burden of proof presumption and argumentation

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Burden Of Proof Presumption And Argumentation

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 9781107046627
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65. 14 MB
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This book explains how burden of proof and presumption work as powerful devices in argumentation, based on studying many clearly explained legal and non-legal examples. It shows how the latest argumentation-based methods of artificial intelligence can be applied to these examples to help us understand how burdens of proof and presumptions work as devices of legal reasoning. It also shows the reader how to deal with presumptions and burdens of proof in everyday life, as they shift from one side to the other, sometimes confusingly, during a sequence of argumentation.

Fallacies And Judgments Of Reasonableness

Author : Frans H. van Eemeren
ISBN : 9048126142
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62. 87 MB
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In Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness, Frans H. van Eemeren, Bart Garssen and Bert Meuffels report on their systematic empirical research of the conventional validity of the pragma-dialectical discussion rules. The experimental studies they carried out during more than ten years start from the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation developed at the University of Amsterdam, their home university. In these studies they test methodically the intersubjective acceptability of the rules for critical discussion proposed in this theory by confronting ordinary arguers who have not received any special education in argumentation and fallacies with discussion fragments containing both fallacious and non-fallacious argumentative moves. The research covers a wide range of informal fallacies. In this way, the authors create a basis for comparing the theoretical reasonableness conception of pragma-dialectics with the norms for judging argumentative moves prevailing in argumentative practice. Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness provides a unique insight into the relationship between theoretical and practical conceptions of reasonableness, supported by extensive empirical material gained by means of sophisticated experimental research.

Methods Of Argumentation

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 9781107039308
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 62 MB
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This book, written by a leading expert, and based on the latest research, shows how to apply methods of argumentation to a range of examples.

Argumentation Methods For Artificial Intelligence In Law

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 3540278818
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 84 MB
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Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. The book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced.

The Art And Practice Of Argumentation And Debate

Author : Bill Hill
ISBN : 1559344482
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 73. 50 MB
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Integrating existing argumentation theory into applied argumentation, with an emphasis on formal/academic debate practices, this text gives students a solid, balanced grounding for debating both policy and non-policy issues.

Fundamentals Of Critical Argumentation

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 0521823196
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 22 MB
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Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation presents the basic tools for the identification, analysis, and evaluation of common arguments for beginners. The book teaches by using examples of arguments in dialogues, both in the text itself and in the exercises. Examples of controversial legal, political, and ethical arguments are analyzed. Illustrating the most common kinds of arguments, the book also explains how to analyze and evaluate each kind by critical questioning. Douglas Walton shows how arguments can be reasonable under the right dialogue conditions by using critical questions to evaluate them.

The Place Of Emotion In Argument

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 0271040890
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72. 39 MB
Format : PDF
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Argumentation And Debate

Author : David Potter
ISBN : UVA:X000366220
Genre : Debates and debating
File Size : 21. 45 MB
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Arguments From Ignorance

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 027104196X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70. 1 MB
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Begging The Question

Author : Douglas N. Walton
ISBN : UOM:39015022245891
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49. 36 MB
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This book offers a new theory of begging the question as an informal fallacy, within a pragmatic framework of reasoned dialogue as a normative theory of critical argumentation. The fallacy of begging the question is analyzed as a systematic tactic to evade fulfillment of a legitimate burden of proof by the proponent of an argument. The technique uses a circular structure of argument to block the further progress of dialogue and, in particular, the capability of the respondent to ask legitimate critical questions in reply to the argument. Walton analyzes the concept of burden of proof in argument, and provides chapters on the use of argument diagramming as a technique of argument reconstruction. This powerful method of argument analysis developed therein is then applied to more than 100 case studies of circular argumentation where the charge of begging the question is or has been thought to be an appropriate criticism. Throughout this work, Walton throws light on the relationship between the problem of circular reasoning and broader issues in the critical analysis of argumentation. Ground-breaking use is made of the pragmatic theory of argument as interactive dialogue. Rules for several kinds of dialogue framework provide standards of good reasoning to validate or to refute the criticism that a particular argument begs the question. This book is directed to students and professionals in the fields of speech communication, philosophy, linguistics, logic, dispute mediation, and education.

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