breaking the chains of gravity the story of spaceflight before nasa

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Breaking The Chains Of Gravity

Author : Amy Shira Teitel
ISBN : 9781472911193
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 37 MB
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NASA's history is a familiar story, one that typically peaks with Neil Armstrong taking his small step on the Moon in 1969. But America's space agency wasn't created in a vacuum. It was assembled from pre-existing parts, drawing together some of the best minds the non-Soviet world had to offer. In the 1930s, rockets were all the rage in Germany, the focus both of scientists hoping to fly into space and of the German armed forces, looking to circumvent the restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles. One of the key figures in this period was Wernher von Braun, an engineer who designed the rockets that became the devastating V-2. As the war came to its chaotic conclusion, von Braun escaped from the ruins of Nazi Germany, and was taken to America where he began developing missiles for the US Army. Meanwhile, the US Air Force was looking ahead to a time when men would fly in space, and test pilots like Neil Armstrong were flying cutting-edge, rocket-powered aircraft in the thin upper atmosphere. Breaking the Chains of Gravity tells the story of America's nascent space program, its scientific advances, its personalities and the rivalries it caused between the various arms of the US military. At this point getting a man in space became a national imperative, leading to the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, otherwise known as NASA.

Breaking The Chains Of Gravity

Author : Amy Shira Teitel
ISBN : 1472911245
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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NASA's history is a familiar story, culminating with the agency successfully landing men on the moon in 1969, but its prehistory is an important and rarely told tale. America's space agency drew together some of the best minds the non-Soviet world had to offer, including Wernher von Braun, who began developing missiles for the United States Army. The engineer behind the V-2 rocket, von Braun dreamed of sending rockets into space. Ten years later his Jupiter rocket was the only one capable of launching a satellite into orbit. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and the U.S. Air Force, meanwhile, brought rocket technology into the world of manned flight. NACA test pilots like Neil Armstrong flew cutting-edge aircraft in the thin upper atmosphere while Air Force pilots rode to the fringes of space in balloons to see how humans handled radiation at high altitude. Breaking The Chains Of Gravity looks at the evolving roots of America's space program—the scientific advances, the personalities, and the rivalries between the various arms of the United States military before the Soviet launch of Sputnik in 1957 made getting a man in space suddenly a national imperative, leading President Dwight D. Eisenhower to create the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Breaking The Chains Of Gravity

Author : Amy Shira Teitel
ISBN : 1472911172
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 86 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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NASA's history is a familiar story, culminating with the agency successfully landing men on the moon in 1969, but its prehistory is an important and rarely told tale. America's space agency drew together some of the best minds the non-Soviet world had to offer. At the end of World War II, Wernher von Braun escaped Nazi Germany and came to America where he began developing missiles for the United States Army. The engineer behind the V-2 rocket, von Braun dreamt of sending rockets into space. Ten years later his Jupiter rocket was the only one capable of launching a satellite into orbit. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and the U.S. Air Force, meanwhile, brought rocket technology into the world of manned flight. NACA test pilots like Neil Armstrong flew cutting-edge aircraft in the thin upper atmosphere while Air Force pilots rode to the fringes of space in balloons to see how humans handled radiation at high altitude. Breaking the Chains of Gravity looks at the evolving roots of America's space program--the scientific advances, the personalities, and the rivalries between the various arms of the United States military. After the Soviet launch of Sputnik in 1957, getting a man in space suddenly became a national imperative, leading President Dwight D. Eisenhower to pull various pieces together to create the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Apollo Pilot

Author : Donn Eisele
ISBN : 9780803299542
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 53. 88 MB
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In October 1968 Donn Eisele flew with fellow astronauts Walt Cunningham and Wally Schirra into Earth orbit in Apollo 7. The first manned mission in the Apollo program and the first manned flight after a fire during a launch pad test killed three astronauts in early 1967, Apollo 7 helped restart NASA’s manned-spaceflight program. Known to many as a goofy, lighthearted prankster, Eisele worked his way from the U.S. Naval Academy to test pilot school and then into the select ranks of America’s prestigious astronaut corps. He was originally on the crew of Apollo 1 before being replaced due to injury. After that crew died in a horrific fire, Eisele was on the crew selected to return Americans to space. Despite the success of Apollo 7, Eisele never flew in space again, as divorce and a testy crew commander led to the three astronauts being labeled as troublemakers. Unbeknownst to everyone, after his retirement as a technical assistant for manned spaceflight at NASA’s Langley Research Center in 1972, Eisele wrote in detail about his years in the air force and his time in the Apollo program. Long after his death, Francis French discovered Eisele’s unpublished memoir, and Susie Eisele Black (Donn’s widow) allowed French access to her late husband’s NASA files and personal effects. Readers can now experience an Apollo story they assumed would never be written as well as the story behind its discovery.

The Rocket And The Reich

Author : Michael J. Neufeld
ISBN : 9781588344663
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 77 MB
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WINNER OF THE DEXTER PRIZE OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY Launched by the Third Reich in late 1944, the first ballistic missile, the V-2, fell on London, Paris, and Antwerp after covering nearly two hundred miles in five minutes. It was a stunning achievement, one that heralded a new age of ballistic missiles and space launch vehicles. Michael J. Neufeld gives the first comprehensive and accurate account of the story behind one of the greatest engineering feats of World War II. At a time when rockets were minor battlefield weapons, Germany ushered in a new form of warfare that would bequeath a long legacy of terror to the Cold War, as well as the means to go into space. Both the US and USSR's rocket programs had their origins in the Nazi state.

Dyna Soar

Author : Robert Godwin
ISBN : 1896522955
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 28 MB
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The story of the Dyna-Soar program, which consumed $430 million and never flew, is one of the great "what-ifs" of American aerospace history. A compilation of government documents, more than 100 photographs, and 200 drawings and charts tell the story of America's extraordinary spacecraft that was consigned to oblivion less than two weeks after President Kennedy's assassination. A bonus DVD includes rare footage of the program.

Spaceport Earth The Reinvention Of Spaceflight

Author : Joe Pappalardo
ISBN : 9781468315646
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 30 MB
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Life in space? This timely book shows the current state and future of the space travel industry—and how this is becoming our future—at a crucial juncture in the industry’s history. The 21st-century space industry is changing drastically, the most dramatic shift happening in the United States, where private sector companies—like Elon Musk’s SpaceX—are building a dizzying array of new spacecraft and rockets, not just for government use, but for any paying customer. At the heart of this space revolution are spaceports, the center and literal launching pad of spaceflight. The up-front costs of spaceports are measured in the hundreds of millions of dollars, the competition is extreme, and failure is unforgivable—and often fatal. Aerospace journalist Joe Pappalardo has witnessed rocket launches around the world, visiting every working spaceport in the United States. In his comprehensive book Spaceport Earth, Pappalardo describes the rise of a plethora of private companies in the United States, and how they are reshaping the way the world is using space for industry and science—and creating spaceports. Spaceport Earth will be a travelogue through modern space history as it is being made. From the familiar Cape Canaveral to the jungle launch site in French Guiana, South America, spaceflight fanatics will appreciate the close perspective to launch sites, while those new to the industry will be enamored by stories the industrial titans, engineers, billionaires, schemers and politicians who are redefining what it means for humans to be a spacefaring species.

How Apollo Flew To The Moon

Author : W. David Woods
ISBN : 9781441971791
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 77 MB
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Stung by the pioneering space successes of the Soviet Union - in particular, Gagarin being the first man in space, the United States gathered the best of its engineers and set itself the goal of reaching the Moon within a decade. In an expanding 2nd edition of How Apollo Flew to the Moon, David Woods tells the exciting story of how the resulting Apollo flights were conducted by following a virtual flight to the Moon and its exploration of the surface. From launch to splashdown, he hitches a ride in the incredible spaceships that took men to another world, exploring each step of the journey and detailing the enormous range of disciplines, techniques, and procedures the Apollo crews had to master. While describing the tremendous technological accomplishment involved, he adds the human dimension by calling on the testimony of the people who were there at the time. He provides a wealth of fascinating and accessible material: the role of the powerful Saturn V, the reasoning behind trajectories, the day-to-day concerns of human and spacecraft health between two worlds, the exploration of the lunar surface and the sheer daring involved in traveling to the Moon and the mid-twentieth century. Given the tremendous success of the original edition of How Apollo Flew to the Moon, the second edition will have a new chapter on surface activities, inspired by reader's comment on Amazon.com. There will also be additional detail in the existing chapters to incorporate all the feedback from the original edition, and will include larger illustrations.

Hidden Agenda

Author : Mike Bara
ISBN : 1939149665
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 40. 43 MB
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Space expert Mike Bara looks at the secret space program of the American military that has been going on for over 60 years. Bara looks the Army Ballistic Missile Agency's proposed Project Horizon which was a study to determine the feasibility of constructing a scientific / military base on the Moon. On June 8, 1959, a group at the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) produced for the U.S. Department of the Army a report entitled Project Horizon, A U.S. Army Study for the Establishment of a Lunar Military Outpost. The permanent outpost was predicted to cost $6 billion and was to become operational in December 1966 with twelve soldiers stationed at the Moon base. Wernher von Braun, head of ABMA, appointed Heinz-Hermann Koelle to head the project team at Redstone Arsenal. Their plans called for 147 early Saturn A-class rocket launches to loft spacecraft components for assembly in low Earth orbit at a spent-tank space station. A lunar landing-and-return vehicle would have shuttled up to 16 astronauts at a time to the base and back. While officially Project Horizon was scrapped by the military, or was it? Bara looks into the secret space program, the possibility of secret bases on the Moon and many rumors surrounding the military's secret projects in space.The book will ask and answer many questions. Was Wernher von Braun involved in the Roswell crash investigation? Why did he suddenly become fascinated with highly advanced theoretical physics propulsion systems during the Apollo years, and why did all of this public research suddenly "go black" in the early 1960s? Did NASA and the Pentagon know and expect to find evidence of alien bases on the Moon? Did the Apollo 12 astronauts deliberately damage the TV cameras in order to hide their explorations of one of these bases? What was the top secret "Chapel Bell" experiment on Apollo 16? Has teleportation been developed from captured alien technology and used to transport humans to secret NASA/DOD bases on Mars? Do space shuttle videos taken in the 1990s show proof of a highly advanced secret US space fleet? Does hacker Gary Mackinnon's discovery of defense department documents identifying "non-terrestrial officers" serving in space mean that the US has secret space platforms designed to fight a war with an alien race? And, have these secret military space platforms been photographed by civilian observers here on Earth?

Breaking The Sheep S Back

Author : Charles Massy
ISBN : 9780702246838
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64. 83 MB
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The 10-billion-dollar collapse of the wool industry is considered one of Australia's biggest business disasters, and for the first time, the shocking true story behind this colossal collapse is revealed. Spanning 170 years from the birth of the industry in 1840 and its boom during the 1950s through its unraveling from 1980 to 1991, this is a searing account of greed, political corruption, and heavy-handed protectionism. As it uncovers the never-before-seen archival sources, government and board papers, and private correspondence and shares exclusive interviews with key whistle blowers, this narrative unveils the gripping true story of government corruption in a seemingly untouchable industry.

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