brown v board of education and the civil rights movement

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Brown V Board Of Education And The Civil Rights Movement

Author : Michael J. Klarman
ISBN : 0198042000
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 17 MB
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A splendid account of the Supreme Court's rulings on race in the first half of the twentieth century, From Jim Crow To Civil Rights earned rave reviews and won the Bancroft Prize for History in 2005. Now, in this marvelously abridged, paperback edition, Michael J. Klarman has compressed his acclaimed study into tight focus around one major case--Brown v. Board of Education--making the path-breaking arguments of his original work accessible to a broader audience of general readers and students. In this revised and condensed edition, Klarman illuminates the impact of the momentous Brown v. Board of Education ruling. He offers a richer, more complex understanding of this pivotal decision, going behind the scenes to examine the justices' deliberations and reconstruct why they found the case so difficult to decide. He recaps his famous backlash thesis, arguing that Brown was more important for mobilizing southern white opposition to change than for encouraging civil rights protest, and that it was only the resulting violence that transformed northern opinion and led to the landmark legislation of the 1960s. Klarman also sheds light on broader questions such as how judges decide cases; how much they are influenced by legal, political, and personal considerations; the relationship between Supreme Court decisions and social change; and finally, how much Court decisions simply reflect societal values and how much they shape those values. Brown v. Board of Education was one of the most important decisions in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court. Klarman's brilliant analysis of this landmark case illuminates the course of American race relations as it highlights the relationship between law and social reform. Acclaim for From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: "A major achievement. It bestows upon its fortunate readers prodigious research, nuanced judgment, and intellectual independence." --Randall Kennedy, The New Republic "Magisterial." --The New York Review of Books "A sweeping, erudite, and powerfully argued book...unfailingly interesting." --Wilson Quarterly

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : James T. Patterson
ISBN : 0199725950
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 67 MB
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2004 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the Supreme Court's unanimous decision to end segregation in public schools. Many people were elated when Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in May 1954, the ruling that struck down state-sponsored racial segregation in America's public schools. Thurgood Marshall, chief attorney for the black families that launched the litigation, exclaimed later, "I was so happy, I was numb." The novelist Ralph Ellison wrote, "another battle of the Civil War has been won. The rest is up to us and I'm very glad. What a wonderful world of possibilities are unfolded for the children!" Here, in a concise, moving narrative, Bancroft Prize-winning historian James T. Patterson takes readers through the dramatic case and its fifty-year aftermath. A wide range of characters animates the story, from the little-known African Americans who dared to challenge Jim Crow with lawsuits (at great personal cost); to Thurgood Marshall, who later became a Justice himself; to Earl Warren, who shepherded a fractured Court to a unanimous decision. Others include segregationist politicians like Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas; Presidents Eisenhower, Johnson, and Nixon; and controversial Supreme Court justices such as William Rehnquist and Clarence Thomas. Most Americans still see Brown as a triumph--but was it? Patterson shrewdly explores the provocative questions that still swirl around the case. Could the Court--or President Eisenhower--have done more to ensure compliance with Brown? Did the decision touch off the modern civil rights movement? How useful are court-ordered busing and affirmative action against racial segregation? To what extent has racial mixing affected the academic achievement of black children? Where indeed do we go from here to realize the expectations of Marshall, Ellison, and others in 1954?

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Mark Whitman
ISBN : 1558763309
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 88 MB
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"This impressive work, in the same league as Richard Kluger's Simple Justice, not only emphasizes the decision itself but wisely focuses on the internal working of the High Court and the all-important, often controversial nature of constitutional interpretation. This fine analysis is recommended for all libraries."-- Library Journal"A tremendously interesting and highly readable documentary history. This work will serve as a seminal source for those interested in the development, strategies, documents, and inner Court workings that resulted in the landmark Brown decision. At the same time, it will serve for the novice as a comprehensive guide to the judicial process much as Anthony Lewis' Gideon's Trumpet (1964) served for another generation. Whitman's analysis and commentary are first-rate and make this book an important one in the field of civil rights and the judicial process."-- ChoiceThis critical contribution marks the fiftieth anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education. The book lets the reader come to grips with the fascinating record of a case in which facts have made a more thrilling story than fiction. The suit involved civil rights giants, Thurgood Marshall and the leaders of the NAACP. Their goals were lofty; not content with merely improving the conditions for black children in a single school district, they chose to fight for an end to all segregation. They mapped out a careful strategy as early as 1939, picking the most promising cases, achieving lower court decisions, and finally combining the five cases for the countdown to Brown before the Supreme Court.The book contains a general introduction and extensive commentary. But it attempts for the most part to let the majestic record of Brown speak for itself.The editor, MARK WHITMAN, is professor of history at Towson State University. He is also the editor of The Irony of Desegregation Law 1955-1995: Essays and Documents, which covers Brown II & III.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Kathy Furgang
ISBN : 9781538380215
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 35. 56 MB
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The Brown v. Board of Education decision comes to mind whenever the topic of landmarks of the American civil rights movement is discussed. The 1954 Supreme Court decision declared it unconstitutional to segregate public school students, opening the door for many other civil rights advances after that. This thoughtful and informative book details the history of the case as well as its impact on the quickly changing America of the 1950s and 1960s. The book also describes how schools and civil rights have changed since this important Supreme Court case.

The Promise

Author : Tony Baéz
ISBN : UOM:39076002659295
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 60 MB
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Keep On Keeping On

Author : Brian J. Daugherity
ISBN : 9780813938905
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 68 MB
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Virginia was a battleground state in the struggle to implement Brown v. Board of Education, with one of the South’s largest and strongest NAACP units fighting against a program of noncompliance crafted by the state’s political leaders. Keep On Keeping On offers a detailed examination of how African Americans and the NAACP in Virginia successfully pursued a legal agenda that provided new educational opportunities for the state’s black population in the face of fierce opposition from segregationists and the Democratic Party of Harry F. Byrd Sr. Keep On Keeping On is the first book to offer a comprehensive view of African Americans’ efforts to obtain racial equality in Virginia in the later twentieth century. Brian J. Daugherity considers the relationship between the various levels of the NAACP, the ideas and actions of other African American organizations, and the stances of Virginia’s political leaders, white liberals and moderates, and segregationists. In doing so, the author provides a better understanding of the connections between the actions of white political leaders and those of black civil rights activists working to bring about school desegregation. Blending social, legal, southern, and African American history, this book sheds new light on the civil rights movement and white resistance to civil rights in Virginia and the South.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Rachel Tisdale
ISBN : 9781477760734
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 47. 80 MB
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The Brown v. Board of Education ruling was a major milestone in the Civil Rights Movement. This book traces the effects of slavery, emancipation, and Jim Crow Laws to what became one of the most profoundly important Supreme Court cases in American history. The comprehensive yet concise recounting will help students comprehend the context, causes, and effects of the decision that ended segregation in public schools.

School Integration

Author : Rebecca T. Klein
ISBN : 9781477777442
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 32. 28 MB
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The landmark Supreme Court decision in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case of 1954 was a pivotal moment in the Civil Rights Movement. Striking down the toxic “separate but equal” doctrine that had long been upheld in the United States and calling for the desegregation of schools, the decision was a major step towards racial equality in the country. Readers will learn about this historic case, from its prelude to its aftermath and its ongoing significance in the present day. They will also be introduced to the individual actors courageous enough to stand up to racial injustice in the school system. • Coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the Brown v. Board decision, this volume reminds us of both how far we’ve come and the barriers that still need to be overcome with respect to education equality.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : David Aretha
ISBN : 1599353709
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 24. 5 MB
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In 1950, seven-year-old Linda Brown of Topeka, Kansas, had to leave at 7:40 each morning to get to Monroe School by 9:00. Part of her commute required a walk through a railroad switching yard. Linda didn't understand why she had to make this long, dangerous commute when the Sumner Elementary School was only six blocks away. "My mother explained that it was because of the color of our skin," Linda said. "As a child, I did not comprehend what difference that could possibly make." In the South and other parts of the country, black students were required to attend "colored" schools. Black attorney Thurgood Marshall understood the disadvantages black students suffered due to segregated education. Not only were colored schools woefully underfunded, black students developed feelings of inferiority. For years, Marshall and other civil rights lawyers fought to abolish what had been called separate but equal schooling. In 1954, they achieved their dream. In a decision that rocked the South, the U.S. Supreme court ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional. "We hit the jackpot!" Marshall declared. Brown v. Board of Education explores the details of one of the most important Supreme Court decisions of all time. The book takes you from Marshall's dangerous fact-0find mission in 1933 to the turbulent aftermath of Brown, when white Southerners doggedly resisted the decision--sometimes with dynamite.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Waldo E. Martin
ISBN : 0312111525
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 42 MB
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This book addresses the origins, development, meanings, and consequences of the 1954 Supreme Court decision to end Jim Crow segregation. Using legal documents to frame the debates surrounding the case, Waldo Martin presents Brown v. Board of Education as an event, a symbol, and a key marker in the black liberation struggle.

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