burden of proof presumption and argumentation

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Burden Of Proof Presumption And Argumentation

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 9781107046627
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24. 40 MB
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This book explains how burden of proof and presumption work as powerful devices in argumentation, based on studying many clearly explained legal and non-legal examples. It shows how the latest argumentation-based methods of artificial intelligence can be applied to these examples to help us understand how burdens of proof and presumptions work as devices of legal reasoning. It also shows the reader how to deal with presumptions and burdens of proof in everyday life, as they shift from one side to the other, sometimes confusingly, during a sequence of argumentation.

Fallacies And Judgments Of Reasonableness

Author : Frans H. van Eemeren
ISBN : 9048126142
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 61. 14 MB
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In Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness, Frans H. van Eemeren, Bart Garssen and Bert Meuffels report on their systematic empirical research of the conventional validity of the pragma-dialectical discussion rules. The experimental studies they carried out during more than ten years start from the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation developed at the University of Amsterdam, their home university. In these studies they test methodically the intersubjective acceptability of the rules for critical discussion proposed in this theory by confronting ordinary arguers who have not received any special education in argumentation and fallacies with discussion fragments containing both fallacious and non-fallacious argumentative moves. The research covers a wide range of informal fallacies. In this way, the authors create a basis for comparing the theoretical reasonableness conception of pragma-dialectics with the norms for judging argumentative moves prevailing in argumentative practice. Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness provides a unique insight into the relationship between theoretical and practical conceptions of reasonableness, supported by extensive empirical material gained by means of sophisticated experimental research.

Hammon On Evidence

Author : Louis Lougee Hammon
ISBN : STANFORD:36105044103229
Genre : Burden of proof
File Size : 47. 23 MB
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Analysis Of Evidence

Author : Terence Anderson
ISBN : 113944526X
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 79 MB
Format : PDF
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This extensively revised second edition is a rigorous introduction to the construction and criticism of arguments about questions of fact, and to the marshalling and evaluation of evidence at all stages of litigation. It covers the principles underlying the logic of proof; the uses and dangers of story-telling; standards for decision and the relationship between probabilities and proof; the chart method and other methods of analyzing and ordering evidence in fact-investigation, in preparing for trial, and in connection with other important decisions in legal processes and in criminal investigation and intelligence analysis. Most of the chapters in this new edition have been rewritten; the treatment of fact investigation, probabilities and narrative has been extended; and new examples and exercises have been added. Designed as a flexible tool for undergraduate and postgraduate courses on evidence and proof, students, practitioners and teachers alike will find this book challenging but rewarding.

Methods Of Argumentation

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 9781107039308
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70. 39 MB
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This book, written by a leading expert, and based on the latest research, shows how to apply methods of argumentation to a range of examples.

The Northeastern Reporter

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D021989959
Genre : Law reports, digests, etc
File Size : 32. 87 MB
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"Cases argued and determined in the courts of Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, with key number annotations." (varies)

Winning Debates

Author : Steven L. Johnson
ISBN : 1932716513
Genre : Education
File Size : 41. 5 MB
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The format of debating used at the World Universities Debating Championships (also known as British Parliamentary or Worlds-style debating) is the international standard for academic debating. Winning Debates is both an introduction to the format and an advanced consideration of strategies and tactics proven to be effective techniques for successful debating. The text combines a review of the basics of argument theory with an application of those theories to the four-team style of debate. Also addressed are the special strategic and tactical considerations for debates in the Worlds style. Chapters include: On Winning, Arguments & Argumentation, Stasis and Structure, Basic Strategy and Tactics. The Speakers and their Speeches, Decision Making and Strategy, Paradoxes of Debate, Advanced Tactics, Adjudicating Debates.

Justice Law And Argument

Author : Ch. Perelman
ISBN : 9789400990104
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 14 MB
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This collection contains studies on justice, juridical reasoning and argumenta tion which contributed to my ideas on the new rhetoric. My reflections on justice, from 1944 to the present day, have given rise to various studies. The ftrst of these was published in English as The Idea of Justice and the Problem of Argument (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1963). The others, of which several are out of print or have never previously been published, are reunited in the present volume. As justice is, for me, the prime example of a "confused notion", of a notion which, like many philosophical concepts, cannot be reduced to clarity without being distorted, one cannot treat it without recourse to the methods of reasoning analyzed by the new rhetoric. In actuality, these methods have long been put into practice by jurists. Legal reasoning is fertile ground for the study of argumentation: it is to the new rhetoric what mathematics is to formal logic and to the theory of demonstrative proof. It is important, then, that philosophers should not limit their methodologi cal studies to mathematics and the natural sciences. They must not neglect law in the search for practical reason. I hope that these essays lead to be a better understanding of how law can enrich philosophical thought. CH. P.

Argumentation Methods For Artificial Intelligence In Law

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 3540251871
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 22 MB
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Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. Many vitally important problems of legal reasoning can be profitably studied in light of these new methods, even if they cannot all be solved in any single monograph. This book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced, like argument diagramming, abductive reasoning, an analysis of conditional relevance and a new dialectical model of explanation.

The Place Of Emotion In Argument

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 0271040890
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 94 MB
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