brethren by nature new england indians colonists and the origins of american slavery

Download Book Brethren By Nature New England Indians Colonists And The Origins Of American Slavery in PDF format. You can Read Online Brethren By Nature New England Indians Colonists And The Origins Of American Slavery here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Brethren By Nature

Author : Margaret Ellen Newell
ISBN : 9780801456473
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 15 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 122
Read : 946

Get This Book


In Brethren by Nature, Margaret Ellen Newell reveals a little-known aspect of American history: English colonists in New England enslaved thousands of Indians. Massachusetts became the first English colony to legalize slavery in 1641, and the colonists' desire for slaves shaped the major New England Indian wars, including the Pequot War of 1637, King Philip's War of 1675–76, and the northeastern Wabanaki conflicts of 1676–1749. When the wartime conquest of Indians ceased, New Englanders turned to the courts to get control of their labor, or imported Indians from Florida and the Carolinas, or simply claimed free Indians as slaves. Drawing on letters, diaries, newspapers, and court records, Newell recovers the slaves’ own stories and shows how they influenced New England society in crucial ways. Indians lived in English homes, raised English children, and manned colonial armies, farms, and fleets, exposing their captors to Native religion, foods, and technology. Some achieved freedom and power in this new colonial culture, but others experienced violence, surveillance, and family separations. Newell also explains how slavery linked the fate of Africans and Indians. The trade in Indian captives connected New England to Caribbean and Atlantic slave economies. Indians labored on sugar plantations in Jamaica, tended fields in the Azores, and rowed English naval galleys in Tangier. Indian slaves outnumbered Africans within New England before 1700, but the balance soon shifted. Fearful of the growing African population, local governments stripped Indian and African servants and slaves of legal rights and personal freedoms. Nevertheless, because Indians remained a significant part of the slave population, the New England colonies did not adopt all of the rigid racial laws typical of slave societies in Virginia and Barbados. Newell finds that second- and third-generation Indian slaves fought their enslavement and claimed citizenship in cases that had implications for all enslaved peoples in eighteenth-century America.

Swindler Sachem

Author : Jenny Hale Pulsipher
ISBN : 9780300214932
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 63 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 940
Read : 413

Get This Book


Indians, too, could play the land game for both personal and political benefit According to his kin, John Wompas was "no sachem," although he claimed that status to achieve his economic and political ends. He drew on the legal and political practices of both Indians and the English--even visiting and securing the support of King Charles II--to legitimize the land sales that funded his extravagant spending. But he also used the knowledge acquired in his English education to defend the land and rights of his fellow Nipmucs. Jenny Hale Pulsipher's biography offers a window on seventeenth-century New England and the Atlantic world from the unusual perspective of an American Indian who, even though he may not have been what he claimed, was certainly out of the ordinary. Drawing on documentary and anthropological sources as well as consultations with Native people, Pulsipher shows how Wompas turned the opportunities and hardships of economic, cultural, religious, and political forces in the emerging English empire to the benefit of himself and his kin.

From Dependency To Independence

Author : Margaret Ellen Newell
ISBN : 9781501700262
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 738
Read : 824

Get This Book


In a sweeping synthesis of a crucial period of American history, From Dependency to Independence starts with the "problem" of New England's economic development. As a struggling outpost of a powerful commercial empire, colonial New England grappled with problems familiar to modern developing societies: a lack of capital and managerial skills, a nonexistent infrastructure, and a domestic economy that failed to meet the inhabitants' needs or to generate exports. Yet, less than a century and a half later, New England staged the war for political independence and the industrial revolution. How and why did this transformation occur Marshaling an enormous array of research data, Margaret Ellen Newell demonstrates that colonial New England's economic development and its leadership role in these two American revolutions were interrelated.

Die Versklavung Der Brasilianischen Indianer

Author : Urs Höner
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173026952923
Genre : Brasilien
File Size : 67. 90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 827
Read : 828

Get This Book



Invisible Masters

Author : Elisabeth Ceppi
ISBN : 9781512602975
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 60 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 617
Read : 362

Get This Book


Invisible Masters rewrites the familiar narrative of the relation between Puritan religious culture and New England's economic culture as a history of the primary discourse that connected them: service. The understanding early Puritans had of themselves as God's servants and earthly masters was shaped by their immersion in an Atlantic culture of service and the worldly pressures and opportunities generated by New England's particular place in it. Concepts of spiritual service and mastery determined Puritan views of the men, women, and children who were servants and slaves in that world. So, too, did these concepts shape the experience of family, labor, law, and economy for those men, women, and children - the very bedrock of their lives. This strikingly original look at Puritan culture will appeal to a wide range of Americanists and historians.

The Apocalypse Of Settler Colonialism

Author : Gerald Horne
ISBN : 9781583676653
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 9 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 575
Read : 1208

Get This Book


Virtually no part of the modern United States—the economy, education, constitutional law, religious institutions, sports, literature, economics, even protest movements—can be understood without first understanding the slavery and dispossession that laid its foundation. To that end, historian Gerald Horne digs deeply into Europe’s colonization of Africa and the New World, when, from Columbus’s arrival until the Civil War, some 13 million Africans and some 5 million Native Americans were forced to build and cultivate a society extolling “liberty and justice for all.” The seventeenth century was, according to Horne, an era when the roots of slavery, white supremacy, and capitalism became inextricably tangled into a complex history involving war and revolts in Europe, England’s conquest of the Scots and Irish, the development of formidable new weaponry able to ensure Europe’s colonial dominance, the rebel merchants of North America who created “these United States,” and the hordes of Europeans whose newfound opportunities in this “free” land amounted to “combat pay” for their efforts as “white” settlers. Centering his book on the Eastern Seaboard of North America, the Caribbean, Africa, and what is now Great Britain, Horne provides a deeply researched, harrowing account of the apocalyptic loss and misery that likely has no parallel in human history. This is an essential book that will not allow history to be told by the victors. It is especially needed now, in the age of Trump. For it has never been more vital, Horne writes, “to shed light on the contemporary moment wherein it appears that these malevolent forces have received a new lease on life.”

Homicide Justified

Author : Andrew T. Fede
ISBN : 9780820351117
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 767
Read : 1274

Get This Book


This comparative study looks at the laws concerning the murder of slaves by their masters and at how these laws were implemented. Andrew T. Fede cites a wide range of cases—across time, place, and circumstance—to illuminate legal, judicial, and other complexities surrounding this regrettably common occurrence. These laws had evolved to limit in different ways the masters’ rights to severely punish and even kill their slaves while protecting valuable enslaved people, understood as “property,” from wanton destruction by hirers, overseers, and poor whites who did not own slaves. To explore the conflicts of masters’ rights with state and colonial laws, Fede shows how slave homicide law evolved and was enforced not only in the United States but also in ancient Roman, Visigoth, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and British jurisdictions. His comparative approach reveals how legal reforms regarding slave homicide in antebellum times, like past reforms dictated by emperors and kings, were the products of changing perceptions of the interests of the public; of the individual slave owners; and of the slave owners’ families, heirs, and creditors. Although some slave murders came to be regarded as capital offenses, the laws con­sistently reinforced the second-class status of slaves. This influence, Fede concludes, flowed over into the application of law to free African Americans and would even make itself felt in the legal attitudes that underlay the Jim Crow era.

Geburtsurkunde

Author : Mark Thompson
ISBN : 9783446249578
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 63. 41 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 749
Read : 699

Get This Book


Einige Jahre vor seinem Tod hat Danilo Kis auf wenigen Seiten einen Abriss seines Lebens geschrieben, dem er den Titel "Geburtsurkunde" gab. Der Osteuropakenner Mark Thompson nimmt diesen Text auf virtuose Weise als Vorlage für seine fundierte und vorzüglich lesbare Biografie des Schriftstellers. Sein Buch erzählt nicht nur das Leben von Danilo Kis, sondern ist zugleich eine Werkbiographie und vermittelt den besonderen Zusammenhang von Geschichte und Literatur in Mittel- und Osteuropa. "Mark Thompsons Kompetenz auf diesem Gebiet ist atemberaubend." (Adam Zagajewski)

Eine Geschichte Des Amerikanischen Volkes

Author : Howard Zinn
ISBN : 3868201920
Genre :
File Size : 82. 30 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 985
Read : 1021

Get This Book



Die Vielk Pfige Hydra

Author : Peter Linebaugh
ISBN : 3935936656
Genre :
File Size : 72. 17 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 376
Read : 576

Get This Book



Top Download:

Best Books