريكي؛ لاستكمال البُعد المعرفي في السياسات الأميريكية في مواجهة "التطرف الإسلامي"، فيجب قراءتها في هذا السياق. والانتباه إلى أن المصطلح المستخدم ليس مُطلقًا، بل هو يُعبّر عن رؤية متحيّزة بطبيعتها لإمبرياليّة معرفيّة؛ تسعى لتشكيل "اﻵخر" المسلم طبقًا لتصوّراتها الخاصة، والتي تُسبغ عليها مطلقيّة معرفيّة وإنسانيّة.

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