capillary flows with forming interfaces

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Capillary Flows With Forming Interfaces

Author : Yulii D. Shikhmurzaev
ISBN : 1584887494
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 94 MB
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Capillary Flows with Forming Interfaces explores numerous theoretical problems that arise in the mathematical description of capillary flows. It focuses on developing a unified approach to a variety of seemingly very different capillary flows of practical importance where classical fluid mechanics leads to nonphysical results. The book begins with a review of the conceptual framework of fluid mechanics and then proceeds to analyze the roots of singularities, such as the moving contact-line problem and the capillary breakup problem. The author then examines how different singular flows can be described as particular cases of a general physical phenomenon of interface formation. He illustrates the developed mathematical models and experimentally verifies them through a number of example problems relevant to engineering applications. The conceptual framework provided in this reference enables further progress in developing mathematical models of capillary flows. The book also allows readers to make informed strategic choices regarding available numerical codes and the in-house development of these codes.

The Navier Stokes Equations

Author : P. G. Drazin
ISBN : 0521681626
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 42. 91 MB
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This 2006 book details exact solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations for senior undergraduates and graduates or research reference.

The Essence Of Chromatography

Author : C. F. Poole
ISBN : 0444501983
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 46 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive survey of modern chromatography and is intended as a suitable text for graduate level courses in the separation sciences and as a self-study guide for professional chromatographers wishing to refresh their background in this rapidly expanding field. (Midwest).

Capillarity And Wetting Phenomena

Author : Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
ISBN : 0387005927
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 92 MB
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The study of capillarity is in the midst of a veritable explosion. Hence the temptation to write a new book, aiming at an audience of students. What is offered here is not a comprehensive review of the latest research but rather a compendium of principles. How does one turn a hydrophilic surface into one that is hydrophobic, and vice versa? We will describe a few solutions. Some rely on chemical treatments, such as coating a surface with a molecular layer. Others are based on physics, for instance by controlling the roughness of a surface. We will also examine the dynamics of wetting. Drops that spread spontaneously do so at a rate that slows down with time. They can be tricked into covering large areas by spreading them suddenly. We will describe a few of the many facets of their dynamical properties. Special additives are required for water to foam. Foams are desirable in a shampoo but can be a nightmare in a dishwasher detergent. Antifoam agents have been developed and are well known, but how do they work? It is also possible to generate bubbles and foams without special additives, for example in pure and viscous liquids such as glycerin, molten glass, and polymers. As we will see, the laws of draining and bursting then turn out to be quite different from the conventional ones. This book will enable the reader to understand in simple terms such questions that affect every day life -- questions that also come up during in industry. The aim is to view systems that often prove quite complex in a way that isolates a particular physical phenomenon, often avoiding descriptions requiring advanced numerical techniques will oftentimes in favor of qualitative arguments. This strategy may at times jeopardize scientific rigor, but it makes it possible to grasp things efficiently and to invent novel situations.

Upscaling Multiphase Flow In Porous Media

Author : D.B. Das
ISBN : 9781402036040
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 65 MB
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This book provides concise, up-to-date and easy-to-follow information on certain aspects of an ever important research area: multiphase flow in porous media. This flow type is of great significance in many petroleum and environmental engineering problems, such as in secondary and tertiary oil recovery, subsurface remediation and CO2 sequestration. This book contains a collection of selected papers (all refereed) from a number of well-known experts on multiphase flow. The papers describe both recent and state-of-the-art modeling and experimental techniques for study of multiphase flow phenomena in porous media. Specifically, the book analyses three advanced topics: upscaling, pore-scale modeling, and dynamic effects in multiphase flow in porous media. This will be an invaluable reference for the development of new theories and computer-based modeling techniques for solving realistic multiphase flow problems. Part of this book has already been published in a journal. Audience This book will be of interest to academics, researchers and consultants working in the area of flow in porous media.

Wind Over Wave Couplings

Author : S. G. Sajjadi
ISBN : 0198501927
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 98 MB
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The way in which wind blows over water and causes waves to be generated is still a very active area of research for applied mathematicians, as well as for oceanographers and engineers. These studies result in practical methods for forecasting waves and their effects on sediment, pollution, offshore structures, etc., and even lead to methods of controlling them. These are the themes covered by papers in this book, written by many of the leading authorities in the field.

Dynamics Of Multiphase Flows Across Interfaces

Author : Annie Steinchen
ISBN : 3540608486
Genre : Hydrodynamics
File Size : 83. 98 MB
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Written for researchers and advanced students the book exhibits a combination of various methods and tools required to describe the complexity of the chemical and physical behaviour of fluid surfaces. The common denominator for all the contributions presented here is the simultaneous use of concepts from surface chemistry and physics and from hydrodynamics where external force fields can be introduced. Theoretical and experimental work is equally represented. Most of the basic problems in the area of nonequilibrium multiphase systems have not yet received extensive treatment. This volume should be a reference for physicists, physico-chemists, and chemical engineers and will serve as a jumping-off point for new directions and new points of view.

Viscosity Of Liquids

Author : Dabir S. Viswanath
ISBN : 9781402054822
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 41 MB
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This book is unique in that it brings together published viscosity data, experimental methods, theoretical, correlation and predictive procedures in a single volume. The readers will get a better understanding of why various methods are used for measuring viscosity of different types of liquids and why an experimental method is dependent on fluid characteristics, such as Newtonian or non-Newtonian fluids.

Functional Properties Of Food Macromolecules

Author : S.E. Hill
ISBN : 0751404217
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 87 MB
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When developing new food products, it is important to understand the major mechanisms of food macromolecule interactions. The first edition of this book provided a useful scientific and theoretical base describing the reasons for polymer action. The second edition updates the substantial progress that has occurred during the last ten years in many aspects of understanding, measuring, and utilizing functional macromolecules. The shift to analyzing mixtures rather than single polymers is assessed and the relevant interactions that are known to take place between the large molecules are examined. A new chapter on high pressure processing is included to show the importance of new methodology to texturize proteins. The book is an essential reference for food scientists who need to understand the fundamental principles that underlie functional behavior of interacting food macromolecules.

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry Of Light Gas Forming Elements

Author : V.S. Sevastyanov
ISBN : 9781466594074
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 53 MB
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Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements explores different methods of isotope analysis, including spark, secondary ion, laser, glow discharge, and isotope ratio mass spectrometry. It explains how to evaluate the isotopic composition of light elements (H, C, N, O) in solid, liquid, and gaseous samples of organic and inorganic substances, as well as: Presents a universal, economical, simple, and rapid technique for sample preparation of organic substances to measure the isotopic composition of carbon Describes how to determine microbial mineralization of organic matter in soil and the effect of exogenous substrates on environmental sustainability Examines use of the isotopic composition of n-alkanes from continental vegetation to study the paleoclimate and plant physiology Proposes a systematic approach to identifying tobacco areas of origin and tobacco products based on data from the isotopic composition of light elements Discusses ways to detect doping drugs and suggests results assessment criteria based on determining reference intervals for endogenous markers Reviews methods of release of gases from inclusions of rocks and minerals for further implementation of isotope mass spectrometric analysis Considers use of optical isotope analyzers for determining the isotopic composition of carbon in CO2 and of hydrogen and oxygen in water Providing a complete picture of the latest advancements in the field, Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry of Light Gas-Forming Elements aids readers from a variety of disciplines in identifying the fundamental processes in biological, ecological, and geological systems and in revealing the subtle features of many physicochemical processes and chemical transformations.

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